Intel Labs open source repository for time series anomaly detection evaluator
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README.md

TSAD-Evaluator

This software package, publicly released under the MIT License, implements the customizable evaluation model for time series anomaly detection presented in the following paper:

"Precision and Recall for Time Series", Nesime Tatbul, Tae Jun Lee, Stan Zdonik, Mejbah Alam, Justin Gottschlich, 32nd Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS'18), Montreal, Canada, December 2018. (https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.03639/)

Building

cd src
make clean
make

Running

There are two alternative ways to run TSAD-Evaluator:

./evaluate {-v} [-c | -t | -n] <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file>
./evaluate {-v} [-c | -t | -n] <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> <beta> <alpha_r> <gamma> <delta_p>
<delta_r>

Here is a description of all command line options, inputs, and parameters:

-v : Produce verbose output.
-c : Compute classical metrics.
-t : Compute time series metrics.
-n : Compute numenta-like metrics.
<real_data_file> : File with real data labels.
<predicted_data_file> : File with predicted data labels. 
<beta> : F-Score parameter (relative importance of Recall vs. Precision).
         Positive real number, Default = 1, Most common = 1.
<alpha_r> : Relative weight of existence reward for Recall.
            Real number in [0 .. 1], Default = 0, Most common = 0.
<gamma> : Customizable overlap cardinality function for Precision&Recall.
          Values = {one, reciprocal, udf_gamma}.
          Default = one, Most common = reciprocal.
<delta_p> : Customizable positional bias function for Precision.
            Values = {flat, front, middle, back, udf_delta}.
            Default = flat, Most common = flat.
<delta_r> : Customizable positional bias function for Recall.
            Values = {flat, front, middle, back, udf_delta}.
            Default = flat, Most common = {flat, front, back}.

When no parameters are specified (like in the first usage above), then the following default values are used:

./evaluate {-v} [-c | -t | -n] <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> 1 0 one flat flat 

To produce verbose output (i.e., to print the list of all real and predicted anomaly ranges), please use the -v option.

It is important to note that the use of -v is optional, whereas the metric option (-c or -t or -n) must always be specified.

When the -c option is used, then both anomaly intervals are represented as unit-size intervals (i.e, as points), and one of the following parameter settings are expected:

./evaluate -c <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> <beta> 0 one flat flat 
./evaluate -c <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> <beta> 1 x x x 

In the second usage above, x means that the value of this parameter doesn't really matter.

When the -t option is used, then both anomaly intervals are represented as ranges, and parameters can be customly set as required by the application. For example:

./evaluate -t examples/simple/simple.real examples/simple/simple.pred 1 0 reciprocal flat front

When the -n option is used, then the predicted anomaly intervals are represented as unit-size intervals (i.e, as points) and the real anomaly intervals are represented as ranges, and one of the following parameter settings are expected:

./evaluate -n <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> 1 0 one flat front
./evaluate -n <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> 0.5 0 one flat front
./evaluate -n <real_data_file> <predicted_data_file> 2 0 one flat front

The first mimics Numenta-Standard, the second mimics Numenta-Reward-Low-FP, and the third mimics Numenta-Reward-Low-FN, respectively.

Additional Usage Notes

  • <real_data_file> and <predicted_data_file> are CSV files with 0/1 anomaly labels that correspond to each timestamp. In v1.0, these files contain only the labels, simply assuming label=1 at line=t indicates the presence of an anomaly at timestamp=t. More sophisticated input file formats can be supported in future releases. For example input files, please see: examples/*/*.real and examples/*/*.pred.

  • An anomaly range is represented as a pair of timestamps <start,end>. In v1.0, we simply assume timestamps are integers >= 0. For example, <1,5> denotes the time period from 1 to 5, inclusive on both ends.

  • A collection of anomaly ranges is represented as a vector of anomaly ranges, ordered by ascending timestamps. For example, [<1,5>,<10,12>] denotes a vector of two anomalous ranges.

  • The application developer can provide user-defined functions for <gamma>, <delta_p>, and <delta_r>, if the pre-defined choices are not sufficient for his/her purpose. In order to do this, please select <udf_gamma> and/or <udf_delta> for the corresponding command line arguments above. Furthermore, please make sure to define these custom functions in evaluator.cpp by filling in the following templates provided in this file and rebuilding afterwards:

double evaluator::udf_gamma_def(int overlap_count, e_metric m)
double evaluator::udf_delta_def(timestamp t, timestamp anomaly_length, e_metric m)

References

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