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/*
* Copyright 2016-2018 JetBrains s.r.o. Use of this source code is governed by the Apache 2.0 license.
*/
package kotlinx.coroutines
import kotlinx.coroutines.internal.*
import kotlinx.coroutines.intrinsics.*
import kotlin.coroutines.*
import kotlin.coroutines.intrinsics.*
/**
* Defines a scope for new coroutines. Every coroutine builder
* is an extension on [CoroutineScope] and inherits its [coroutineContext][CoroutineScope.coroutineContext]
* to automatically propagate both context elements and cancellation.
*
* The best ways to obtain a standalone instance of the scope are [CoroutineScope()] and [MainScope()] factory functions.
* Additional context elements can be appended to the scope using the [plus][CoroutineScope.plus] operator.
*
* Manual implementation of this interface is not recommended, implementation by delegation should be preferred instead.
* By convention, the [context of a scope][CoroutineScope.coroutineContext] should contain an instance of a [job][Job] to enforce structured concurrency.
*
* Every coroutine builder (like [launch][CoroutineScope.launch], [async][CoroutineScope.async], etc)
* and every scoping function (like [coroutineScope], [withContext], etc) provides _its own_ scope
* with its own [Job] instance into the inner block of code it runs.
* By convention, they all wait for all the coroutines inside their block to complete before completing themselves,
* thus enforcing the discipline of **structured concurrency**.
*
* [CoroutineScope] should be implemented (or used as a field) on entities with a well-defined lifecycle that are responsible
* for launching children coroutines. Example of such entity on Android is Activity.
* Usage of this interface may look like this:
*
* ```
* class MyActivity : AppCompatActivity(), CoroutineScope by MainScope() {
* override fun onDestroy() {
* cancel() // cancel is extension on CoroutineScope
* }
*
* /*
* * Note how coroutine builders are scoped: if activity is destroyed or any of the launched coroutines
* * in this method throws an exception, then all nested coroutines are cancelled.
* */
* fun showSomeData() = launch { // <- extension on current activity, launched in the main thread
* // ... here we can use suspending functions or coroutine builders with other dispatchers
* draw(data) // draw in the main thread
* }
* }
* ```
*/
public interface CoroutineScope {
/**
* The context of this scope.
* Context is encapsulated by the scope and used for implementation of coroutine builders that are extensions on the scope.
* Accessing this property in general code is not recommended for any purposes except accessing the [Job] instance for advanced usages.
*
* By convention, should contain an instance of a [job][Job] to enforce structured concurrency.
*/
public val coroutineContext: CoroutineContext
}
/**
* Adds the specified coroutine context to this scope, overriding existing elements in the current
* scope's context with the corresponding keys.
*
* This is a shorthand for `CoroutineScope(thisScope + context)`.
*/
public operator fun CoroutineScope.plus(context: CoroutineContext): CoroutineScope =
ContextScope(coroutineContext + context)
/**
* Creates the main [CoroutineScope] for UI components.
*
* Example of use:
* ```
* class MyAndroidActivity {
* private val scope = MainScope()
*
* override fun onDestroy() {
* super.onDestroy()
* scope.cancel()
* }
* }
*
* ```
*
* The resulting scope has [SupervisorJob] and [Dispatchers.Main] context elements.
* If you want to append additional elements to the main scope, use [CoroutineScope.plus] operator:
* `val scope = MainScope() + CoroutineName("MyActivity")`.
*/
@Suppress("FunctionName")
public fun MainScope(): CoroutineScope = ContextScope(SupervisorJob() + Dispatchers.Main)
/**
* Returns `true` when the current [Job] is still active (has not completed and was not cancelled yet).
*
* Check this property in long-running computation loops to support cancellation:
* ```
* while (isActive) {
* // do some computation
* }
* ```
*
* This property is a shortcut for `coroutineContext.isActive` in the scope when
* [CoroutineScope] is available.
* See [coroutineContext][kotlin.coroutines.coroutineContext],
* [isActive][kotlinx.coroutines.isActive] and [Job.isActive].
*/
@Suppress("EXTENSION_SHADOWED_BY_MEMBER")
public val CoroutineScope.isActive: Boolean
get() = coroutineContext[Job]?.isActive ?: true
/**
* A global [CoroutineScope] not bound to any job.
*
* Global scope is used to launch top-level coroutines which are operating on the whole application lifetime
* and are not cancelled prematurely.
* Another use of the global scope is operators running in [Dispatchers.Unconfined], which don't have any job associated with them.
*
* Application code usually should use an application-defined [CoroutineScope]. Using
* [async][CoroutineScope.async] or [launch][CoroutineScope.launch]
* on the instance of [GlobalScope] is highly discouraged.
*
* Usage of this interface may look like this:
*
* ```
* fun ReceiveChannel<Int>.sqrt(): ReceiveChannel<Double> = GlobalScope.produce(Dispatchers.Unconfined) {
* for (number in this) {
* send(Math.sqrt(number))
* }
* }
*
* ```
*/
public object GlobalScope : CoroutineScope {
/**
* Returns [EmptyCoroutineContext].
*/
override val coroutineContext: CoroutineContext
get() = EmptyCoroutineContext
}
/**
* Creates a [CoroutineScope] and calls the specified suspend block with this scope.
* The provided scope inherits its [coroutineContext][CoroutineScope.coroutineContext] from the outer scope, but overrides
* the context's [Job].
*
* This function is designed for _parallel decomposition_ of work. When any child coroutine in this scope fails,
* this scope fails and all the rest of the children are cancelled (for a different behavior see [supervisorScope]).
* This function returns as soon as the given block and all its children coroutines are completed.
* A usage example of a scope looks like this:
*
* ```
* suspend fun showSomeData() = coroutineScope {
*
* val data = async(Dispatchers.IO) { // <- extension on current scope
* ... load some UI data for the Main thread ...
* }
*
* withContext(Dispatchers.Main) {
* doSomeWork()
* val result = data.await()
* display(result)
* }
* }
* ```
*
* The scope in this example has the following semantics:
* 1) `showSomeData` returns as soon as the data is loaded and displayed in the UI.
* 2) If `doSomeWork` throws an exception, then the `async` task is cancelled and `showSomeData` rethrows that exception.
* 3) If the outer scope of `showSomeData` is cancelled, both started `async` and `withContext` blocks are cancelled.
* 4) If the `async` block fails, `withContext` will be cancelled.
*
* The method may throw a [CancellationException] if the current job was cancelled externally
* or may throw a corresponding unhandled [Throwable] if there is any unhandled exception in this scope
* (for example, from a crashed coroutine that was started with [launch][CoroutineScope.launch] in this scope).
*/
public suspend fun <R> coroutineScope(block: suspend CoroutineScope.() -> R): R =
suspendCoroutineUninterceptedOrReturn { uCont ->
val coroutine = ScopeCoroutine(uCont.context, uCont)
coroutine.startUndispatchedOrReturn(coroutine, block)
}
/**
* Creates a [CoroutineScope] that wraps the given coroutine [context].
*
* If the given [context] does not contain a [Job] element, then a default `Job()` is created.
* This way, cancellation or failure or any child coroutine in this scope cancels all the other children,
* just like inside [coroutineScope] block.
*/
@Suppress("FunctionName")
public fun CoroutineScope(context: CoroutineContext): CoroutineScope =
ContextScope(if (context[Job] != null) context else context + Job())
/**
* Cancels this scope, including its job and all its children with an optional cancellation [cause].
* A cause can be used to specify an error message or to provide other details on
* a cancellation reason for debugging purposes.
* Throws [IllegalStateException] if the scope does not have a job in it.
*/
public fun CoroutineScope.cancel(cause: CancellationException? = null) {
val job = coroutineContext[Job] ?: error("Scope cannot be cancelled because it does not have a job: $this")
job.cancel(cause)
}
/**
* Ensures that current scope is [active][CoroutineScope.isActive].
* Throws [IllegalStateException] if the context does not have a job in it.
*
* If the job is no longer active, throws [CancellationException].
* If the job was cancelled, thrown exception contains the original cancellation cause.
*
* This method is a drop-in replacement for the following code, but with more precise exception:
* ```
* if (!isActive) {
* throw CancellationException()
* }
* ```
*/
public fun CoroutineScope.ensureActive(): Unit = coroutineContext.ensureActive()
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