Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
Fork of spatial_adapter to give postgis more love

Fetching latest commit…

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Failed to load latest commit information.
lib
spec
.autotest
.gitignore
MIT-LICENSE
README.markdown
Rakefile
init.rb
install.rb
uninstall.rb

README.markdown

Postgis Adapter

Spatial Adapter by Guilhem Vellut: A plugin for ActiveRecord which manages the PostGIS geometric columns in a transparent way (that is like the other base data type columns). It also provides a way to manage these columns in migrations.

this = Spatial Adapter + PostGIS Functions - MySQL

PostGIS and Rails 2+ only.

Dependencies

  • georuby
  • postgres

Installation

On Rails:

script/plugin install git://github.com/nofxx/postgis_adapter.git

If you are using Spatial Adapter, remove it first.

ActiveRecord

Geometric columns in your ActiveRecord models now appear just like any other column of other basic data types. They can also be dumped in ruby schema mode and loaded in migrations the same way as columns of basic types.

Model

class TablePoint < ActiveRecord::Base
end

That was easy! As you see, there is no need to declare a column as geometric. The plugin will get this information by itself.

Access

Here is an example of PostGIS row creation and access, using the model and the table defined above :

pt = TablePoint.new(:data => "Hello!",:geom => Point.from_x_y_z(-1.6,2.8,-3.4,123))
pt.save
pt = TablePoint.find_first
puts pt.geom.x #access the geom column like any other

PostGIS Extra Functions

To be documented, here are the cool stuff postgis only let you do:

How to Use

class Park < ActiveRecord::Base
  acts_as_geom :area
end

...


@point  =   Poi.new(    :geom =>   **Point**      )
@park   =   Park.new(   :geom =>  **Polygon**     )
@street =   Street.new( :geom => **LineString**   )

And your objects can do:

@point.inside?(@park)
=> true
@point.in_bounds?(@park, 0.5) # margin
=> true

And back:

@point.outside?(@park)
=> false

Play with polygons:

@park.area
=> 1345

@park.contains?(@point)
=> true

And LineStrings:

@street_east.intersects?(@street_west)
=> false
@street_central.length
=> 45.53636

And for classes:

City.close_to(@point)
=> [Array of cities in order by distance...

Street.close_to(@point)
=> [Array streets in order by distance...

Country.contain(@point)
=> The Conutry that contains the point

Areas.contains(@point)
=> [Array of areas contains the point...

BBox Support

@area.strictly_left_of? @point

Same as:

@area.bbox "<<", @point

Wiki

Check out the wiki pages: http://github.com/nofxx/postgis_adapter/wikis For all functions.

Find_by

find_by_column has been redefined when column is of a geometric type. Instead of using the Rails default '=' operator, for which I can't see a definition for MySql spatial datatypes and which performs a bounding box equality test in PostGIS, it uses a bounding box intersection: && in PostGIS and MBRIntersects in MySQL, which can both make use of a spatial index if one is present to speed up the queries. You could use this query, for example, if you need to display data from the database: You would want only the geometries which are in the screen rectangle and you could use a bounding box query for that. Since this is a common case, it is the default. You have 2 ways to use the find_by_geom_column: Either by passing a geometric object directly, or passing an array with the 2 opposite corners of a bounding box (with 2 or 3 coordinates depending of the dimension of the data).

Park.find_by_geom(LineString.from_coordinates([[1.4,5.6],[2.7,8.9],[1.6,5.6]]))

or

Park.find_by_geom([[3,5.6],[19.98,5.9]])

In PostGIS, since you can only use operations with geometries with the same SRID, you can add a third element representing the SRID of the bounding box to the array. It is by default set to -1:

Park.find_by_geom([[3,5.6],[19.98,5.9],123])

Database Tools

Migrations

Here is an example of code for the creation of a table with a geometric column in PostGIS, along with the addition of a spatial index on the column :

ActiveRecord::Schema.define do
  create_table :places do |t|
    t.string :name
    t.point  :geom, :srid => 123, :with_z => true, :null => false
      t.timestamps
    end
  add_index :table_points, :geom, :spatial=>true
end

Fixtures

If you use fixtures for your unit tests, at some point, you will want to input a geometry. You could transform your geometries to a form suitable for YAML yourself everytime but the spatial adapter provides a method to do it for you: +to_yaml+. It works for both MySQL and PostGIS (although the string returned is different for each database). You would use it like this, if the geometric column is a point:

fixture:
  id: 1
  data: HELLO
  geom: <%= Point.from_x_y(123.5,321.9).to_yaml %>

Geometric data types

Ruby geometric datatypes are currently made available only through the GeoRuby library (http://georuby.rubyforge.org): This is where the Point.from_x_y in the example above comes from. It is a goal of a future release of the Spatial Adapter to support additional geometric datatype libraries, such as Ruby/GEOS, as long as they can support reading and writing of EWKB.

Warning

  • Since ActiveRecord seems to keep only the string values directly returned from the database, it translates from these to the correct types everytime an attribute is read, which is probably ok for simple types, but might be less than efficient for geometries, since the EWKB string has to be parsed everytime. Also it means you cannot modify the geometry object returned from an attribute directly :

    place = Place.first place.the_geom.y=123456.7

  • Since the translation to a geometry is performed everytime the_geom is read, the change to y will not be saved! You would have to do something like this :

    place = Place.first the_geom = place.the_geom the_geom.y=123456.7 place.the_geom = the_geom

Project

http://nofxx.lighthouseapp.com/projects/20712-postgis_adapter

TODO

  • Support of other geometric datatype libraries in addition to GeoRuby
  • Tutorials

License

Spatial Adapter for Rails is released under the MIT license. PostGis Adapter is released under the MIT license.

Support

rspec`d on postgresql 8.3.5 / postgis 1.3.3

Any questions, enhancement proposals, bug notifications or corrections can be sent to:

PostGis Adapter

http://nofxx.lighthouseapp.com/projects/20712-postgis_adapter

SpatialAdapter

guilhem.vellut+georuby@gmail.com.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.