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homuroll committed cf8fcda Jul 14, 2020
It is bad to link more libraries than it is really needed. For the whole world
compilation there is LllvmImports, which tracks all dependencies on bitcode level,
but there has not been such a mechanism for compilations against cached libraries.


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Jul 3, 2020

official project version


Kotlin/Native is an LLVM backend for the Kotlin compiler, runtime implementation, and native code generation facility using the LLVM toolchain.

Kotlin/Native is primarily designed to allow compilation for platforms where virtual machines are not desirable or possible (such as iOS or embedded targets), or where a developer is willing to produce a reasonably-sized self-contained program without the need to ship an additional execution runtime.


  • install JDK for your platform, instead of JRE. The build requires tools.jar, which is not included in JRE;
  • on macOS install Xcode 11 (Xcode 11.5 is required to compile Kotlin/Native from sources)
  • on Fedora 26+ yum install ncurses-compat-libs may be needed
  • on recent Ubuntu apt install libncurses5 is needed

To compile from sources use following steps:

First, download dependencies:

./gradlew dependencies:update

Then, build the compiler and libraries:

./gradlew bundle

To build with experimental targets support compile with -Porg.jetbrains.kotlin.native.experimentalTargets.

The build can take about an hour on a Macbook Pro. To run a shorter build with only the host compiler and libraries, run:

./gradlew dist distPlatformLibs

To include Kotlin compiler in composite build and build against it, use the kotlinProjectPath project property:

./gradlew dist -PkotlinProjectPath=path/to/kotlin/project

It's possible to include in a composite build both Kotlin compiler and Kotlin/Native Shared simultaneously.

After that, you should be able to compile your programs like this:

export PATH=./dist/bin:$PATH
kotlinc hello.kt -o hello

For an optimized compilation, use -opt:

kotlinc hello.kt -o hello -opt

For tests, use:

./gradlew backend.native:tests:run

To generate interoperability stubs, create a library definition file (refer to samples/tetris/.../sdl.def), and run the cinterop tool like this:

cinterop -def lib.def

See the provided samples and for more details.

The Interop tool generates a library in the .klib library format. See for more details on this file format.

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