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README.md

Matador

Sane defaults and a simple structure, scaling as your application grows.

Matador is a clean, organized framework for Node.js architected to suit MVC enthusiasts. It gives you a well-defined development environment with flexible routing, easy controller mappings, and basic request filtering. It’s built on open source libraries such as Hogan.js for view rendering, Klass for its inheritance model, Valentine for functional development, and Express to give a bundle of other Node server related helpers.

Installation

Get the CLI

$ npm install matador -g

Create an app

$ matador init my-app
$ cd !$ && npm install matador

Start your app

$ node server.js

Dancing with the Bulls

Build on your app

// app/config/routes.js
['get', '/hello/:name', 'Home', 'hello']

// app/controllers/HomeController.js
hello: function (request, response, name) {
  response.send('hello ' + name)
}

View Rendering

Uses Twitters Hogan.js with layouts, partials, and i18n support.

// app/controllers/HomeController.js
this.render(response, 'index', {
  title: 'Hello Bull Fighters'
})
<!-- app/views/layout.html -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
    <title>{{title}}</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    {{{body}}}
  </body>
</html>
<!-- app/views/index.html -->
<h1>{{title}}</h1>

View Partials

To Be Updated

Matador looks for view partials in a folder named partials in the views directory: app/views/partials/

// app/controllers/HomeController.js
module.exports = function (app, config) {
  return app.controllers.Base.extend()
  .methods({
    index: function (req, res) {
      this.render(res, 'index', {
          user: {
              first: "John"
            , last: "Smith"
          }
        , todo: [{ name: 'dishes', id: 0 }, { name: 'mow lawn', id: 1 }]
      })
    }
  })
}
<!-- app/views/partials/fullname.html -->
{{first}} {{last}}
<!-- app/views/partials/tasks.html -->
<ul>
  {{#todo}}
  <li>{{name}}</li>
  {{/todo}}
</ul>
<!-- app/views/index.html -->
<h1>Hello {{#user}}{{> fullname}}{{/user}} welcome to Matador!</h1>
{{> tasks}}

Produces the following HTML:

<h1>Hello John Smith welcome to Matador!</h1>
<ul>
  <li>dishes</li>
  <li>mow lawn</li>
</ul>

Overriding View Partials

Matador allows you to easily override view partials on a per-directory basis. To override a partial create a new folder named 'partials' in the folder your controller is using as its viewFolder. Matador will look first in this folder for partials, if no matching partial exists it will traverse up the directory tree until it finds a matching partial.

// app/controllers/admin/AdminController.js
module.exports = function (app, config) {
  return app.getController('Application', true).extend(function () {
    this.viewFolder = "admin" // we've set the view folder to "admin"
  })
  .methods({
    index: function (req, res) {
      this.render(res, 'index', {
          user: {
              first: "John"
            , last: "Smith"
          }
        , todo: [{ name: 'dishes', id: 0 }, { name: 'mow lawn', id: 1 }]
      })
    }
  })
}
<!-- app/views/admin/partials/tasks.html -->
<!-- This file will override the tasks.html partial found in app/views/partials -->
<ul>
{{#todo}}
<li><a href="/edit/{{id}}">Edit the "{{name}}" task </a> or <a href="/delete/{{id}}">delete it</a></li>
{{/todo}}
</ul>
<!-- app/views/admin/index.html -->
<!-- 'app/views/admin/partials/fullname.html' Does not exist, so 'app/views/partials/fullname.html' will be used -->
<h1>Welcome {{#user}}{{> fullname}}{{/user}} to the Admin Area</h1>
{{> tasks}}

Produces the following HTML:

<h1>Welcome John Smith to the Admin Area</h1>
<ul>
  <li><a href="/edit/0">Edit the "dishes" task</a> or <a href="/delete/0">delete it</a></li>
  <li><a href="/edit/1">Edit the "mow lawn" task</a> or <a href="/delete/1">delete it</a></li>
</ul>

Note: For performance reasons, partials are fetched when the application starts. You must restart your application for changes in partials to be reflected.

Request Filtering

// app/controllers/ApplicationController.js
module.exports = function (app, config) {
  return app.controllers.Base.extend(function () {
    this.addBeforeFilter(this.requireAuth)
    this.addExcludeFilter(['welcome'], this.requireAuth)
  })
  .methods({
    requireAuth: function (callback) {
      if (this.request.cookies.authed) return callback(null)
      this.response.redirect('/welcome')
    }
  , welcome: function () {
      this.render('welcome')
    }
  })
}

Routing

The app/config/routes.js file is where you specify an array of tuples indicating where incoming requests will map to a controller and the appropriate method. When a method isn't defined, it uses index by default.

Nesting routes under root will receive all bottom level routes at / - but you could also nest them under custom keys as illustrated below:

module.exports = {
  root: [
    ['get', '/', 'Home'] // maps to ./HomeController.js => index
  ]
, admin: [
    ['get', '/', 'Admin', 'show'] // maps to ./admin/AdminController.js => show
  ]
}

How can I organize my Models?

By default, Models are thin with just a Base and Application Model in place. You can give them some meat, for example, and embed Mongo Schemas. See the following as a brief illustration:

// app/models/ApplicationModel.js
module.exports = function (app, config) {
  return app.getModel('Base', true).extend(function () {
    this.mongo = require('mongodb')
    this.mongoose = require('mongoose')
    this.Schema = this.mongoose.Schema
    this.mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost/myapp')
  })
}

Then create, for example, a UserModel.js that extended it...

module.exports = function (app, config) {
  return app.getModel('Application', true).extend(function () {
    this.DBModel = this.mongoose.model('User', new this.Schema({
        name: { type: String, required: true, trim: true }
      , email: { type: String, required: true, lowercase: true, trim: true }
    }))
  })
  .methods({
    create: function (name, email, callback) {
      var user = new this.DBModel({
          name: name
        , email: email
      })
      user.save(callback)
    }
  , find: function (id, callback) {
      this.DBModel.findById(id, callback)
    }
  })
}

This provides a proper abstraction between controller logic and how your models interact with a database then return data back to controllers.

Take special note that models do not have access to requests or responses, as they rightfully shouldn't.

Model & Controller Inheritance

The inheritance model Matador uses is built with Klass, and is exposed via a global Class variable (not all globals are bad). Class comes in two flavors where by constructors can be set via an initialize method, or a function reference, and by default (in the scaffold), Matador uses the function reference style so that you may benefit from the auto-initialization of super classes, and there is no need to call this.supr() in your constructors.

Valentine

The Valentine module is included as a simple tool giving you type checking, functional iterators, and some other nice utilities that often get used in applications of any size. It is exposed globally as v. It is used liberally in the Matador router, thus feel free to take advantage of its existence as well.

Scaffolding

$ matador controller [name]
$ matador model [name]

Contributing & Development

Questions, pull requests, bug reports are all welcome. Submit them here on Github. When submitting pull requests, please run through the linter to conform to the framework style

$ npm install -d
$ npm run-script lint

Authors

Obviously, Dustin Senos & Dustin Diaz

License

Copyright 2012 Obvious Corporation

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

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