RAJA is a collection of C++ software abstractions, being developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), that enable architecture portability for HPC applications. The overarching goals of RAJA are to:
- Make existing (production) applications portable with minimal disruption
- Provide a model for new applications so that they are portable from inception.
RAJA uses standard C++11 -- C++ is the predominant programming language in which many LLNL codes are written. RAJA is rooted in a perspective based on substantial experience working on production mesh-based multiphysics applications at LLNL. Another goal of RAJA is to enable application developers to adapt RAJA concepts and specialize them for different code implementation patterns and C++ usage, since data structures and algorithms vary widely across applications.
RAJA shares goals and concepts found in other C++ portability abstraction approaches, such as Kokkos and Thrust. However, it includes concepts that are absent in other models and which are fundamental to LLNL codes.
It is important to note that RAJA is very much a work-in-progress. The community of researchers and application developers at LLNL that are actively contributing to it and developing new capabilities is growing. The publicly-released version contains only core pieces of RAJA as they exist today. While the basic interfaces are fairly stable, the implementation of the underlying concepts is being refined. Additional features will appear in future releases.
The RAJA code lives in a GitHub repository. To clone the repo, use the command:
git clone --recursive https://github.com/llnl/raja.git
Then, you can build RAJA like any other CMake project, provided you have a C++ compiler that supports the C++11 standard. The simplest way to build the code, using your system default compiler, is to run the following sequence of commands in the top-level RAJA directory (in-source builds are not allowed!):
mkdir build cd build cmake ../ make
More details about RAJA configuration options are located in the User Documentation.
We also maintain a RAJA Template Project that shows how to use RAJA in a CMake project, either as a Git submodule or as an installed library.
The RAJA User Guide and Tutorial is the best place to start learning about RAJA and how to use it.
To cite RAJA, please use the following references:
RAJA Performance Portability Layer. https://github.com/LLNL/RAJA
R. Hornung, H. Jones, J. Keasler, R. Neely, O. Pearce, S. Hammond, C. Trott, P. Lin, C. Vaughan, J. Cook, R. Hoekstra, B. Bergen, J. Payne, G. Womeldorff. ASC Tri-lab Co-design Level 2 Milestone Report 2015, Tech Report, LLNL-TR-677453, Sep. 2015.
The RAJA Performance Suite contains a collection of loop kernels implemented in multiple RAJA and non-RAJA variants. We use it to monitor and assess RAJA performance on different platforms using a variety of compilers.
The RAJA Proxies repository contains RAJA versions of several important HPC proxy applications.
CHAI provides a managed array abstraction that works with RAJA to automatically copy data used in RAJA kernels to the appropriate space for execution. It was developed as a complement to RAJA.
Interested in keeping up with RAJA or communicating with its developers and users? Please join our mailing list at Google Groups:
If you have questions, find a bug, or have ideas about expanding the functionality or applicability of RAJA and are interested in contributing to its development, please do not hesitate to contact us. We are very interested in improving RAJA and exploring new ways to use it.
The RAJA team follows the GitFlow development model. Folks wishing to contribute to RAJA, should
include their work in a feature branch created from the RAJA
Then, create a pull request with the
develop branch as the destination. That
branch contains the latest work in RAJA. Periodically, we will merge the
develop branch into the
master branch and tag a new release.
The original developers of RAJA are:
Please see the RAJA Contributors Page, to see the full list of contributors to the project.
RAJA is licensed under the BSD 3-Clause license, (BSD-3-Clause or https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause).
Copyrights and patents in the RAJA project are retained by contributors. No copyright assignment is required to contribute to RAJA.
Unlimited Open Source - BSD 3-clause Distribution
For release details and restrictions, please see the information in the following:
Individual files contain SPDX tags instead of the full license text. This enables machine processing of license information based on the SPDX License Identifiers that are available here: https://spdx.org/licenses/
Files that are licensed as BSD 3-Clause contain the following text in the license header:
RAJA bundles its external dependencies as submodules in the git repository. These packages are covered by various permissive licenses. A summary listing follows. See the license included with each package for full details.
PackageHomePage: https://github.com/LLNL/blt PackageLicenseDeclared: BSD-3-Clause
PackageName: camp PackageHomePage: https://github.com/LLNL/camp PackageLicenseDeclared: BSD-3-Clause
PackageHomePage: https://github.com/NVlabs/cub PackageLicenseDeclared: BSD-3-Clause