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Cloud provider agnostic

Framework for microservice web development with mostly OSS tools

The idea of this document is to answer the following architectural and design parameters about a complete framework for web app development. The app would live in the cloud, but the design is cloud provider agnostic (as much as possible) so there's no provider lock-in. All the tools are such, that I've used before in production and demo purposes or read about extensively.

  • The service is web-based that end users use with any modern browser.
  • The service has to be cloud provider agnostic.
  • The app follows the rules of the 12-factor app (as much as possible). Read the 12-factor app manifesto here.
  • The backend has many different DBs that have to be backed up automatically.
  • The app has to have an ACL controlled API layer.
  • For development reasons, many versions of the app need to be available for the stake holders.
  • The app has to scale automatically.
  • Central logging has to exist.
  • Central metrics has to exist.
  • The philosophy of infrastructure-as-code needs to be applied to underlying hardware.


The services will be containerized and orchestrated with Kubernetes (K8S). We'll use a provider-specific tool for the infrastructure templating, so for example with Azure, we'd use ARM templates, or Heat for OpenStack. The container runtime will be orchestrated with Ansible, as it is an easy-to-pick-up-and-go tool for infrastructure management that devs and ops alike can use. Ansible is an agentless model for runtime management, so if "drift control" is must, we'll use SaltStack.

The workload nodes will be scheduled as an autoscaling group, so that load will never exceed processing capacity.

GitLab will be used for version control as it offers Kubernetes plug-in and CI/CD out-of-the-box.

Different versions of the app will be run on the same K8S cluster or different K8S clusters,according to business requirements.

Metrics will be collected on workload nodes using a Prometheus and Grafana stack. Alerting is done either with Prometheus alert manager or through Grafana.

All DBs will be clustered according to best practices given by the product and/or the provider to achieve redundancy in case of failure for the "hot" data. Backups will taken according to a retention policy. I'll recommend using an elastic NoSQL or SQL database that all the three big cloud providers offer. So for:


  • Cosmos DB. It offers an SLA of .99 and support for relational and non-relational DBs.

  • Azure SQL for MSSQL


  • Amazon RDS for relational and,
  • Dynamo DB for non-relational DBs. The former has a .95 SLA with multi-AZ instance deployments, and the latter .99 as S3 is used to house the data.


  • Cloud Spanner for relational (SLA of .99) and,
  • Cloud Datastorage for NoSQL DBs (SLA of .95).

Good DB options with OSS or proprietary products would be for example:

  • PostgreSQL
  • CockroachDB
  • MariaDB


We'll use HAProxy for load balancing as it has a wide set ways to control ACL. So for example, we could limit access based on:

  • Host headers.
  • Source IP.
  • Address path.

The downside of HAProxy is that it doesn't "hot reload" it's configurations, so will use runtime management for reloading configuration when needed.

For mobile access, well use OAuth2 and a Valet Key Pattern (read more here) for issuing ephemeral tokens for the client to consume resources. All the major cloud providers offer OAuth2 to integrate into your app, but you could use OSS like Gluu.

Application logs and metrics will be collected with Elasticsearch, Logstash and Kibana. Logstash will be configured as a central collection point for Filebeat which we'll we use for sending stdout to Logstash.


I haven't touched testing at all, and even though it's not part of the framework as given by the requirements, testing is a critical part of any development and should be part in every stage. As a "hack" we could use Robot Framework to do acceptance testing and Gatling for load and performance testing.

An example drawing deployed to GCP


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