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README.md

Loowy

Lua WAMP (WebSocket Application Messaging Protocol) client implementation on top of lua-websockets and lib-ev.

Table of Contents

Description

Loowy implements WAMP v2 client specification.

Loowy supports next WAMP roles and features:

  • Challenge Response Authentication (wampcra method)
  • publisher:
    • subscriber blackwhite listing
    • publisher exclusion
    • publisher identification
  • subscriber:
    • pattern-based subscription
    • publication trust levels
  • caller:
    • caller identification
    • progressive call results
    • call canceling
    • call timeout
  • callee:
    • caller identification
    • call trust levels
    • pattern-based registration
    • shared registration

Loowy supports JSON and msgpack serializers.

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Usage example

For example usage, please see test.lua file.

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Installation

You can install Loowy via luarocks

> luarocks install loowy 

or simply put loowy/client.lua somewhere accessible by lua package.path. But in this case you also need to install dependencies.

WARNING! Loowy depends on lua-websockets. But lua-websockets up to and including v2.2 doesn't contain necessary changes. Please manually install lua-websockets from master branch and send message to lua-websockets maintainer to publish new release :)

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Dependencies

Loowy depends on:

also it uses busted for testing.

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Loowy client instance methods

options([opts])

options() method can be called in two forms:

  • without parameters it will return table with current options
  • with one parameter as table it will set new options

Options keys description:

  • debug. Default value: false. Enable to print some debugging info.
  • autoReconnect. Default value: true. Enable autoreconnecting. In case of connection failure, Loowy will try to reconnect to WAMP server, and if you were subscribed to any topics, or had registered some procedures, Loowy will resubscribe to that topics and reregister procedures.
  • reconnectInterval. Default value: 2(s). Reconnection Interval in seconds.
  • maxRetries. Default value: 25. Max reconnection attempts. After reaching this value disconnect() will be called.
  • transportEncoding. Default value: json. Transport serializer to use. Supported 2 values: "json"/"msgpack".
  • realm. Default value: nil. WAMP Realm to join on server. See WAMP spec for additional info.
  • helloCustomDetails. Default value: nil. Custom attributes to send to router on hello.
  • authid. Default value: nil. Authentication (user) id to use in challenge.
  • authmethods. Default value: {}. Array of strings of supported authentication methods.
  • onChallenge. Default value: nil. Callback function. Is fired when wamp server requests authentication during session establishment. This function receives two arguments: auth method and challenge details. Function should return computed signature, based on challenge details. See Challenge Response Authentication section and WAMP Spec CRA for more info.
  • onConnect. Default value: nil. Callback function. Fired when connection to wamp server is established.
  • onClose. Default value: nil. Callback function. Fired on closing connection to wamp server.
  • onError. Default value: nil. Callback function. Fired on error in websocket communication.
  • onReconnect. Default value: nil. Callback function. Fired every time on reconnection attempt.
  • onReconnectSuccess. Default value: nil. Callback function. Fired every time when reconnection succeeded.

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getOpStatus()

Get the status of last operation.

This method returns table with 2 or 3 keys: code and description and possible request ID. code is integer, and value > 0 means error. description is a string description of code. reqId is integer and may be useful in some cases (call canceling for example).

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getSessionId()

Get the WAMP Session ID.

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connect([wampurl])

Connect to WAMP router.

Parameters:

  • url - WAMP Server url (optional). Should be specified as URI. For example: ws://my-server/wamp

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disconnect()

Disconnect from WAMP router.

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abort()

Abort WAMP session establishment. Works only if websocket connection is established, but WAMP session establishment is in progress.

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Challenge Response Authentication

Loowy supports challenge response authentication. To use it you need to provide authid and onChallenge callback as instance options. See example below:

local loowy = require 'loowy.client'

local client = loowy.new("ws://ws.wamp.server.url", {
    transportEncoding = 'json',
    realm = 'AppRealm',
    authid = 'user1',
    authmethods = { 'wampcra' },
    onChallenge = function (method, info)
        local hmac = require "resty.hmac"
        local hm = hmac:new("secret1")
        return hm:generate_signature("sha256", info.challenge)
    end
})

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subscribe(topicURI, callbacks[, advancedOptions])

Subscribe to a topic on a broker.

Parameters:

  • topicURI. Required. A string that identifies the topic. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • callbacks. If it is a function - it will be treated as published event callback or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called when subscription would be confirmed
    • onError: will be called if subscription would be aborted with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • error: string error description
      • details: hash-table with some error details
    • onEvent: will be called on receiving published event with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • argsList: array payload (may be omitted)
      • argsDict: object payload (may be omitted)
      • details: some publication options object.
  • advancedOptions. Optional parameters hash table. Must include any or all of the options:
    • match: string matching policy ("prefix"/"wildcard")

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unsubscribe(topicURI, callbacks)

Unsubscribe from topic.

Parameters:

  • topicURI. Required. A string that identifies the topic. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • callbacks. If it is a function - it will be treated as published event callback to remove or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called when unsubscription would be confirmed
    • onError: will be called if unsubscribe would be aborted with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • error: string error description
      • details: hash-table with some error details
    • onEvent: published event callback instance to remove or it can be not specified, in this case all callbacks and subscription will be removed.

or it can be not specified, in this case all callbacks and subscription will be removed.

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publish(topicURI[, payload[, callbacks[, advancedOptions]]])

Publish event to topic.

Parameters:

  • topicURI. Required. A string that identifies the topic. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • payload. Publishing event data. Optional. May be any single value or array or hash-table object or null. Also it is possible to pass array and object-like data simultaneously. In this case pass a hash-table with next attributes:
    • argsList: array payload (may be omitted)
    • argsDict: object payload (may be omitted)
  • callbacks. Optional hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called when publishing would be confirmed
    • onError: will be called if publishing would be aborted with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • error: string error description
      • details: hash-table with some error details
  • advancedOptions. Optional parameters hash table. Must include any or all of the options:
    • exclude: integer|array WAMP session id(s) that won't receive a published event, even though they may be subscribed
    • exclude_authid: string|array Authentication id(s) that won't receive a published event, even though they may be subscribed
    • exclude_authrole: string|array Authentication role(s) that won't receive a published event, even though they may be subscribed
    • eligible: integer|array WAMP session id(s) that are allowed to receive a published event
    • eligible_authid: string|array Authentication id(s) that are allowed to receive a published event
    • eligible_authrole: string|array Authentication role(s) that are allowed to receive a published event
    • exclude_me: bool flag of receiving publishing event by initiator (if it is subscribed to this topic)
    • disclose_me: bool flag of disclosure of publisher identity (its WAMP session ID) to receivers of a published event

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call(topicURI[, payload[, callbacks[, advancedOptions]]])

Remote Procedure Call.

Parameters:

  • topicURI. Required. A string that identifies the remote procedure to be called. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • payload. RPC data. Optional. May be any single value or array or hash-table object or null. Also it is possible to pass array and object-like data simultaneously. In this case pass a hash-table with next attributes:
    • argsList: array payload (may be omitted)
    • argsDict: object payload (may be omitted)
  • callbacks. If it is a function - it will be treated as result callback function or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called with result on successful call with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • details: hash-table with some additional details
      • argsList: optional array containing the original list of positional result elements as returned by the Callee
      • argsDict: optional hash-table containing the original dictionary of keyword result elements as returned by the Callee
    • onError: will be called if invocation would be aborted with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • error: string error description
      • details: hash-table with some error details
      • argsList: optional array containing the original error payload list as returned by the Callee to the Dealer
      • argsDict: optional hash-table containing the original error payload dictionary as returned by the Callee to the Dealer
  • advancedOptions. Optional parameters hash table. Must include any or all of the options:
    • disclose_me: bool flag of disclosure of Caller identity (WAMP session ID) to endpoints of a routed call
    • receive_progress: bool flag for receiving progressive results. In this case onSuccess function will be called every time on receiving result
    • timeout: integer timeout (in ms) for the call to finish

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cancel(reqId[, callbacks[, advancedOptions]])

RPC invocation cancelling.

Parameters:

  • reqId. Required. Request ID of RPC call that need to be canceled.
  • callbacks. Optional. If it is a function - it will be called if successfully sent canceling message or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called if successfully sent canceling message
    • onError: will be called if some error occurred
  • advancedOptions. Optional parameters hash table. Must include any or all of the options:
    • mode: string|one of the possible modes: "skip"/"kill"/"killnowait". Skip is default.

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register(topicURI, callbacks[, advancedOptions])

RPC registration for invocation.

Parameters:

  • topicURI. Required. A string that identifies the remote procedure to be called. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • callbacks. Required. If it is a function - it will be treated as rpc itself or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • rpc: registered procedure
    • onSuccess: will be called on successful registration
    • onError: will be called if registration would be aborted with one hash-table parameter with following attributes:
      • error: string error description
      • details: hash-table with some error details
  • advancedOptions. Optional parameters hash table. Must include any or all of the options:
    • match: string matching policy ("prefix"/"wildcard")
    • invoke: string invocation policy ("single"/"roundrobin"/"random"/"first"/"last")

Registered PRC during invocation will receive one hash-table argument with following attributes:

  • argsList: array payload (may be omitted)
  • argsDict: object payload (may be omitted)
  • details: some invocation options object. One attribute of interest in options is "receive_progress" (boolean), which indicates, that caller is willing to receive progressive results, if possible. Another one is "trustlevel", which indicates the call trust level, assigned by dealer (of course if it is configured accordingly).

RPC can return no result (undefined), or it must return an object with next attributes:

  • argsList: array result or single value, (may be omitted)
  • argsDict: object result payload (may be omitted)
  • options: some result options object. Possible attribute of options is "progress": true, which indicates, that it's a progressive result, so there will be more results in future. Be sure to unset "progress" on last result message.

Also it is possible to abort rpc processing and throw error with custom application specific data. This data will be passed to caller onError callback.

Exception object with custom data may have next attributes:

  • uri. String with custom error uri. Must meet a WAMP Spec URI requirements.
  • details. Custom details dictionary object. The details object is used for the future extensibility, and used by the WAMP router. This object not passed to the client. For details see WAMP specification 6.1
  • argsList. Custom arguments array-like table, this will be forwarded to the caller by the WAMP router's dealer role. Most cases this attribute is used to pass the human readable message to the client.
  • argsDict. Custom arguments object-like table, this will be forwarded to the caller by the WAMP router's dealer role.

For more details see WAMP specification 9.2.5.

Note: Any other type of errors and exceptions are catched by Loowy and sent back to the client's side, not just this type of custom errors. In this case the details of the error can be lost.

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unregister(topicURI[, callbacks])

RPC unregistration for invocations.

Parameters:

  • topicURI - topic to unregister
  • callbacks - optional parameter. If it is a function, it will be called on successful unregistration or it can be hash table of callbacks:
    • onSuccess: will be called on successful unregistration
    • onError: will be called if unregistration would be aborted

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Copyright and License

Loowy is licensed under the MIT license.

Copyright (c) 2014, Konstantin Burkalev

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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See Also

  • WAMP specification
  • Wampy.js. WAMP Javascript client-side implementation.
  • Wiola. WAMP router powered by LUA Nginx module, Lua WebSocket addon, and Redis as cache store.

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