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/*
* trace-event-python. Feed trace events to an embedded Python interpreter.
*
* Copyright (C) 2010 Tom Zanussi <tzanussi@gmail.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*
*/
#include <Python.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "../../perf.h"
#include "../util.h"
#include "../trace-event.h"
PyMODINIT_FUNC initperf_trace_context(void);
#define FTRACE_MAX_EVENT \
((1 << (sizeof(unsigned short) * 8)) - 1)
struct event *events[FTRACE_MAX_EVENT];
#define MAX_FIELDS 64
#define N_COMMON_FIELDS 7
extern struct scripting_context *scripting_context;
static char *cur_field_name;
static int zero_flag_atom;
static PyObject *main_module, *main_dict;
static void handler_call_die(const char *handler_name)
{
PyErr_Print();
Py_FatalError("problem in Python trace event handler");
}
static void define_value(enum print_arg_type field_type,
const char *ev_name,
const char *field_name,
const char *field_value,
const char *field_str)
{
const char *handler_name = "define_flag_value";
PyObject *handler, *t, *retval;
unsigned long long value;
unsigned n = 0;
if (field_type == PRINT_SYMBOL)
handler_name = "define_symbolic_value";
t = PyTuple_New(4);
if (!t)
Py_FatalError("couldn't create Python tuple");
value = eval_flag(field_value);
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(ev_name));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(field_name));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyInt_FromLong(value));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(field_str));
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, handler_name);
if (handler && PyCallable_Check(handler)) {
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, t);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die(handler_name);
}
Py_DECREF(t);
}
static void define_values(enum print_arg_type field_type,
struct print_flag_sym *field,
const char *ev_name,
const char *field_name)
{
define_value(field_type, ev_name, field_name, field->value,
field->str);
if (field->next)
define_values(field_type, field->next, ev_name, field_name);
}
static void define_field(enum print_arg_type field_type,
const char *ev_name,
const char *field_name,
const char *delim)
{
const char *handler_name = "define_flag_field";
PyObject *handler, *t, *retval;
unsigned n = 0;
if (field_type == PRINT_SYMBOL)
handler_name = "define_symbolic_field";
if (field_type == PRINT_FLAGS)
t = PyTuple_New(3);
else
t = PyTuple_New(2);
if (!t)
Py_FatalError("couldn't create Python tuple");
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(ev_name));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(field_name));
if (field_type == PRINT_FLAGS)
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(delim));
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, handler_name);
if (handler && PyCallable_Check(handler)) {
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, t);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die(handler_name);
}
Py_DECREF(t);
}
static void define_event_symbols(struct event *event,
const char *ev_name,
struct print_arg *args)
{
switch (args->type) {
case PRINT_NULL:
break;
case PRINT_ATOM:
define_value(PRINT_FLAGS, ev_name, cur_field_name, "0",
args->atom.atom);
zero_flag_atom = 0;
break;
case PRINT_FIELD:
if (cur_field_name)
free(cur_field_name);
cur_field_name = strdup(args->field.name);
break;
case PRINT_FLAGS:
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->flags.field);
define_field(PRINT_FLAGS, ev_name, cur_field_name,
args->flags.delim);
define_values(PRINT_FLAGS, args->flags.flags, ev_name,
cur_field_name);
break;
case PRINT_SYMBOL:
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->symbol.field);
define_field(PRINT_SYMBOL, ev_name, cur_field_name, NULL);
define_values(PRINT_SYMBOL, args->symbol.symbols, ev_name,
cur_field_name);
break;
case PRINT_STRING:
break;
case PRINT_TYPE:
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->typecast.item);
break;
case PRINT_OP:
if (strcmp(args->op.op, ":") == 0)
zero_flag_atom = 1;
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->op.left);
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->op.right);
break;
default:
/* we should warn... */
return;
}
if (args->next)
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, args->next);
}
static inline struct event *find_cache_event(int type)
{
static char ev_name[256];
struct event *event;
if (events[type])
return events[type];
events[type] = event = trace_find_event(type);
if (!event)
return NULL;
sprintf(ev_name, "%s__%s", event->system, event->name);
define_event_symbols(event, ev_name, event->print_fmt.args);
return event;
}
static void python_process_event(int cpu, void *data,
int size __unused,
unsigned long long nsecs, char *comm)
{
PyObject *handler, *retval, *context, *t, *obj, *dict = NULL;
static char handler_name[256];
struct format_field *field;
unsigned long long val;
unsigned long s, ns;
struct event *event;
unsigned n = 0;
int type;
int pid;
t = PyTuple_New(MAX_FIELDS);
if (!t)
Py_FatalError("couldn't create Python tuple");
type = trace_parse_common_type(data);
event = find_cache_event(type);
if (!event)
die("ug! no event found for type %d", type);
pid = trace_parse_common_pid(data);
sprintf(handler_name, "%s__%s", event->system, event->name);
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, handler_name);
if (handler && !PyCallable_Check(handler))
handler = NULL;
if (!handler) {
dict = PyDict_New();
if (!dict)
Py_FatalError("couldn't create Python dict");
}
s = nsecs / NSECS_PER_SEC;
ns = nsecs - s * NSECS_PER_SEC;
scripting_context->event_data = data;
context = PyCObject_FromVoidPtr(scripting_context, NULL);
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(handler_name));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, context);
if (handler) {
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyInt_FromLong(cpu));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyInt_FromLong(s));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyInt_FromLong(ns));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyInt_FromLong(pid));
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, PyString_FromString(comm));
} else {
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "common_cpu", PyInt_FromLong(cpu));
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "common_s", PyInt_FromLong(s));
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "common_ns", PyInt_FromLong(ns));
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "common_pid", PyInt_FromLong(pid));
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, "common_comm", PyString_FromString(comm));
}
for (field = event->format.fields; field; field = field->next) {
if (field->flags & FIELD_IS_STRING) {
int offset;
if (field->flags & FIELD_IS_DYNAMIC) {
offset = *(int *)(data + field->offset);
offset &= 0xffff;
} else
offset = field->offset;
obj = PyString_FromString((char *)data + offset);
} else { /* FIELD_IS_NUMERIC */
val = read_size(data + field->offset, field->size);
if (field->flags & FIELD_IS_SIGNED) {
if ((long long)val >= LONG_MIN &&
(long long)val <= LONG_MAX)
obj = PyInt_FromLong(val);
else
obj = PyLong_FromLongLong(val);
} else {
if (val <= LONG_MAX)
obj = PyInt_FromLong(val);
else
obj = PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong(val);
}
}
if (handler)
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, obj);
else
PyDict_SetItemString(dict, field->name, obj);
}
if (!handler)
PyTuple_SetItem(t, n++, dict);
if (_PyTuple_Resize(&t, n) == -1)
Py_FatalError("error resizing Python tuple");
if (handler) {
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, t);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die(handler_name);
} else {
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, "trace_unhandled");
if (handler && PyCallable_Check(handler)) {
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, t);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die("trace_unhandled");
}
Py_DECREF(dict);
}
Py_DECREF(t);
}
static int run_start_sub(void)
{
PyObject *handler, *retval;
int err = 0;
main_module = PyImport_AddModule("__main__");
if (main_module == NULL)
return -1;
Py_INCREF(main_module);
main_dict = PyModule_GetDict(main_module);
if (main_dict == NULL) {
err = -1;
goto error;
}
Py_INCREF(main_dict);
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, "trace_begin");
if (handler == NULL || !PyCallable_Check(handler))
goto out;
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, NULL);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die("trace_begin");
Py_DECREF(retval);
return err;
error:
Py_XDECREF(main_dict);
Py_XDECREF(main_module);
out:
return err;
}
/*
* Start trace script
*/
static int python_start_script(const char *script, int argc, const char **argv)
{
const char **command_line;
char buf[PATH_MAX];
int i, err = 0;
FILE *fp;
command_line = malloc((argc + 1) * sizeof(const char *));
command_line[0] = script;
for (i = 1; i < argc + 1; i++)
command_line[i] = argv[i - 1];
Py_Initialize();
initperf_trace_context();
PySys_SetArgv(argc + 1, (char **)command_line);
fp = fopen(script, "r");
if (!fp) {
sprintf(buf, "Can't open python script \"%s\"", script);
perror(buf);
err = -1;
goto error;
}
err = PyRun_SimpleFile(fp, script);
if (err) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error running python script %s\n", script);
goto error;
}
err = run_start_sub();
if (err) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error starting python script %s\n", script);
goto error;
}
free(command_line);
return err;
error:
Py_Finalize();
free(command_line);
return err;
}
/*
* Stop trace script
*/
static int python_stop_script(void)
{
PyObject *handler, *retval;
int err = 0;
handler = PyDict_GetItemString(main_dict, "trace_end");
if (handler == NULL || !PyCallable_Check(handler))
goto out;
retval = PyObject_CallObject(handler, NULL);
if (retval == NULL)
handler_call_die("trace_end");
else
Py_DECREF(retval);
out:
Py_XDECREF(main_dict);
Py_XDECREF(main_module);
Py_Finalize();
return err;
}
static int python_generate_script(const char *outfile)
{
struct event *event = NULL;
struct format_field *f;
char fname[PATH_MAX];
int not_first, count;
FILE *ofp;
sprintf(fname, "%s.py", outfile);
ofp = fopen(fname, "w");
if (ofp == NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "couldn't open %s\n", fname);
return -1;
}
fprintf(ofp, "# perf trace event handlers, "
"generated by perf trace -g python\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL"
" License version 2\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# The common_* event handler fields are the most useful "
"fields common to\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# all events. They don't necessarily correspond to "
"the 'common_*' fields\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# in the format files. Those fields not available as "
"handler params can\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# be retrieved using Python functions of the form "
"common_*(context).\n");
fprintf(ofp, "# See the perf-trace-python Documentation for the list "
"of available functions.\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "import os\n");
fprintf(ofp, "import sys\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \\\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\t'/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\nfrom perf_trace_context import *\n");
fprintf(ofp, "from Core import *\n\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "def trace_begin():\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\tprint \"in trace_begin\"\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "def trace_end():\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\tprint \"in trace_end\"\n\n");
while ((event = trace_find_next_event(event))) {
fprintf(ofp, "def %s__%s(", event->system, event->name);
fprintf(ofp, "event_name, ");
fprintf(ofp, "context, ");
fprintf(ofp, "common_cpu,\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\tcommon_secs, ");
fprintf(ofp, "common_nsecs, ");
fprintf(ofp, "common_pid, ");
fprintf(ofp, "common_comm,\n\t");
not_first = 0;
count = 0;
for (f = event->format.fields; f; f = f->next) {
if (not_first++)
fprintf(ofp, ", ");
if (++count % 5 == 0)
fprintf(ofp, "\n\t");
fprintf(ofp, "%s", f->name);
}
fprintf(ofp, "):\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\t\tprint_header(event_name, common_cpu, "
"common_secs, common_nsecs,\n\t\t\t"
"common_pid, common_comm)\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\t\tprint \"");
not_first = 0;
count = 0;
for (f = event->format.fields; f; f = f->next) {
if (not_first++)
fprintf(ofp, ", ");
if (count && count % 3 == 0) {
fprintf(ofp, "\" \\\n\t\t\"");
}
count++;
fprintf(ofp, "%s=", f->name);
if (f->flags & FIELD_IS_STRING ||
f->flags & FIELD_IS_FLAG ||
f->flags & FIELD_IS_SYMBOLIC)
fprintf(ofp, "%%s");
else if (f->flags & FIELD_IS_SIGNED)
fprintf(ofp, "%%d");
else
fprintf(ofp, "%%u");
}
fprintf(ofp, "\\n\" %% \\\n\t\t(");
not_first = 0;
count = 0;
for (f = event->format.fields; f; f = f->next) {
if (not_first++)
fprintf(ofp, ", ");
if (++count % 5 == 0)
fprintf(ofp, "\n\t\t");
if (f->flags & FIELD_IS_FLAG) {
if ((count - 1) % 5 != 0) {
fprintf(ofp, "\n\t\t");
count = 4;
}
fprintf(ofp, "flag_str(\"");
fprintf(ofp, "%s__%s\", ", event->system,
event->name);
fprintf(ofp, "\"%s\", %s)", f->name,
f->name);
} else if (f->flags & FIELD_IS_SYMBOLIC) {
if ((count - 1) % 5 != 0) {
fprintf(ofp, "\n\t\t");
count = 4;
}
fprintf(ofp, "symbol_str(\"");
fprintf(ofp, "%s__%s\", ", event->system,
event->name);
fprintf(ofp, "\"%s\", %s)", f->name,
f->name);
} else
fprintf(ofp, "%s", f->name);
}
fprintf(ofp, "),\n\n");
}
fprintf(ofp, "def trace_unhandled(event_name, context, "
"event_fields_dict):\n");
fprintf(ofp, "\t\tprint ' '.join(['%%s=%%s'%%(k,str(v))"
"for k,v in sorted(event_fields_dict.items())])\n\n");
fprintf(ofp, "def print_header("
"event_name, cpu, secs, nsecs, pid, comm):\n"
"\tprint \"%%-20s %%5u %%05u.%%09u %%8u %%-20s \" %% \\\n\t"
"(event_name, cpu, secs, nsecs, pid, comm),\n");
fclose(ofp);
fprintf(stderr, "generated Python script: %s\n", fname);
return 0;
}
struct scripting_ops python_scripting_ops = {
.name = "Python",
.start_script = python_start_script,
.stop_script = python_stop_script,
.process_event = python_process_event,
.generate_script = python_generate_script,
};
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