Arduino based device for temperature, air moisture and gas concentration measurment .
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BlueSensor_JSON.ino
BlueSensor_graph.png
BlueSensor_v1.1.jpg
BlueSensor_v1.1_PCB_top.pdf
BlueSensor_v1.1_PCB_top_miror.pdf
CH341SER.txt
CH341SER.zip
DustSensor.png
README.md
bluesensor-server.py
graf.html
read-dust.py
read-raw-serial.py
read-serial.py

README.md

BlueSensor

Arduino based device for temperature, air humidity and gas concentration measurment.

Hardware

PCB dimension is 70mm x 55mm. Schematics is available in two PDF files (BlueSensor_v1.1_PCB_top.pdf and BlueSensor_v1.1_PCB_top_miror.pdf). PCB can be manufactured with chemo transfer method invented by Volk Darko. In that case mirror image should be used. Schematics have been developed by Darko Volk.

Needed materials:

  • 1 x Arduino Nano
  • 2 x MQ2-x gas sensors*
  • 1 x DHT-22 (AM2302) humidity and temperature sensor
  • 2 x (max 4 x) DS12B20 temperature sensor (on a cable)
  • 1 x buzzer
  • 1 x LED diode
  • 1 x 4.7k Ohm resistor
  • 1 x 270 Ohm resistor
  • 1 x 100 Ohm resistor
  • 1 x battery case (for 4 x AAA batteries)

PCB is designed to additionally connect:

  • 1 x HC-05 Bluetooth module
  • 1 x 2k Ohm resistor
  • 1 x 4.6k Ohm resistor

However, in future versions Bluetooth will not be supported.

MQ-x gas sensor are cheap sensors for detecting leakage of various gases:

  • MQ-2: combustible gases
  • MQ-3: alcohol
  • MQ-4: CH4, natural gas
  • MQ-5: LPG, natural gas, coal gas
  • MQ-6: LPG
  • MQ-7: carbon monoxide
  • MQ-8: hydrogen
  • MQ-9: carbon monoxide and combustible gases
  • MQ-135: air quality sensor

They have analog output and are not calibrated.

BlueSensor v1.1

Software

Python application bluesensor-server.py is used for displaying data from BlueSensor or SDS dust sensor in a web application. Appication runs web server on a localhost and calls data reader.

Currently there are two data readers available:

  • read-serial (in read-serial.py), which reads JSON data from BlueSensor connected to USB port;
  • read-dust (in read-dust.py), which reads data from SDS011, SDS018 or SDS021 dust sensor connected to USB port, and formats it to JSON;
  • read-raw-serial (in read-raw-serial.py), which reads raw (tab-delimited) data from device connected to USB port, and formats them to JSON (you can use this for any sensor device which does not support our JSON format);

First you need to install Tornado Python web server. Od Ubuntu/Debian based systems you can do it with: sudo pip install tornado

Then you connect BlueSensor or SDS dust reader to USB port and run:

  • for reading data from BlueSensor connected to ttyUSB0: python bluesensor-server.py read-serial 0
  • for reading data from SDS dust reader (dust reader should always be connected to ttyUSB0): python bluesensor-server.py read-dust

BlueSensor data in a web app

When application is started, you can open URL which is printed in console:

Dust sensor data in a web app

Arduino firmware for BlueSensor is available in a file BlueSensor_JSON.ino. Output data from BlueSensor are printed in JSON format. Dust reader already uses JSON formatting.

Our JSON format

Data from sensor devices are presented in JSON format, which self-describes sensor device and connected sensors. Here is the example of it:

{
	"metadata": {
		"device_name": "BlueSensor",
		"device_id": "BlueSensor1",
		"device_location": "Slovenia",
		"sensors": {
			"temperature1": ["Room temperature", "DHT-22", "°C", "orange", "not ready"],
			"humidity": ["Humidity", "DHT-22", "%", "blue", "not ready"],
			"temperature2": ["Liquid 1 temperature", "DS18B20", "°C", "red", "ready"],
			"temperature3": ["Liquid 2 temperature", "DS18B20", "°C", "yellow", "ready"],
			"gas1": ["Alcohol", "MQ-3", "raw value", "green", "ready"],
			"gas2": ["Combustible gases", "MQ-2", "raw value", "violet", "ready"]
		}
	},
	"time": 0,
	"data": {
		"temperature1": "none",
		"humidity": "none",
		"temperature2": "none",
		"temperature3": 25.0625,
		"gas1": 296,
		"gas2": 282
	}
}

Installation

First, clone this GIT repository to your local machine:

git clone https://github.com/MatejKovacic/BlueSensor

Then install dependencies:

sudo apt install python-tornado python-tz python-serial

If you want to get the latest vesrion:

cd BlueSensor
git pull

Now you are ready to run the application, for example, gathering data from BlueSensor connected to ttyUSB0:

cd BlueSensor
python bluesensor-server.py read-serial 0