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PyPi Version Documentation Status Coverage Status UnitTest Status

The repo is under active development. If you take a clone, you are getting the latest, and perhaps not entirely stable code.

DOCUMENTATION

Official Documentation with examples, here

API Documentation hosted by readthedocs

Junos PyEZ wiki page, here.

ABOUT

PyEZ logo

Junos PyEZ is a Python library to remotely manage/automate Junos devices. The user is NOT required: (a) to be a "Software Programmer™", (b) have sophisticated knowledge of Junos, or (b) have a complex understanding of the Junos XML API.

This library was built for two types of users:

For "Non-Programmers" - Python as a Power Shell

This means that "non-programmers", for example the Network Engineer, can use the native Python shell on their management server (laptop, tablet, phone, etc.) as their point-of-control for remotely managing Junos devices. The Python shell is an interactive environment that provides the necessary means to perform common automation tasks, such as conditional testing, for-loops, macros, and templates. These building blocks are similar enough to other "shell" environments, like Bash, to enable the non-programmer to use the Python shell as a power-tool, rather than a programming language. From the Python shell a user can manage Junos devices using native hash tables, arrays, etc. rather than device-specific Junos XML or resorting to 'screen scraping' the actual Junos CLI.

For "Programmers" - Open and Extensible

There is a growing interest and need to automate the network infrastructure into larger IT systems. To do so, traditional software programmers, DevOps, "hackers", etc. need an abstraction library of code to further those activities. Junos PyEZ is designed for extensibility so that the programmer can quickly and easily add new widgets to the library in support of their specific project requirements. There is no need to "wait on the vendor" to provide new functionality. Junos PyEZ is not specifically tied to any version of Junos or any Junos product family.

SUPPORT

For questions and general support, please visit our Google Group

You can also post your query on stackoverflow with pyez tag

For documentation and more usage examples, please visit the Junos PyEZ project page, here.

Issues and bugs can be opened in the repository.

FEATURES

Junos PyEZ is designed to provide the same capabilities as a user would have on the Junos CLI, but in an environment built for automation tasks. These capabilities include, but are not limited to:

  • Remote connectivity and management of Junos devices via NETCONF
  • Provide "facts" about the device such as software-version, serial-number, etc.
  • Retrieve "operational" or "run-state" information as Tables/Views
  • Retrieve configuration information as Tables/Views
  • Make configuration changes in unstructured and structured ways
  • Provide common utilities for tasks such as secure copy of files and software updates

NOTICES

  • As of release 2.0.0, Junos PyEZ requires ncclient version 0.5.2 or later.
  • When using the ssh_private_key_file argument of the Device constructor on MacOS Mojave and higher, ensure that the SSH keys are in the RSA format, and not the newer OPENSSH format.
    • New key: ssh-keygen -p -m PEM -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa
    • Convert an existing OPENSSH key: ``ssh-keygen -p -m PEM -f ~/.ssh/private_key`
    • Check if a given key is RSA or OPENSSH format: head -n1 ~/.ssh/private_key
      • RSA: -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
      • OPENSSH: -----BEGIN OPENSSH PRIVATE KEY-----

INSTALLATION

PIP

Installation requires Python >=3.5 and associated pip tool

pip install junos-eznc

Installing from Git is also supported (OS must have git installed).

To install the latest MASTER code
pip install git+https://github.com/Juniper/py-junos-eznc.git
-or-
To install a specific version, branch, tag, etc.
pip install git+https://github.com/Juniper/py-junos-eznc.git@<branch,tag,commit>

Docker

Interactive Docker Usage

Move to the local directory which contains your script(s) and run the container. Running the container in this manner will put you into an interactive Bash session.

docker run -it [ --rm ] [ --name pyez ] -v $PWD:/scripts juniper/pyez

Your local scripts will be mounted to /scripts in the container.

Microservice Usage

This image can also be used as a Python "executable" with the required Python PyEZ libraries pre-installed. To use the image in this way, mount the volume which contains the Python script and pass the script name as an argument to docker run. Optionally, you may also pass in a requirements.txt file to install additional python packages via pip. To add OS packages (Alpine Linux), provide a file with a list of packages --one per line-- and either reference it as an env var ($APK) or mount it to the container /extras/apk.txt. To add additional Python packages (via pip), provide a requirements.txt file and pass it in as an env var ($REQ) or mount it to the container at /extras/requirements.txt.

Usage: docker run -it [ --rm ] -v some/dir:/scripts juniper/pyez [ myscript.py ]`

Example:

$ docker run -it --rm -v $PWD:/scripts juniper/pyez tmp.py
tmp.py
{'2RE': False, 'HOME': '/var/home/lab', 'RE0': {'mastership_state': 'master', 'status': 'OK', 'model': 'RE-SRX210H-POE', 'last_reboot_reason': '0x1:power cycle/failure', 'up_time': '36 days, 11 hours, 49 minutes, 59 seconds'}, 'RE1': None, 'RE_hw_mi': False, 'current_re': ['master', 'node', 'fwdd', 'member', 'pfem', 'backup', 're0', 'fpc0.pic0'], 'domain': None, 'fqdn': 'fw1.localdomain', 'hostname': 'fw1.localdomain', 'hostname_info': {'re0': 'fw1.localdomain'}, 'ifd_style': 'CLASSIC', 'junos_info': {'re0': {'text': '12.1X44-D40.2', 'object': junos.version_info(major=(12, 1), type=X, minor=(44, 'D', 40), build=2)}}, 'master': 'RE0', 'model': 'SRX210H-POE', 'model_info': {'re0': 'SRX210H-POE'}, 'personality': 'SRX_BRANCH', 're_info': {'default': {'0': {'mastership_state': 'master', 'status': 'OK', 'model': 'RE-SRX210H-POE', 'last_reboot_reason': '0x1:power cycle/failure'}, 'default': {'mastership_state': 'master', 'status': 'OK', 'model': 'RE-SRX210H-POE', 'last_reboot_reason': '0x1:power cycle/failure'}}}, 're_master': {'default': '0'}, 'serialnumber': 'AE3009AA0101', 'srx_cluster': False, 'srx_cluster_id': None, 'srx_cluster_redundancy_group': None, 'switch_style': 'VLAN', 'vc_capable': False, 'vc_fabric': None, 'vc_master': None, 'vc_mode': None, 'version': '12.1X44-D40.2', 'version_RE0': '12.1X44-D40.2', 'version_RE1': None, 'version_info': junos.version_info(major=(12, 1), type=X, minor=(44, 'D', 40), build=2), 'virtual': False}
done

See DOCKER-EXAMPLES.md for some example usage.

Upgrade

Upgrading has the same requirements as installation and has the same format with the addition of -UPGRADE

pip install -U junos-eznc

HELLO, WORLD

The following is a quick "hello, world" example to ensure that the software was installed correctly. This code will simply connect to a device and display the known facts of the device, like serial-number, model, etc.

from pprint import pprint
from jnpr.junos import Device

with Device(host='my_host_or_ipaddr', user='jeremy', password='jeremy123' ) as dev:
    pprint( dev.facts )

Example output for an SRX-210 device:

>>> pprint(dev.facts)
{'2RE': False,
 'RE0': {'last_reboot_reason': '0x20:power-button soft power off',
         'model': 'RE-SRX210H',
         'status': 'OK',
         'up_time': '10 minutes, 3 seconds'},
 'domain': 'workflowsherpas.com'         
 'fqdn': 'srx210.workflowsherpas.com',
 'hostname': 'srx210',
 'ifd_style': 'CLASSIC',
 'model': 'SRX210H',
 'personality': 'SRX_BRANCH',
 'serialnumber': 'AD2909AA0096',
 'switch_style': 'VLAN',
 'version': '12.1X44-D10.4',
 'version_info': junos.versino_info(major=(12, 1), type=X, minor=(44, 'D', 10), build=4)}

LICENSE

Apache 2.0

CONTRIBUTORS

Juniper Networks is actively contributing to and maintaining this repo. Please contact jnpr-community-netdev@juniper.net for any queries.

Contributors:

Nitin Kumar, Stacy Smith, Stephen Steiner

Former Contributors:

Jeremy Schulman, Rick Sherman, Edward Arcuri