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{
"namespace": "cryptocurrency-threat",
"description": "Threats targetting cryptocurrency, based on CipherTrace report.",
"version": 1,
"predicates": [
{
"value": "SIM Swapping",
"expanded": "An identity theft technique that takes over a victim's mobile device to steal credentials and break into wallets or exchange accounts to steal cryptocurrency."
},
{
"value": "Crypto Dusting",
"expanded": "A new form of blockchain spam that erodes the recipient's reputation by sending cryptocurrency from known money mixers."
},
{
"value": "Sanction Evasion",
"expanded": "Nation states using cryptocurrencies has been promoted by the Iranian and Venezuelan governments."
},
{
"value": "Next-Generation Crypto Mixers",
"expanded": "Money laundering services that promise to exchange tainted tokens for freshly mined crypto, but in reality, cleanse cryptocurrency through exchanges."
},
{
"value": "Shadow Money Service Businesses",
"expanded": "Unlicensed Money Service Businesses (MSBs) banking cryptocurrency without the knowledge of host financial institutions, and thus exposing banks to unknown risk."
},
{
"value": "Datacenter-Scale Crypto Jacking: ",
"expanded": "Takeover attacks that mine for cryptocurrency at a massive scale have been discovered in datacenters, including AWS."
},
{
"value": "Lightning Network Transactions",
"expanded": "Enable anonymous bitcoin transactions by going \"off-chain,\" and cannow scale to $2,150,000."
},
{
"value": "Decentralized Stable Coins",
"expanded": "Stabilized tokens that can be designed for use as private coins."
},
{
"value": "Email Extortion and Bomb Threats",
"expanded": "Cyber-extortionists stepped up mass-customized phishing emails campaigns using old passwords and spouse names in 2018. Bomb threat extortion scams demanding bitcoin spiked in December."
},
{
"value": "Crypto Robbing Ransomware",
"expanded": "Cyber-extortionists began distributing new malware that empties cryptocurrency wallets and steals private keys while holding user data hostage."
}
],
"refs": [
"https://ciphertrace.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/crypto_aml_report_2018q4.pdf"
]
}
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