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Koha 3 - the next-generation release of the award-winning Koha open-source
integrated library system.
Koha is the first open-source Integrated Library System. Developed initially in
New Zealand by Katipo Communications, Ltd and first deployed in January of 2000
for the Horowhenua Library Trust, it is currently maintained by a team of
software providers and library technology staff from around the globe. Learn
more about the Koha project at
You need to have a server running Perl 5.10 or later, MySQL 5, Zebra
2.0.22 or greater and a webserver (preferably Apache2) before installing
MySQL 5: Create a database called 'koha,' owned by 'kohaadmin'
user, with a password set. Note: kohaadmin must have at least the
Default installation instructions:
1. perl Makefile.PL
(you will be prompted to answer a number of questions and you will
need to install some Perl dependencies)
1.1 recent versions of CGI::Session have caused some issues for users;
as of this release date, we suggest downloading the CGI::Session::serialize::yaml
tarball direct from CPAN and install it directly rather than using the cpan command
1.2. Optional foreign language installation:
If you would like more languages and not only English,
cd misc/translator
perl translate install fr-FR # or use your preferred language codes
2. make
3.(optional) make test
4. sudo make install
5. sudo ln -s /etc/koha/koha-httpd.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/koha
(note that the path to koha-httpd.conf may be different depending on your
installation choices)
6. sudo a2enmod rewrite deflate
7. sudo a2ensite koha && /etc/init.d/apache2 reload
8. sudo zebrasrv -f /etc/koha/koha-conf.xml
(note that you will want to run Zebra in daemon mode for a production
9. Browse to http://servername:8080/ and answer the questions
10. Optionally add a robots.txt file. See README.robots for details
OR if you want to install all dependencies from CPAN and are root, you can
replace steps 1-3 with "perl" but this is non-standard and
may not be safe. Nevertheless, it's pretty cool when it works.
The defaults will install Koha to places that follow relevant standards,
such as the File Hierarchy Standard. If you want to install Koha to a
different directory like /opt/koha, then replace step 1 with (for example):
1. perl Makefile.PL INTRANET_CGI_DIR=/www/cgi-bin
You can change most of the defaults in a similar way, such as DB_HOST.
For full instructions on how to override the default settings, run
$ perldoc rewrite-config.PL
If you are running in another language other than english, please
switch to english before doing the upgrade, the templating system has
changed and the templates will need to be regenerated.
Once you have upgraded, please regenerate your templates in your
chosen languages.
If you are upgrading from a previous installation of Koha 3.x, you can
use the following:
./ -u -m # to identify new Perl dependencies
Install any missing modules
IMPORTANT: Koha 3.4.0 and greater uses Template::Toolkit, this must be installed
before the webinstaller can run
On debian/ubuntu
sudo apt-get install libtemplate-perl
Other Linux/Unix platforms
Use the packaged version or install from CPAN
cpan Template
perl Makefile.PL --prev-install-log /path/to/koha-install-log
make test
sudo make upgrade
Koha 3.4.x or later no longer stores items in biblio records.
If you are upgrading from an older version ou will need to do the
following two steps, they can take a long time (several hours) to
complete for large databases
misc/maintenance/ --run
misc/migration_tools/ -b -r
1. Running the Web Installer allows you to install sample data for libraries, patrons, etc.
but you may want to install additional data such as bibliographic and authorities.
Once the installer has completed, you can import and index MARC records from the
command line thusly (Note: you can also use the 'Stage MARC records for import' from
the Tools area of Koha's Staff Client to import a batch of MARC records):
$ export KOHA_CONF=/usr/share/koha/etc/koha-conf.xml
(note: use the correct path to your koha-conf.xml)
2. Import:
Bibliographic data in MARC21 format
$ misc/migration_tools/ -file /path/to/marc.iso2709
Authority data in MARC21 format
$ misc/migration_tools/ -file /path/to/auth.iso2709
3. Fast Index:
$ misc/migration_tools/ -b -w
Once the indexing has completed, you will be able to search for records in your
system. NOTE: if you don't run the Fast Index utility, and you have the index
updates scheduled as per 7.3 the indexing process will happen in the background,
but it will be orders of magnitude slower.
4. Schedule regular index updates
run -b -a -z as a regular cron job, check the 'misc/cronjobs/crontab.example' file for usage examples
You can also configure zebra-indexing as an background daemon, see
5. To enable public Z39.50/SRU servers, you'll need to edit your koha-conf.xml and
change the <listen> options to listen on a TCP port; then restart the zebra daemon.
IF THIS IS A PRE-RELEASE TREE: please contact developers by email via
IF THIS IS A RELEASED VERSION: please see the support pages at
Released versions usually have three-digit numbers, like 3.06.00,
while other version number styles are usually snapshots or previews.
For instructions on how to package releases, run perldoc Makefile.PL