Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

158 lines (150 sloc) 8.24 kb
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html data-require="math graphie interactive mean-and-median">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>Exploring mean and median</title>
<script src="../khan-exercise.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="exercise">
<div class="vars">
<var id="LOWER_BOUND">-7</var>
<var id="UPPER_BOUND">-1 * LOWER_BOUND</var>
<!--
80% chance of getting 10 points to work with; otherwise 5. Any other
reasonable quantity leads to really messy means. This at least covers
both cases: where the median is a point, and where the median is between
two points. Weighted towards more problems with 10 points to make it
easier to get the intuition how/why the mean and median can vary.
-->
<var id="POINTS">random() &lt; 0.8 ? 10 : 5</var>
<var id="MEDIAN">
roundTo( 1, randRangeNonZero( (LOWER_BOUND + 1) * 2, (UPPER_BOUND - 1) * 2 ) / 2 )
</var>
<var id="MIN_MEAN">
((POINTS / 2) * (MEDIAN + 0.5) + MEDIAN - 0.5 + (POINTS / 2 - 1) * LOWER_BOUND) / POINTS
</var>
<var id="MAX_MEAN">
((POINTS / 2) * (MEDIAN - 0.5) + MEDIAN + 0.5 + (POINTS / 2 - 1) * UPPER_BOUND) / POINTS
</var>
<var id="MEAN">roundTo( 1, randRangeNonZero( MIN_MEAN * 10, MAX_MEAN * 10 ) / 10 )</var>
</div>
<div class="problems">
<div>
<div class="question">
<p>Arrange the <var>POINTS</var> orange points on the number line so the
<span class="hint_blue">arithmetic mean is <code><var>MEAN</var></code></span>
and the <span class="hint_green">median is <code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>.
The distance between adjacent tick marks is 1.</p>
<div class="graphie" id="number-line">
graph.targetMedian = MEDIAN;
graph.targetMean = MEAN;
graph.numPoints = POINTS;
init({
range: [ [LOWER_BOUND - 1, UPPER_BOUND + 1], [-3, 3] ]
});
style({ stroke: "#bbb" });
line( [ LOWER_BOUND, 0 ], [ UPPER_BOUND, 0 ] );
for ( var x = LOWER_BOUND; x &lt;= UPPER_BOUND; x++ ) {
line( [ x, -0.2 ], [ x, 0.2 ] );
}
style({ strokeWidth: 3.5 });
line( [ 0, -0.2 ], [ 0, 0.2 ] );
label( [ 0, -0.53 ], "0", "center", {});
style({ strokeWidth: 2, stroke: BLUE, fill: BLUE, opacity: 1.0 });
graph.meanArrow = path([
[ 0, 0.7 ], [ 0.05, 0.7 ], [ 0, 0.6 ], [ -0.05, 0.7 ], [ 0, 0.7 ], [ 0, 1.0 ]
]);
graph.meanLabel = label( [ 0, 1.3 ], "\\text{mean}", "above", { color: BLUE });
graph.meanValueLabel = label( [ 0, 0.8 ], "0", "above", { color: BLUE });
style({ strokeWidth: 2, stroke: GREEN, fill: GREEN });
graph.medianArrow = path([
[ 0, -1.1 ], [ 0.05, -1.1 ], [ 0, -1 ], [ -0.05, -1.1 ], [ 0, -1.1 ], [ 0, -1.4 ]
]);
graph.medianLabel = label( [ 0, -1.7 ], "\\text{median}", "below", { color: GREEN });
graph.medianValueLabel = label( [0, -1.2 ], "0", "below", { color: GREEN });
addMouseLayer();
graph.points = [];
for ( var x = 0; x &lt; POINTS; x++ ) {
graph.points[x] = addMovablePoint({
coord: [ x - POINTS / 2 + 0.5, 0 ],
constraints: { constrainY: true },
snapX: 0.5
});
}
graph.median = 0;
graph.mean = 0;
graph.moved = false;
$.each( graph.points, function( idx, point ) {
this.onMove = function( x, y ) {
graph.moved = true;
return onMovePoint( point, x, y, updateMeanAndMedian );
};
});
</div>
</div>
<div class="solution" data-type="custom">
<div class="instruction">
Move the orange dots to select your answer.
</div>
<div class="guess">$.map( graph.points, function( el ) { return el.coord[0]; } )</div>
<div class="validator-function">
if ( roundTo( 1, mean( guess ) ) === MEAN &amp;&amp; roundTo( 1, median( guess ) ) === MEDIAN ) {
return true;
} else if ( graph.moved ) {
return false;
} else {
return "";
}
</div>
<div class="show-guess">
$.each( guess, function( i, x ) {
onMovePoint( graph.points[i], x, 0 );
});
updateMeanAndMedian();
</div>
<div class="example">any arrangement of the orange dots so that the mean and median are correct</div>
</div>
<div class="hints">
<p>
The median is the middle number. In other words there are always as many points to the
right of the median as to the left.
</p>
<p>
Try dragging the points so that half of them are to the left of
<span class="hint_green"><code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>
and half of them are to the right of
<span class="hint_green"><code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>.
<span data-if="POINTS % 2 === 0">
The two points in the middle should be the same distance from
<span class="hint_green"><code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>.
</span>
<span data-else>
The middle point should be at
<span class="hint_green"><code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>.
</span><br />
<input type="button" value="Show me an example" onClick="javascript:
KhanUtil.showMedianExample();
">
</p>
<p>
As long as there are as many points to the left and to the right of the
median, the median will stay the same. But the arithmetic mean is calculated
using the value of every point. Try moving the points on either side of the
median closer and further from the median to see how the mean is affected.
</p>
<p>
There are a number of different ways to arrange the points so the mean is
<span class="hint_blue"><code><var>MEAN</var></code></span>
and the median is
<span class="hint_green"><code><var>MEDIAN</var></code></span>.
<input type="button" value="Show me an example" onClick="javascript:
KhanUtil.showMeanExample();
">
</p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.