Type phpmd [filename|directory] [report format] [ruleset file], i.e:
mapi@arwen ~ $ phpmd PHP/Depend/DbusUI/ xml rulesets/codesize.xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <pmd version="0.0.1" timestamp="2009-12-19T22:17:18+01:00"> <file name="/projects/pdepend/PHP/Depend/DbusUI/ResultPrinter.php"> <violation beginline="67" endline="224" rule="TooManyMethods" ruleset="Code Size Rules" package="PHP_Depend\DbusUI" class="PHP_Depend_DbusUI_ResultPrinter" priority="3"> This class has too many methods, consider refactoring it. </violation> </file> </pmd>
You can pass a file name or a directory name containing PHP source code to PHPMD.
The PHPMD PEAR or Phar distribution includes the rule set files inside its archive, even if the "rulesets/codesize.xml" parameter above looks like a filesystem reference.
Notice that the default output is in XML, so you can redirect it to a file and XSLT it or whatever
You can also use shortened names to refer to the built-in rule sets, like this:
phpmd PHP/Depend/DbusUI/ xml codesize
The command line interface also accepts the following optional arguments:
- --minimumpriority - The rule priority threshold; rules with lower priority than they will not be used.
- --reportfile - Sends the report output to the specified file, instead of the default output target STDOUT.
- --extensions - Comma separated string of valid PHP source file extensions.
- --ignore - Comma separated string of files or directories that will be ignored during the parsing process.
PHPMD uses so called rule sets that configure/define a set of rules which will be applied against the source under test. The default distribution of PHPMD is already shipped with a few default sets, that can be used out-of-box. You can call PHPMD's cli tool with a set's name to apply this configuration:
~ $ phpmd /path/to/source text codesize
But what if you would like to apply more than one rule set against your source? You can also pass a list of rule set names, separated by comma to PHPMD's cli tool:
~ $ phpmd /path/to/source text codesize,unusedcode,naming
You can also mix custom rule set files with build-in rule sets:
~ $ phpmd /path/to/source text codesize,/my/rules.xml
That's it. With this behavior you can specify you own combination of rule sets that will check the source code.
PHPMD's command line tool currently defines three different exit codes.
- 0, This exit code indicates that everything worked as expected. This means there was no error/exception and PHPMD hasn't detected any rule violation in the code under test.
- 1, This exit code indicates that an error/exception occured which has interrupted PHPMD during execution.
- 2, This exit code means that PHPMD has processed the code under test without the occurence of an error/exception, but it has detected rule violations in the analyzed source code.
At the moment PHPMD comes with the following three renderers:
- xml, which formats the report as XML.
- text, simple textual format.
- html, single HTML file with possible problems.