Check whether targets are in the field of view of NASA's K2 space telescope
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README.md

K2fov PyPI Travis status ADS Bibcode

Check whether targets are in the field of view of NASA's K2 mission.

The K2fov Python package allows users to check whether a target is in the field of view of K2. In particular, the package adds the K2onSilicon and K2findCampaigns tools to the command line, which allow the visibility of targets to be checked during one (K2onSilicon) or all (K2findCampaigns) campaigns, respectively. The usage of these tools is explained below.

Installation

You will need a modern version of Python 2 or 3 on your system. If this requirement is met, you can install K2fov using pip:

pip install K2fov

if you have a previous version installed, please make sure you upgrade to the latest version using:

pip install K2fov --upgrade

It is important to upgrade frequently to ensure that you are using the most up to date K2 field parameters.

If you require to install the latest development version, e.g. to test a bugfix, then you can install the package straight from the git repository as follows:

git clone https://github.com/KeplerGO/K2fov.git
cd K2fov
python setup.py install

Usage

K2onSilicon

Installing K2fov will automatically add a command line tool to your path called K2onSilicon, which takes a list of targets as input and writes a new list that indicates the "silicon status" of each target, i.e. whether or not it falls on one of the detectors of the spacecraft's focal plane.

Example

The simplest thing to do is to have a CSV file with columns "RA_degrees, Dec_degrees, Kepmag". Do not use a header.

For example, create a file called mytargetlist.csv containing the following rows:

178.19284, 1.01924, 13.2
171.14213, 5.314616, 11.3

The format for the target list is very strict -- you need three columns: RA in degrees, Declination in degrees and Kepler magnitude. Headers or other additional columns will cause an execution failure.

You can then check whether each object in the file falls on silicon by calling K2onSilicon from the command line:

K2onSilicon mytargetlist.csv 1

Where mytargetlist.csv is your CSV file and 1 is the K2 Campaign number.

Running the code will output an updated target list containing the three input columns and an extra column containing either a "0" or "2".
0 = Not observable
2 = Target is in the K2 field of view and on silicon

The code will also write an image, called targets_fov.png, showing where the targets fall.

Execute K2onSilicon --help to be reminded of its usage:

$ K2onSilicon --help
usage: K2onSilicon [-h] csv_file campaign

Run K2onSilicon to find which targets in a list call on active silicon for a
given K2 campaign.

positional arguments:
  csv_file    Name of input csv file with targets, column are Ra_degrees,
              Dec_degrees, Kepmag
  campaign    K2 Campaign number

optional arguments:
  -h, --help  show this help message and exit

K2findCampaigns

If instead of checking the targets in a single campaign, you want to understand whether a target is visible in any past or future K2 Campaign, you can use a different tool called K2findCampaigns.

Example

For example, to verify whether J2000 coordinate (ra, dec) = (269.5, -28.5) degrees is visible at any point during the K2 mission, type:

$ K2findCampaigns 269.5 -28.5
Success! The target is on silicon during K2 campaigns [9].
Position in C9: channel 31, col 613, row 491.

You can also search by name. For example, to check whether T Tauri is visible, type:

$ K2findCampaigns-byname "T Tauri"
Success! T Tauri is on silicon during K2 campaigns [4].
Position in C4: channel 3, col 62, row 921.

Finally, you can check a list of targets (either using their coordinates or names), using K2findCampaigns-csv. For example:

$ K2findCampaigns-csv targets.csv
Writing targets.csv-K2findCampaigns.csv.

More information

Execute K2findCampaigns --help, K2findCampaigns-byname --help or K2findCampaigns-csv --help to be reminded of the use:

$ K2findCampaigns --help
usage: K2findCampaigns [-h] [-p] ra dec

Check if a celestial coordinate is (or was) observable by any past or future
observing campaign of NASA's K2 mission.

positional arguments:
  ra          Right Ascension in decimal degrees (J2000).
  dec         Declination in decimal degrees (J2000).

optional arguments:
  -h, --help  show this help message and exit
  -p, --plot  Produce a plot showing the target position with respect to all
              K2 campaigns.
K2findCampaigns-byname --help
usage: K2findCampaigns-byname [-h] [-p] name

Check if a target is (or was) observable by any past or future observing
campaign of NASA's K2 mission.

positional arguments:
  name        Name of the object. This will be passed on to the CDS name
              resolver to retrieve coordinate information.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help  show this help message and exit
  -p, --plot  Produce a plot showing the target position with respect to all
              K2 campaigns.
$ K2findCampaigns-csv --help
usage: K2findCampaigns-csv [-h] input_filename

Check which objects listed in a CSV table are (or were) observable by NASA's
K2 mission.

positional arguments:
  input_filename  Path to a comma-separated table containing columns
                  'ra,dec,kepmag' (decimal degrees) or 'name'.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help      show this help message and exit

K2inMicrolensRegion

Finally, this package adds the K2inMicrolensRegion tool to check if a celestial coordinate is inside the 3-megapixel superstamp region that has been allocated to the Campaign 9 microlensing experiment. The stamp covers a large, ~contiguous region towards the Galactic Bulge.

$ K2inMicrolensRegion --help
usage: K2inMicrolensRegion [-h] ra dec

Check if a celestial coordinate is inside the K2C9 microlensing superstamp.

positional arguments:
  ra          Right Ascension in decimal degrees (J2000).
  dec         Declination in decimal degrees (J2000).

optional arguments:
  -h, --help  show this help message and exit

Attribution

K2fov was created by Fergal Mullally, Thomas Barclay, and Geert Barentsen for NASA's Kepler/K2 Guest Observer Office. If this tool aided your research, please cite it using the ADS bibcode (2016ascl.soft01009M) and its DOI identifier (10.5281/zenodo.44283).

The BibTeX entry is as follows:

@MISC{2016ascl.soft01009M,
  author        = {{Mullally}, Fergal; {Barclay}, Thomas; {Barentsen}, Geert},
  title         = "{K2fov: Field of view software for NASA's K2 mission}",
  howpublished  = {Astrophysics Source Code Library},
  year          = 2016,
  month         = jan,
  archivePrefix = "ascl",
  eprint        = {1601.009},
  adsurl        = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016ascl.soft01009M},
  adsnote       = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System},
  doi           = {10.5281/zenodo.44283},
  url           = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.44283}
}