I love documentation. If you work with/are writing code intended for usage and consumption by more than one person, you should love it, too. Documentation and other resources will make or break the success of your project. And the more open and collaborative you want development to be, the more crucial docs become.
With that in mind, here's a list of docs and other developer resources that myself and others find particularly useful, well-written, and otherwise "beautiful". May they serve to inspire you when writing and designing yours. Thanks to various contributors, we now also have sections dedicated to Writing about Documentation and Tools for Generating Docs. Make sure you scroll down far enough to see those.
This should be updated fairly regularly. As usual, pull requests are encouraged. If you're contributing a link, be sure to include a few words on why you're adding it and some sort of self-attribution so that people can know from whom it came.
- Redis Commands - Most of the Redis docs are exceptional, but this section really epitomizes the combination of good design and usability. And all the individual command pages give you the ability to test things out without leaving the page. Pretty close to perfect.
BrightBox Developer Docs - Clean design, easy to navigate, very in-depth.
- Riaknostic - Made possible by Bootstrap, this is a great example of a project homepage that doubles as a documentation teaser.
- GitHub Developer Docs - I don't always get excited about accordion-based navigation, but when I do...
- Dropwizard - Beautiful and concise; another Bootstrap joint. (Coda Hale's Metrics Library uses the same design and is equally as deserving of developer adoration (contributed by mrtazz).)
- Riak Pipe README - The simplicity of READMEs means that you can't obscure shitty content with flashy design. This one is written by my Basho colleague Bryan Fink and should be committed to memory as an excellent example of how to write READMEs.
- Learn You Some Erlang (contributed by @lenary) (It should also be noted that LYSE was inspired by Miran Lipovača's Learn You A Haskell.)
- Django Documentation (contributed by @bretthoerner)
- Erldocs.com (contributed by @bradfordw)
- Clojuredocs.org (contributed by @mrb_bk)
- FreeBSD Handbook - Clean and direct documentation of an OS. (contributed by @mrtazz)
- Ruby on Rails Guides (contributed by @seancribbs)
- Pow Annotated Source - Built with docco. (contributed by @BonzoESC)
- Stripe Documentation and Full API Documentation - Multiple languages, example code, good detail on the API; especially love how the API docs show examples for curl and their supported client libraries. (contributed simultaneously by @tnm and @technoweenie)
- Librato Developer Docs - Librato's RESTful API documentation. (contributed by @josephruscio)
- CoffeeScript (contributed by @joedevivo)
- Why's (Poignant) Guide to Ruby (contributed by @joedevivo)
- A Beginner's Guide To HTML and CSS
- CodeIgnitor (contributed by @joshuapoehls)
- Twitter Bootstrap and v2 - Documented the project using the project. (contributed by @kylewest)
- hogan.js - Simple and Beautiful. (contributed by @kylewest)
- Scala Documentation - Beautifully-styled Scala documentation site. (Contributed by David M. Lee)
- Linode Library (contributed by @davidmatas)
- Brighter Planet API along with live examples, methodology statements for calculations, and calculation methodology source narratives (contributed by Derek Kastner)
- Symfony2 Docs (contributed by Rodney Keeling)
- Ruby on Rails Tutorial (contributed by Paul Stefen Ort)
- CamanJS Documentation (contributed by @meltingice)
- DocumentUp - A documentation site generator for Github projects. (contributed by Jerome Gravel-Niquet)
- Pyramid Documentation (contributed by csenger)
- Number Laundry API - Fun design, simple examples. (contributed by @jmhobbs)
- Backbone.js and Underscore.js - Simple, clean, single page. (contributed by @twe4ked)
- Qt - Very comprehensive documentation with tutorials and guides and great examples. (contributed by @nikhilcutshort)
- Leaflet - Simple and elegant single page docs. (contributed by @mourner)
- rubyamqp.info - A number of in-depth guides that cover Ruby amqp gem but also try to explain AMQP 0.9.1 features, why they exist and how they are supposed to be used. (contributed by Michael Klishin)
- Savon.rb (contributed by Mathias Meyer)
- Mozilla Developer Networks - Best Documentation on all Web Technologies (contributed by Rajeev N B @rBharshetty)
Android Developer Documentation (contributed by Rajeev N B @rBharshetty)
- ØMQ - The Guide - Exciting documentation for an exciting lib. Concise working code examples available in multiple languages. Concepts are explained clearly. (contributed by kindkid)
- Postmark Developer Docs - Simple, easy to navigate, informative.
- Twitter Developers Docs - In-depth and very well organized. (contributed by @tsantero)
- Designing Great API Docs - Blog post by @jamesyu about what he/Parse finds essential in API Docs. (contributed by @hobbyist)
- TomDoc - A specification for Ruby library API docs by @mojombo (contributed by @lenary)
- docco - Pretty docs from source code comments with ports for many languages. (contributed by @kylewest)
DocumentUp - Instantly beautify your Github repositories'
README.md. (contributed by @kylewest)
- Sphinx - Comprehensive documentation tool using restructuredText with beautiful HTML and PDF output. (contributed by @nikhilcutshort)
- Markdoc - Lightweight documentation/wiki generator in Python, released in the public domain. (contributed by Neelfyn)