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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Chromatic Aberration Auto-correction
//
// copyright (c) 2008-2010 Emil Martinec <ejmartin@uchicago.edu>
//
//
// code dated: November 26, 2010
//
// CA_correct_RT.cc is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
// (at your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
// GNU General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
//
#define TS 256 // Tile size
//#define polyord 6 // max order of fit monomial
//#define numpar 36 // number of fit parameters = SQR(polyord)
#define PIX_SORT(a,b) { if ((a)>(b)) {temp=(a);(a)=(b);(b)=temp;} }
/*#define ushort UshORt
typedef unsigned char uchar;
typedef unsigned short ushort;*/
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <float.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#define SQR(x) ((x)*(x))
#define ABS(x) (((int)(x) ^ ((int)(x) >> 31)) - ((int)(x) >> 31))
#define MIN(a,b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
#define MAX(a,b) ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
#define LIM(x,min,max) MAX(min,MIN(x,max))
#define ULIM(x,y,z) ((y) < (z) ? LIM(x,y,z) : LIM(x,z,y))
#define CLIP(x) LIM(x,0,65535)
//#define SWAP(a,b) { a ^= b; a ^= (b ^= a); }
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
int LinEqSolve2(int nDim, float* pfMatr, float* pfVect, float* pfSolution)
{
//==============================================================================
// return 1 if system not solving, 0 if system solved
// nDim - system dimension
// pfMatr - matrix with coefficients
// pfVect - vector with free members
// pfSolution - vector with system solution
// pfMatr becames trianglular after function call
// pfVect changes after function call
//
// Developer: Henry Guennadi Levkin
//
//==============================================================================
float fMaxElem;
float fAcc;
int i, j, k, m;
for(k=0; k<(nDim-1); k++) {// base row of matrix
// search of line with max element
fMaxElem = fabs( pfMatr[k*nDim + k] );
m = k;
for (i=k+1; i<nDim; i++) {
if(fMaxElem < fabs(pfMatr[i*nDim + k]) ) {
fMaxElem = pfMatr[i*nDim + k];
m = i;
}
}
// permutation of base line (index k) and max element line(index m)
if(m != k) {
for(i=k; i<nDim; i++) {
fAcc = pfMatr[k*nDim + i];
pfMatr[k*nDim + i] = pfMatr[m*nDim + i];
pfMatr[m*nDim + i] = fAcc;
}
fAcc = pfVect[k];
pfVect[k] = pfVect[m];
pfVect[m] = fAcc;
}
if( pfMatr[k*nDim + k] == 0.) {
//linear system has no solution
return 1; // needs improvement !!!
}
// triangulation of matrix with coefficients
for(j=(k+1); j<nDim; j++) {// current row of matrix
fAcc = - pfMatr[j*nDim + k] / pfMatr[k*nDim + k];
for(i=k; i<nDim; i++) {
pfMatr[j*nDim + i] = pfMatr[j*nDim + i] + fAcc*pfMatr[k*nDim + i];
}
pfVect[j] = pfVect[j] + fAcc*pfVect[k]; // free member recalculation
}
}
for(k=(nDim-1); k>=0; k--) {
pfSolution[k] = pfVect[k];
for(i=(k+1); i<nDim; i++) {
pfSolution[k] -= (pfMatr[k*nDim + i]*pfSolution[i]);
}
pfSolution[k] = pfSolution[k] / pfMatr[k*nDim + k];
}
return 0;
}
//end of linear equation solver
//%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
void CLASS CA_correct_RT(float cared, float cablue)
{
double dt;
clock_t t1, t2;
//#define border 8
//#define border2 16
//temporary array to store simple interpolation of G
float (*Gtmp);
Gtmp = (float (*)) calloc ((height)*(width), sizeof *Gtmp);
const int border=8;
const int border2=16;
//order of 2d polynomial fit (polyord), and numpar=polyord^2
int polyord=4, numpar=16;
//number of blocks used in the fit
int numblox[3]={0,0,0};
int rrmin, rrmax, ccmin, ccmax;
int top, left, row, col;
int rr, cc, c, indx, indx1, i, j, k, m, n, dir;
//number of pixels in a tile contributing to the CA shift diagnostic
int areawt[2][3];
//direction of the CA shift in a tile
int GRBdir[2][3];
//offset data of the plaquette where the optical R/B data are sampled
int offset[2][3];
int shifthfloor[3], shiftvfloor[3], shifthceil[3], shiftvceil[3];
//number of tiles in the image
int vblsz, hblsz, vblock, hblock, vz1, hz1;
//int verbose=1;
//flag indicating success or failure of polynomial fit
int res;
//shifts to location of vertical and diagonal neighbors
const int v1=TS, v2=2*TS, /* v3=3*TS,*/ v4=4*TS;//, p1=-TS+1, p2=-2*TS+2, p3=-3*TS+3, m1=TS+1, m2=2*TS+2, m3=3*TS+3;
float eps=1e-5, eps2=1e-10; //tolerance to avoid dividing by zero
//adaptive weights for green interpolation
float wtu, wtd, wtl, wtr;
//local quadratic fit to shift data within a tile
float coeff[2][3][3];
//measured CA shift parameters for a tile
float CAshift[2][3];
//polynomial fit coefficients
float polymat[3][2][256], shiftmat[3][2][16], fitparams[3][2][16];
//residual CA shift amount within a plaquette
float shifthfrac[3], shiftvfrac[3];
//temporary storage for median filter
float temp, p[9];
//temporary parameters for tile CA evaluation
float gdiff, deltgrb;
//interpolated G at edge of plaquette
//float Ginthfloor, Ginthceil, Gint, RBint, gradwt;
float Ginthfloor, Ginthceil, Gint, gradwt;
//interpolated color difference at edge of plaquette
//float grbdiffinthfloor, grbdiffinthceil, grbdiffint, grbdiffold;
float grbdiffint, grbdiffold;
//data for evaluation of block CA shift variance
float blockave[2][3]={{0,0,0},{0,0,0}}, blocksqave[2][3]={{0,0,0},{0,0,0}}, blockdenom[2][3]={{0,0,0},{0,0,0}}, blockvar[2][3];
//low and high pass 1D filters of G in vertical/horizontal directions
float glpfh, glpfv;
//max allowed CA shift
const float bslim = 3.99;
//gaussians for low pass filtering of G and R/B
//static const float gaussg[5] = {0.171582, 0.15839, 0.124594, 0.083518, 0.0477063};//sig=2.5
//static const float gaussrb[3] = {0.332406, 0.241376, 0.0924212};//sig=1.25
//block CA shift values and weight assigned to block
char *buffer; // TS*TS*16
//rgb data in a tile
float (*rgb)[3]; // TS*TS*12
//color differences
float (*grbdiff); // TS*TS*4
//green interpolated to optical sample points for R/B
float (*gshift); // TS*TS*4
//high pass filter for R/B in vertical direction
float (*rbhpfh); // TS*TS*4
//high pass filter for R/B in horizontal direction
float (*rbhpfv); // TS*TS*4
//low pass filter for R/B in horizontal direction
float (*rblpfh); // TS*TS*4
//low pass filter for R/B in vertical direction
float (*rblpfv); // TS*TS*4
//low pass filter for color differences in horizontal direction
float (*grblpfh); // TS*TS*4
//low pass filter for color differences in vertical direction
float (*grblpfv); // TS*TS*4
const float clip_pt = 1.0 / MIN(MIN(pre_mul[0],pre_mul[1]),pre_mul[2]);//initialGain
// defGain = log(initialGain) / log(2.0);
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
if (verbose) fprintf(stderr,"CA auto-correction v16 [E.Martinec] red=%f blue=%f clip=%f\n", cared,cablue,clip_pt);
#endif
t1 = clock();
/* assign working space; this would not be necessary
if the algorithm is part of the larger pre-interpolation processing */
buffer = (char *) malloc(11*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
//merror(buffer,"CA_correct()");
memset(buffer,0,11*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
// rgb array
rgb = (float (*)[3]) buffer;
grbdiff = (float (*)) (buffer + 3*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
gshift = (float (*)) (buffer + 4*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
rbhpfh = (float (*)) (buffer + 5*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
rbhpfv = (float (*)) (buffer + 6*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
rblpfh = (float (*)) (buffer + 7*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
rblpfv = (float (*)) (buffer + 8*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
grblpfh = (float (*)) (buffer + 9*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
grblpfv = (float (*)) (buffer + 10*sizeof(float)*TS*TS);
if((height+border2)%(TS-border2)==0) vz1=1; else vz1=0;
if((width+border2)%(TS-border2)==0) hz1=1; else hz1=0;
vblsz=ceil((float)(height+border2)/(TS-border2)+2+vz1);
hblsz=ceil((float)(width+border2)/(TS-border2)+2+hz1);
//block CA shift values and weight assigned to block
char *buffer1; // vblsz*hblsz*(3*2+1)
float (*blockwt); // vblsz*hblsz
float (*blockshifts)[3][2]; // vblsz*hblsz*3*2
//float blockshifts[1000][3][2]; //fixed memory allocation
//float blockwt[1000]; //fixed memory allocation
buffer1 = (char *) malloc(vblsz*hblsz*(3*2+1)*sizeof(float));
//merror(buffer1,"CA_correct()");
memset(buffer1,0,vblsz*hblsz*(3*2+1)*sizeof(float));
// block CA shifts
blockwt = (float (*)) (buffer1);
blockshifts = (float (*)[3][2]) (buffer1+(vblsz*hblsz*sizeof(float)));
int vctr=0, hctr=0;
if (fabs(cared)<0.0001 && fabs(cablue)<0.0001) {
// Main algorithm: Tile loop
//#pragma omp parallel for shared(image,height,width) private(top,left,indx,indx1) schedule(dynamic)
for (top=-border, vblock=1; top < height; top += TS-border2, vblock++) {
hctr=0;
vctr++;
for (left=-border, hblock=1; left < width; left += TS-border2, hblock++) {
hctr++;
int bottom = MIN( top+TS,height+border);
int right = MIN(left+TS, width+border);
int rr1 = bottom - top;
int cc1 = right - left;
//t1_init = clock();
// rgb from input CFA data
// rgb values should be floating point number between 0 and 1
// after white balance multipliers are applied
if (top<0) {rrmin=border;} else {rrmin=0;}
if (left<0) {ccmin=border;} else {ccmin=0;}
if (bottom>height) {rrmax=height-top;} else {rrmax=rr1;}
if (right>width) {ccmax=width-left;} else {ccmax=cc1;}
for (rr=rrmin; rr < rrmax; rr++)
for (row=rr+top, cc=ccmin; cc < ccmax; cc++) {
col = cc+left;
c = FC(rr,cc);
indx=row*width+col;
indx1=rr*TS+cc;
//rgb[indx1][c] = (rawData[row][col])/65535.0f;
rgb[indx1][c] = image[indx][c]/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
// %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
//fill borders
if (rrmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=ccmin; cc<ccmax; cc++) {
c = FC(rr,cc);
rgb[rr*TS+cc][c] = rgb[(border2-rr)*TS+cc][c];
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=ccmin; cc<ccmax; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][left+cc])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+left+cc][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
}
if (ccmin>0) {
for (rr=rrmin; rr<rrmax; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
rgb[rr*TS+cc][c] = rgb[rr*TS+border2-cc][c];
}
}
if (ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=rrmin; rr<rrmax; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
// rgb[rr*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(top+rr)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[rr*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(top+rr)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
}
//also, fill the image corners
if (rrmin>0 && ccmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[border2-rr][border2-cc])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rgb[(border2-rr)*TS+(border2-cc)][c]);//for dcraw implementation
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1 && ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
}
if (rrmin>0 && ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(border2-rr)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(border2-rr)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1 && ccmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][(border2-cc)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+(border2-cc)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
}
}
//end of border fill
// %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
for (j=0; j<2; j++)
for (k=0; k<3; k++)
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
coeff[j][k][c]=0;
}
//end of initialization
for (rr=3; rr < rr1-3; rr++)
for (row=rr+top, cc=3, indx=rr*TS+cc; cc < cc1-3; cc++, indx++) {
col = cc+left;
c = FC(rr,cc);
if (c!=1) {
//compute directional weights using image gradients
wtu=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr-2)*TS+cc][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr-3)*TS+cc][1]));
wtd=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr+2)*TS+cc][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr+3)*TS+cc][1]));
wtl=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-2][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-3][1]));
wtr=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+2][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+3][1]));
//store in rgb array the interpolated G value at R/B grid points using directional weighted average
rgb[indx][1]=(wtu*rgb[indx-v1][1]+wtd*rgb[indx+v1][1]+wtl*rgb[indx-1][1]+wtr*rgb[indx+1][1])/(wtu+wtd+wtl+wtr);
}
if (row>-1 && row<height && col>-1 && col<width)
Gtmp[row*width + col] = rgb[indx][1];
}
for (rr=4; rr < rr1-4; rr++)
for (cc=4+(FC(rr,2)&1), indx=rr*TS+cc, c = FC(rr,cc); cc < cc1-4; cc+=2, indx+=2) {
rbhpfv[indx] = SQR(fabs((rgb[indx][1]-rgb[indx][c])-(rgb[indx+v4][1]-rgb[indx+v4][c])) + \
fabs((rgb[indx-v4][1]-rgb[indx-v4][c])-(rgb[indx][1]-rgb[indx][c])) - \
fabs((rgb[indx-v4][1]-rgb[indx-v4][c])-(rgb[indx+v4][1]-rgb[indx+v4][c])));
rbhpfh[indx] = SQR(fabs((rgb[indx][1]-rgb[indx][c])-(rgb[indx+4][1]-rgb[indx+4][c])) + \
fabs((rgb[indx-4][1]-rgb[indx-4][c])-(rgb[indx][1]-rgb[indx][c])) - \
fabs((rgb[indx-4][1]-rgb[indx-4][c])-(rgb[indx+4][1]-rgb[indx+4][c])));
glpfv = 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][1]+rgb[indx+v2][1]+rgb[indx-v2][1]);
glpfh = 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][1]+rgb[indx+2][1]+rgb[indx-2][1]);
rblpfv[indx] = eps+fabs(glpfv - 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][c]+rgb[indx+v2][c]+rgb[indx-v2][c]));
rblpfh[indx] = eps+fabs(glpfh - 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][c]+rgb[indx+2][c]+rgb[indx-2][c]));
grblpfv[indx] = glpfv + 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][c]+rgb[indx+v2][c]+rgb[indx-v2][c]);
grblpfh[indx] = glpfh + 0.25*(2*rgb[indx][c]+rgb[indx+2][c]+rgb[indx-2][c]);
}
for (c=0;c<3;c++) {areawt[0][c]=areawt[1][c]=0;}
// along line segments, find the point along each segment that minimizes the color variance
// averaged over the tile; evaluate for up/down and left/right away from R/B grid point
for (rr=rrmin+8; rr < rrmax-8; rr++)
for (cc=ccmin+8+(FC(rr,2)&1), indx=rr*TS+cc, c = FC(rr,cc); cc < ccmax-8; cc+=2, indx+=2) {
if (rgb[indx][c]>0.8*clip_pt || Gtmp[indx]>0.8*clip_pt) continue;
//in linear interpolation, color differences are a quadratic function of interpolation position;
//solve for the interpolation position that minimizes color difference variance over the tile
//vertical
gdiff=0.3125*(rgb[indx+TS][1]-rgb[indx-TS][1])+0.09375*(rgb[indx+TS+1][1]-rgb[indx-TS+1][1]+rgb[indx+TS-1][1]-rgb[indx-TS-1][1]);
deltgrb=(rgb[indx][c]-rgb[indx][1])-0.5*((rgb[indx-v4][c]-rgb[indx-v4][1])+(rgb[indx+v4][c]-rgb[indx+v4][1]));
gradwt=fabs(0.25*rbhpfv[indx]+0.125*(rbhpfv[indx+2]+rbhpfv[indx-2]) );//*(grblpfv[indx-v2]+grblpfv[indx+v2])/(eps+0.1*grblpfv[indx-v2]+rblpfv[indx-v2]+0.1*grblpfv[indx+v2]+rblpfv[indx+v2]);
if (gradwt>eps) {
coeff[0][0][c] += gradwt*deltgrb*deltgrb;
coeff[0][1][c] += gradwt*gdiff*deltgrb;
coeff[0][2][c] += gradwt*gdiff*gdiff;
areawt[0][c]++;
}
//horizontal
gdiff=0.3125*(rgb[indx+1][1]-rgb[indx-1][1])+0.09375*(rgb[indx+1+TS][1]-rgb[indx-1+TS][1]+rgb[indx+1-TS][1]-rgb[indx-1-TS][1]);
deltgrb=(rgb[indx][c]-rgb[indx][1])-0.5*((rgb[indx-4][c]-rgb[indx-4][1])+(rgb[indx+4][c]-rgb[indx+4][1]));
gradwt=fabs(0.25*rbhpfh[indx]+0.125*(rbhpfh[indx+v2]+rbhpfh[indx-v2]) );//*(grblpfh[indx-2]+grblpfh[indx+2])/(eps+0.1*grblpfh[indx-2]+rblpfh[indx-2]+0.1*grblpfh[indx+2]+rblpfh[indx+2]);
if (gradwt>eps) {
coeff[1][0][c] += gradwt*deltgrb*deltgrb;
coeff[1][1][c] += gradwt*gdiff*deltgrb;
coeff[1][2][c] += gradwt*gdiff*gdiff;
areawt[1][c]++;
}
// In Mathematica,
// f[x_]=Expand[Total[Flatten[
// ((1-x) RotateLeft[Gint,shift1]+x RotateLeft[Gint,shift2]-cfapad)^2[[dv;;-1;;2,dh;;-1;;2]]]]];
// extremum = -.5Coefficient[f[x],x]/Coefficient[f[x],x^2]
}
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2){
for (j=0; j<2; j++) {// vert/hor
//printf("hblock %d vblock %d j %d c %d areawt %d \n",hblock,vblock,j,c,areawt[j][c]);
//printf("hblock %d vblock %d j %d c %d areawt %d ",hblock,vblock,j,c,areawt[j][c]);
if (areawt[j][c]>0 && coeff[j][2][c]>eps2) {
CAshift[j][c]=coeff[j][1][c]/coeff[j][2][c];
blockwt[vblock*hblsz+hblock]= areawt[j][c];//*coeff[j][2][c]/(eps+coeff[j][0][c]) ;
} else {
CAshift[j][c]=17.0;
blockwt[vblock*hblsz+hblock]=0;
}
//if (c==0 && j==0) printf("vblock= %d hblock= %d denom= %f areawt= %d \n",vblock,hblock,coeff[j][2][c],areawt[j][c]);
//printf("%f \n",CAshift[j][c]);
//data structure = CAshift[vert/hor][color]
//j=0=vert, 1=hor
offset[j][c]=floor(CAshift[j][c]);
//offset gives NW corner of square containing the min; j=0=vert, 1=hor
if (fabs(CAshift[j][c])<2.0) {
blockave[j][c] += CAshift[j][c];
blocksqave[j][c] += SQR(CAshift[j][c]);
blockdenom[j][c] += 1;
}
}//vert/hor
}//color
/* CAshift[j][c] are the locations
that minimize color difference variances;
This is the approximate _optical_ location of the R/B pixels */
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
//evaluate the shifts to the location that minimizes CA within the tile
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]=(CAshift[0][c]); //vert CA shift for R/B
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]=(CAshift[1][c]); //hor CA shift for R/B
//data structure: blockshifts[blocknum][R/B][v/h]
//if (c==0) printf("vblock= %d hblock= %d blockshiftsmedian= %f \n",vblock,hblock,blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]);
}
// if(plistener) plistener->setProgress(0.5*fabs((float)top/height));
}
}
//end of diagnostic pass
for (j=0; j<2; j++)
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
if (blockdenom[j][c]) {
blockvar[j][c] = blocksqave[j][c]/blockdenom[j][c]-SQR(blockave[j][c]/blockdenom[j][c]);
} else {
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
fprintf (stderr,"blockdenom vanishes \n");
#endif
return;
}
}
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
if (verbose) fprintf (stderr,"tile variances %f %f %f %f \n",blockvar[0][0],blockvar[1][0],blockvar[0][2],blockvar[1][2] );
#endif
// %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
//now prepare for CA correction pass
//first, fill border blocks of blockshift array
for (vblock=1; vblock<vblsz-1; vblock++) {//left and right sides
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
for (i=0; i<2; i++) {
blockshifts[vblock*hblsz][c][i]=blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+2][c][i];
blockshifts[vblock*hblsz+hblsz-1][c][i]=blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblsz-3][c][i];
}
}
}
for (hblock=0; hblock<hblsz; hblock++) {//top and bottom sides
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
for (i=0; i<2; i++) {
blockshifts[hblock][c][i]=blockshifts[2*hblsz+hblock][c][i];
blockshifts[(vblsz-1)*hblsz+hblock][c][i]=blockshifts[(vblsz-3)*hblsz+hblock][c][i];
}
}
}
//end of filling border pixels of blockshift array
//initialize fit arrays
for (i=0; i<256; i++) {polymat[0][0][i] = polymat[0][1][i] = polymat[2][0][i] = polymat[2][1][i] = 0;}
for (i=0; i<16; i++) {shiftmat[0][0][i] = shiftmat[0][1][i] = shiftmat[2][0][i] = shiftmat[2][1][i] = 0;}
for (vblock=1; vblock<vblsz-1; vblock++)
for (hblock=1; hblock<hblsz-1; hblock++) {
// block 3x3 median of blockshifts for robustness
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
for (dir=0; dir<2; dir++) {
p[0] = blockshifts[(vblock-1)*hblsz+hblock-1][c][dir];
p[1] = blockshifts[(vblock-1)*hblsz+hblock][c][dir];
p[2] = blockshifts[(vblock-1)*hblsz+hblock+1][c][dir];
p[3] = blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock-1][c][dir];
p[4] = blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][dir];
p[5] = blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock+1][c][dir];
p[6] = blockshifts[(vblock+1)*hblsz+hblock-1][c][dir];
p[7] = blockshifts[(vblock+1)*hblsz+hblock][c][dir];
p[8] = blockshifts[(vblock+1)*hblsz+hblock+1][c][dir];
PIX_SORT(p[1],p[2]); PIX_SORT(p[4],p[5]); PIX_SORT(p[7],p[8]);
PIX_SORT(p[0],p[1]); PIX_SORT(p[3],p[4]); PIX_SORT(p[6],p[7]);
PIX_SORT(p[1],p[2]); PIX_SORT(p[4],p[5]); PIX_SORT(p[7],p[8]);
PIX_SORT(p[0],p[3]); PIX_SORT(p[5],p[8]); PIX_SORT(p[4],p[7]);
PIX_SORT(p[3],p[6]); PIX_SORT(p[1],p[4]); PIX_SORT(p[2],p[5]);
PIX_SORT(p[4],p[7]); PIX_SORT(p[4],p[2]); PIX_SORT(p[6],p[4]);
PIX_SORT(p[4],p[2]);
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][dir] = p[4];
//if (c==0 && dir==0) printf("vblock= %d hblock= %d blockshiftsmedian= %f \n",vblock,hblock,p[4]);
}
// if (verbose) fprintf (stderr,_("tile vshift hshift (%d %d %4f %4f)...\n"),vblock, hblock, blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0], blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]);
//now prepare coefficient matrix; use only data points within two std devs of zero
if (SQR(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0])>4.0*blockvar[0][c] || SQR(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1])>4.0*blockvar[1][c]) continue;
numblox[c] += 1;
for (dir=0; dir<2; dir++) {
for (i=0; i<polyord; i++) {
for (j=0; j<polyord; j++) {
for (m=0; m<polyord; m++)
for (n=0; n<polyord; n++) {
polymat[c][dir][numpar*(polyord*i+j)+(polyord*m+n)] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i+m)*pow((float)hblock,j+n)*blockwt[vblock*hblsz+hblock];
}
shiftmat[c][dir][(polyord*i+j)] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i)*pow((float)hblock,j)*blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][dir]*blockwt[vblock*hblsz+hblock];
}
//if (c==0 && dir==0) {printf("i= %d j= %d shiftmat= %f \n",i,j,shiftmat[c][dir][(polyord*i+j)]);}
}//monomials
}//dir
}//c
}//blocks
numblox[1]=MIN(numblox[0],numblox[2]);
//if too few data points, restrict the order of the fit to linear
if (numblox[1]<32) {
polyord=2; numpar=4;
if (numblox[1]< 10) {
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
fprintf (stderr,"numblox = %d \n",numblox[1]);
#endif
return;
}
}
//fit parameters to blockshifts
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2)
for (dir=0; dir<2; dir++) {
res = LinEqSolve2(numpar, polymat[c][dir], shiftmat[c][dir], fitparams[c][dir]);
if (res) {
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
if (verbose) fprintf (stderr,"CA correction pass failed -- can't solve linear equations for color %d direction %d...\n",c,dir);
#endif
return;
}
}
//fitparams[polyord*i+j] gives the coefficients of (vblock^i hblock^j) in a polynomial fit for i,j<=4
}
//end of initialization for CA correction pass
//only executed if cared and cablue are zero
// Main algorithm: Tile loop
//#pragma omp parallel for shared(image,height,width) private(top,left,indx,indx1) schedule(dynamic)
for (top=-border, vblock=1; top < height; top += TS-border2, vblock++)
for (left=-border, hblock=1; left < width; left += TS-border2, hblock++) {
int bottom = MIN( top+TS,height+border);
int right = MIN(left+TS, width+border);
int rr1 = bottom - top;
int cc1 = right - left;
//t1_init = clock();
// rgb from input CFA data
// rgb values should be floating point number between 0 and 1
// after white balance multipliers are applied
if (top<0) {rrmin=border;} else {rrmin=0;}
if (left<0) {ccmin=border;} else {ccmin=0;}
if (bottom>height) {rrmax=height-top;} else {rrmax=rr1;}
if (right>width) {ccmax=width-left;} else {ccmax=cc1;}
for (rr=rrmin; rr < rrmax; rr++)
for (row=rr+top, cc=ccmin; cc < ccmax; cc++) {
col = cc+left;
c = FC(rr,cc);
indx=row*width+col;
indx1=rr*TS+cc;
//rgb[indx1][c] = image[indx][c]/65535.0f;
//rgb[indx1][c] = (rawData[row][col])/65535.0f;
rgb[indx1][c] = image[indx][c]/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
if ((c&1)==0) rgb[indx1][1] = Gtmp[indx];
}
// %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
//fill borders
if (rrmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=ccmin; cc<ccmax; cc++) {
c = FC(rr,cc);
rgb[rr*TS+cc][c] = rgb[(border2-rr)*TS+cc][c];
rgb[rr*TS+cc][1] = rgb[(border2-rr)*TS+cc][1];
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=ccmin; cc<ccmax; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][left+cc])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+left+cc][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][1] = Gtmp[(height-rr-2)*width+left+cc];
}
}
if (ccmin>0) {
for (rr=rrmin; rr<rrmax; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
rgb[rr*TS+cc][c] = rgb[rr*TS+border2-cc][c];
rgb[rr*TS+cc][1] = rgb[rr*TS+border2-cc][1];
}
}
if (ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=rrmin; rr<rrmax; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[rr*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(top+rr)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[rr*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(top+rr)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
rgb[rr*TS+ccmax+cc][1] = Gtmp[(top+rr)*width+(width-cc-2)];
}
}
//also, fill the image corners
if (rrmin>0 && ccmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[border2-rr][border2-cc])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rgb[(border2-rr)*TS+(border2-cc)][c]);//for dcraw implementation
rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][1] = Gtmp[(border2-rr)*width+border2-cc];
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1 && ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
// rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][1] = Gtmp[(height-rr-2)*width+(width-cc-2)];
}
}
if (rrmin>0 && ccmax<cc1) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (rawData[(border2-rr)][(width-cc-2)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][c] = (image[(border2-rr)*width+(width-cc-2)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
rgb[(rr)*TS+ccmax+cc][1] = Gtmp[(border2-rr)*width+(width-cc-2)];
}
}
if (rrmax<rr1 && ccmin>0) {
for (rr=0; rr<border; rr++)
for (cc=0; cc<border; cc++) {
c=FC(rr,cc);
//rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (rawData[(height-rr-2)][(border2-cc)])/65535.0f;
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][c] = (image[(height-rr-2)*width+(border2-cc)][c])/65535.0f;//for dcraw implementation
rgb[(rrmax+rr)*TS+cc][1] = Gtmp[(height-rr-2)*width+(border2-cc)];
}
}
//end of border fill
// %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
if (cared || cablue) {
//manual CA correction; use red/blue slider values to set CA shift parameters
for (rr=3; rr < rr1-3; rr++)
for (row=rr+top, cc=3, indx=rr*TS+cc; cc < cc1-3; cc++, indx++) {
col = cc+left;
c = FC(rr,cc);
if (c!=1) {
//compute directional weights using image gradients
wtu=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr-2)*TS+cc][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr-3)*TS+cc][1]));
wtd=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr-1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr+2)*TS+cc][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr+1)*TS+cc][1]-rgb[(rr+3)*TS+cc][1]));
wtl=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-2][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-3][1]));
wtr=1/SQR(eps+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc-1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+2][c])+fabs(rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+1][1]-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc+3][1]));
//store in rgb array the interpolated G value at R/B grid points using directional weighted average
rgb[indx][1]=(wtu*rgb[indx-v1][1]+wtd*rgb[indx+v1][1]+wtl*rgb[indx-1][1]+wtr*rgb[indx+1][1])/(wtu+wtd+wtl+wtr);
}
if (row>-1 && row<height && col>-1 && col<width)
Gtmp[row*width + col] = rgb[indx][1];
}
float hfrac = -((float)(hblock-0.5)/(hblsz-2) - 0.5);
float vfrac = -((float)(vblock-0.5)/(vblsz-2) - 0.5)*height/width;
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0] = 2*vfrac*cared;
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1] = 2*hfrac*cared;
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][0] = 2*vfrac*cablue;
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][1] = 2*hfrac*cablue;
} else {
//CA auto correction; use CA diagnostic pass to set shift parameters
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0] = blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1] = 0;
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][0] = blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][1] = 0;
for (i=0; i<polyord; i++)
for (j=0; j<polyord; j++) {
//printf("i= %d j= %d polycoeff= %f \n",i,j,fitparams[0][0][polyord*i+j]);
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i)*pow((float)hblock,j)*fitparams[0][0][polyord*i+j];
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i)*pow((float)hblock,j)*fitparams[0][1][polyord*i+j];
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][0] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i)*pow((float)hblock,j)*fitparams[2][0][polyord*i+j];
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][1] += (float)pow((float)vblock,i)*pow((float)hblock,j)*fitparams[2][1][polyord*i+j];
}
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0] = LIM(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0], -bslim, bslim);
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1] = LIM(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1], -bslim, bslim);
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][0] = LIM(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][0], -bslim, bslim);
blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][1] = LIM(blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][2][1], -bslim, bslim);
}//end of setting CA shift parameters
//printf("vblock= %d hblock= %d vshift= %f hshift= %f \n",vblock,hblock,blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][0],blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][0][1]);
for (c=0; c<3; c+=2) {
//some parameters for the bilinear interpolation
shiftvfloor[c]=floor((float)blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]);
shiftvceil[c]=ceil((float)blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]);
shiftvfrac[c]=blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]-shiftvfloor[c];
shifthfloor[c]=floor((float)blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]);
shifthceil[c]=ceil((float)blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]);
shifthfrac[c]=blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]-shifthfloor[c];
if (blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][0]>0) {
GRBdir[0][c] = 1;
} else {
GRBdir[0][c] = -1;
}
if (blockshifts[(vblock)*hblsz+hblock][c][1]>0) {
GRBdir[1][c] = 1;
} else {
GRBdir[1][c] = -1;
}
}
for (rr=4; rr < rr1-4; rr++)
for (cc=4+(FC(rr,2)&1), c = FC(rr,cc); cc < cc1-4; cc+=2) {
//perform CA correction using color ratios or color differences
Ginthfloor=(1-shifthfrac[c])*rgb[(rr+shiftvfloor[c])*TS+cc+shifthfloor[c]][1]+(shifthfrac[c])*rgb[(rr+shiftvfloor[c])*TS+cc+shifthceil[c]][1];
Ginthceil=(1-shifthfrac[c])*rgb[(rr+shiftvceil[c])*TS+cc+shifthfloor[c]][1]+(shifthfrac[c])*rgb[(rr+shiftvceil[c])*TS+cc+shifthceil[c]][1];
//Gint is blinear interpolation of G at CA shift point
Gint=(1-shiftvfrac[c])*Ginthfloor+(shiftvfrac[c])*Ginthceil;
//determine R/B at grid points using color differences at shift point plus interpolated G value at grid point
//but first we need to interpolate G-R/G-B to grid points...
grbdiff[(rr)*TS+cc]=Gint-rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c];
gshift[(rr)*TS+cc]=Gint;
}
for (rr=8; rr < rr1-8; rr++)
for (cc=8+(FC(rr,2)&1), c = FC(rr,cc), indx=rr*TS+cc; cc < cc1-8; cc+=2, indx+=2) {
//if (rgb[indx][c]>clip_pt || Gtmp[indx]>clip_pt) continue;
grbdiffold = rgb[indx][1]-rgb[indx][c];
//interpolate color difference from optical R/B locations to grid locations
//gradient weights using difference from G at CA shift points and G at grid points
p[0]=1/(eps+fabs(rgb[indx][1]-gshift[indx]));
p[1]=1/(eps+fabs(rgb[indx][1]-gshift[indx-2*GRBdir[1][c]]));
p[2]=1/(eps+fabs(rgb[indx][1]-gshift[(rr-2*GRBdir[0][c])*TS+cc]));
p[3]=1/(eps+fabs(rgb[indx][1]-gshift[(rr-2*GRBdir[0][c])*TS+cc-2*GRBdir[1][c]]));
grbdiffint = (p[0]*grbdiff[indx]+p[1]*grbdiff[indx-2*GRBdir[1][c]]+ p[2]*grbdiff[(rr-2*GRBdir[0][c])*TS+cc]+p[3]*grbdiff[(rr-2*GRBdir[0][c])*TS+cc-2*GRBdir[1][c]])/(p[0]+p[1]+p[2]+p[3]);
//now determine R/B at grid points using interpolated color differences and interpolated G value at grid point
if (fabs(grbdiffold)>fabs(grbdiffint) ) {
rgb[indx][c]=rgb[indx][1]-grbdiffint;
}
//if color difference interpolation overshot the correction, just desaturate
if (grbdiffold*grbdiffint<0) {
rgb[indx][c]=rgb[indx][1]-0.5*(grbdiffold+grbdiffint);
}
}
// copy CA corrected results back to image matrix
for (rr=border; rr < rr1-border; rr++)
for (row=rr+top, cc=border+(FC(rr,2)&1); cc < cc1-border; cc+=2) {
col = cc + left;
indx = row*width + col;
c = FC(row,col);
//rawData[row][col] = CLIP((int)(65535.0f*rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] + 0.5f));
image[indx][c] = CLIP((int)(65535.0*rgb[(rr)*TS+cc][c] + 0.5));//for dcraw implementation
}
//if(plistener) plistener->setProgress(0.5+0.5*fabs((float)top/height));
}
// clean up
free(buffer);
free(Gtmp);
free(buffer1);
t2 = clock();
dt = ((double)(t2-t1)) / CLOCKS_PER_SEC;
#ifdef DCRAW_VERBOSE
if (verbose) {
fprintf(stderr,_("elapsed time = %5.3fs\n"),dt);
/* fprintf(stderr,_(" MAIN = %5.3fs\n"),
(double)t2_main/CLOCKS_PER_SEC); */
}
#endif
#undef TS
//#undef border
//#undef border2
#undef PIX_SORT
#undef SQR
}
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