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README.md

clowder

clowder - A group of cats

herding cats - An idiom that refers to a frustrating attempt to control or organize a class of entities which are uncontrollable or chaotic

docs Documentation Status
tests GitHub Actions Build Status CircleCI Code Climate Maintainability Test Coverage
package PyPI version Python versions License Status Requirements Status

Table of Contents

Why clowder

There are many ways to organize projects with git. Monorepos, submodules, subtrees, or some other tool. clowder is one of the other tools. Its approach is heavily influeced by the repo tool Google uses to manage the Android Open Source Project.

Projects information is stored in a clowder.yml file. If checked into its own repo, it can be shared among users. clowder essentially makes this file executable, allowing commands to be run across projects. clowder can update submodules, lfs files, and custom git config entries. Projects can track branches, or be tied to specific tags or commits. Upstreams can be configured along with their upstream source, wherever they may live. Snapshots of project states can be saved for later restoration. And more...

Daily development still takes place in individual repos, with normal git commands. But clowder is there if you need to synchronize or run commands on multiple repos.

Installation

Requirements:

To install or upgrade clowder from PyPI:

sudo pip3 install clowder-repo --upgrade

To install the latest pre-release version:

sudo pip3 install clowder-repo --force-reinstall --pre

For command autocompletion, add to your shell profile:

command -v clowder >/dev/null 2>&1 && eval "$(register-python-argcomplete clowder)"

clowder.yml

Full clowder.yml syntax reference

An example clowder.yml for some well-known projects:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  - llvm/llvm-project
  - apple/swift
  - tensorflow/tensorflow

The name is simply a descriptive label. Projects are specified by the last components of the git clone url.

If the ommitted default settings are included:

name: cool-projects

protocol: ssh

sources:
  github:
    url: github.com

defaults:
  remote: origin
  source: github
  branch: master

clowder:
  - name: llvm/llvm-project
    path: llvm-project
  - name: apple/swift
    path: swift
  - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
    path: tensorflow

The protocol specifies whether to use ssh or https for cloning repositories.

The sources section is where custom git hosting providers are specified. The following sources are built in:

source.name source.url
github github.com
gitlab gitlab.com
bitbucket bitbucket.org

The defaults section contains the git branch, git remote name, and the source to clone from. If no branch is specified, the default remote branch is used. If no source is specified, the default is github.

A project requires at minimum a name (the last components of the git clone url). If the project path is not specified, the last component of the project name is used for the local directory.

Depending on the protocol, the project name is combined with the source url to form the full git clone url:

protocol git url
ssh git@${source.url}:${project.name}.git
https https://${source.url}/${project.name}.git

To add a project from a custom hosting location:

name: cool-projects

sources:
  google:
    url: gerrit.googlesource.com
    protocol: https

clowder:
  - llvm/llvm-project
  - apple/swift
  - tensorflow/tensorflow
  - name: git-repo
    path: repo
    source: google

or equivalently:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  - llvm/llvm-project
  - apple/swift
  - tensorflow/tensorflow
  - name: git-repo
    path: repo
    source:
      url: gerrit.googlesource.com
      protocol: https

In order to be able to run commands for only certain sets of projects, there are groups:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  - name: llvm/llvm-project
    groups: [clattner]
  - name: apple/swift
    groups: [clattner]
  - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
    groups: [google, clattner]
  - name: git-repo
    path: repo
    groups: [google, notdefault]
    source:
      url: gerrit.googlesource.com
      protocol: https

or equivalently with sections:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  clattner:
    - llvm/llvm-project
    - apple/swift
    - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
      groups: [google]
  google:
    - name: git-repo
      path: repo
      groups: [notdefault]
      source:
        url: gerrit.googlesource.com
        protocol: https

or equivalently:

name: cool-projects

sources:
  google:
    url: gerrit.googlesource.com
    protocol: https

clowder:
  clattner:
    - llvm/llvm-project
    - apple/swift
    - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
      groups: [google]
  google:
    defaults:
      source: google
    groups: [notdefault]
    projects:
      - name: git-repo
        path: repo

Projects are automatically added to the all group, and to groups of their name and path. If notdefault is specified, the project will not be included in commands unless it belongs to another supplied group argument.

To save projects to a subdirectory:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  clattner:
    path: clattner
    projects:
      - llvm/llvm-project
      - apple/swift
      - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
        groups: [google]
  google:
    path: google
    projects:
      - name: git-repo
        path: repo
        groups: [notdefault]
        source:
          url: gerrit.googlesource.com
          protocol: https

which is equivalent to:

name: cool-projects

clowder:
  clattner:
    - name: llvm/llvm-project
      path: clattner/llvm-project
    - name: apple/swift
      path: clattner/swift
    - name: tensorflow/tensorflow
      path: clattner/tensorflow
      groups: [google]
  google:
    - name: git-repo
      path: google/repo
      groups: [notdefault]
      source:
        url: gerrit.googlesource.com
        protocol: https

For more examples, see the clowder-examples repo

Command Usage

For the full command reference, see the commands doc

The following examples use an existing repo containing a clowder.yml file.

To follow along, create a directory where all the projects will be cloned:

mkdir cats
cd cats

clowder init

clowder init git@github.com:JrGoodle/clowder-examples.git

The clowder init command does the following:

  • Clones the examples clowder repo in the .clowder directory
  • Creates a symlink in the cats directory: clowder.yml -> .clowder/clowder.yml

clowder init

clowder herd

The clowder herd command updates the state of the projects. When the command is run, the following happens:

  • If any projects don't have a clean git status then clowder exits
  • Projects are cloned if they don't currently exist
  • Each project fetches the latest changes
  • If the current git ref checked out doesn't match the clowder.yml configuration, the correct ref will be checked out
  • The latest changes are pulled for branches. For commits and tags, the commits are checked out into a detached HEAD state

clowder herd

clowder status

The clowder status command prints the current state of all projects.

clowder status

clowder forall

# Run command in all project directories
clowder forall -c 'git status'

git commands

For more information, see the commands doc

# Print all local branches
clowder branch

# Checkout 'my_branch' in projects if it exists
clowder checkout 'my_branch'

# Discard any changes in projects
clowder clean

# Print git diff for all projects
clowder diff

# Create new branch 'my_feature' for all projects
clowder start 'my_feature'

# Stash changes in all projects
clowder stash

# Prune branch 'stale_branch' for all projects
clowder prune 'stale_branch'

clowder repo commands

For more information, see the commands doc

# Set clowder.yml symlink to a previously saved version
clowder link 'v0.1'

# Run command in .clowder directory
clowder repo run 'git status'

# Save a version of clowder.yml with current commit sha's
clowder save 'v0.1'

config commands

NOTE: EXPERIMENTAL

For more information, see the commands doc

# Get config values
clowder config get

# Set config values
clowder config set projects 'my_group'

# Clear config values
clowder config clear projects

Development

See CONTRIBUTING.md

About

utility for managing multiple git repositories

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