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/*
* jdcolor.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991-1997, Thomas G. Lane.
* Modified 2011 by Guido Vollbeding.
* This file is part of the Independent JPEG Group's software.
* For conditions of distribution and use, see the accompanying README file.
*
* This file contains output colorspace conversion routines.
*/
#define JPEG_INTERNALS
#include "jinclude.h"
#include "jpeglib.h"
/* Private subobject */
typedef struct {
struct jpeg_color_deconverter pub; /* public fields */
/* Private state for YCC->RGB conversion */
int * Cr_r_tab; /* => table for Cr to R conversion */
int * Cb_b_tab; /* => table for Cb to B conversion */
INT32 * Cr_g_tab; /* => table for Cr to G conversion */
INT32 * Cb_g_tab; /* => table for Cb to G conversion */
/* Private state for RGB->Y conversion */
INT32 * rgb_y_tab; /* => table for RGB to Y conversion */
} my_color_deconverter;
typedef my_color_deconverter * my_cconvert_ptr;
/**************** YCbCr -> RGB conversion: most common case **************/
/**************** RGB -> Y conversion: less common case **************/
/*
* YCbCr is defined per CCIR 601-1, except that Cb and Cr are
* normalized to the range 0..MAXJSAMPLE rather than -0.5 .. 0.5.
* The conversion equations to be implemented are therefore
*
* R = Y + 1.40200 * Cr
* G = Y - 0.34414 * Cb - 0.71414 * Cr
* B = Y + 1.77200 * Cb
*
* Y = 0.29900 * R + 0.58700 * G + 0.11400 * B
*
* where Cb and Cr represent the incoming values less CENTERJSAMPLE.
* (These numbers are derived from TIFF 6.0 section 21, dated 3-June-92.)
*
* To avoid floating-point arithmetic, we represent the fractional constants
* as integers scaled up by 2^16 (about 4 digits precision); we have to divide
* the products by 2^16, with appropriate rounding, to get the correct answer.
* Notice that Y, being an integral input, does not contribute any fraction
* so it need not participate in the rounding.
*
* For even more speed, we avoid doing any multiplications in the inner loop
* by precalculating the constants times Cb and Cr for all possible values.
* For 8-bit JSAMPLEs this is very reasonable (only 256 entries per table);
* for 12-bit samples it is still acceptable. It's not very reasonable for
* 16-bit samples, but if you want lossless storage you shouldn't be changing
* colorspace anyway.
* The Cr=>R and Cb=>B values can be rounded to integers in advance; the
* values for the G calculation are left scaled up, since we must add them
* together before rounding.
*/
#define SCALEBITS 16 /* speediest right-shift on some machines */
#define ONE_HALF ((INT32) 1 << (SCALEBITS-1))
#define FIX(x) ((INT32) ((x) * (1L<<SCALEBITS) + 0.5))
/* We allocate one big table for RGB->Y conversion and divide it up into
* three parts, instead of doing three alloc_small requests. This lets us
* use a single table base address, which can be held in a register in the
* inner loops on many machines (more than can hold all three addresses,
* anyway).
*/
#define R_Y_OFF 0 /* offset to R => Y section */
#define G_Y_OFF (1*(MAXJSAMPLE+1)) /* offset to G => Y section */
#define B_Y_OFF (2*(MAXJSAMPLE+1)) /* etc. */
#define TABLE_SIZE (3*(MAXJSAMPLE+1))
/*
* Initialize tables for YCC->RGB colorspace conversion.
*/
LOCAL(void)
build_ycc_rgb_table (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr) cinfo->cconvert;
int i;
INT32 x;
SHIFT_TEMPS
cconvert->Cr_r_tab = (int *)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
(MAXJSAMPLE+1) * SIZEOF(int));
cconvert->Cb_b_tab = (int *)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
(MAXJSAMPLE+1) * SIZEOF(int));
cconvert->Cr_g_tab = (INT32 *)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
(MAXJSAMPLE+1) * SIZEOF(INT32));
cconvert->Cb_g_tab = (INT32 *)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
(MAXJSAMPLE+1) * SIZEOF(INT32));
for (i = 0, x = -CENTERJSAMPLE; i <= MAXJSAMPLE; i++, x++) {
/* i is the actual input pixel value, in the range 0..MAXJSAMPLE */
/* The Cb or Cr value we are thinking of is x = i - CENTERJSAMPLE */
/* Cr=>R value is nearest int to 1.40200 * x */
cconvert->Cr_r_tab[i] = (int)
RIGHT_SHIFT(FIX(1.40200) * x + ONE_HALF, SCALEBITS);
/* Cb=>B value is nearest int to 1.77200 * x */
cconvert->Cb_b_tab[i] = (int)
RIGHT_SHIFT(FIX(1.77200) * x + ONE_HALF, SCALEBITS);
/* Cr=>G value is scaled-up -0.71414 * x */
cconvert->Cr_g_tab[i] = (- FIX(0.71414)) * x;
/* Cb=>G value is scaled-up -0.34414 * x */
/* We also add in ONE_HALF so that need not do it in inner loop */
cconvert->Cb_g_tab[i] = (- FIX(0.34414)) * x + ONE_HALF;
}
}
/*
* Convert some rows of samples to the output colorspace.
*
* Note that we change from noninterleaved, one-plane-per-component format
* to interleaved-pixel format. The output buffer is therefore three times
* as wide as the input buffer.
* A starting row offset is provided only for the input buffer. The caller
* can easily adjust the passed output_buf value to accommodate any row
* offset required on that side.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
ycc_rgb_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr) cinfo->cconvert;
register int y, cb, cr;
register JSAMPROW outptr;
register JSAMPROW inptr0, inptr1, inptr2;
register JDIMENSION col;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
/* copy these pointers into registers if possible */
register JSAMPLE * range_limit = cinfo->sample_range_limit;
register int * Crrtab = cconvert->Cr_r_tab;
register int * Cbbtab = cconvert->Cb_b_tab;
register INT32 * Crgtab = cconvert->Cr_g_tab;
register INT32 * Cbgtab = cconvert->Cb_g_tab;
SHIFT_TEMPS
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
inptr0 = input_buf[0][input_row];
inptr1 = input_buf[1][input_row];
inptr2 = input_buf[2][input_row];
input_row++;
outptr = *output_buf++;
for (col = 0; col < num_cols; col++) {
y = GETJSAMPLE(inptr0[col]);
cb = GETJSAMPLE(inptr1[col]);
cr = GETJSAMPLE(inptr2[col]);
/* Range-limiting is essential due to noise introduced by DCT losses. */
outptr[RGB_RED] = range_limit[y + Crrtab[cr]];
outptr[RGB_GREEN] = range_limit[y +
((int) RIGHT_SHIFT(Cbgtab[cb] + Crgtab[cr],
SCALEBITS))];
outptr[RGB_BLUE] = range_limit[y + Cbbtab[cb]];
outptr += RGB_PIXELSIZE;
}
}
}
/**************** Cases other than YCbCr -> RGB **************/
/*
* Initialize for RGB->grayscale colorspace conversion.
*/
LOCAL(void)
build_rgb_y_table (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr) cinfo->cconvert;
INT32 * rgb_y_tab;
INT32 i;
/* Allocate and fill in the conversion tables. */
cconvert->rgb_y_tab = rgb_y_tab = (INT32 *)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
(TABLE_SIZE * SIZEOF(INT32)));
for (i = 0; i <= MAXJSAMPLE; i++) {
rgb_y_tab[i+R_Y_OFF] = FIX(0.29900) * i;
rgb_y_tab[i+G_Y_OFF] = FIX(0.58700) * i;
rgb_y_tab[i+B_Y_OFF] = FIX(0.11400) * i + ONE_HALF;
}
}
/*
* Convert RGB to grayscale.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
rgb_gray_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr) cinfo->cconvert;
register int r, g, b;
register INT32 * ctab = cconvert->rgb_y_tab;
register JSAMPROW outptr;
register JSAMPROW inptr0, inptr1, inptr2;
register JDIMENSION col;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
inptr0 = input_buf[0][input_row];
inptr1 = input_buf[1][input_row];
inptr2 = input_buf[2][input_row];
input_row++;
outptr = *output_buf++;
for (col = 0; col < num_cols; col++) {
r = GETJSAMPLE(inptr0[col]);
g = GETJSAMPLE(inptr1[col]);
b = GETJSAMPLE(inptr2[col]);
/* Y */
outptr[col] = (JSAMPLE)
((ctab[r+R_Y_OFF] + ctab[g+G_Y_OFF] + ctab[b+B_Y_OFF])
>> SCALEBITS);
}
}
}
/*
* No colorspace change, but conversion from separate-planes
* to interleaved representation.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
rgb_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
register JSAMPROW outptr;
register JSAMPROW inptr0, inptr1, inptr2;
register JDIMENSION col;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
inptr0 = input_buf[0][input_row];
inptr1 = input_buf[1][input_row];
inptr2 = input_buf[2][input_row];
input_row++;
outptr = *output_buf++;
for (col = 0; col < num_cols; col++) {
/* We can dispense with GETJSAMPLE() here */
outptr[RGB_RED] = inptr0[col];
outptr[RGB_GREEN] = inptr1[col];
outptr[RGB_BLUE] = inptr2[col];
outptr += RGB_PIXELSIZE;
}
}
}
/*
* Color conversion for no colorspace change: just copy the data,
* converting from separate-planes to interleaved representation.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
null_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
register JSAMPROW inptr, outptr;
register JDIMENSION count;
register int num_components = cinfo->num_components;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
int ci;
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
for (ci = 0; ci < num_components; ci++) {
inptr = input_buf[ci][input_row];
outptr = output_buf[0] + ci;
for (count = num_cols; count > 0; count--) {
*outptr = *inptr++; /* needn't bother with GETJSAMPLE() here */
outptr += num_components;
}
}
input_row++;
output_buf++;
}
}
/*
* Color conversion for grayscale: just copy the data.
* This also works for YCbCr -> grayscale conversion, in which
* we just copy the Y (luminance) component and ignore chrominance.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
grayscale_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
jcopy_sample_rows(input_buf[0], (int) input_row, output_buf, 0,
num_rows, cinfo->output_width);
}
/*
* Convert grayscale to RGB: just duplicate the graylevel three times.
* This is provided to support applications that don't want to cope
* with grayscale as a separate case.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
gray_rgb_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
register JSAMPROW inptr, outptr;
register JDIMENSION col;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
inptr = input_buf[0][input_row++];
outptr = *output_buf++;
for (col = 0; col < num_cols; col++) {
/* We can dispense with GETJSAMPLE() here */
outptr[RGB_RED] = outptr[RGB_GREEN] = outptr[RGB_BLUE] = inptr[col];
outptr += RGB_PIXELSIZE;
}
}
}
/*
* Adobe-style YCCK->CMYK conversion.
* We convert YCbCr to R=1-C, G=1-M, and B=1-Y using the same
* conversion as above, while passing K (black) unchanged.
* We assume build_ycc_rgb_table has been called.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
ycck_cmyk_convert (j_decompress_ptr cinfo,
JSAMPIMAGE input_buf, JDIMENSION input_row,
JSAMPARRAY output_buf, int num_rows)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr) cinfo->cconvert;
register int y, cb, cr;
register JSAMPROW outptr;
register JSAMPROW inptr0, inptr1, inptr2, inptr3;
register JDIMENSION col;
JDIMENSION num_cols = cinfo->output_width;
/* copy these pointers into registers if possible */
register JSAMPLE * range_limit = cinfo->sample_range_limit;
register int * Crrtab = cconvert->Cr_r_tab;
register int * Cbbtab = cconvert->Cb_b_tab;
register INT32 * Crgtab = cconvert->Cr_g_tab;
register INT32 * Cbgtab = cconvert->Cb_g_tab;
SHIFT_TEMPS
while (--num_rows >= 0) {
inptr0 = input_buf[0][input_row];
inptr1 = input_buf[1][input_row];
inptr2 = input_buf[2][input_row];
inptr3 = input_buf[3][input_row];
input_row++;
outptr = *output_buf++;
for (col = 0; col < num_cols; col++) {
y = GETJSAMPLE(inptr0[col]);
cb = GETJSAMPLE(inptr1[col]);
cr = GETJSAMPLE(inptr2[col]);
/* Range-limiting is essential due to noise introduced by DCT losses. */
outptr[0] = range_limit[MAXJSAMPLE - (y + Crrtab[cr])]; /* red */
outptr[1] = range_limit[MAXJSAMPLE - (y + /* green */
((int) RIGHT_SHIFT(Cbgtab[cb] + Crgtab[cr],
SCALEBITS)))];
outptr[2] = range_limit[MAXJSAMPLE - (y + Cbbtab[cb])]; /* blue */
/* K passes through unchanged */
outptr[3] = inptr3[col]; /* don't need GETJSAMPLE here */
outptr += 4;
}
}
}
/*
* Empty method for start_pass.
*/
METHODDEF(void)
start_pass_dcolor (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
/* no work needed */
}
/*
* Module initialization routine for output colorspace conversion.
*/
GLOBAL(void)
jinit_color_deconverter (j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
my_cconvert_ptr cconvert;
int ci;
cconvert = (my_cconvert_ptr)
(*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_IMAGE,
SIZEOF(my_color_deconverter));
cinfo->cconvert = (struct jpeg_color_deconverter *) cconvert;
cconvert->pub.start_pass = start_pass_dcolor;
/* Make sure num_components agrees with jpeg_color_space */
switch (cinfo->jpeg_color_space) {
case JCS_GRAYSCALE:
if (cinfo->num_components != 1)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_BAD_J_COLORSPACE);
break;
case JCS_RGB:
case JCS_YCbCr:
if (cinfo->num_components != 3)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_BAD_J_COLORSPACE);
break;
case JCS_CMYK:
case JCS_YCCK:
if (cinfo->num_components != 4)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_BAD_J_COLORSPACE);
break;
default: /* JCS_UNKNOWN can be anything */
if (cinfo->num_components < 1)
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_BAD_J_COLORSPACE);
break;
}
/* Set out_color_components and conversion method based on requested space.
* Also clear the component_needed flags for any unused components,
* so that earlier pipeline stages can avoid useless computation.
*/
switch (cinfo->out_color_space) {
case JCS_GRAYSCALE:
cinfo->out_color_components = 1;
if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_GRAYSCALE ||
cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_YCbCr) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = grayscale_convert;
/* For color->grayscale conversion, only the Y (0) component is needed */
for (ci = 1; ci < cinfo->num_components; ci++)
cinfo->comp_info[ci].component_needed = FALSE;
} else if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_RGB) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = rgb_gray_convert;
build_rgb_y_table(cinfo);
} else
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_CONVERSION_NOTIMPL);
break;
case JCS_RGB:
cinfo->out_color_components = RGB_PIXELSIZE;
if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_YCbCr) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = ycc_rgb_convert;
build_ycc_rgb_table(cinfo);
} else if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_GRAYSCALE) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = gray_rgb_convert;
} else if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_RGB) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = rgb_convert;
} else
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_CONVERSION_NOTIMPL);
break;
case JCS_CMYK:
cinfo->out_color_components = 4;
if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_YCCK) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = ycck_cmyk_convert;
build_ycc_rgb_table(cinfo);
} else if (cinfo->jpeg_color_space == JCS_CMYK) {
cconvert->pub.color_convert = null_convert;
} else
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_CONVERSION_NOTIMPL);
break;
default:
/* Permit null conversion to same output space */
if (cinfo->out_color_space == cinfo->jpeg_color_space) {
cinfo->out_color_components = cinfo->num_components;
cconvert->pub.color_convert = null_convert;
} else /* unsupported non-null conversion */
ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_CONVERSION_NOTIMPL);
break;
}
if (cinfo->quantize_colors)
cinfo->output_components = 1; /* single colormapped output component */
else
cinfo->output_components = cinfo->out_color_components;
}
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