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README.rst

Python Project Template. INSERT TAGLINE HERE.™

Info:This is the README file for the Python Project Template.
Author: Chris Warrick <chris@chriswarrick.com>
Copyright: © 2013-2021, Chris Warrick.
Date: 2021-01-01
Version: 2.3.1

Requirements

Python Project Template is made possible by Cookiecutter. To use the template, you will also need:

  • zsh installed (required by /release and /.pypt/localegen scripts)
  • Python with requests (required by /.pypt/{commitlog,ghrel}) and twine (required by /release) installed, as well as pytest, coverage and pytest-cov — run pip install -r requirements.txt to install everything
  • A place to host Git repositories. GitHub is assumed, but can be changed (documented below)
  • PGP/GPG setup (for signing release commits and tags)

Template contents

The template contains the following files to get you started:

  • pre-configured Sphinx with:
    • CONTRIBUTING.rst guide (shown by GitHub when sending a pull request or an issue)
    • LICENSE.rst
    • an empty CHANGELOG.rst
    • README.rst
    • a bare-bones index.rst page
  • The exact same files in /, which are fragile and MAY NOT be modified as they are replaced with copies in /docs by the release script
  • __init__.py, __main__.py and template.py files in the Python package directory
  • A setup.py file that could be good enough for people, and that supports entry_points (see https://go.chriswarrick.com/entry_points).
  • tests/ containing some Is My Python Sane?-style tests (using pytest)
  • GitHub Actions workflows for CI (that run tests using multiple OSes and Python versions)
  • An automated global update script (.pypt/PYPT-UPDATE)
  • Entry points configuration ready to be uncommented (and a matching __main__.py file)
  • Add-ons for Qt users (in pypt-extras/Qt)
  • A sample hook for AUR updates (in pypt-extras/AUR)
  • PKGBUILDs for the Arch Linux User Repository (AUR)
  • A state-of-the-art release script, the operations of which are:
    • querying the user for version number, commit message and changes
    • updating /docs/CHANGELOG.rst
    • bumping the version number in all the files, changing dates where necessary
    • copying over /docs/README.rst, /docs/CHANGELOG.rst and /docs/CONTRIBUTING.rst to /
    • locale generation (via the .pypt/localegen script)
    • running import $PROJECTLC and the test suite
    • uploading a source distribution and a wheel to PyPI
    • Making a Git commit and tagging the release
    • creating a GitHub Releases entry
    • updating the AUR packages (by using hooks)

Caveats and optional features

AUR support (hooks, VM automation)

This template includes full support for creating and updating AUR PKGBUILDs. Templates for stable and git packages are in the project directory. Furthermore, there are scripts to facilitate updating AUR packages. Those are:

  • /pypt-extras/AUR/hooks/post-release.hook
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/AURvm/aurvm_client.py
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/AURvm/aurvm_host.py
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/AURvm/aurvm_heartbeat.sh

If you want to use those, copy (move) post-release.hook to .pypt/hooks/post-release.hook. If you are doing releases on an Arch Linux system, you may want to switch the default from remote to local updates. If you are doing releases on any other Linux/*nix system, you also need to copy the entire AURvm directory to .pypt/, and put aurvm_host.py and aurvm_heartbeat.sh in your aur-pkgbuilds directory.

The scripts assume a very specific setup, which is as follows:

  • repos for AUR packages in ~/git/aur-pkgbuilds
  • UPDATE-REQUIREMENTS.py and aur.zsh scripts (see Kwpolska/aur-pkgbuilds)
  • An Arch Linux virtual machine that is accessible using ssh arch (in .ssh/config)
  • Probably some others. Those were written with only one use case in mind (mine, unsurprisingly).

Qt support (locales, resources)

If you are using PyQt or PySide, make sure to put your UI code in a ui submodule. Copy the pypt-extras/Qt/resources.py file to that submodule, even if you are not using resources now. Make sure to create a .pro file with your sources and locales.

If you do not want to use GitHub

Search for mentions of GitHub (case-insensitively) and remove them. They appear in some auto-generated links, for example. The release script assumes GitHub Releases, you can remove that part. Also remove .github (which contains the GitHub Actions setup).

If you do not want to publish to the Arch User Repository

Remove PKGBUILD, PKGBUILD-git. Set aur_email to anything.

Getting started

One time setup: virtualenvs and project directory

If you don’t know how virtualenvs work and why you should use them, read my guide about setting up a Python development environment.

You will need to prepare two places:

  1. A place where you store your projects (git repositories). You probably have a folder for that already; if you don’t, use ~/Projects or ~/git.
  2. Somewhere to store virtualenvs. Using virtualenvwrapper is recommended, but not necessary. Don’t put your virtualenvs next to your code.

Create a virtualenv for PyPT named cookiecutter. Clone the PyPT GitHub repository to your project space. Run pip install -r python-project-template/requirements.txt to install PyPT’s requirements to your environment.

Starting a new project

Activate the cookiecutter virtualenv. While in your project home, run cookiecutter python-project-template and answer the questions. (If aur_email and github_username don’t apply, set them to anything.)

The script can optionally create an entry point to start your app from command line. Select cli or gui if you want one. Select none otherwise. If you don’t know why you would want one, read my guide about entry_points.

Fixing the things that cannot be automated

  • You need to modify all documents that are stored in docs/. Some of them

    need reST syntax fixes (title underlines). README needs real content.

  • Since your first commit will not use the release script, you need to copy files by hand:

    1. /docs/README.rst to /README.rst and /README
    2. /docs/CHANGELOG.rst to /CHANGELOG.rst
  • Modify /.pypt/config. Verify that all settings are correct.

  • Choose a license. I recommend the 3-clause BSD license, and the template includes a LICENSE file and licensing headers with the text of the 3-clause BSD license. However, most of the template is provided to you under the CC0 license, and you are free to choose any license for your project and you can replace those headers, unless a file includes a copyright header with Chris Warrick’s name, or is on the list in the PyPT’s LICENSE file (also reproduced at the end of this README document) – those specific files are under the 3-clause BSD license, which requires the copyright notices to be left intact.

  • If you’re using GitHub, generate a GitHub Personal Access Token in the repo scope and write it to a /.pypt/gh-token file. You may reuse tokens between different repos running PyPT. (This is used for automating GitHub Releases.)

Preparing code

  • If you have any code, you can put it in your package already. Use template.py as a template for your Python files. (Remove it if you don’t need it, or store it somewhere else.)
  • Customize /setup.py to your liking. You should pay attention to the classifiers, requirements, and other things you desire to change.
  • If you enabled entry points, edit __main__.py. Remember that main() must take no positional/non-default arguments! If you do not want to create scripts and don’t want command-line interfaces, remove __main__.py.
  • Create a virtual environment for your project. Make sure to install requirements.txt.

Extras

If you want to use AUR or Qt extras, check out the documentation (Caveats and optional features). Remove the pypt-extras directory if you don’t need anything else from it.

If you have a PYPT-UPDATE script, add your new project to the list there. If not, you may want to copy it from the repository root and set it up.

Your first commit

Run the following commands (assumes GitHub):

source .pypt/config
git init
git remote add origin git@github.com:$GITUSER/$GITREPO
git add .
git commit -sm 'initial commit via @Kwpolska’s Python Project Template'
git push -u origin master

Congratulations!

If you’re ready to make your first release

Run ./release and watch magic happen. Make sure your project virtualenv is active.

But if this is your first project, you should check if:

  • GPG works on your system
  • you created the virtualenv with the Python version, installed requirements and have activated it
  • git works, and you have a GitHub access token (if desired)
  • the optional features are configured properly

License

The Python Project Template is provided under two licenses.

The main license of the Template, all Template-related files, and some of the provided extras, is the 3-clause BSD license. The 3-clause BSD license is a simple open-source license, which requires you to include the text of the license and the copyright line (with Chris Warrick’s name) with all distributions of the software.

The following files are under the 3-clause BSD license:

  • /.pypt/commitlog
  • /.pypt/ghrel
  • /.pypt/localegen
  • PyPT’s README (not the one installed by the template)
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/hooks/post-release.hook
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/AURvm/aurvm_client.py
  • /pypt-extras/AUR/AURvm/aurvm_host.py
  • /docs/CONTRIBUTING.rst
  • /CONTRIBUTING.rst
  • /release

The remaining files are themselves dual-licensed under the CC0 license. Note that some of the files contain 3-clause BSD license headers. The 3-clause BSD license is the one I recommend for your project, but I waive all copyright claims over these files to the extent permitted by law, as stated in the CC0 license text. This means that you are free to remove the license headers. You are also free to remove those license headers and pick any other license you want, and you are also free to use a commercial license.

3-CLAUSE BSD LICENSE

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