High-Performance Software Solutions for Extreme-Scale Petroleum Seismic Data Processing
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README.md

ExSeisDat

ExSeisDat is a High Performance I/O library for seismic data files, primarily the SEG-Y format.

It includes a low-level parallel file I/O library, ExSeisPIOL, primarily targeting MPI I/O, containing routines for selectively loading and processing meta-data and trace data.

Also included is a high-level library, ExSeisFlow, which uses ExSeisPIOL to implement a number of seismic data workflows, e.g. sorting data, binning, trace analysis, file concatenation, etc.

Talks / Posters

EAGE Upstream 2017 Slides
Rice HPC Oil & Gas 2017 Slides
Rice HPC Oil & Gas 2018 Poster

Building Instructions

To configure and build ExSeisDat, a C++14 compatible compiler is needed, and CMake >= 3.5.2.

# Make a directory to hold the temporary build files
mkdir -p /path/to/build/directory

# Change directory to the build directory
cd /path/to/build/directory

# Configure the ExSeisDat build using CMake
cmake \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/path/to/install/directory \
    /path/to/the/exseisdat/project

# Build the ExSeisDat project
make

# Test the ExSeisDat project
make test

# Install the ExSeisDat project
make install

# (Optional) clean up all the temporary build files
# cd $HOME
# rm -rf /path/to/build/directory

CMake should find the necessary MPI and FFTW libraries automatically. It also searches for the C and C++ compilers in the CC and CXX environmental variables.

Specifying MPI

If CMake can't find MPI, or finds the wrong version of MPI, pass the options -DMPI_C_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicc and -DMPI_CXX_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicxx to the cmake command, e.g.

cmake /path/to/the/exseisdat/project \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/path/to/install/directory \
    -DMPI_C_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicc \
    -DMPI_CXX_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicxx

which should automatically reconfigure and recompile only the minimum necessary files.

To specify the MPI compiler and the C and C++ compilers, use the -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER and -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER options along with -DMPI_C_COMPILER and -DMPI_CXX_COMPILER, e.g.

cmake /path/to/the/exseisdat/project \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/path/to/install/directory \
    -DMPI_C_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicc \
    -DMPI_CXX_COMPILER=/path/to/mpicxx \
    -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/path/to/cc \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=/path/to/c++

Alternatively, set export CC=/path/to/mpicc and export CXX=/path/to/mpicxx in your environment (optionally, also the appropriate MPI compiler variables, e.g. I_MPI_CC and I_MPI_CXX, to find the correct C and CXX compilers) before running the cmake command to find the correct MPI libraries. If CMake doesn't find them after setting CC and CXX, you may need to delete the build directory and reconfigure.

Specifying FFTW

If CMake can't find FFTW, or finds the wrong version, try passing -DFFTW3_DIR=/path/to/fftw to the cmake command. The directory /path/to/fftw should be the directory including include/fftw3.h, for a full path of /path/to/fftw/include/fftw3.h. CMake will also look for /path/to/fftw/local/include/fftw3.h. The FFTW library should be found at /path/to/fftw/lib/libfftw3f.so. CMake will also look in the lib64 and bin directories, and the local/lib directory (also lib64 and bin) if fftw3.h was found in local/include.

If the Intel compiler is used, CMake will use the -mkl flag to link the Intel MKL library instead of FFTW.

Build Flags

CMake has a number of pre-configured build modes: mainly Release and Debug.

To build ExSeisDat in its release configuration (-O3, no asserts, no debug symbols) pass -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release to the cmake command. This is the default if this option isn't passed.

To build ExSeisDat in its debug configuration (asserts enabled, debug symbols added) pass -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug to the cmake command.

To add extra flags to the build, use the -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS and -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS options. For example, to include -O1 and address sanitization for debug builds, pass

cmake \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="-O1 -fsanitize=address" \
    /path/to/the/exseisdat/project

A Suggestion

One easy way of developing ExSeisDat with CMake is to put the configuration / build commands in a script file, have the script file in the project directory, and have the build directory as a subdirectory in the project directory.

If we call it e.g. make.sh, we can write the following:

#!/usr/bin/env bash
# Contents of make.sh:

# Exit script on first non-zero return
set -o errexit

# Get the directory containing this script!
script_dir="$( cd "$( dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" )" && pwd )"

source_dir=${script_dir}
build_dir=${script_dir}/build/build
install_dir=${script_dir}/build/install

mkdir -p ${build_dir}
mkdir -p ${install_dir}

# Load whatever modules are necessary
# e.g. using the Intel compiler on Fionn:
# module load dev
# module load cmake/intel/3.5.2
# module load intel/latest
# module load openmpi/intel/1.8.3

# Use gcc and g++ instead of icc and icpc for GCC!
cd ${build_dir}
cmake ${source_dir} \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=${install_dir} \
    -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug \
    -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=icc \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=icpc \
    -DCMAKE_C_FLAGS="-O1 -fsanitize=address" \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS="-O1 -fsanitize=address"
cd ${script_dir}

make -C ${build_dir}
make -C ${build_dir} test
make -C ${build_dir} install

Now, running ./make.sh should configure, build, test, install all the necessary files and components automatically. When any files are changed in the project, running this command should reconfigure and recompile only the minimum necessary files, and run the test suite over the whole project. Reconfiguration should be reasonably cheap, unless the CMakeLists.txt files have been altered.

In this manner, flags and configuration options can be quickly changed, and easily tracked. Testing can also be disabled by simply commenting out the make -C ${build_dir} test command.

Note: It can be easy to forget the trailing \ for line continuation in the cmake command! If you get error messages like Cannot find command -DCMAKE_..., a missing \ is the likely culprit!

Modulefiles

Putting module commands here also makes the compilation environment clear.

Some care may be taken, as some environments aren't configured for using module commands in a script by default. Users may need to use source /path/to/modules/init to make module available in the script. On Fionn, for example, use source /usr/share/modules/init/bash.

Useful Options

Setting Compile / Link Flags

Option Effect
-DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=... Set the C compiler.
-DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=... Set the C++ compiler.
-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=... Set to Release or Debug for release or debug builds. Sets a number of flags by default.
-DCMAKE_C_FLAGS=... Set the flags to pass to the C compiler. Overrides the default flags.
-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS=... Set the flags to pass to the C++ compiler. Overrides the default flags.
-DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=... Set to ON to build shared libraries, of OFF for static libraries.
-DCMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS=... Set the flags to pass to the shared library linker.
-DCMAKE_STATIC_LINKER_FLAGS=... Set the flags to pass to the static library linker.
-DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS=... Set the flags to pass to the executable linker.
-DCMAKE_VERBOSE_MAKEFILE=ON Output the build commands as they're run.

Dependencies

Option Effect
-DMPI_C_COMPILER=... Set the MPI C compiler wrapper (i.e. mpicc).
-DMPI_CXX_COMPILER=... Set the MPI C++ compiler wrapper (i.e. mpicxx).
-DFFTW3_DIR=... Set the root directory for FFTW, where CMake should look for fftw3.h and libfftw3f.so.
-DFFTW3_INCLUDES=... Explicitly set the fftw3.h header file to use.
-DFFTW3_LIBRARIES=... Explicitly set the libfftw3f.so library file or flag (e.g. -lfftw3f or -mkl) to use.

Enabling / Disabling Sections of ExSeisDat

Option Effect
-DEXSEISDAT_BUILD_UTILITIES=... Set to ON to build ExSeisDat utilities or OFF to skip (Default ON).
-DEXSEISDAT_BUILD_EXAMPLES=... Set to ON to build ExSeisDat example programs or OFF to skip (Default ON).
-DEXSEISDAT_BUILD_TESTS=... Set to ON to build ExSeisDat tests and enable the make test target, or OFF to skip (Default ON).

Installation Directories

Option Effect
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=... Set the root install directory for the compiled libraries and programs.
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_BINDIR=... Set the install directory for ExSeisDat executables. Use a relative path to set the path relative to ${CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX}. (Default bin)
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_LIBDIR=... Set the install directory for ExSeisDat libraries. Use a relative path to set the path relative to ${CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX}. (Default lib)