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IPNets.jl

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IPNets.jl is a Julia package that provides IP network types. Both IPv4 and IPv6 networks can be described with IPNets.jl using standard, intuitive syntax.

Main Features

An important aspect of IPNets.jl is the ability to treat IP networks as collections while not actually allocating the memory required to store a full range of addresses. Operations such as membership testing, indexing and iteration are supported with IPNet types. The following examples should help clarify.

Constructors:

julia> using IPNets, Sockets

julia> IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24") # string in CIDR notation
IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24")

julia> parse(IPv4Net, "1.2.3.0/24") # same as above
IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24")

julia> IPv4Net(ip"1.2.3.0", 24) # IPv4 and mask as number of bits
IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24")

julia> IPv4Net(ip"1.2.3.0", ip"255.255.255.0") # IPv4 and mask as another IPv4
IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24")

julia> IPv4Net("1.2.3.4") # 32 bit mask default
IPv4Net("1.2.3.4/32")

Membership test:

julia> ip4net = IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24");

julia> ip"1.2.3.4" in ip4net
true

julia> ip"1.2.4.1" in ip4net
false

Length, indexing, and iteration:

julia> ip4net = IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24");

julia> length(ip4net)
256

julia> ip4net[0] # index from 0 (!)
ip"1.2.3.0"

julia> ip4net[0xff]
ip"1.2.3.255"

julia> ip4net[4:8]
5-element Vector{IPv4}:
 ip"1.2.3.4"
 ip"1.2.3.5"
 ip"1.2.3.6"
 ip"1.2.3.7"
 ip"1.2.3.8"

julia> for ip in ip4net
           @show ip
       end
ip = ip"1.2.3.0"
ip = ip"1.2.3.1"
[...]
ip = ip"1.2.3.255"

Though these examples use the IPv4Net type, the IPv6Net type is also available with similar behavior:

julia> IPv6Net("1:2::/64") # string in CIDR notation
IPv6Net("1:2::/64")

julia> parse(IPv6Net, "1:2::/64") # same as above
IPv6Net("1:2::/64")

julia> IPv6Net(ip"1:2::", 64) # IPv6 and prefix
IPv6Net("1:2::/64")

julia> IPv6Net("1:2::3:4") # 128 bit mask default
IPv6Net("1:2::3:4/128")

For unknown (string) input use the IPNet supertype constructor (or parse):

julia> IPNet("1.2.3.0/24")
IPv4Net("1.2.3.0/24")

julia> parse(IPNet, "1.2.3.4")
IPv4Net("1.2.3.4/32")

julia> IPNet("1:2::3:4")
IPv6Net("1:2::3:4/128")

julia> parse(IPNet, "1:2::/64")
IPv6Net("1:2::/64")

Limitations

  • Non-contiguous subnetting for IPv4 addresses (e.g., a netmask of "255.240.255.0") is not supported. Subnets must be able to be represented as a series of contiguous mask bits.

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IPv4 / IPv6 network abstractions for Julia

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