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/*
********************************************************************************
* Copyright (C) 1997-2006, International Business Machines
* Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.
********************************************************************************
*
* File FMTABLE.H
*
* Modification History:
*
* Date Name Description
* 02/29/97 aliu Creation.
********************************************************************************
*/
#ifndef FMTABLE_H
#define FMTABLE_H
#include "unicode/utypes.h"
#include "unicode/unistr.h"
/**
* \file
* \brief C++ API: Formattable is a thin wrapper for primitive numeric types.
*/
#if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING
U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN
/**
* Formattable objects can be passed to the Format class or
* its subclasses for formatting. Formattable is a thin wrapper
* class which interconverts between the primitive numeric types
* (double, long, etc.) as well as UDate and UnicodeString.
*
* <p>Internally, a Formattable object is a union of primitive types.
* As such, it can only store one flavor of data at a time. To
* determine what flavor of data it contains, use the getType method.
*
* <p>As of ICU 3.0, Formattable may also wrap a UObject pointer,
* which it owns. This allows an instance of any ICU class to be
* encapsulated in a Formattable. For legacy reasons and for
* efficiency, primitive numeric types are still stored directly
* within a Formattable.
*
* <p>The Formattable class is not suitable for subclassing.
*/
class U_I18N_API Formattable : public UObject {
public:
/**
* This enum is only used to let callers distinguish between
* the Formattable(UDate) constructor and the Formattable(double)
* constructor; the compiler cannot distinguish the signatures,
* since UDate is currently typedefed to be either double or long.
* If UDate is changed later to be a bonafide class
* or struct, then we no longer need this enum.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
enum ISDATE { kIsDate };
/**
* Default constructor
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
Formattable(); // Type kLong, value 0
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a UDate instance.
* @param d the UDate instance.
* @param flag the flag to indicate this is a date. Always set it to kIsDate
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(UDate d, ISDATE flag);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a double number.
* @param d the double number.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(double d);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a long number.
* @param l the long number.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(int32_t l);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with an int64_t number
* @param ll the int64_t number.
* @stable ICU 2.8
*/
Formattable(int64_t ll);
#if !UCONFIG_NO_CONVERSION
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a char string pointer.
* Assumes that the char string is null terminated.
* @param strToCopy the char string.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(const char* strToCopy);
#endif
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a UnicodeString object to copy from.
* @param strToCopy the UnicodeString string.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(const UnicodeString& strToCopy);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with a UnicodeString object to adopt from.
* @param strToAdopt the UnicodeString string.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(UnicodeString* strToAdopt);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object with an array of Formattable objects.
* @param arrayToCopy the Formattable object array.
* @param count the array count.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(const Formattable* arrayToCopy, int32_t count);
/**
* Creates a Formattable object that adopts the given UObject.
* @param objectToAdopt the UObject to set this object to
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
Formattable(UObject* objectToAdopt);
/**
* Copy constructor.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable(const Formattable&);
/**
* Assignment operator.
* @param rhs The Formattable object to copy into this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable& operator=(const Formattable &rhs);
/**
* Equality comparison.
* @param other the object to be compared with.
* @return TRUE if other are equal to this, FALSE otherwise.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
UBool operator==(const Formattable &other) const;
/**
* Equality operator.
* @param other the object to be compared with.
* @return TRUE if other are unequal to this, FALSE otherwise.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
UBool operator!=(const Formattable& other) const
{ return !operator==(other); }
/**
* Destructor.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
virtual ~Formattable();
/**
* Clone this object.
* Clones can be used concurrently in multiple threads.
* If an error occurs, then NULL is returned.
* The caller must delete the clone.
*
* @return a clone of this object
*
* @see getDynamicClassID
* @stable ICU 2.8
*/
Formattable *clone() const;
/**
* Selector for flavor of data type contained within a
* Formattable object. Formattable is a union of several
* different types, and at any time contains exactly one type.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
enum Type {
/**
* Selector indicating a UDate value. Use getDate to retrieve
* the value.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
kDate,
/**
* Selector indicating a double value. Use getDouble to
* retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
kDouble,
/**
* Selector indicating a 32-bit integer value. Use getLong to
* retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
kLong,
/**
* Selector indicating a UnicodeString value. Use getString
* to retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
kString,
/**
* Selector indicating an array of Formattables. Use getArray
* to retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 2.4
*/
kArray,
/**
* Selector indicating a 64-bit integer value. Use getInt64
* to retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 2.8
*/
kInt64,
/**
* Selector indicating a UObject value. Use getObject to
* retrieve the value.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
kObject
};
/**
* Gets the data type of this Formattable object.
* @return the data type of this Formattable object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Type getType(void) const;
/**
* Returns TRUE if the data type of this Formattable object
* is kDouble, kLong, or kInt64.
* @return TRUE if this is a pure numeric object
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
UBool isNumeric() const;
/**
* Gets the double value of this object. If this object is not of type
* kDouble then the result is undefined.
* @return the double value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
double getDouble(void) const { return fValue.fDouble; }
/**
* Gets the double value of this object. If this object is of type
* long or int64 then a casting conversion is peformed, with
* possible loss of precision. If the type is kObject and the
* object is a Measure, then the result of
* getNumber().getDouble(status) is returned. If this object is
* neither a numeric type nor a Measure, then 0 is returned and
* the status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR.
* @param status the error code
* @return the double value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
double getDouble(UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets the long value of this object. If this object is not of type
* kLong then the result is undefined.
* @return the long value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
int32_t getLong(void) const { return (int32_t)fValue.fInt64; }
/**
* Gets the long value of this object. If the magnitude is too
* large to fit in a long, then the maximum or minimum long value,
* as appropriate, is returned and the status is set to
* U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR. If this object is of type kInt64 and
* it fits within a long, then no precision is lost. If it is of
* type kDouble, then a casting conversion is peformed, with
* truncation of any fractional part. If the type is kObject and
* the object is a Measure, then the result of
* getNumber().getLong(status) is returned. If this object is
* neither a numeric type nor a Measure, then 0 is returned and
* the status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR.
* @param status the error code
* @return the long value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
int32_t getLong(UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets the int64 value of this object. If this object is not of type
* kInt64 then the result is undefined.
* @return the int64 value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.8
*/
int64_t getInt64(void) const { return fValue.fInt64; }
/**
* Gets the int64 value of this object. If this object is of type
* kDouble and the magnitude is too large to fit in an int64, then
* the maximum or minimum int64 value, as appropriate, is returned
* and the status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR. If the
* magnitude fits in an int64, then a casting conversion is
* peformed, with truncation of any fractional part. If the type
* is kObject and the object is a Measure, then the result of
* getNumber().getDouble(status) is returned. If this object is
* neither a numeric type nor a Measure, then 0 is returned and
* the status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR.
* @param status the error code
* @return the int64 value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
int64_t getInt64(UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets the Date value of this object. If this object is not of type
* kDate then the result is undefined.
* @return the Date value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
UDate getDate() const { return fValue.fDate; }
/**
* Gets the Date value of this object. If the type is not a date,
* status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR and the return value is
* undefined.
* @param status the error code.
* @return the Date value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
UDate getDate(UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets the string value of this object. If this object is not of type
* kString then the result is undefined.
* @param result Output param to receive the Date value of this object.
* @return A reference to 'result'.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
UnicodeString& getString(UnicodeString& result) const
{ result=*fValue.fString; return result; }
/**
* Gets the string value of this object. If the type is not a
* string, status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR and a bogus
* string is returned.
* @param result Output param to receive the Date value of this object.
* @param status the error code.
* @return A reference to 'result'.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
UnicodeString& getString(UnicodeString& result, UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets a const reference to the string value of this object. If
* this object is not of type kString then the result is
* undefined.
* @return a const reference to the string value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
inline const UnicodeString& getString(void) const;
/**
* Gets a const reference to the string value of this object. If
* the type is not a string, status is set to
* U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR and the result is a bogus string.
* @param status the error code.
* @return a const reference to the string value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
const UnicodeString& getString(UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Gets a reference to the string value of this object. If this
* object is not of type kString then the result is undefined.
* @return a reference to the string value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
inline UnicodeString& getString(void);
/**
* Gets a reference to the string value of this object. If the
* type is not a string, status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR
* and the result is a bogus string.
* @param status the error code.
* @return a reference to the string value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
UnicodeString& getString(UErrorCode& status);
/**
* Gets the array value and count of this object. If this object
* is not of type kArray then the result is undefined.
* @param count fill-in with the count of this object.
* @return the array value of this object.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
const Formattable* getArray(int32_t& count) const
{ count=fValue.fArrayAndCount.fCount; return fValue.fArrayAndCount.fArray; }
/**
* Gets the array value and count of this object. If the type is
* not an array, status is set to U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR, count is
* set to 0, and the result is NULL.
* @param count fill-in with the count of this object.
* @param status the error code.
* @return the array value of this object.
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
const Formattable* getArray(int32_t& count, UErrorCode& status) const;
/**
* Accesses the specified element in the array value of this
* Formattable object. If this object is not of type kArray then
* the result is undefined.
* @param index the specified index.
* @return the accessed element in the array.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
Formattable& operator[](int32_t index) { return fValue.fArrayAndCount.fArray[index]; }
/**
* Returns a pointer to the UObject contained within this
* formattable, or NULL if this object does not contain a UObject.
* @return a UObject pointer, or NULL
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
const UObject* getObject() const;
/**
* Sets the double value of this object and changes the type to
* kDouble.
* @param d the new double value to be set.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void setDouble(double d);
/**
* Sets the long value of this object and changes the type to
* kLong.
* @param l the new long value to be set.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void setLong(int32_t l);
/**
* Sets the int64 value of this object and changes the type to
* kInt64.
* @param ll the new int64 value to be set.
* @stable ICU 2.8
*/
void setInt64(int64_t ll);
/**
* Sets the Date value of this object and changes the type to
* kDate.
* @param d the new Date value to be set.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void setDate(UDate d);
/**
* Sets the string value of this object and changes the type to
* kString.
* @param stringToCopy the new string value to be set.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void setString(const UnicodeString& stringToCopy);
/**
* Sets the array value and count of this object and changes the
* type to kArray.
* @param array the array value.
* @param count the number of array elements to be copied.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void setArray(const Formattable* array, int32_t count);
/**
* Sets and adopts the string value and count of this object and
* changes the type to kArray.
* @param stringToAdopt the new string value to be adopted.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void adoptString(UnicodeString* stringToAdopt);
/**
* Sets and adopts the array value and count of this object and
* changes the type to kArray.
* @stable ICU 2.0
*/
void adoptArray(Formattable* array, int32_t count);
/**
* Sets and adopts the UObject value of this object and changes
* the type to kObject. After this call, the caller must not
* delete the given object.
* @param objectToAdopt the UObject value to be adopted
* @stable ICU 3.0
*/
void adoptObject(UObject* objectToAdopt);
/**
* ICU "poor man's RTTI", returns a UClassID for the actual class.
*
* @stable ICU 2.2
*/
virtual UClassID getDynamicClassID() const;
/**
* ICU "poor man's RTTI", returns a UClassID for this class.
*
* @stable ICU 2.2
*/
static UClassID U_EXPORT2 getStaticClassID();
/**
* Deprecated variant of getLong(UErrorCode&).
* @param status the error code
* @return the long value of this object.
* @deprecated ICU 3.0 use getLong(UErrorCode&) instead
*/
inline int32_t getLong(UErrorCode* status) const;
private:
/**
* Cleans up the memory for unwanted values. For example, the adopted
* string or array objects.
*/
void dispose(void);
UnicodeString* getBogus() const;
union {
UObject* fObject;
UnicodeString* fString;
double fDouble;
int64_t fInt64;
UDate fDate;
struct {
Formattable* fArray;
int32_t fCount;
} fArrayAndCount;
} fValue;
Type fType;
UnicodeString fBogus; // Bogus string when it's needed.
};
inline UDate Formattable::getDate(UErrorCode& status) const {
if (fType != kDate) {
if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
status = U_INVALID_FORMAT_ERROR;
}
return 0;
}
return fValue.fDate;
}
inline const UnicodeString& Formattable::getString(void) const {
return *fValue.fString;
}
inline UnicodeString& Formattable::getString(void) {
return *fValue.fString;
}
inline int32_t Formattable::getLong(UErrorCode* status) const {
return getLong(*status);
}
U_NAMESPACE_END
#endif /* #if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING */
#endif //_FMTABLE
//eof
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