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SGX-ROP: Practical Enclave Malware with Intel SGX

This repository contains the implementations of the DIMVA 2019 paper

The repository consists of three parts: tap_claw, demo, and egghunter.

TAP + CLAW

Contains the Intel TSX-based primitives to check whether a page is mapped and writable without using syscalls.

Demo

Uses TAP + CLAW inside a (malicious) SGX enclave to break ASLR of the host application, create a ROP payload and mount a simple PoC attack (i.e., create a file in the current directory).

Egg Hunter

Shows how to use TAP as egg hunter for classical exploits.

Note on Broken Microcode

Intel released a document Performance Monitoring Impact of Intel Transactional Synchronization Extension Memory describing that certain microcode updates disable the usage of TSX within SGX. This inadvertently also breaks SGX ROP in the current form. In case you have such a microcode update, you have the following possibilities:

Disable the Microcode Update

For demo/testing purposes, it is the easiest to simply disable the microcode update. This can be done using the boot parameter disable_ucode_ldr.

Replace TSX with DataBounce or EchoLoad

In case you cannot disable the microcode update, or TSX is disabled, e.g., due to security reasons, you can replace TSX with a different primitive. Possible alternatives based on transient-execution attacks that have been shown to works are DataBounce as described in

and EchoLoad, which also works on CPUs where DataBounce is mitigated, as described in

License

All code is licensed under the MIT license.

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The code to the SGX-ROP paper

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