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A C# Phoenix Channels client. Unity Compatible. Proudly powering Dama King.

Graphic is a shameless mix between unity, phoenix logos. Please don't sue me. Thanks.

  • Overview: What this library is about.
  • Getting Started: A quicky guide on how to use this library.
  • PhoenixJS: How this library differs from PhoenixJs.
  • Tests: How to run the tests to make sure we're golden.
  • Dependencies: A rant about dependencies.
  • Unity: Important remarks for Unity developers.

Overview

PhoenixSharp has the following main goals:

  • Aspires to be the defacto Phoenix C# client.
  • Portable enough to work out of the box in Unity and other C# environments.

In order to achieve the goals stated, it is necessary to:

  • Maintain a close resemblence to the Phoenix.js implementation.
  • Engage the community to accommodate different requirements based on various environments.

Getting Started

Migrating from the pre-release version of PhoenixSharp? See our migration guide

For now, you can use git submodules or simply download the sources and drop them in your project.

Once you grab the source, you can look at IntegrationTests.cs for a full example. Otherwise, keep reading to learn more.

Required Interfaces

Implementing IWebsocketFactory and IWebsocket

The library requires you to implement IWebsocketFactory and IWebsocket in order to provide a websocket implementation of your choosing.

Under the PhoenixTests/WebSocketImpl folder, you'll find a few sample implementations of these interfaces which you could simply copy to your project as needed.

Implementing IMessageSerializer

IMessageSerializer is the interface that allows you to customize the serialization of your Phoenix messages.

The library ships with a default implementation: JsonMessageSerializer. It relies on Newtonsoft.Json to provide JSON serialization based on Phoenix V2 format. The implementation is self-contained in a single file. This means, by removing that one file, you can decouple your code from Newtonsoft.Json if you like.

Establishing a Connection

Creating a Socket

Once you have your websocket and serializer implementation ready, you can proceed to create a socket object. A Phoenix.Socket instance represents a connection to a Phoenix server.

In order to ensure that socket connections are self-contained, we pass the socket parameters on initialization. Trying to connect with different parameters requires a new socket instance.

var socketOptions = new Socket.Options(new JsonMessageSerializer());
var socketAddress = "ws://my-awesome-app.com/socket";
var socketFactory = new WebsocketSharpFactory();
var socket = new Socket(socketAddress, null, socketFactory, socketOptions);

socket.OnOpen += onOpenCallback;
socket.OnMessage += onMessageCallback;

socket.Connect();

Joining a Channel

Once the socket is created, you can now join a channel. The API is so simple, you could explore it yourself with auto-complete, but here's a quick example:

// initialize a channel with topic and parameters
var roomChannel = socket.Channel(
  "tester:phoenix-sharp",
  channelParams
);

// prepare any event callbacks
// e.g. listen to phx_error inbound event
roomChannel.On(
  Message.InBoundEvent.Error,
  message => errorMessage = message
);
// ... listen to a custom event
roomChannel.On(
  "after_join",
  message => afterJoinMessage = message
);
// ... you can also use a generic event callback
// this will parse the message payload automatically
roomChannel.On(
  "custom_event",
  (CustomPayload payload) => Handle(payload)
);

// join the channel, handling the reply response as needed
// here, we assume JoinResponse and ChannelError are defined
roomChannel.Join()
  .Receive(
    ReplyStatus.Ok, 
    reply => okResponse = reply.JsonResponse<JoinResponse>()
  )
  .Receive(
    ReplyStatus.Error,
    reply => errorResponse = reply.JsonResponse<ChannelError>()
  );

// push a message to the channel
roomChannel
  .Push("reply_test", payload)
  .Receive(
    ReplyStatus.Ok, 
    reply => testOkReply = reply
  );

Presence Tracking

Presence is also supported by the library.

var presence = new Presence(channel);
presence.OnJoin += onJoinCallback;
presence.OnLeave += onLeaveCallback;

PhoenixJS

The difference between PhoenixJS and PhoenixSharp can be observed in the following areas:

  • The static typing nature of C#, and in contrast, the dynamic nature of JavaScript.
    • Defining types for various constructs.
    • Adding generic callbacks to automatically extract and parse payloads.
    • Using delegates, instead of callbacks, to handle events.
  • The flexibility required to allow PhoenixSharp to be adapted to different environments.
    • Abstracting away the websocket implementation.
    • Pluggable "Delayed Executor", useful for Unity developers.
    • Ability to disable socket reconnect / channel rejoin.
  • The lack of features in PhoenixSharp due to lesser popularity and contributions.

Tests

In order to run the integration tests specifically, you need to make sure you have a phoenix server running and point the host in the integration tests to it.

I've published the code for the phoenix server I'm using to run the tests against here. However, if for any reason you don't want to run the phoenix server locally, you can use the following host:

phoenix-integration-tester.herokuapp.com

Dependencies

Production Dependencies

  1. (Optional) Newtonsoft.Json

Development/Test Dependencies

  1. NUnit
  2. WebSocketSharp
  3. Newtonsoft.Json

Details about the Dependencies

Newtonsoft.Json is marked as optional because it can easily be replaced with another implementation as needed. However, this flexibility when it comes to the serialization process comes at a cost.

Due to the decoupling of the serializer from the rest of the implementation, it left use with an unfortunate side-effect. The use of object as the type of payload and response properties on the Message and Reply classes, respectively.

We try to mitigate the effects of this "type loss" issue by providing higher-level APIs that abstract away the need to handle the object types directly.

Unity

First off, it would very much be worth your while to read Microsoft's documentation on Unity's scripting upgrade. It highlights the main opportunities and challenges, which is also an inspiration for this library to take things further with the new scripting upgrade.

Main Thread Callbacks

One of the core components of the library is a mechanism that mimics javascipt's setTimeout and setInterval functions. It is used to trigger timeout event in case we don't get a response back in time.

By default, the library uses the System.Threading.Task class to schedule the callbacks. Based on our tests, this works well in Unity out-of-the-box thanks to the SynchronizationContext.

If you'd rather not use the Task based executor, you can easily replace it with a custom implementation by implementing the IDelayedExecutor interface. For example, you can use the CoroutineDelayedExecutor available in the Reference directory of this repo. Another option is to provide a custom implementation based on UniTask if you see it more performant and beneficial to your project.

Useful Libraries

I'm personally shipping this library with my Unity game, so you can rest assured it will always support Unity. Here are some important notes I learned from integrating PhoenixSharp with Unity:

  • BestHTTP websockets instead of Websocket-sharp. It's much better maintained and doesn't require synchronizing callbacks from the socket to the main thread. Websocket-sharp does need that.
  • Json.NET instead of Newtonsoft.Json, that's what I'm using. I've experienced weird issues in the past with the opensource Newtonsoft.Json on mobile platforms.

NOTE:

  • Many people are using BestHTTP, so I figured it would be useful to add that integration separately in the repo, for people to use. See the directory, Reference/Unity/BestHTTP.
  • Under Reference/Unity directory as well, you will find a sample implementation for IDelayedExecutor that can be used in Unity projects.

Contributions

Whether you open new issues or send in some PRs .. It's all welcome here!

Author

Maz (Mazyad Alabduljaleel)

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