Improved filter to enable EndNode to import BibTeX

EndNote Export Filter for JabRef

The EndNote Export Filter for JabRef allows for most of the default JabRef fields to be imported into the appropriate EndNote fields. Three extras are supplied here to be manually installed for better integration:

  1. An improved filter (EndNote Import from JabRef.eni) is provided since the default EndNote Import filter does not properly parse authors or editors.

  2. Two export styles from EndNote ("BibTeX Export to JabRef*") are also included that support the same fields.

  3. Instructions for modifying the EndNote Reference Types by the user if the user wishes to have EndNote display the proper field names in the entry window or to add JabRef-specific fields to new EndNote entries.

The installation of the extra files provided is detailed below. The file is provided for reference purposes only; it contains the mappings from JabRef fields to EndNote/Refer fields.

See end for changes.

Installation 1: EndNote Import from JabRef filter

EndNote Import from JabRef.eni:

This file must be placed in your EndNote Filters directory.

On a Mac OS X system, the default directory is /Applications/EndNote 7/Filters.

On a Windows XP system, the default directory is C:\Program Files\EndNote\Filters

Note that for EndNote 8, the directory is called EndNote 8 instead of EndNote 7 (MacOSX) or EndNote (WinXP)

The default EndNote Import filter is able to import the files from JabRef, but supports many fewer fields and does not parse authors or editors correctly. After installation, you should then open up the Filter Manager (Edit->Import Filters->Open Filter Manager) and add it to your Favorites so that it appears directly in the Import dialog.

Installation 2: Modifying Reference Types

In order to have EndNote display proper field names and to add JabRef-specific fields to new EndNote entries, follow these steps:



On Windows XP, this file should be placed in C:\Documents and Settings\<user>\Application Data\EndNote\

On Mac OS X, ~/Library/Application Support/Endnote/


Unfortunately, you can't use this file and must modify Reference Types by hand. Open up Preferences and click on Reference Types, then Modify Reference Types. The following table lists the field names that must be added to certain reference types for EndNote to support these fields. For example, the Publisher field for Journal Article is blank by default; Type in Publisher in this field.

Generic Name | New Field Name | Ref Types -- | -- | -- Publisher | Publisher | (Journal Article, Newspaper Article, Magazine Article) Section | Section | (Book Section) Type of Work | Type of Work | (Book Section) Date | Date | (Book, Book Section, Edited Book, Thesis, Computer Program) Number | Number | (Personal Communication) Custom 1 | pdf | (All) Custom 2 | comment | (All) Custom 3 | entrytype | (All) Custom 4 | crossref | (All) Custom 5 | owner | (All) Custom 6 | key | (All)

(All = Journal Article, Book, Book Section, Manuscript, Edited Book, Magazine Article, Newspaper Article, Conference Proceedings, Thesis, Report, Personal Communication, Computer Program, Electronic Source)

Installation 3: Export to JabRef from EndNote

BibTeX Export to JabRef.ens, BibTeX Export to JabRef2.ens

These files are required only if you wish to export EndNote entries to JabRef. They must be placed in your EndNote Styles directory.

On a Mac OS X system, the default directory is Applications/EndNote 7/Styles.

On a Windows XP system, the default directory is C:\Program Files\EndNote\Styles.

You may then want to open up the Style Manager (Edit->Output Styles->Open Style Manager) and add it to your Favorites.

To re-export to JabRef, two EndNote Styles are provided. Select a style (see "Notes" for the problems with each), then select File->Export. The exported text file is a BibTeX file ready to be read by JabRef.

Note that if you use EndNote as your primary manager, this export file will do a better job than the default BibTeX Export. Improvements in specific mappings are noted below. General improvements include:

All: Maps Custom 1-6 fields to pdf/comment/entrytype/crossref/owner/key

  • Includes URL
  • Includes EndNoteRefType
  • Includes ShortTitle
  • Includes ISBN/ISSN where appropriate

Mapping Endnote -> BibTeX (improvement over default)

  • Generic -> misc (correctly maps Publisher->Howpublished)
  • Journal Article -> article
  • Book -> book (maps Editor,Number of Volumes)
  • Book Section -> incollection (maps Section,Date,Type of Work)
  • Conference Proceedings -> inproceedings (maps Organization,Edition,Date)
  • Report -> techreport (maps City)
  • Thesis -> phdthesis (maps City,Date)
  • Magazine Article -> article
  • Newspaper Article -> article (new)
  • Edited Book -> book (maps Number of Volumes)
  • Electronic Source -> misc (new)
  • Manuscript -> unpublished (new)
  • Computer Program -> manual (new)
  • Personal Communication -> booklet (new)

Other EndNote Reference Types will be mapped to misc.


The export format implemented is the EndNote Import format, an extension of the Refer format. It does NOT export in the proprietary .enl format.

Only two JabRef fields are unsupported due to a lack of Custom fields in EndNote: doi and citeseerurl. Enterprising users should be able to modify the enclosed files in order to swap out two other fields (e.g. pdf and owner) instead. Note that EndNote 8 has additional fields that could be ideal for doi and citeseerurl (part of the reason why these are excluded here). In particular, Electronic Resource Number (DOI) and Link to PDF. The latter is actually a URL field, not a relative field like the pdf field in JabRef, so it would actually be better for citeseerurl than pdf. Unfortunately, ISI ResearchSoft has established no new extension of the Refer standard to include these fields, so any immediate solution would be likely to break later.

This has been tested on Mac OS X 10.3.7 and Windows XP SP2 using JabRef 1.7 and EndNote 7. It should work on EndNote 8 on either platform.

BibTeX Export to JabRef munges together some BibTeX types (e.g. if you exported, then reimported, your .bib file, it would be mapped inbook/incollection -> Book Section -> incollection). Use BibTeX Export to JabRef2 instead if you need better mapping - but only if you are using field Custom 3 (entrytype) to store the BibTeX entrytypes.

BibTeX Export to JabRef2 is ONLY for use if you are re-exporting a file that was imported from JabRef. This is because it uses Custom 3 (entrytype) to store and output the entrytype rather than guessing from the EndNote reference type. If this field isn't filled in, it will export bad BibTeX code. You have been warned.

Special note on corporate authors:

Endnote doesn't properly output corporate authors. To have Endnote output corporate authors for use in BibTeX, enter them as {Central Intelligence Agency},

However, other EndNote styles will then include the brackets.