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Original Methods

Watson1978 edited this page · 5 revisions

MacRuby has some original methods. They does not exist in CRuby's methods and Cocoa APIs. This content describes those methods.

Original Methods

String#transform

Transforms the string to uppercase/lowercase or another language characters. This method is implemented with ICU Transforms.

  • transform(pattern) -> String
    • [PARAM] pattern:
      • Specifies transliteration identifier.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns the transformed string.
>> "hello".transform("Upper")
=> "HELLO"
>> "HELLO".transform("Lower")
=> "hello"
>> "hello".transform("Hiragana")
=> "へっろ"
>> "hello".transform("Greek")
=> "ἑλλο"

String#pointer

Returns a Pointer object converted from String. Returned object corresponds to a variable of unsigned char *.

Cocoa APIs has some methods which accepts the pointer variable. String#pointer may be used for these methods.

  • pinter -> Pointer
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a Pointer object converted from String.
>> pointer = "foo".pointer
=> #<Pointer:0x4007ac580>
>> data = NSData.dataWithBytes(pointer, length: "foo".length)
=> <666f6f>
>> data.to_str
=> "foo"

String#to_data

Returns an NSData object which is converted from String.

  • to_data -> NSData
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a NSData object.
>> "foo".to_data
=> <666f6f>
>> "foo".to_data.class
=> __NSCFData

NSData#to_str

Returns a String object which is converted from NSData.

  • to_str -> String
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a String object
>> data = "foo".to_data
=> <666f6f>
>> data.to_str
=> "foo"

Kernel#framework

Loads a framework.

  • framework -> bool
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a true if loaded a framework. Otherwise, returns a false.
>> framework 'Foundation'
=> true

Kernel#load_bridge_support_file

Loads a Bridge Support file.

  • load_bridge_support_file(filename) -> self
>> load_bridge_support_file("Foo.bridgesupport")
=> main

Kernel.load_plist

Returns an object which is converted from string of plist format.

  • load_plist(string) -> Object
    • [PARAM] string:
      • Passes a string of plist format.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns an object.
>> data = File.read('StopWatch-Info.plist')
>> load_plist(data)
=> {"CFBundleName"=>"${PRODUCT_NAME}", "CFBundleIdentifier"=>"Watson.${PRODUCT_NAME:rfc1034identifier}", "CFBundleInfoDictionaryVersion"=>"6.0", "CFBundleVersion"=>"1", "CFBundleExecutable"=>"${EXECUTABLE_NAME}", "NSPrincipalClass"=>"NSApplication", "CFBundlePackageType"=>"APPL", "CFBundleIconFile"=>"MacRuby.icns", "CFBundleSignature"=>"????", "NSMainNibFile"=>"MainMenu", "LSMinimumSystemVersion"=>"${MACOSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET}", "CFBundleDevelopmentRegion"=>"en", "CFBundleShortVersionString"=>"1.0"}

>> data = "foo".to_plist
>> load_plist(data)
=> "foo"

Kernel.getpass

Displays a prompt which passed +prompt+ as String to /dev/tty, and returns a string which read a password from /dev/tty.

  • getpass(prompt) -> String
    • [PARAM] prompt:
      • A prompt which displays in /dev/tty.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a string.

Object#to_plist

Returns a string of plist format which is converted from Object.

  • to_plist -> String
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a string of plist format.
>> "foo".to_plist
=> "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC \"-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN\" \"http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd\">\n<plist version=\"1.0\">\n<string>foo</string>\n</plist>\n"
>> {"foo" => 42}.to_plist
=> "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC \"-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN\" \"http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd\">\n<plist version=\"1.0\">\n<dict>\n\t<key>foo</key>\n\t<integer>42</integer>\n</dict>\n</plist>\n"
>> ["foo", "bar"].to_plist
=> "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC \"-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN\" \"http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd\">\n<plist version=\"1.0\">\n<array>\n\t<string>foo</string>\n\t<string>bar</string>\n</array>\n</plist>\n"

Object#methods

Returns a methods list. CRuby also has Object#methods, objc_methods argument is added to MacRuby's method.

  • methods(include_inherited = true, objc_methods = false) -> [Symbol]
    • [PARAM] include_inherited:
      • If passes a true, looks up a recursively.
    • [PARAM] objc_methods:
      • If passes a true, returns the Ruby's methods and Cocoa APIs.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a method list.
> "foo".methods(true, true)
=> [:encode!, :"replaceCharactersInRange:withString:", :"getCharacters:range:", :characterAtIndex, :length, :transform, :crypt, :rpartition, :partition, :sum, :tr_s!, :tr_s, :tr!, :tr, :squeeze!, :squeeze, :delete!, :delete, :count, :reverse!, :reverse, :upto, :next!, :next, :succ!, :succ, :each_codepoint, :codepoints, :each_byte, :bytes, :each_char, :chars, :each_line, :lines, :rstrip!, :lstrip!, :strip!, :rstrip, :lstrip, :strip, :center, :rjust, :ljust, :capitalize!, :capitalize, :swapcase!, :swapcase, :upcase!, :upcase, :downcase!, :downcase, :gsub!, :gsub, :sub!, :sub, :chop!, :chop, :chomp!, :chomp, :to_f, :chr, :ord, :oct, :hex, :to_i, :split, :scan, :=~, :match, :dump, :inspect, :intern, :to_sym, :to_str, :to_s, :end_with?, :start_with?, :include?, :eql?, :casecmp, :<=>, :==, :concat, :<<, :%, :*, :+, :rindex, :index, :insert, :slice!, :slice, :[]=, :[], :ascii_only?, :valid_encoding?, :force_encoding, :pointer, :to_data, :setbyte, :getbyte, :bytesize, :empty?, :size, :encoding, :clear, :replace, :dup, :"performSelector:withObject:withObject:", :"performSelector:withObject:", :performSelector, :conformsToProtocol, :dd_appendSpaces, :"replaceOccurrencesOfString:withString:options:range:", :initWithCapacity,  ---- snip ----

Range#relative_to

Returns a new Range instance which has negative values in rng expanded relative to max.

  • relative_to(max) -> Range
    • [PARAM] max:
      • Specifies a max of Range.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a new Range instance.
>> (1..10).relative_to(5)
=> 1..5
>> (-2..-1).relative_to(5)
=> 3..4

BasicSocket#sendfile

Sends a file with socket. This method is implemented with sendfile(2).

  • sendfile(file, offset, length) -> Integer
    • [PARAM] file:
      • Specifies a file path or readable IO object.
    • [PARAM] offset:
      • Specifies a offset as start position.
    • [PARAM] length:
      • Specifies a length to send.
    • [RETURN]
      • Returns a sent length.
require 'socket'

port = 5000
socket = TCPSocket.open('localhost', port)

path = 'sample.txt'
socket.sendfile(path, 0, 128)

Fixnum#popcnt

Returns the number of 1 bits set in the internal representation of Fixnum.

  • popcnt -> Fixnum
>> 13.to_s(2)
=> "1101"
>> 13.popcnt
=> 3
>> 255.to_s(2)
=> "11111111"
>> 255.popcnt
=> 8
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