SD2IEC adapted to work with Arduino mega 2560, with some other nice additions.
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
configs
doc
scripts
src
COPYING
Makefile
NEWS
README

README

sd2iec - a controller/interface adapting storage devices to the CBM serial bus
Copyright (C) 2007-2014  Ingo Korb <ingo@akana.de>
Parts based on code from others, see comments in main.c for details.
JiffyDos send based on code by M.Kiesel
Fat LFN support and lots of other ideas+code by Jim Brain
Final Cartridge III fastloader support by Thomas Giesel
IEEE488 support by Nils Eilers

Free software under GPL version 2 ONLY, see comments in main.c and
COPYING for details.

FIXME:This file still needs to be expanded. A lot.
FIXME: sprinkle mentions of IEEE488 where appropiate

Deprecation notices
===================
The following feature(s) will be removed in the next release:
- M2I support
	 M2I support has been redundant since the introduction of transparent
	 P00 support. To continue to use your M2I-format software, convert
	 your files to P00 format (e.g. with m2itopc64.c) and set your device
	 to extension mode 2 (XE2).

Introduction:
=============
sd2iec is firmware, used in hardware designs like MMC2IEC, SD2IEC, or uIEC,
that allows the Commodore serial bus to access removable storage devices
(MMC, SD, CF) - think of it as a 1541 with a modern storage medium instead
of disks. The project was inspired by (and uses a few bits of code from)
MMC2IEC[1] by Lars Pontoppidan and once ran on the same hardware before it
grew too big for the ATmega32 used there.

Currently, the firmware provide good DOS and file-level compatibility with CBM
drives, but much work remains.  Unless specifically noted, anything that tries
to execute code on the 1541 will not work, this includes every software
fastloader.

[1] Homepage: http://pontoppidan.info/lars/index.php?proj=mmc2iec

Please note: Whenever this file talks about "D64 images" the text applies to
all Dxx image types, i.e. D64/D71/D81/DNP unless specifically noted.

If you are the author of a program that needs to detect sd2iec for
some reason, DO NOT use M-R for this purpose. Use the UI command
instead and check the message you get for "sd2iec" and "uiec" instead.


Supported commands:
===================
- General notes:
	Any command not listed below is currently not supported.

- Directory filters:
	To show only directories, both =B (CMD-compatible) and =D can be used.
	On a real Commodore drive D matches everything.
	To include hidden files in the directory, use *=H - on a 1541 this doesn't
	do anything. sd2iec marks hidden files with an H after the lock mark,
	i.e. "PRG<H" or "PRG H".

	CMD-style "short" and "long" directory listings with timestamps are supported
	("$=T"), including timestamp filters. Please read a CMD manual for the syntax
	until this file is updated.

- Partition directory:
	The CMD-style partition directory ($=P) is supported, including filters
	($=P:S*). All partitions are listed with type "FAT", although this could
	change to "NAT" later for compatibility.

- CD/MD/RD:
	Subdirectory access is compatible to the syntax used by the CMD drives,
	although drive/partition numbers are completely ignored.

	Quick syntax overview:
		CD:_         changes into the parent dir (_ is the left arrow on the C64)
		CD_          dito
		CD:foo       changes into foo
		CD/foo       dito
		CD//foo      changes into \foo
		CD/foo/:bar  changes into foo\bar
		CD/foo/bar   dito

	You can use wildcards anywhere in the path. To change into an M2I or D64
	image the image file must be the last component in the path, either
	after a slash or a colon character.

	MD uses a syntax similiar to CD and will create the directory listed
	after the colon (:) relative to any directory listed before it.

		MD/foo/:bar  creates bar in foo
		MD//foo/:bar creates bar in \foo

	RD can only remove subdirectories of the current directory.

		RD:foo       deletes foo

	CD is also used to mount/unmount image files. Just change into them
	as if they were a directory and use CD:_ (left arrow on the C64) to leave.
	Please note that image files are detected by file extension and file size
	and there is no reliable way to see if a file is a valid image file.

- CP, C<Shift-P>
	This changes the current partition, see "Partitions" below for details.

- C:
	File copy command, should be CMD compatible. The syntax is
	 C[partition][path]:targetname=[[partition][path]:]sourcename[,[[p][p]:]sourcename...]
	You can use this command to copy multiple files into a single target
	file in which case all source files will be appended into the target
	file. Parsing restarts for every source file name which means that
	every source name is assumed to be relative to the current directory.
	You can use wildcards in the source names, but only the first
	file matching will be copied.

	Copying REL files should work, but isn't tested well. Mixing REL and
	non-REL files in an append operation isn't supported.

- D
	Direct sector access, this is a command group introduced by sd2iec.
	Some Commodore drives use D for disk duplication between two drives
	in the same unit, an attempt to use that command with sd2iec should
	result in an error message.

	D has three subcommands: DI (Info), DR (Read) and DW (Write).
	Each of those commands requires a buffer to be opened (similiar
	to U1/U2), but due to the larger sector size of the storage devices
	used by sd2iec it needs to be a large buffer of size 2 (512 bytes)
	or larger. The exception is the DI command with page set to 0,
	its result will always fir into a standard 256 byte buffer.
	If you try to use one of the commands with a buffer that is too
	small a new error message is returned, "78,BUFFER TOO SMALL,00,00".

	In the following paragraphs the secondary address that was used
	to open the buffer is called "bufchan".

	- DI
		In BASIC notation the command format is
			"DI"+chr$(bufchan)+chr$(device)+chr$(page)

		"device" is the number of the physical device to be queried,
		"page" the information page to be retrieved. Currently the
		only page implemented is page 0 which will return the
		following data structure:
		 1 byte : Number of valid bytes in this structure
							This includes this byte and is meant to provide
							backwards compatibility if this structure is extended
							at a later time. New fields will always be added to
							the end so old programs can still read the fields
							they know about.
		 1 byte : Highest diskinfo page supported
							Always 0 for now, will increase if more information
							pages are added (planned: Complete ATA IDENTIFY
							output for IDE and CSD for SD)
		 1 byte : Disk type
							This field identifies the device type, currently
							implemented values are:
								0  IDE
								2  SD
								3  (reserved)
		 1 byte : Sector size divided by 256
							This field holds the sector size of the storage device
							divided by 256.
		 4 bytes: Number of sectors on the device
							A little-endian (same byte order as the 6502) value
							of the number of sectors on the storage device.
							If there is ever a need to increase the reported
							capacity beyond 2TB (for 512 byte sectors) this
							field will return 0 and a 64-bit value will be added
							to this diskinfo page.

		If you want to determine if there is a device that responds
		to a given number, read info page 0 for it. If there is no
		device present that corresponds to the number you will see
		a DRIVE NOT READY error on the error channel and the
		"number of valid bytes" entry in the structure will be 0.

		Do not assume that device numbers are stable between releases
		and do not assume that they are continuous either. To scan
		for all present devices you should query at least 0-7 for now,
		but this limit may increase in later releases.

	- DR/DW
		In BASIC notation the command format would be
			"DR"+chr$(bufchan)+chr$(device)
					+chr$(sector AND 255)
					+chr$((sector/256) AND 255)
					+chr$((sector/65536) AND 255)
					+chr$((sector/16777216) AND 255)
		(or "DW" instead of "DR)
		but this won't work on the C64 because AND does not accept
		parameters larger than 32767. The principle should be clear
		though, the last four bytes are a 32 bit sector number in
		little-endian byte order.

		DR reads the sector to the buffer, DW writes the contents
		of the buffer to the sector. Both commands will update the
		error channel if an error occurs, for DR the 20,READ ERROR
		was chosen to represent read errors; for write problems
		during DW it sets 25,WRITE ERROR for errors and 26,WRITE
		PROTECT ON if the device is read-only.

- G-P
	Get partition info, see CMD FD/HD manual for details. The reported
	information is partially faked, feedback is welcome.

- P
	Positioning doesn't just work for REL files but also for regular
	files on a FAT partition. When used for regular files the format
	is "P"+chr$(channel)+chr$(lo)+chr$(midlo)+chr$(midhi)+chr$(hi)
	which will seek to the 0-based offset hi*2^24+midhi*65536+256*midlo+lo
	in the file. If you send less than four bytes for the offset, the
	missing bytes are assumed to be zero.

- N:
	Format works only if a D64 image is already mounted. This command will
	be ignored for DNP images unless the current directory is the root
	directory of the DNP image.

- R
	Renaming files should work the same as it does on CMD drives, although
	the errors flagged for invalid characters in the name may differ.

- S:
	Name matching is fully supported, directories are ignored.
	Scratching of multiple files separated by , is also supported with no
	limit to the number of files except for the maximum command line length
	(usually 100 to 120 characters).

- T-R and T-W
	If your hardware features RTC support the commands T-R (time read) and T-W
	(time write) are available. If the RTC isn't present, both commands return
	30,SYNTAX ERROR,00,00; if the RTC is present but not set correctly T-R will
	return 31,SYNTAX ERROR,00,00.

	Both commands expect a fourth character that specifies the time format
	to be used. T-W expects that the new time follows that character
	with no space or other characters inbetween. For the A, B and D
	formats, the expected input format is exactly the same as returned
	by T-R with the same format character; for the I format the day of
	week is ignored and calculated based on the date instead.

	The possible formats are:
	 - "A"SCII: "SUN. 01/20/08 01:23:45 PM"+CHR$(13)
			The day-of-week string can be any of "SUN.", "MON.", "TUES", "WED.",
			"THUR", "FRI.", "SAT.". The year field is modulo 100.

	 - "B"CD or "D"ecimal:
		 Both these formats use 9 bytes to specify the time. For BCD everything
		 is BCD-encoded, for Decimal the numbers are sent/parsed as-is.
			Byte 0: Day of the week (0 for sunday)
					 1: Year (modulo 100 for BCD; -1900 for Decimal, i.e. 108 for 2008)
					 2: Month (1-based)
					 3: Day (1-based)
					 4: Hour   (1-12)
					 5: Minute (0-59)
					 6: Second (0-59)
					 7: AM/PM-Flag (0 is AM, everything else is PM)
					 8: CHR$(13)

			When the time is set a year less than 80 is interpreted as 20xx.

	 - "I"SO 8601 subset: "2008-01-20T13:23:45 SUN"+CHR$(13)
		 This format complies with ISO 8601 and adds a day of week
		 abbreviation using the same table as the A format, but omitting
		 the fourth character. When it is used with T-W, anything beyond
		 the seconds field is ignored and the day of week is calculated
		 based on the specified date. The year must always be specified
		 including the century if this format is used to set the time.
		 To save space, sd2iec only accepts this particular date/time
		 representation when setting the time with T-WI and no other ISo
		 8601-compliant representation.

- U0
	Device address changing with "U0>"+chr$(new address) is supported,
	other U0 commands are currently not implemented.

- U1/U2/B-R/B-W
	Block reading and writing is fully supported while a D64 image is mounted.

- B-P
	Supported, not checked against the original rom at all.

- UI+/UI-
	Switching the slightly faster bus protocol for the VC20 on and off works,
	it hasn't been tested much though.

- UI/UJ
	Soft/Hard reset - UI just sets the "73,..." message on the error channel,
	UJ closes all active buffers but doesn't reset the current directory,
	mounted image, swap list or anything else.

- U<Shift-J>
	Real hard reset - this command causes a restart of the AVR processor
	(skipping the bootloader if installed). <Shift-J> is character code 202.

- X: Extended commands. If you use JiffyDOS, you can send them by using
	@"X..." - without quotes you'll just receive an error.

	- XEnum    Sets the "file extension mode". This setting controls if
						 files on FAT are written with an x00 header and extension or not.
						 Possible values for num are:
							 0: Never write x00 format files.
							 1: Write x00 format files for SEQ/USR/REL, but not for PRG
							 2: Always write x00 format files.
							 3: Use SEQ/USR/REL file extensions, no x00 header
							 4: Same as 3, but also for PRG
						 If you set mode 3 or 4, extension hiding is automatically enabled.
						 This setting can be saved in the EEPROM using XW, the default
						 value is 1.

						 For compatibility with existing programs that write D64 files,
						 PRG files that have D64, D41, D71, D81, DNP or M2I as an extension
						 will always be written without an x00 header and without
						 any additional PRG file extension.

	- XE+/XE-  Enable/disable extension hiding. If enabled, files in FAT with
						 a PRG/SEQ/USR/REL extension will have their extension removed
						 and the file type changed to the type specified by the file
						 extension - e.g. APPLICATION.PRG will become a PRG file named
						 "APPLICATION", "README.SEQ" will become a SEQ file named "README".
						 This flag can be saved in the EEPROM using XW, the default
						 value is disabled (-).

	- XInum    Switches the display mode for mountables files (i.e. disk images
						 and M2I). num can be 0, in which case the file will be shown
						 with its normal type in the directory or 1 which will show all
						 mountable files as DIRectory entries (but they can still be
						 accessed as files too) or 2 in which case they will show up
						 twice - once with its normal type and once as directory.
						 The default value is 0 and this setting can be stored
						 permanently using XW.

						 It may be useful to set it to 1 or 2 when using software that
						 was originally written for CMD devices and which wouldn't
						 recognize disk images/M2I files as mountable on its own.
						 However, due to limitations of the current implementation of
						 the CD command such software may still fail to mount a disk
						 image with this option enabled.

	- X*+/X*-  Enable/disable 1581-style * matching. If enabled, characters
						 after a * will be matched against the end of the file name.
						 If disabled, any characters after a * will be ignored.
						 This flag can be saved in the EEPROM using XW, the default value
						 is enabled (+).

	- XDdrv=val Configure drives.  On ATA-based units or units with multiple
						 drive types, this command can be used to enable or reorder
						 the drives.  drv is the drive slot (0-7), while val is one
						 of:
								0: Master ATA device
								1: Slave ATA device
								4: Primary SD/MMC device
								5: Secondary SD/MMC device
								6: (reserved)
							 15: no device

						 Note that only devices supported by the specific hardware
						 can be selected.  Unsupported device types will return an
						 error if requested.  Also, note that you cannot select a device
						 in multiple drive slots.  Finally, while it is possible to
						 re-order ATA devices using this functionality, it is strongly
						 discouraged.  Use the master/slave jumpers on the ATA devices
						 instead.  To reset the drive configuration, set all drive slots
						 to "no device".  This value can be permanently saved in the
						 EEPROM using XW.

		XD?      View the current drive configuration.  Example result:
						 "03,D:00=04:01=00:02=01,10,01".  The track indicates the
						 current device address, while the sector indicates extended
						 drive configuration status information.

	- X        X without any following characters reports the current state
						 of all extended parameters via the error channel, similiar
						 to DolphinDOS. Example result: "03,J-:C152:E01+:B+:*+,08,00"
						 The track indicates the current device address.

	- XS:name  Set up a swap list - see "Changing Disk Images" below.
		XS       Disable swap list

	- XR:name  Set the file used for file-based M-R emulation.
		XR       Disable file-based M-R emulation.
						 See "M-R, M-W, M-E" below. This setting can be
						 permanently saved in the EEPROM using XW.

	- XW       Store configuration to EEPROM
						 This commands stores the current configuration in the EEPROM.
						 It will automatically be read when the AVR is reset, so
						 any changes you made will persist even after turning off
						 the hardware.

						 The stored configuration include the extension mode,
						 drive configuration and the current device address.
						 If you have changed the device address by software,
						 sd2iec will power up with that address unless
						 you have changed the device address jumpers (if available) to
						 a different setting than the one active at the time the
						 configuration was saved. You can think of this feature as
						 changing the meaning of one specific setting of the jumpers
						 to a different address if this sounds logical enough to you.

						 The "hardware overrides software overrides hardware" priority
						 was chosen to allow accessing sd2iec even when it is soft-
						 configured for a device number that is already taken by
						 another device on the bus without having to remove that
						 device to reconfigure sd2iec (e.g. when using a C128D).

	- X?       Extended version query
						 This commands returns the extended version string which
						 consists of the version, the processor type set at build time
						 and the suffix of the configuration file (usually corresponds
						 to the short name of the hardware sd2iec was compiled for).

- M-R, M-W, M-E
	When no file is set up using XR, M-R will check a small internal
	table of common drive-detection addresses and return data that
	forces most of the supported fast loaders into a compatible mode
	(e.g. 1541 mode for Dreamload and ULoad Model 3, disabled fastloader
	for Action Replay 6). If the address is not recognized, more-or-less
	random data will be returned.

	Unfortunately GEOS reads rather large parts of the drive rom using
	M-R to detect the drive, which cannot be reasonably added into the
	internal table. To enable the GEOS drive detection to work properly
	with sd2iec and to allow switching between 1541/71/81 modes,
	file-based M-R emulation has been implemented. If a file has been
	set up as M-R data source using the XR command, its contents will be
	returned for M-R commands that try to read an address in the range
	of $8000-$ffff. The rom file should be a copy of the rom contents of
	a 1541/71/81 drive (any headers will be skipped automatically), its
	name must be 16 characters or less. When an M-R command is received,
	the file will be searched in three locations on the storage medium:
		1) in the current directory of the current partition
		2) in the root directory of the current partition
		3) in the root directory of the first partition

	The internal emulation table will be used if the file wasn't found
	in any of those locations or an error occured while reading
	it. Please be aware that the rom file is ONLY used for M-R
	commands. Except for some very specific situations where drive
	detection fails (e.g. GEOS) it will probably decrease compatibility
	of sd2iec because most of the implemented fast loaders will only
	recognize the 1541 variation of the loader.

	Memory writing knows about the address used for changing the device
	address on a 1541 and will change the address of sd2iec to the
	requested value. It will also check if the transmitted data
	corresponds to any of the known software fastloaders so the correct
	emulation code can be used when M-E is called.

Large buffers:
==============
To support commands which directly access the storage devices support
for larger buffers was added. A large buffer can be allocated by
opening a file named "##<d>" (exactly three characters" with <d> replaced
by a single digit specifying the number of 256-byte buffers to be
chained into one large buffer - e.g. "##2" for a 512 byte buffer,
"##4" for 1024 bytes etc. Unlike a standard buffer where the read/write
pointer is set to byte 1, a large buffer will start with the r/w pointer
pointing to byte 0 because that seems to be more sensible to the author.

If there aren't enough free buffers to support the size you requested
a 70,NO CHANNEL message is set in the error channel and no file is
opened. If the file name isn't exactly three bytes long a standard
buffer ("#") will be allocated instead for compatibility.

The B-P command supports a third parameter that holds the high byte
of the buffer position, For example, "B-P 9 4 1" positions to byte
260 (1*256+4) of the buffer on secondary address 9.

Long File Names:
================
Long file names (i.e names not within the 8.3 limits) are supported on
FAT, but for compatibility reasons the 8.3 name is used if the long
name exceeds 16 characters. If you use anything but ASCII characters
on the PC or their PETSCII equivalents on the Commodore you may
get strange characters on the other system because the LFN use
unicode characters on disk, but sd2iec parses only the low byte
of each character in the name.

EEPROM file system
==================
*WARNING*: The EEPROM file system is a newly-implemented file system
that may still contain bugs. Do not store data on it that you cannot
affort to lose. Always make sure that you have a backup. Also, the
format may change in later releases, so please expect that the
partition may need to be erased in the future.

Devices running sd2iec always have an EEPROM to store the system
configuration, but on some devices this EEPROM is much larger than
required. To utilize the empty space on these devices (currently any
microcontroller with at least 128K of flash), a special EEPROM file
system has been implemented. This can for example be used to store a
small file browser or fast loader so it can be used independent of the
storage medium that is currently inserted.

The EEPROM file system will always register itself on the last
partition number (see "Partitions" below). You can check the list of
partitions ("$=P") to find the current partition number of the EEPROM
file system or use the alias function (see below) to access it.

To simplify calculations, block numbers on the EEPROMFS are calculated
using 256 bytes per block instead of the usual 254 bytes as used by
Commodore drives. Internally, the allocation is even more fine-grained
(using 64 byte sectors), which means that the number of free blocks
shown on an empty file system may be less than the sum of the number
of blocks of all files on a full file system.

The EEPROM file system does not support subdirectories. It can be
formatted using the N: command as usual, but the disk name and ID are
ignored. The capacity of the EEPROM file system varies between
devices: On AVR devices it is 3.25 KBytes and at most 8 files can be
stored on it. On a2iec, the file system can hold 7 KBytes and at most
16 files can be stored on it. The actual number of files that can be
stored depends on the length of the files, longer files need more than
one directory entry.


Partitions:
===========
sd2iec features a multi-partition support similiar to that of the CMD
drives. The partitions (which may be on separate drives for some hardware
configurations) are accessed using the drive number of the commands
sent from the computer and are numbered starting with 1. Partition 0
is a special case: Because most software doesn't support drive numbers
or always sends drive number 0, this partition points to the currently
selected partition. By default, accesses to partition 0 will access
partition 1, this can be changed by sending "CP<num>" over the command
channel with <num> being an ASCII number from 1 to 255. "C<Shift-P"
(0x42 0xd0) works the same, but expects a binary partition number as the
third character of the command.

To allow a "stable" access to the EEPROM file system no matter how
many partitions are currently available, a special character has been
introduced that will always access the EEPROM file system (if
available). When sd2iec sees a "!" character where it expects a
partition number and the "!" character is directly followed by a colon
(i.e. "!:"), it will access the EEPROMFS if available. Direct access
using the assigned partition number is of course still
available. Additionally "$!" will always load the directory of the
EEPROM file system partition (if available), similar to "$1" to "$9"
for partitions 1 to 9.

Software fastloaders:
=====================
Note: Using sd2iec without an external crystal or similiar precise
			clock source is not a supported configuration.
			If you try that anyway, be prepared to suffer from random
			data corruption. You have been warned.
			Some fastloader implementations will actively refuse to work
			if you use an unsuitable clock source.

	Turbodisk
	---------
	Turbodisk is detected by the CRC of its 493 byte long floppy code and
	the M-E address 0x0303. The same code seems to be used under various names,
	among them "Turbodisk" (both 2.1 and 2.2) and "Fast-Load".
	It is not known if there is an NTSC-compatible version of this fastloader.

	Final Cartridge III
	-------------------
	Both the fast loader and the fast saver of Final Cartridge III are supported.
	The FC3 is both PAL and NTSC compatible.

	The slightly different fastloader used for files freezed with the FC3
	is also supported.

	EXOS V3 and The Beast System
	----------------------------
	Both supported, the loader used by these kernals is very similiar to
	the FC3 fast loader.

	Action Replay 6
	---------------
	The AR6 reads a byte from the drive rom to check which fastloader it should
	use. When file-based M-R emulation is disabled sd2iec returns a value that
	should force the cartridge to use the standard kernal loader instead of its
	many fastloaders/-savers. This means that accessind sd2iec with
	file-based rom emulation enabled will fail because the cartridge
	will enable fastloader that will probably not be recognized.

	Currently the only recognized AR6 fastloader and fastsaver are the
	ones for the 1581.

	Dreamload
	---------
	Dreamload uses direct track/sector access, so it is only supported
	on D64 or similiar disk image formats. As sd2iec has to wait for commands
	from the C64 constantly the disk change buttons may become unresponsive,
	try multiple times if you need to. Dreamload is a "captive" fastloader,
	sd2iec stay in Dreamload mode until it receives a "quit loader" command
	from the C64. To force sd2iec to resume normal operation, hold the disk
	change button until the red LED turns on (just like sleep mode).

	Please note that Dreamload does not work with more than one device on the
	serial bus due to the way it uses the ATN line.

	ULoad Model 3
	-------------
	ULoad Model 3 uses direct track/sector access, so it is only supported
	on D64 or similiar disk image formats. Currently there is exactly one
	supported variant of ULoad Model 3, which is the one used by
	Ultima 3 Gold. There are no other known variants at this time, but
	this may change.

	If you are a coder and want to use ULoad Model 3 in your own program,
	either configure it to produce the same drive code as U3Gold or
	contact me so we can work out a way to trigger ULoad M3 support
	without uploading any drive code at all.

	G.I. Joe Loader
	---------------
	Said to be the most-ripped IRQ loader. Unfortunately this is a
	"captive" fastloader similiar to dreamload (but not restricted
	to disk images because it is file name-based) and there is no
	reliable way to detect if the computer has been reset to switch
	back to the standard protocol. To exit this loader, hold down
	the disk change button until the red LED turns on, just like
	sleep mode.

	Epyx FastLoad Cartridge
	-----------------------
	ONLY the fast loader from this cartridge is supported, no
	disk editor/copier/whatever functions.

	GEOS
	----
	GEOS 2.0 can be booted from D64 images made from original disks
	as well as D41/71/81 images created using geoMakeBoot (make sure to
	Configure the system for a 1541/1571/1581 before using geoMakeBoot).
	When file-based M-R emulation is disabled, GEOS may detect sd2iec as
	a 1541 or 1581, depending on the version of Configure used. This may
	cause the system to fail to boot, e.g. if sd2iec is detected as a 1581
	while booting from a D64 disk image. It is recommended to set up file-
	based M-R emulation when using GEOS to avoid these problems.

	GEOS 1.3 may or may not work - it boots, but wasn't tested in-depth.
	Gateway seems to work but was not tested beyond booting it from a D64
	image.

	Using the buttons for changing the current disk image is supported,
	but do make sure that you only access disk images that the drive
	type that is selected in GEOS would support (i.e. D64 for a 1541,
	D64/D71 for a 1571 and D81 for a 1581).

	Wheels
	------
	Wheels can be booted from any disk image type it supports. The correct
	rom emulation file (XR) MUST be set, especially for CMD HD emulation.

	Do not use the disk change feature to change disk images when HD emulation
	is in use - Wheels does not check for disk changes on that drive!
	For other drive types the restrictions on disk image type of GEOS also
	apply to Wheels.

	ELoad Version 1
	---------------
	This loader was made for EasyProg but may also be used in other programs.
	It detects and supports the sd2iec natively.

	Maniac Mansion
	--------------
	Original versions of Maniac Mansion have an additional copy protection
	check that is not supported by sd2iec. Please use a cracked version
	instead - the ones from Gamebase 64 seem to work. Please remember to
	add an empty D64 for the save/load disk to your swaplist if you want
	to save your game.

	The game uses a captive loader that unfortunately cannot detect if it
	should exit automatically - to resume normal operation, you need to
	hold down the NEXT button until the red LED turns on.

	Zak McKracken
	-------------
	Same as Maniac Mansion, but this game only has a code list protection,
	so images of original disks should work fine.

JiffyDOS:
=========
The JiffyDOS protocol has very relaxed timing constraints compared to
Turbodisk, but still not as relaxed as the standard Commodore IEC protocol.

x00 files:
==========
P00/S00/U00/R00 files are transparently supported, that means they show
up in the directory listing with their internal file name instead of the
FAT file name. Renaming them only changes the internal name. The XE
command defines if x00 extensions are used when writing files, by
default sd2iec uses them for SEQ/USR/REL files but not for PRG.
Parsing of x00 files is always enabled even when writing them is not.

x00 files are recognized by checking both the extension of the file
(P/S/U/R with a two-digit suffix) and the header signature.

Disk Images:
============
Disk images are recognized by their file extension (.D64, .D41, .D71, .D81,
.DNP) and their file size (must be one of 174848, 175531, 349696, 351062,
819200 or a multiple of 65536 for DNP). If the image has an error info block
appended it will be used to simulate read errors. Writing to a sector with
an error will always work, but it will not clear the indicated error.
D81 images with error info blocks are not supported.

Warning: There is at least one program out there (DirMaster v2.1/Style by
THE WIZ) which generates broken DNP files. The usual symptom is that
moving from a subdirectory that was created with this program back to
its parent directory using CD:_ (left arrow) sets the current directory
not to the parent directory, but to an incorrect sector instead. A
workaround for this problem in sd2iec would require an unreasonable
amount of system resources, so it is recommended to avoid creating
subdirectories with this version of DirMaster. It is possible to fix
this problem using a hex editor, but the exact process is beyond the scope
of this document.

M2I files:
==========
NOTICE: Support for M2I files will be removed in the next release, see
				the deprecation notices at the top of this file for advice.

M2I files are fully supported. sd2iec supports SEQ and USR files in this
format in addition to PRG and DEL which were already implemented in MMC2IEC.
For compatibility reasons the file type is not checked when opening files.
Inside an M2I file the files are always shown as 0 (DEL) or 1 blocks
because calling stat for every file was slowing down the directory listing
too much. For compatibility with existing M2I files the data files do not
use P00 headers even when the file type is SEQ or USR.

REL files:
==========
Partial REL file support is implemented. It should work fine for existing
files, but creating new files and/or adding records to existing files
may fail. REL files in disk images are not supported yet, only as files
on a FAT medium. When x00 support is disabled the first byte of a REL
file is assumed to be the record length.

Changing Disk Images
====================
Because some programs require more than one disk side there is support
for changing the currently mounted disk image with two buttons called
NEXT and PREV connected to the AVR.

If your circuit doesn't have disk change pins/buttons you might be able to
add it yourself. In all cases the buttons need to connect the given
pins of the chip to ground.

- For the original MMC2IEC ("larsp"):
	The NEXT button is in input PA4, the PREV button is on PA5.
	PA4 is pin 36 on the DIL version of the controller or pin 33 on the
	surface-mount version. PA5 is pin 35 on DIL, pin 32 on SMD.

- For Shadowolf's MMC2IEC 1.x PCBs ("sw1"):
	The NExT button is on input PC4, the PREV button is on PC3.
	PC4 is pin 26 on the DIL version of the controller or pin 23 on the
	surface-mount version. PC3 is pin 25 on DIL, pin 22 on SMD.

- For Shadowolf's sd2iec 1.x PCBs ("sw2"):
	The two required pins are available on the pin header which runs
	parallel to the long side of the board. In the documentation of the
	board, the NEXT button is named "DISKSWITCH", the PREV button is
	named "RESERVE".

- Any other circuit without disk change pin on a convenient connector
	somewhere and no button dedicated to that function: Please check
	with the supplier of the board and read config.h in the sources
	to find out how to connect it.

To use this functionality, you can either create a swap list file
yourself or let sd2iec create one for you.

Creating a swap list
--------------------
A swap list is a text file with one line per disk image or directory
you want to be able to change into. You are not limited to using disk
images, a swap list file may also refer to standard directories on the
SD card or anything else the CD command of sd2iec will accept.

The swap list file is relatively tolerant against multiple styles of
line-endings, sd2iec should be able to parse the file no matter if you
create it on a Windows system, Unix or even the C64 itself - as a side
effect, empty lines are also ignored. By default sd2iec assumes that
the file is encoded in ASCII (for files created on a PC or similar),
but if the first line of the file exactly reads "#PETSCII" (in hex: 23
50 45 54 53 43 49 49), file names are assumed to be encoded in PETSCII
instead and this marker line is skipped.

An example swap list file could look like this:
=== example 1 ===
FOO.D64
BAR.D64
BAZ.D64
=== end of example 1 ===

=== example 2 ===
//NEATGAME/:DISK1A.D64
//NEATGAME/:DISK1B.D64
//NEATGAME/:DISK2A.D64
//NEATGAME/:DISK2B.D64
=== end of example 2 ===

The swap list is enabled by sending "XS:filename" over the command
channel with filename being the name of the swap list. A list
activated in this way stays active until you explicitly disable it
again by sending "XS" on the command channel or you manually activate
another swap list with "XS:otherfilename".

Since the manual activation of swap lists is still a bit of a hassle,
sd2iec will automatically try to activate a swap list named
"AUTOSWAP.LST" in the current directory if you use the disk change
buttons while no swap list is active. A swap list enabled in this way
behaves almost exactly as a swap list enabled with XS, but it
auto-deactivates when a CD (change directory) command is received by
sd2iec. This way a different AUTOSWAP.LST file is always correctly
recognized after you have changed into a different directory.

sd2iec can even auto-generate a swap list for you that contains all
disk images (e.g. D64/D71/D81/DNP) in the current directory if no
AUTOSWAP.LST is present in this directory. To do so, change into the
directory that you want scanned and use the HOME function (see below).
sd2iec will then create a file called AUTOSWAP.GEN and activate it as
if it was the standard AUTOSWAP.LST, including its auto-deactivation
features. The AUTOSWAP.GEN file will never be recognized the same way
as AUTOSWAP.LST, so you will need to either rename the file
(R:AUTOSWAP.LST=AUTOSWAP.GEN) or ask sd2iec to generate it again by
using the HOME function in the same directory if you want to use it
again. This mode of operation was chosen to avoid the accidental
destruction of pre-existing AUTOSWAP.LST files and to allow sd2iec to
recognize newly-added disk images in the directory without manually
removing the generated swap list.

Please note that using the swap-list auto generation feature will
currently leave an empty AUTOSWAP.GEN file on the card if no disk
images were found. This may be fixed in the future.

Using a swap list
-----------------
Navigation in a swap list is really simple: Press the NEXT button to
activate the next line of the file or the PREV button to activate the
previous line of the file. Both of these buttons wrap to the other end
of the file if they hit the beginning/end of the list. You can also
hit both buttons together to trigger the HOME function which jumps to
the first entry of the swap list.

sd2iec will confirm each of these three actions with a specific
flashing pattern on the device's LEDs. The pattern first flashed both
the red and green LEDs on for a short moment, then it flashes either
one or both of them. For the NEXT function, the green LED flashes; for
the PREV function the red LED flashes and for HOME both LEDs flash.

If any of these three functions is activated without an active swap
list and sd2iec finds an AUTOSWAP.LST file, they will all be treated
as the HOME function: The first line of the file is active and the
red and green LEDs both flash twice. The same happens when an
AUTOSWAP.GEN file is created, although the flashing pattern may not be
very discernible because of the preceding card activity.


Sleep Mode:
===========
If you hold the disk change button down for two seconds, sd2iec will
enter "sleep mode". In this mode it doesn't listen to the bus at all
until you hold down the disk change button for two seconds again
which resumes normal operation. Sleep mode allows you to keep
sd2iec connected to the serial bus even when you load something
from a different drive that uses a fast loader that doesn't
work with more than one device on the bus.

While sleep mode is active, the red LED will be on and the green LED
will be off.

Card detection test:
====================
Because some SD slots seem to suffer from bad/unreliable card detect
switches a test mode for this has been implemented on the units that
have SD card support. If you hold down the PREV button during powerup,
the red (dirty) LED will reflect the card detect status - if the LED
is on the card detect switch is closed. Please note that this does not
indicate successful communication with the card but merely that the
mechanical switch in the SD card slot is closed.

On units with two sd2iec-controlled LEDs, the green (busy) LED will
indicate the state of the write protect switch - if the LED is lit,
the write protection is on. Due to the way the write protect notch
works on SD cards, the indication is only valid when the card is fully
inserted into the slot.

To exit from the diagnostic mode, power-cycle the device or push the
NEXT button once.

Other important notes:
======================
- When you hold down the disk change (forward) button during power
	on the software will use default values instead of those stored
	in the EEPROM.
- File overwrite (@foo) is implemented by deleting the file first.
- File sizes in the directory are in blocks (of 254 bytes), but
	the blocks free message actually reports free clusters. It is
	a compromise of compatibility, accuracy and code size.
- If known, the low byte of the next line link pointer of the directory
	listing will be set to (filesize MOD 254)+2, so you can calculate the
	true size of the file if required. The 2 is added so it can never be
	mistaken for an end marker (0) or for the default value (1, used by at
	least the 1541 and 1571 disk drives).
- If your hardware supports more than one SD card, changing either one
	will reset the current partition to 1 and the current directory of
	all partitions to the root drive. Doing this just for the card that
	was changed would cause lots of problems if the number of partitions
	on the previous and the newly inserted cards are different.

Compilation notes:
==================
sd2iec requires avr-libc version 1.6.x.

sd2iec is set up to be compiled in multiple configurations, controlled by
configuration files. By default the Makefile looks for a file named
'config', but you can override it by providing the name on the make
command line with "make CONFIG=filename[,filename...]".

An example configuration file named "config-example" is provided with
the source code, as well as abridged files corresponding to the
release binaries. If you want to compile sd2iec for a custom hardware
you may have to edit config.h too to change the port definitions.

MEGA2560 / Arduino considerations
---------------------------------
A separate configuration has been added for the mega2560, this enables the Arduino community to easily
use sd2iec with a regular Arduino or clone together with an sd-card shield.
To avoid flashing the arduino bootloader (which is not really needed or recommended since the stock one
works just fine) and make things a little easier a separate flash_arduino.sh script has been added
in the scripts folder. This script assumes by default to use the avrdude tool in the avr toolchain, but the
path's can be easily changed to point out the toolchain root in the Arduino SDK.
The script expects the board to show up on /dev/ttyACM0. It is possible that root access is required.

The default assumption of the MEGA2560 is that no LEDs or extra push-buttons has been added to the board.
This however can be easily added by simply changing the commented-out suggested GPIO's in the archconfig.h
for this purpose. That way, drive activity and error LED's can be functional, same goes for a floppy switching
button for M2I or D64 disks.

For the SD-card shield it should be connected to the Arduino ICSP header (located at the middle of the board).
The shield also expects GND, probably 3V and also 5V to be connected.

Some boards also expects the chip select pin (SS) to be connected. There is one special case added for that
in the config2560 already, but there are probably other shield out there that expects a different pin for that.

* The IEC wires can be changed, but the default ones for mega2560 are recommended to use:
SRQ goes to PD0 (marked 21)
CLOCK goes to PD1 (marked 20)
DATA goes to PD2 (marked 19)
ATN goes to PD3 (marked 18).
GND goes to any GND (you can find multiple grounds on the board, there's one located next to pin #53).
The RESET pin can be skipped, sd2iec doesn't need this for full operation.