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Kloudless API Java Bindings

You can sign up for a Kloudless Developer account at https://kloudless.com.

Table of Contents

Requirements

Java 1.8 and later.

Installation

Maven

Add this dependency to your project's POM:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.kloudless</groupId>
    <artifactId>kloudless-java</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.1</version>
</dependency>

Gradle

Add this dependency to your project's build file:

api 'com.kloudless:kloudless-java:2.0.1'

Others

You'll need to manually install the Kloudless JAR, either by compiling it or downloading it from the Releases page

Getting Started

Obtaining a Bearer Token

API requests to Kloudless require Bearer Token Authentication. We will describe two ways to obtain the Bearer Token via OAuth 2.0 below.

Out-of-band OAuth Flow

  1. Find the Application ID (App ID) located here and copy it to your clipboard.
  2. Visit the following URL, but replace APPLICATION_ID with the APP ID from your clipboard: https://api.kloudless.com/v1/oauth/?&scope=any.storage&client_id=APPLICATION_ID&response_type=token&state=13373
  3. After granting access to a specific cloud service, you should be able to obtain an access token (A.K.A Secret Token) for the account. Please copy this to your clipboard.

Now you can initialize the Java SDK with the following account to make requests.

Account account = new Account("YOUR BEARER TOKEN");

3-Legged OAuth Flow

The Java SDK also provides a programmatic way for the developer to implement the 3-Legged OAuth Flow with the help of a webserver. Please refer to the additional documentation located here.

First Leg

  1. Find the Application ID (App ID) located here and copy it to your clipboard.
  2. Determine the scope of what cloud services your users need to have to authenticate their account. The scope all includes all services Kloudless supports.
  3. The Redirect URI is of the webserver that the authenticated user will be redirected from. See documentation here for more details.
  4. Fill in the App ID, Redirect URI, and Scope below to retrieve the Authorization URL.
  5. Store the state for later use during third leg step.
  6. Redirect the user to this URL to begin the second leg of the OAuth flow process.

The example below shows how to retrieve a token in the context of a web application. The Application class helps generate an Authorization URL that redirects the user to after storing the state data generated to check when the user returns to our app.

@Controller
get("/", (request, response) -> {
    Map<String, String> urlAndState = Application.getAuthorizationUrl(
            "YOUR APP ID",
            "http://YOUR DOMAIN NAME/callback",
            "Scope");
    App.currentState = urlAndState.get("state");
    response.redirect(urlAndState.get("url"));
    return "";
});

Third Leg

You will need to take the response from the 2nd leg after the user is redirected and call this helper method in the Java SDK to obtain an access token. This access token will use the Bearer Token Authentication. Additional documentation available here.

  1. State: Obtained from the user after redirecting
  2. Code: Obtained from the user after redirecting
  3. Redirect URI: The Redirect URI specified in the First Leg
  4. Client ID: App ID in First Leg
  5. Client Secret: Find the API Key located here.
  6. Call the Java SDK Helper method with the information to retrieve the Bearer Token.

The code below continues our earlier example using a web application. The application has a /callback endpoint that receives the callback from the Kloudless server which includes the original state and a code to exchange for an access token using the Application class as shown below.

@Controller
get("/callback", (request, response) -> {
    String accessToken = Application.retrieveToken(
            request.queryParams.get("state"), 
            "STATE FROM THE PREVIOUS STEP",
            request.queryParams.get("code"), 
            "http://YOUR DOMAIN NAME/callback",
            "YOUR APP ID",
            "YOUR API KEY");

    Account account = new Account(accessToken);
    Resource me = (Resource) account.get("");
    return me.toString();
});

Initializing an Account

If you already know your bearer token, you can instantiate an instance of the Account class with the token.

What is an Account?

The Account class is the core of the Kloudless Java SDK. The account represents the authorized cloud service that the user is connected to. Below are some examples of Kloudless API requests using the instantiated account. The Kloudless Java SDK also has three response classes: Resource, ResourceList, and ResponseRaw. Examples on how to use these response objects returned from the API requests are also included below.

Initializing an Account by Bearer Token

Account account = new Account("YOUR BEARER TOKEN");

Initializing an Account by API Key and Account ID

You can also use the Account ID and API Key to instantiate an Account object.

Account account = new Account("accountId", "YOUR API KEY");

Verifying the Account Bearer Token

We recommend verifying the token retrieved with your Application ID.

boolean isMatch = Application.verifyToken("YOUR BEARER TOKEN", "YOUR APP ID");

Making API Requests

How to get Resource and ResourceList

The Kloudless SDK will generate different objects for different types of data returned by the Kloudless API Server. If Kloudless API Server returns a JSONObject list, the returned object will be a ResourceList that it contains a List of Resource objects. Return data such as ID and name can be found inside each Resource object.

The example below showcases how to retrieve all calendars of a calendar cloud service account, such as Google Calendar or Outlook Calendar.

ResourceList calendarList = (ResourceList) account.get("cal/calendars");
for (Resource calendar : calendarList.getResources()) {
    JsonObject calendarData = calendar.getData();
    System.out.println(calendar.getId());
    System.out.println(calendarData.get("name").getAsString());
}

You can also make an API request to retrieve information about a specific calendar. The SDK will generate a Resource object as the response.

Resource calendar = (Resource) account.get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId);
JsonObject calendarData = calendar.getData();
System.out.println(calendar.getId());
System.out.println(calendarData.get("name").getAsString());

Resource

The Resource class represents a basic JSON response returned by the API server. It also has helper methods for making HTTP requests.

Basic usages

Please refer to the example below.

//Get a calendar
Resource myCalendar = (Resource) account
                .get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId);

//Modify the name of my calendar
Map<String, Object> updateContent = new HashMap<String, Object>();
updateContent.put("name", "The NEW name of my calendar");
Resource modifiedCalendar = myCalendar.patch(updateContent);

//Delete my calendar
modifiedCalendar.delete();

Resource File Operations

After you've retrieved a Resource object, you can also modify the contents or metadata of the object via the patch or put helper methods. Please refer to the file type Resource example below.

Resource file = (Resource) account.get("storage/files/" + fileId);
// Modify the meta data of file
Map<String, Object> updateMeta = new HashMap<String, Object>();
updateMeta.put("name", "The modified name");
updateMeta.put("parent_id", fileMeta.getData().get("parent").getAsString());
updateMeta.put("account", account.getId());
Resource modifiedFile = file.patch(updateMeta);
// Modify the file content
File newFile = new File("PATH OF NEW FILE");
Resource modifiedFileContent = file.put(newFile);

// Delete file
modifiedFileContent.delete();

Getting RawData from Upstream Services

The Kloudless API unifies data retrieved from the upstream service. However, if you would like to parse the raw data returned yourself, you can set the X-Kloudless-Raw-Data header attribute to true. The raw data will be returned in the raw field of the JSON response.

Map<String, Object> headers = new HashMap<String, Object>();
headers.put("X-Kloudless-Raw-Data", Boolean.toString(true));
Resource calendarRaw = (Resource) account.get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId, headers);
System.out.println(calendarRaw.getData().get("raw").toString());

ResourceList

The ResourceList Class is a collection of Resource objects, and it has additional helper methods below.

ResourceList Pagination

The Kloudless API supports pagination when a list of resources is returned. the ResourceList Class includes helper methods to paginate through the list of Resource objects. The following example below shows how to retrieve events of a specific calendar with the current page. It will then paginate for additional resources using hasNextPage() and getNextPage().

ResourceList eventList = (ResourceList) account.get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId + "/events");
// Show the page number
System.out.println(eventList.getPage())
if(eventList.hasNextPage()){
    ResourceList secondPage = eventList.getNextPage();
}

ResourceList Auto-pagination

The ResourceList class also supports auto-pagination to allow you to iterate over all resources. The example below shows how to use the ResourceList Iterator.

ResourceList eventList = (ResourceList) account.get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId + "/events");
Iterator<Resource> resourceIterator = eventList.getPageIterator();
while (resourceIterator.hasNext()) {
        Resource resource = resourceIterator.next();
        System.out.println(resource.getData().get("name").getAsString());
}

The auto-pagination iterator can also be set with a limit on the number of resources traversed. The following example shows how to iterate over this subset.

ResourceList eventList = (ResourceList) account.get("cal/calendars/" + calendarId + "/events");
resourceIterator = eventList.getPageIterator(300L);
while (resourceIterator.hasNext()) {
        Resource resource = resourceIterator.next();
        System.out.println(resource.getData().get("name").getAsString());
}

ResponseJson

The Kloudless API may return a JSON response that the SDK cannot parse into a Resource or ResourceList instance. Please treat them similarly as you would a JsonObject instance.

ResponseRaw

For handling different content types other than JSON, such as binary data, the SDK provides a separate method getBinary as well as a third type of Resource Class named ResponseRaw. ResponseRaw inherits from the HttpResponse class.

Resource fileMeta = (Resource) account.get("storage/files/" + fileId);
System.out.println("Get file meta " + fileMeta.getData().toString());

ResponseRaw responseRaw = account.getBinary(
    "storage/files/" + fileId + "/contents");
System.out.println(ContentType.get(responseRaw.getData().getEntity())
HttpResponse httpResponse = responseRaw.getData();
try (InputStream inputStream = httpResponse.getEntity().getContent()) {
    // Handle input stream here
}

Other Usages of Account

Below are more examples on how to use the get helper method to make API requests directly to the Kloudless API Server. However, the Account class also supports other HTTP methods, such as post, put, patch, and delete.

//Use account to create a new calendar
Map<String, Object> httpContent = new HashMap<String, Object>();
httpContent.put("name", "The New Calendar");
httpContent.put("description", "This is for an new calendar");
httpContent.put("location", "San Francisco, CA");
httpContent.put("timezone", "US/Pacific");
Resource newCalendar = (Resource) account.post("cal/calendars", httpContent);
String calendarId = newCalendar.getId();
//modify calendar 
Map<String, Object> updateContent = new HashMap<String, Object>();
updateContent.put("name", "The Revised Calendar");
Resource modifiedCalendar = account.patch("cal/calendars/" + calendarId, updateContent);
//delete calendar
account.delete("cal/calendars/" + calendarId);

You can also use the Account object to create resources with the post helper method. In the example below, a file typed Resource object with the name and parent_id metadata set in the header of the HTTP request is created.

File newFile = new File("PATH OF LOCAL FILE");
String folderId = "FOLDER ID";
Map<String, Object> json = new HashMap<String, Object>();
json.put("name", newFile.getName());
json.put("parent_id", folderId);
Map<String, Object> headers = new HashMap<String, Object>();
headers.put("X-Kloudless-Metadata", new Gson().toJson(json));
Resource file = (Resource) account.post("storage/files?overwrite=false", headers, newFile);

Pass-through API

It is possible use the Pass-through API to make HTTP requests directly to the upstream service for any endpoints unsupported by the Kloudless API. Please note that a raw HttpResponse object will be returned by the SDK.

HttpResponse driveInfo = account.raw("GET", "/drive/v2/about", null, null);

Build

  • You can create the JAR, skipping tests, with gradle build -x test.
  • You can create a JAR and install it to the local maven repository with gradle install