A collection of CSS3 powered hover effects to be applied to links, buttons, logos, SVG, featured images and so on. Easily apply to your own elements, modify or just use for inspiration. Available in CSS, Sass, and LESS.
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Latest commit 948508a Oct 21, 2016 @IanLunn Updated version number

README.md

Hover.css

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A collection of CSS3 powered hover effects to be applied to links, buttons, logos, SVG, featured images and so on. Easily apply to your own elements, modify or just use for inspiration. Available in CSS, Sass, and LESS.

Demo | Tutorial

Download/Install

  • NPM: npm install --save hover.css
  • Bower: bower install Hover
  • Download Zip

How To Use

Hover.css can be used in a number of ways; either copy and paste the effect you'd like to use in your own stylesheet or reference the stylesheet. Then just add the class name of the effect to the element you'd like it applied to.

A. Copy and Paste an Effect

If you plan on only using one or several effects, it's better practice to copy and paste an effect into your own stylesheet, so a user doesn't have to download css/hover.css in its entirety.

Assuming you want to use the Grow effect:

  1. Download Hover.css
  2. In css/hover.css, find the Grow CSS (each effect is named using a comment above it):

    /* Grow */
    .hvr-grow {
        display: inline-block;
        vertical-align: middle;
        transform: translateZ(0);
        box-shadow: 0 0 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0);
        backface-visibility: hidden;
        -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
        transition-duration: 0.3s;
        transition-property: transform;
    }
    
    .hvr-grow:hover,
    .hvr-grow:focus,
    .hvr-grow:active {
        transform: scale(1.1);
    }
  3. Copy this effect and then paste it into your own stylesheet.
  4. In the HTML file which you'd like the effect to appear, add the class of .hvr-grow to your chosen element.

Example element before applying Hover.css effect:

<a href="#">Add to Basket</a>

Example element after applying Hover.css effect:

<a href="#" class="hvr-grow">Add to Basket</a>

Note: As of 2.0.0 all Hover.css class names are prefixed with hvr- to prevent conflicts with other libraries/stylesheets. If using Sass/LESS, this can easily be changed using the $nameSpace/@nameSpace variable in scss/_options.scss or less/_options.less.

B. Reference Hover.css

If you plan on using many Hover.css effects, you may like to reference the entire Hover.css stylesheet.

  1. Download hover-min.css
  2. Add hover-min.css to your websites files, in a directory named css for example
  3. Reference hover-min.css in <head> of the HTML page you'd like to add Hover.css effects to:
<head>
    <link href="css/hover-min.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>

Alternatively you can add a reference into an existing stylesheet like so (this may be useful to WordPress users who are unable to edit HTML):

@import url("hover-min.css");
  1. Assuming you want to use the Grow effect, in the HTML file you'd like to use this effect, add the class of .hvr-grow to your chosen element.

Example element before applying Hover.css effect:

<a href="#" class="button">Add to Basket</a>

Example element after applying Hover.css effect:

<a href="#" class="button hvr-grow">Add to Basket</a>

A Note on the display Property

To make an element "transformable", Hover.css gives the following to all elements it is applied to:

display: inline-block;
vertical-align: middle;

Should you wish to override this behavior, either remove the above CSS from Hover.css or change the display property for the element. Be sure to declare the override after the Hover.css declarations so the CSS cascade will take effect. Alternatively, if you are using the Sass/LESS version of Hover.css, you can remove/comment out the forceBlockLevel() mixin found in scss/_hacks.scss or less/_hacks.less.

For more information about Transformable elements, see the CSS Transforms Module.

Using FontAwesome with Icon Effects

Hover.css uses FontAwesome for its icon effects. For these effects to work, a reference to the FontAwesome stylesheet must be added by placing the following in the <head></head> of your web page:

<link href="//maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/font-awesome/4.2.0/css/font-awesome.min.css" rel="stylesheet" media="all">

Hover.css icons are added to elements via the :before pseudo-element. Let's take the Icon Forward effect as an example (browser prefixes and additional styles removed for brevity):

.hvr-icon-forward:before {
    content: "\f138";
    position: absolute;
    right: 1em;
    padding: 0 1px;
    font-family: FontAwesome;
    transform: translateZ(0);
    transition-duration: 0.1s;
    transition-property: transform;
    transition-timing-function: ease-out;
}

What's important in the above example are the font-family and content declarations. font-family: FontAwesome tells the browser we want to use a FontAwesome icon in this pseudo-element, and the content value says which one. Should you wish to change the icon, change the value of the content property. A full list of the values and the icon they represent can be found here.

If you'd rather not tamper with Hover.css itself, you can override the default content value simply by declaring the same declaration again (providing it be declared after the default one either in Hover.css or another stylesheet):

.hvr-icon-forward:before {
    content: "\f001";
}

The Icon Forward effect will then display a musical note that moves forward when hovered over (instead of the default arrow in a circle).

What's Included?

The project consists of the following folders and files:

css

  • demo-page.css - Contains styles to demonstrate Hover. Not required in your projects
  • hover-min.css - The minified/production version of Hover.css
  • hover.css - The development version of Hover.css

scss/less

  • effects - Contains each individual effect sorted into categorized folders
  • _hacks.scss/_hacks.less, _mixins.scss/_mixins.less, _options.scss/_options.less - Sass/LESS Utilities
  • hover.scss/hover.less - Development version of Hover.css in Sass and LESS flavours

Other

Other files of note include:

Browser Support

Many Hover.css effects rely on CSS3 features such as transitions, animations, transforms and pseudo-elements, for that reason, effects may not fully work in older browsers.

Aside from the above mentioned browsers, Hover.css is supported across all major browsers. Please see caniuse.com for full support for many web technologies and test your webpages accordingly. It is recommended to apply fallback effects for older browsers, using CSS supported by those browsers or a feature testing library such as Modernizr.

Using Grunt for Development

Grunt is non-essential but can speed up development. With Grunt installed, run grunt from the command line to set up a development server accessed at http://127.0.0.1:8000/ or your local IP for network testing. With Grunt running, Sass or LESS will be preprocessed (depending on whether you work out of the scss or less folder) and CSS files will be minified.

Note: Originally Grunt was set up to autoprefix CSS properties but to make the project as accessible as possible, this is no longer the case. The prefixed(property, value) Sass/LESS mixin should be used for browser prefixing instead. See Using Sass/LESS for Development and [Using LESS for Development].

Using Sass/LESS for Development

Sass/LESS are non-essential but can speed up development. Preprocess Sass/LESS with your favourite software or the environment provided via Grunt.

Sass/LESS is used in the Hover.css project to separate various CSS into specific files. Each effect is within its own file in the effects directory. Hover.css also uses the following .scss and .less files:

_hacks

Contains hacks (undesirable but usually necessary lines of code) applied to certain effects. Hacks explained here.

_mixins

Contains prefixed and keyframes mixins that apply the necessary prefixes you specify in _options.scss / _options.less to properties and keyframes.

Properties can be prefixed like so:

  • Sass:
@include prefixed(transition-duration, .3s);
  • LESS:
.prefixed(transition-duration, .3s);

The prefixed mixin is passed the property you want to prefix, followed by its value.

Keyframes can be prefixed like so:

  • Sass:
@include keyframes(my-animation) {
    to {
        color: red;
    }
}

The keyframes mixin is passed the keyframe name, followed by the content using the @content directive.

  • LESS:
.keyframes(my-animation, {
    to {
        color: red;
    }
});

The keyframes mixin is passed the keyframe name, followed by the content, both as arguments.

_options

Contains default options, various effect options and the browser prefixes you'd like to use with the prefixed mixin. By default, only the -webkit- prefix is set to true (due to most browsers not requiring prefixes now).

As of 2.0.0, _options also includes a $nameSpace / @nameSpace option which allows you to change the name all classes are prefixed with. The default namespace is hvr.

The $includeClasses / @includeClasses option by default is set to true and will generate all Hover.css effects under their own class names, hvr-grow for example. Should you wish to add the properties that make up Hover.css effects to your own class names, set this option to false.

Contribute to Hover.css

If you'd like to contribute your own effects, please see the Contributing Guide.

License

Hover.css is open source, and made available under a MIT License. Distribute, use as-is, or modify to your liking in personal and commercial projects. Please retain the original readme and license files.

Retaining the author information at the top of css/hover.css and placing it on your credits page or humans.txt is much appreciated.

Hire Ian Lunn

Ian Lunn is a Freelance Front-end Developer and author of CSS3 Foundations.

Hire Ian for responsive websites, WordPress websites, JavaScript, animation, and optimization.

Support Future Development

To support the future development of Hover.css and other open source projects created by Ian Lunn, please consider making a donation.

Your donation is not-for-profit (or beer!), and will allow Ian to spend a little less time on client projects and more time supporting and creating open source software.

Thank you.

Bitcoin:

Bitcoin donations may be sent to the following address:

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