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Sep 18, 2018
Sep 18, 2018
Sep 18, 2018
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Apr 4, 2019

Integral Human Pose Regression

The major contributors of this repository include Xiao Sun, Chuankang Li, Bin Xiao, Fangyin Wei, Yichen Wei.


Integral Regression is initially described in an ECCV 2018 paper. (Slides).

We build a 3D pose estimation system based mainly on the Integral Regression, placing second in the ECCV2018 3D Human Pose Estimation Challenge. Note that, the winner Sarandi et al. also uses the Integral Regression (or soft-argmax) with a better augmented 3D dataset in their method indicating the Integral Regression is the currently state-of-the-art 3D human pose estimation method.

The Integral Regression is also known as soft-argmax. Please refer to two contemporary works (Luvizon et al. and Nibali et al.) for a better comparision and more comprehensive understanding.


This is an official implementation for Integral Human Pose Regression based on Pytorch. It is worth noticing that:

  • The original implementation is based on our internal Mxnet version. There are slight differences in the final accuracy and running time due to the plenty details in platform switch.


© Microsoft, 2017. Licensed under an MIT license.

Citing Papers

If you find Integral Regression useful in your research, please consider citing:

  title={Integral human pose regression},
  author={Sun, Xiao and Xiao, Bin and Liang, Shuang and Wei, Yichen},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1711.08229},
  title={An Integral Pose Regression System for the ECCV2018 PoseTrack Challenge},
  author={Sun, Xiao and Li, Chuankang and Lin, Stephen},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1809.06079},

Main Results

Train on CHALL_H80K train, evaluate on CHALL_H80K val.

description box det. dataset backbone patch size flip test ensemble MPJPE(mm) model
original baseline No HM36 ResNet-50 - No No 115.9
+person box det. Yes HM36 ResNet-50 256*256 No No 86.5(25.4%)
+MPII data Yes HM36+MPII ResNet-50 256*256 No No 62.2(28.1%)
+deeper Yes HM36+MPII ResNet-152 256*256 No No 61.2(1.6%)
+larger image Yes HM36+MPII ResNet-152 288*384 No No 58.5(4.4%)
+COCO data Yes HM36+MPII+COCO ResNet-152 288*384 No No 57.5(1.7%) download
+flip test Yes HM36+MPII+COCO ResNet-152 288*384 Yes No 56.9(1.0%) download
+model ensemble Yes HM36+MPII+COCO ResNet-152 288*384 Yes Yes 55.3(2.8%) download

Train on CHALL_H80K train+val, evaluate on CHALL_H80K test.

description box det. dataset backbone patch size flip test ensemble MPJPE(mm) model
challenge result Yes HM36+MPII+COCO ResNet-152 288*384 Yes Yes 47 download


Python Version: 3.6
OS: CentOs7 (Other Linux system is also OK)
CUDA: 9.0 (least 8.0)
PyTorch:0.4.0(see issue


We recommend installing python from Anaconda, installing pytorch following guide on PyTorch according to your specific CUDA & python version. In addition, you need to install dependencies below.

pip install scipy
pip install matplotlib
pip install opencv-python
pip install easydict
pip install pyyaml

Preparation for Training & Testing

  1. Download Human3.6M(ECCV18 Challenge) image from Human3.6M Dataset and our processed annotation from Baidu Disk (code: kfsm) or Google Drive
  2. Download MPII image from MPII Human Pose Dataset
  3. Download COCO2017 image from COCO Dataset
  4. Download cache file from Dropbox
  5. Organize data like this
 `-- data
     `-- coco
        |-- images
        |-- annotations
        |-- COCO_train2017_cache
     `-- mpii
        |-- images
        |-- annot
        |-- mpii_train_cache
        |-- mpii_valid_cache
     `-- hm36
        |-- images
        |-- annot
        |-- HM36_train_cache
        |-- HM36_validmin_cache
     `-- hm36_eccv_challenge
        `-- Train
            |-- IMG
            |-- POSE
        `-- Val
            |-- IMG
            |-- POSE
        `-- Test
            |-- IMG
        |-- HM36_eccv_challenge_Train_cache
        |-- HM36_eccv_challenge_Test_cache
        |-- HM36_eccv_challenge_Val_cache


We have placed some example config files in experiments folder, and you can use them straight forward. Don't modify them unless you know exactly what it means.


For Integral Human Pose Regression, cd to pytorch_projects/integral_human_pose
Integral Regression

python --cfg=experiments/hm36/resnet50v1_ft/d-mh_ps-256_deconv256x3_min-int-l1_adam_bs32-4gpus_x300-270-290/lr1e-3.yaml --dataroot=../../data/  

Direct Joint Regression

python --cfg=experiments/hm36/resnet50v1_ft/d-mh_ps-256_dj_l1_adam_bs32-4gpus_x140-90-120/lr1e-3.yaml --dataroot=../../data/

For 3D pose estimation system of ECCV18 Challenge, cd to pytorch_projects/hm36_challenge

python --cfg=experiments/hm36/resnet152v1_ft/d-mh_ps-256_deconv256x3_min-int-l1_adam_bs24-4gpus_x300-270-290/lr1e-3.yaml --dataroot=../../data/

By default, logging and model will be saved to log and output folder respectively.


To run evaluation on CHALL_H80K Val dataset

  1. Download model
  2. Place it under $project_root/model/hm36_challenge
  3. cd to $project_root/pytorch_projects/hm36_challenge
  4. execute command below
python --cfg experiments/hm36/resnet152v1_ft/d-mch_384x288_deconv256x3_min-int-l1_adam_bs12-4gpus/lr1e-4_x300-270-290.yaml --model=../../model/hm36_challenge/model_chall_train_152ft_384x288.pth.tar



Integral Human Pose Regression




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