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Shell in C
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Team: teamvictory Members: Blakely V. Madden, Lu Ji High-level approach description: Source Code Structure: To make the code clean and organized, we split the source into two group of files: * 3600sh.h/.c : This only includes the code that starts the programs. * lib.h/.c : Includes all the utility functions to be called within 3600sh.c. Autorelease Pool concept to efficiently manage memory: Pool is defined as a single linked list storing manually allocated argument variables. Concept: 1. Create a pool object before parsing the command and arguments. 2. Add each command and argument string into the pool while we analyzing through them 3. Free the pool after the execution of the command with those arguments. This ensures no memory leak/waste. Usage: To make the pool architecture easy to use without understanding what that is, we provide APIs (utility functions) to perform all Pool operations: - init_pool(); - add_to_pool(char* element); - free_pool(); Library API (Global Variables and Function Definitions): * 3600sh: + Functions: - main() - do_exit() - parse_args(int argc, char* args) * lib: + Global Vars: - bool background : whether to run the command in background - pool_t * pool : autorelease pool object - char prev_dir : store the previous working directory to support [cd -] command, which goes back to previous working dir. + Functions: 1. **** Usual Operations **** - prompt() - getargs(int *argc, char* args) - runcmd(char *cmd, char* argv, bool background) - shift_elements(char* array, int* length, int start_index, int many) Description: delete [many] number of elements starting from index [start_index], from the array, and shift the rest elements of the array forward. Note: This function updates the array and its length 2. **** Pool Operations **** - init_pool() - add_to_pool(char *arg) - free_pool(); 3. **** Extra Features: supporting cd **** - change_dir(char* dest) Challenges: * Share global variables across source files: declaire variable as extern, so it looks var in other files. * Redirection: 1. our shell sometimes printed out stuff twice: Solution: fflush all buffers(stdin, stdout, stderr) before and after the redirection 2. Failed to make redirection back. Solution: we find a example template StackOverflow: int bak, new; fflush(stdout); bak = dup(1); new = open("/dev/null", O_WRONLY); dup2(new, 1); close(new); /* your code here ... */ fflush(stdout); dup2(bak, 1); close(bak); A list of properties/features of your design that you think is good: * split utility functions to lib.h/lib.c files, to make the source code clean, organized and generic. Make it easy to review and reuse. * pool structure (single linked list) design to collect all malloced memories and free them together after usage, which ensure the program to be memory efficient - We have hight level pool utilities functions to make it convenient to use without understanding what pool is. An overview of how you tested your code: We take the combination of printf and MinUnit testing framework (Ref: JTN002-MinUnit: http://www.jera.com/techinfo/jtns/jtn002.html) Extra features of our implementation: * supporting cd: ** cd ** cd ~ ** cd - ** cd .. && ../ ** cd . && ./ ** cd absolute_path