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Contributing

First off: It's great that you want to contribute to Hypothesis! Thanks!

Ways to Contribute

Hypothesis is a mature yet active project. This means that there are many ways in which you can contribute.

For example, it's super useful and highly appreciated if you do any of:

  • Submit bug reports
  • Submit feature requests
  • Write about Hypothesis
  • Give a talk about Hypothesis
  • Build libraries and tools on top of Hypothesis outside the main repo
  • Submit PRs

If you build a Hypothesis strategy that you would like to be more widely known please add it to the list of external strategies by preparing a PR against the docs/strategies.rst file.

If you find an error in the documentation, please feel free to submit a PR that fixes the error. Spot a tyop? Fix it up and send us a PR! You can read more about how we document Hypothesis in guides/documentation.rst

The process for submitting source code PRs is generally more involved (don't worry, we'll help you through it), so do read the rest of this document. If you're planning a larger change, the contributor guides (in the guides/ directory) will make sure you're on the right track.

Installing from source and testing

If you want to install directly from the source code (e.g. because you want to make changes and install the changed version) you can do this with:

pip install -r requirements/test.txt
pip install -r requirements/tools.txt
pip install -e hypothesis-python/

# You don't need to run the tests, but here's the command:
pytest hypothesis-python/tests/cover/

You may wish to do all of this in a virtualenv. For example:

virtualenv venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install hypothesis

Will create an isolated environment where you can install and try out Hypothesis without affecting your system packages.

Copyright and Licensing

It's important to make sure that you own the rights to the work you are submitting. If it is done on work time, or you have a particularly onerous contract, make sure you've checked with your employer.

All work in Hypothesis is licensed under the terms of the Mozilla Public License, version 2.0. By submitting a contribution you are agreeing to licence your work under those terms.

Finally, if it is not there already, add your name (and a link to your GitHub and email address if you want) to the list of contributors found at the end of this document, in alphabetical order. It doesn't have to be your "real" name (whatever that means), any sort of public identifier is fine. In particular a GitHub account is sufficient.

The actual contribution

OK, so you want to make a contribution and have sorted out the legalese. What now?

First off: If you're planning on implementing a new feature, talk to us first! Come join us on IRC, or open an issue. If it's really small feel free to open a work in progress pull request sketching out the idea, but it's best to get feedback from the Hypothesis maintainers before sinking a bunch of work into it. If you're working on an existing issue, leave a comment so we can try to avoid duplicating your work before you open a pull request.

In general work-in-progress pull requests are totally welcome if you want early feedback or help with some of the tricky details. Don't be afraid to ask for help.

In order to get merged, a pull request will have to have a green build (naturally) and to be approved by a Hypothesis maintainer (and, depending on what it is, possibly specifically by DRMacIver).

The review process is the same one that all changes to Hypothesis go through, regardless of whether you're an established maintainer or entirely new to the project. It's very much intended to be a collaborative one: It's not us telling you what we think is wrong with your code, it's us working with you to produce something better together.

We have a lengthy check list of things we look for in a review. Feel free to have a read of it in advance and go through it yourself if you'd like to. It's not required, but it might speed up the process.

Once your pull request has a green build and has passed review, it will be merged to master fairly promptly. This will immediately trigger a release! Don't be scared. If that breaks things, that's our fault not yours - the whole point of this process is to ensure that problems get caught before we merge rather than after.

Pull request or external package?

New strategies can be added to Hypothesis, or published as an external package on PyPI - either is fine for most strategies. If in doubt, ask!

It's generally much easier to get things working outside, because there's more freedom to experiment and fewer requirements in stability and API style. We're happy to review and help with external packages as well as pull requests; several parts of Hypothesis started life outside and were integrated later (with permission, of course). For clarity, we suggest naming your package in the pattern of hypothesis-regex and hypothesis-protobuf on PyPI.

On the other hand, being inside gets you access to some deeper implementation features (if you need them) and better long-term guarantees about maintenance. We particularly encourage pull requests for new composable primitives that make implementing other strategies easier, or for widely used types in the Python standard library. Strategies for other things are also welcome; anything with external dependencies just goes in hypothesis.extra.

The build

The build is driven by a build.sh shell script, which delegates to a custom Python-based build system. Actually running the tests is managed by tox, but the build system will call out to the relevant tox environments so you mostly don't have to know anything about that unless you want to make changes to the test config. You also mostly don't need to know anything about the build system except to type ./build.sh followed by the name of the task you want to run.

All of it will be checked on CI so you don't have to run anything locally, but you might find it useful to do so: A full Travis run takes about twenty minutes, and there's often a queue, so running a smaller set of tests locally can be helpful.

The build system should be "fairly" portable, but is currently only known to work on Linux or OS X. It might work on a BSD or on Windows with cygwin installed, but it hasn't been tried. If you try it and find it doesn't work, please do submit patches to fix that.

Some notable commands:

./build.sh check-coverage will verify 100% code coverage by running a curated subset of the test suite.

./build.sh check-py36 (etc.) will run most of the test suite against a particular python version.

./build.sh format will reformat your code according to the Hypothesis coding style. You should use this before each commit ideally, but you only really have to use it when you want your code to be ready to merge.

You can also use ./build.sh check-format, which will run format and some linting and will then error if you have a git diff. Note: This will error even if you started with a git diff, so if you've got any uncommitted changes this will necessarily report an error.

Look in .travis.yml for a short list of other supported build tasks.

Note: The build requires a lot of different versions of python, so rather than have you install them yourself, the build system will install them itself in a local directory. This means that the first time you run a task you may have to wait a while as the build downloads and installs the right version of python for you.

List of Contributors

The primary author for most of Hypothesis is David R. MacIver (me). However the following people have also contributed work. As well as my thanks, they also have copyright over their individual contributions.