PowerDNS DNS Provider
This is a drop-in provider for apnscp to enable DNS support using PowerDNS. This module may use PostgreSQL or MySQL as a backend driver.
Clone the repository into the Bootstrapper addin path. Note this requires either apnscp v3.1 or apnscp v3.0.47 minimum to work.
upcp cd /usr/local/apnscp/resources/playbooks git clone https://github.com/LithiumHosting/apnscp-powerdns.git addins/apnscp-powerdns ansible-playbook addin.yml --extra-vars=addin=apnscp-powerdns
PostgreSQL can be used by specifying powerdns_driver=pgsql, cpcmd config:set will accomplish this:
cpcmd config:set apnscp.bootstrapper powerdns_driver pgsql ansible-playbook addin.yml --extra-vars=addin=apnscp-powerdns
PowerDNS is now setup to accept requests on port 8081. Requests require an authorization key that can be found in
# Install jq if not already installed yum install -y jq # This is your API key grep '^api-key=' /etc/pdns/pdns.conf | cut -d= -f2 curl -v -H 'X-API-Key: APIKEYABOVE' http://127.0.0.1:8081/api/v1/servers/localhost | jq .
apnscp provides a DNS-only license class that allows apnscp to run on a server without the capability to host sites. These licenses are free and may be requested via my.apnscp.com. Contact email@example.com if these licenses are not available at time of writing for manual issuance.
Remote PowerDNS (alternate install)
Alternatively, apnscp can be configured to connect to a remote PowerDNS server. This is useful if running a DNS cluster and want every apnscp server to connect to it.
upcp cd /usr/local/apnscp git submodule add https://github.com/LithiumHosting/apnscp-powerdns.git resources/playbooks/addins/apnscp-powerdns ln -rs resources/playbooks/addins/apnscp-powerdns/src lib/Opcenter/Dns/Providers/Powerdns
Proced with the setup in section "apnscp DNS provider setup" below. The API key will be sourced from your remote server.
git submodule vs git clone usage
Astute observers will notice
git clone used in the first example and
git submodule in the above. Any submodule added to apnscp will automatically update with
upcp. Any repository cloned via
git clone is not updated with
upcp. The choice is yours.
Idempotently changing configuration
PowerDNS may be configured via files in
/etc/pdns/local.d. In addition to this location, Bootstrapper supports injecting settings via
powerdns_custom_config. For example,
cpcmd config:set apnscp.bootstrapper 'powerdns_custom_config' '["allow-axfr-ips":220.127.116.11,"also-notify":18.104.22.168]' cd /usr/local/apnscp/resources/playbooks ansible-playbook addin.yml --extra-vars=addin=apnscp-powerdns
allow-axfr-ips and also-notify directives will be set whenever the addin plays are run.
Enabling ALIAS support
ALIAS is a synthetic record that allows CNAME records to be set on the zone apex. ALIAS records require
powerdns_enable_recursion to be enabled as well as an optional
powerdns_recursive_ns to be set otherwise it will default to the system in
cpcmd config:set apnscp.bootstrapper powerdns_enable_recursion true cpcmd config:set apnscp.bootstrapper powerdns_recursive_ns '[22.214.171.124,126.96.36.199]' # Then re-run the addin... cd /usr/local/apnscp/resources/playbooks ansible-playbook addin.yml --extra-vars=addin=apnscp-powerdns
Remote API access
In the above example, only local requests may submit DNS modifications to the server. None of the below examples affect querying; DNS queries occur over 53/UDP typically (or 53/TCP if packet size exceeds UDP limits). Depending upon infrastructure, there are a few options to securely accept record submission, all of which require an API key for submission.
SSL + Apache
ProxyPass directive send requests to the backend. Brute-force attempts are protected by mod_evasive bundled with apnscp. Requests over this medium are protected by SSL, without HTTP/2 to ameliorate handshake overhead. In all but the very high volume API request environments, this will be acceptable.
In this situation, the endpoint is https://myserver.apnscp.com/dns. Changes are made to
/etc/httpd/conf/httpd-custom.conf within the
<VirtualHost ... :443> bracket (with
SSLEngine On!). After adding the below changes,
systemctl restart httpd.
<Location /dns> ProxyPass http://127.0.0.1:8081 ProxyPassReverse http://127.0.0.1:8081 </Location>
Downsides: minor SSL overhead. Dependent upon Apache.
Upsides: easy to setup. Protected by threat deterrence. PowerDNS accessible remotely via an easily controlled URI.
In the above example, API requests can be made via https://myserver.apnscp.com/dns, e.g.
curl -q -H 'X-API-Key: SOMEKEY' https://myserver.apnscp.com/dns/api/v1/servers/localhost
Disabling brute-force throttling
As hinted above, placing PowerDNS behind Apache confers brute-force protection by mod_evasive. By default, 10 of the same requests in 2 seconds can trigger a brute-force block. Two solutions exist, either raise the same-page request threshold or disable mod_evasive.
Working off the example above <Location /dns> ...
<Location /dns> # Raise threshold to 30 same-page requests in 2 seconds DOSPageCount 30 DOSPageInterval 2 # Or disable entirely DOSEnabled off </Location>
PowerDNS can also run by itself on a different port. In this situation, the network is configured to block all external requests to port 8081 except those whitelisted. For example, if the entire 188.8.131.52-184.108.40.206 network can be trusted and under your control, then whitelist the IP range:
cpcmd rampart:whitelist 220.127.116.11/24
Additionally, PowerDNS' whitelist must be updated as well. This can be quickly accomplished using the apnscp.bootstrapper Scope:
cpcmd config:set apnscp.bootstrapper powerdns_localonly false cd /usr/local/apnscp/resources/playbooks ansible-playbook addin.yml --extra-vars=addin=apnscp-powerdns
Downsides: requires whitelisting IP addresses for access to API server. Must run on port different than Apache.
Upsides: operates independently from Apache.
The server may be accessed once the source IP has been whitelisted,
curl -q -H 'X-API-Key: SOMEKEY' http://myserver.apnscp.com/api/v1/servers/localhost
apnscp DNS provider setup
Every server that runs apnscp may delegate DNS authority to PowerDNS. This is ideal in distributed infrastructures in which coordination allows for seamless server-to-server migrations.
Taking the API key from above and using the SSL + Apache approach above, let's configure
/usr/local/apnscp/config/auth.yaml. Configuration within this file is secret and is not exposed via apnscp's API. Once set restart apnscp to compile configuration,
systemctl restart apnscp.
pdns: # This url may be different if using running PowerDNS in standalone uri: https://myserver.apnscp.com/dns/api/v1 key: your_api_key_here ns: - ns1.yourdomain.com - ns2.yourdomain.com recursion: false ## Optional additional nameservers
urivalue is the hostname of your master PowerDNS server running the HTTP API webserver (without a trailing slash)
keyvalue is the API Key in
pdns.confon the master nameserver.
nsvalue is a list of nameservers as in the example above. Put nameservers on their own lines prefixed with a hyphen and indented accordingly. There is not currently a limit for the number of nameservers you may use, 2-5 is typical and should be geographically distributed per RFC 2182.
recursioncontrols ALIAS records, which are CNAMEs on apex (RFC 1034). Enabling requires configuration of
Setting as default
PowerDNS may be configured as the default provider for all sites using the
dns.default-provider Scope. When adding a site in Nexus or AddDomain the key will be replaced with "DEFAULT". This is substituted automatically on account creation.
cpcmd config:set dns.default-provider powerdns
Do not set dns.default-provider-key. API key is configured via
- Module- overrides Dns_Module behavior
- Validator- service validator, checks input with AddDomain/EditDomain helpers
Minimal module methods
All module methods can be overwritten. The following are the bare minimum that are overwritten for this DNS provider to work:
atomicUpdate()attempts a record modification, which must retain the original record if it fails
zoneAxfr()returns all DNS records
add_record()add a DNS record
remove_record()removes a DNS record
get_hosting_nameservers()returns nameservers for the DNS provider
add_zone_backend()creates DNS zone
remove_zone_backend()removes a DNS zone
See also: Creating a provider (hq.apnscp.com)
Submit a PR and have fun!