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# Copyright (c) Microsoft. All rights reserved.
# Licensed under the MIT license. See file in the project root
# for full license information.
# ==============================================================================
from __future__ import print_function
import os
import argparse
import cntk as C
import numpy as np
from cntk import input, cross_entropy_with_softmax, classification_error, Trainer, cntk_py
from cntk import data_parallel_distributed_learner, block_momentum_distributed_learner, Communicator
from cntk.learners import nesterov, learning_rate_schedule, momentum_schedule, UnitType
from cntk.device import try_set_default_device, gpu
from cntk.train.training_session import *
from cntk.debugging import *
from cntk.logging import *
from resnet_models import *
import as xforms
# Paths relative to current python file.
abs_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
data_path = os.path.join(abs_path, "..", "..", "..", "DataSets", "ImageNet")
model_path = os.path.join(abs_path, "Models")
# model dimensions
image_height = 224
image_width = 224
num_channels = 3 # RGB
num_classes = 1000
model_name = "ResNet_ImageNet.model"
def create_image_mb_source(map_file, mean_file, train, total_number_of_samples):
if not os.path.exists(map_file) or not os.path.exists(mean_file):
raise RuntimeError("File '%s' or '%s' does not exist." % (map_file, mean_file))
# transformation pipeline for the features has jitter/crop only when training
transforms = []
if train:
transforms += [
xforms.crop(crop_type='randomarea', area_ratio=(0.08, 1.0), aspect_ratio=(0.75, 1.3333), jitter_type='uniratio'), # train uses jitter
xforms.color(brightness_radius=0.4, contrast_radius=0.4, saturation_radius=0.4)
transforms += ['center', side_ratio=0.875) # test has no jitter
transforms += [
xforms.scale(width=image_width, height=image_height, channels=num_channels, interpolations='cubic'),
# deserializer
return,'image', transforms=transforms), # 1st col in mapfile referred to as 'image''label', shape=num_classes))), # and second as 'label'
# Create network
def create_resnet_network(network_name, fp16):
# Input variables denoting the features and label data
input_var = C.input_variable((num_channels, image_height, image_width))
label_var = C.input_variable((num_classes))
dtype = np.float16 if fp16 else np.float32
if fp16:
graph_input = C.cast(input_var, dtype=np.float16)
graph_label = C.cast(label_var, dtype=np.float16)
graph_input = input_var
graph_label = label_var
with C.default_options(dtype=dtype):
stride1x1 = (1, 1)
stride3x3 = (2, 2)
# create model, and configure learning parameters
if network_name == 'resnet18':
z = create_imagenet_model_basic(graph_input, [2, 1, 1, 2], num_classes)
elif network_name == 'resnet34':
z = create_imagenet_model_basic(graph_input, [3, 3, 5, 2], num_classes)
elif network_name == 'resnet50':
z = create_imagenet_model_bottleneck(graph_input, [2, 3, 5, 2], num_classes, stride1x1, stride3x3)
elif network_name == 'resnet101':
z = create_imagenet_model_bottleneck(graph_input, [2, 3, 22, 2], num_classes, stride1x1, stride3x3)
elif network_name == 'resnet152':
z = create_imagenet_model_bottleneck(graph_input, [2, 7, 35, 2], num_classes, stride1x1, stride3x3)
return RuntimeError("Unknown model name!")
# loss and metric
ce = cross_entropy_with_softmax(z, graph_label)
errs = classification_error(z, graph_label, topN=1)
top5Errs = classification_error(z, graph_label, topN=5)
if fp16:
ce = C.cast(ce, dtype=np.float32)
errs = C.cast(errs, dtype=np.float32)
top5Errs = C.cast(top5Errs, dtype=np.float32)
return {
'name' : network_name,
'feature': input_var,
'label': label_var,
'ce' : ce,
'errs' : errs,
'top5Errs' : top5Errs,
'output': z
# Create trainer
def create_trainer(network, minibatch_size, epoch_size, num_quantization_bits, block_size, warm_up, progress_printer):
lr_per_mb = [1.0]*30 + [0.1]*30 + [0.01]*20 + [0.001]
l2_reg_weight = 0.0001
# adjust LR with minibatch size
if minibatch_size != 256:
for i in range(0, len(lr_per_mb)):
lr_per_mb[i] *= minibatch_size / 256
# Set learning parameters
lr_schedule = learning_rate_schedule(lr_per_mb, epoch_size=epoch_size, unit=UnitType.minibatch)
mm_schedule = momentum_schedule(0.9)
local_learner = nesterov(network['output'].parameters, lr_schedule, mm_schedule,
# learner object
if block_size != None and num_quantization_bits != 32:
raise RuntimeError("Block momentum cannot be used with quantization, please remove quantized_bits option.")
if block_size != None:
learner = block_momentum_distributed_learner(local_learner, block_size=block_size)
learner = data_parallel_distributed_learner(local_learner, num_quantization_bits=num_quantization_bits, distributed_after=warm_up)
return Trainer(network['output'], (network['ce'], network['errs']), learner, progress_printer)
# Train and test
def train_and_test(network, trainer, train_source, test_source, minibatch_size, epoch_size, restore=True, profiling=False):
# define mapping from intput streams to network inputs
input_map = {
network['feature']: train_source.streams.features,
network['label']: train_source.streams.labels
if profiling:
checkpoint_config=CheckpointConfig(frequency=epoch_size, filename=os.path.join(model_path, model_name), restore=restore),
test_config=TestConfig(test_source, minibatch_size)
if profiling:
# Train and evaluate the network.
def resnet_imagenet(train_data, test_data, mean_data, network_name, epoch_size, num_quantization_bits=32, block_size=None, warm_up=0,
max_epochs=90, restore=True, log_to_file=None, num_mbs_per_log=100, gen_heartbeat=False, scale_up=False, profiling=False, fp16=False):
# NOTE: scaling up minibatch_size increases sample throughput. In 8-GPU machine,
# ResNet110 samples-per-second is ~7x of single GPU, comparing to ~3x without scaling
# up. However, bigger minimatch size on the same number of samples means less updates,
# thus leads to higher training error. This is a trade-off of speed and accuracy
minibatch_size = 32 * (Communicator.num_workers() if scale_up else 1)
progress_printer = ProgressPrinter(
network = create_resnet_network(network_name, fp16)
trainer = create_trainer(network, minibatch_size, epoch_size, num_quantization_bits, block_size, warm_up, progress_printer)
train_source = create_image_mb_source(train_data, mean_data, train=True, total_number_of_samples=max_epochs * epoch_size)
test_source = create_image_mb_source(test_data, mean_data, train=False,
train_and_test(network, trainer, train_source, test_source, minibatch_size, epoch_size, restore, profiling)
if __name__=='__main__':
data_path = os.path.join(abs_path, "..", "..", "..", "DataSets", "ImageNet")
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('-n', '--network', help='network type, resnet18, 34, 50, 101, 152', required=False, default='resnet50')
parser.add_argument('-s', '--scale_up', help='scale up minibatch size with #workers for better parallelism', type=bool, required=False, default='True')
parser.add_argument('-datadir', '--datadir', help='Data directory where the ImageNet dataset is located', required=False, default=data_path)
parser.add_argument('-outputdir', '--outputdir', help='Output directory for checkpoints and models', required=False, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-logdir', '--logdir', help='Log file', required=False, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-e', '--epochs', help='Total number of epochs to train', type=int, required=False, default='90')
parser.add_argument('-es', '--epoch_size', help='Size of epoch in samples', type=int, required=False, default='1281167')
parser.add_argument('-q', '--quantized_bits', help='Number of quantized bits used for gradient aggregation', type=int, required=False, default='32')
parser.add_argument('-b', '--block_samples', type=int, help="Number of samples per block for block momentum (BM) distributed learner (if 0 BM learner is not used)", required=False, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-a', '--distributed_after', help='Number of samples to train with before running distributed', type=int, required=False, default='0')
parser.add_argument('-r', '--restart', help='Indicating whether to restart from scratch (instead of restart from checkpoint file by default)', action='store_true', default=False)
parser.add_argument('-device', '--device', type=int, help="Force to run the script on a specified device", required=False, default=None)
parser.add_argument('-profile', '--profile', help="Turn on profiling", action='store_true', default=False)
parser.add_argument('-fp16', '--fp16', help="use float16", action='store_true', default=False)
args = vars(parser.parse_args())
if args['outputdir'] != None:
model_path = args['outputdir'] + "/models"
if args['device'] != None:
if args['epoch_size'] is not None:
epoch_size = args['epoch_size']
data_path = args['datadir']
if not os.path.isdir(data_path):
raise RuntimeError("Directory %s does not exist" % data_path)
mean_data = os.path.join(abs_path, 'ImageNet1K_mean.xml')
train_data = os.path.join(data_path, 'train_map.txt')
test_data = os.path.join(data_path, 'val_map.txt')
num_quantization_bits = args['quantized_bits']
epochs = args['epochs']
warm_up = args['distributed_after']
network_name = args['network']
scale_up = bool(args['scale_up'])
# Create distributed trainer factory
print("Start training: quantize_bit = {}, epochs = {}, distributed_after = {}".format(num_quantization_bits, epochs, warm_up))
resnet_imagenet(train_data, test_data, mean_data,
restore=not args['restart'],
# Must call MPI finalize when process exit without exceptions