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///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (c) 2015 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
//
// This code is licensed under the MIT License (MIT).
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
// AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
// LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
// OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
// THE SOFTWARE.
//
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
#ifndef GSL_SPAN_H
#define GSL_SPAN_H
#include <gsl/gsl_assert> // for Expects
#include <gsl/gsl_byte> // for byte
#include <gsl/gsl_util> // for narrow_cast, narrow
#include <algorithm> // for lexicographical_compare
#include <array> // for array
#include <cstddef> // for ptrdiff_t, size_t, nullptr_t
#include <iterator> // for reverse_iterator, distance, random_access_...
#include <limits>
#include <stdexcept>
#include <type_traits> // for enable_if_t, declval, is_convertible, inte...
#include <utility>
#include <memory> // for std::addressof
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__clang__)
#pragma warning(push)
// turn off some warnings that are noisy about our Expects statements
#pragma warning(disable : 4127) // conditional expression is constant
#pragma warning(disable : 4702) // unreachable code
// Turn MSVC /analyze rules that generate too much noise. TODO: fix in the tool.
#pragma warning(disable : 26495) // uninitalized member when constructor calls constructor
#pragma warning(disable : 26446) // parser bug does not allow attributes on some templates
#if _MSC_VER < 1910
#pragma push_macro("constexpr")
#define constexpr /*constexpr*/
#define GSL_USE_STATIC_CONSTEXPR_WORKAROUND
#endif // _MSC_VER < 1910
#endif // _MSC_VER
// See if we have enough C++17 power to use a static constexpr data member
// without needing an out-of-line definition
#if !(defined(__cplusplus) && (__cplusplus >= 201703L))
#define GSL_USE_STATIC_CONSTEXPR_WORKAROUND
#endif // !(defined(__cplusplus) && (__cplusplus >= 201703L))
// GCC 7 does not like the signed unsigned missmatch (size_t ptrdiff_t)
// While there is a conversion from signed to unsigned, it happens at
// compiletime, so the compiler wouldn't have to warn indiscriminently, but
// could check if the source value actually doesn't fit into the target type
// and only warn in those cases.
#if defined(__GNUC__) && __GNUC__ > 6
#pragma GCC diagnostic push
#pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wsign-conversion"
#endif
namespace gsl
{
// [views.constants], constants
constexpr const std::ptrdiff_t dynamic_extent = -1;
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent = dynamic_extent>
class span;
// implementation details
namespace details
{
template <class T>
struct is_span_oracle : std::false_type
{
};
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
struct is_span_oracle<gsl::span<ElementType, Extent>> : std::true_type
{
};
template <class T>
struct is_span : public is_span_oracle<std::remove_cv_t<T>>
{
};
template <class T>
struct is_std_array_oracle : std::false_type
{
};
template <class ElementType, std::size_t Extent>
struct is_std_array_oracle<std::array<ElementType, Extent>> : std::true_type
{
};
template <class T>
struct is_std_array : public is_std_array_oracle<std::remove_cv_t<T>>
{
};
template <std::ptrdiff_t From, std::ptrdiff_t To>
struct is_allowed_extent_conversion
: public std::integral_constant<bool, From == To || From == gsl::dynamic_extent ||
To == gsl::dynamic_extent>
{
};
template <class From, class To>
struct is_allowed_element_type_conversion
: public std::integral_constant<bool, std::is_convertible<From (*)[], To (*)[]>::value>
{
};
template <class Span, bool IsConst>
class span_iterator
{
using element_type_ = typename Span::element_type;
public:
#ifdef _MSC_VER
// Tell Microsoft standard library that span_iterators are checked.
using _Unchecked_type = typename Span::pointer;
#endif
using iterator_category = std::random_access_iterator_tag;
using value_type = std::remove_cv_t<element_type_>;
using difference_type = typename Span::index_type;
using reference = std::conditional_t<IsConst, const element_type_, element_type_>&;
using pointer = std::add_pointer_t<reference>;
span_iterator() = default;
constexpr span_iterator(const Span* span, typename Span::index_type idx) noexcept
: span_(span), index_(idx)
{}
friend span_iterator<Span, true>;
template <bool B, std::enable_if_t<!B && IsConst>* = nullptr>
constexpr span_iterator(const span_iterator<Span, B>& other) noexcept
: span_iterator(other.span_, other.index_)
{}
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
constexpr reference operator*() const
{
Expects(index_ != span_->size());
return *(span_->data() + index_);
}
constexpr pointer operator->() const
{
Expects(index_ != span_->size());
return span_->data() + index_;
}
constexpr span_iterator& operator++()
{
Expects(0 <= index_ && index_ != span_->size());
++index_;
return *this;
}
constexpr span_iterator operator++(int)
{
auto ret = *this;
++(*this);
return ret;
}
constexpr span_iterator& operator--()
{
Expects(index_ != 0 && index_ <= span_->size());
--index_;
return *this;
}
constexpr span_iterator operator--(int)
{
auto ret = *this;
--(*this);
return ret;
}
constexpr span_iterator operator+(difference_type n) const
{
auto ret = *this;
return ret += n;
}
friend constexpr span_iterator operator+(difference_type n, span_iterator const& rhs)
{
return rhs + n;
}
constexpr span_iterator& operator+=(difference_type n)
{
Expects((index_ + n) >= 0 && (index_ + n) <= span_->size());
index_ += n;
return *this;
}
constexpr span_iterator operator-(difference_type n) const
{
auto ret = *this;
return ret -= n;
}
constexpr span_iterator& operator-=(difference_type n) { return *this += -n; }
constexpr difference_type operator-(span_iterator rhs) const
{
Expects(span_ == rhs.span_);
return index_ - rhs.index_;
}
constexpr reference operator[](difference_type n) const { return *(*this + n); }
constexpr friend bool operator==(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return lhs.span_ == rhs.span_ && lhs.index_ == rhs.index_;
}
constexpr friend bool operator!=(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return !(lhs == rhs);
}
constexpr friend bool operator<(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return lhs.index_ < rhs.index_;
}
constexpr friend bool operator<=(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return !(rhs < lhs);
}
constexpr friend bool operator>(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return rhs < lhs;
}
constexpr friend bool operator>=(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{
return !(rhs > lhs);
}
#ifdef _MSC_VER
// MSVC++ iterator debugging support; allows STL algorithms in 15.8+
// to unwrap span_iterator to a pointer type after a range check in STL
// algorithm calls
friend constexpr void _Verify_range(span_iterator lhs, span_iterator rhs) noexcept
{ // test that [lhs, rhs) forms a valid range inside an STL algorithm
Expects(lhs.span_ == rhs.span_ // range spans have to match
&& lhs.index_ <= rhs.index_); // range must not be transposed
}
constexpr void _Verify_offset(const difference_type n) const noexcept
{ // test that the iterator *this + n is a valid range in an STL
// algorithm call
Expects((index_ + n) >= 0 && (index_ + n) <= span_->size());
}
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
constexpr pointer _Unwrapped() const noexcept
{ // after seeking *this to a high water mark, or using one of the
// _Verify_xxx functions above, unwrap this span_iterator to a raw
// pointer
return span_->data() + index_;
}
// Tell the STL that span_iterator should not be unwrapped if it can't
// validate in advance, even in release / optimized builds:
#if defined(GSL_USE_STATIC_CONSTEXPR_WORKAROUND)
static constexpr const bool _Unwrap_when_unverified = false;
#else
static constexpr bool _Unwrap_when_unverified = false;
#endif
GSL_SUPPRESS(con.3) // NO-FORMAT: attribute // TODO: false positive
constexpr void _Seek_to(const pointer p) noexcept
{ // adjust the position of *this to previously verified location p
// after _Unwrapped
index_ = p - span_->data();
}
#endif
protected:
const Span* span_ = nullptr;
std::ptrdiff_t index_ = 0;
};
template <std::ptrdiff_t Ext>
class extent_type
{
public:
using index_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
static_assert(Ext >= 0, "A fixed-size span must be >= 0 in size.");
constexpr extent_type() noexcept {}
template <index_type Other>
constexpr extent_type(extent_type<Other> ext)
{
static_assert(Other == Ext || Other == dynamic_extent,
"Mismatch between fixed-size extent and size of initializing data.");
Expects(ext.size() == Ext);
}
constexpr extent_type(index_type size) { Expects(size == Ext); }
constexpr index_type size() const noexcept { return Ext; }
};
template <>
class extent_type<dynamic_extent>
{
public:
using index_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
template <index_type Other>
explicit constexpr extent_type(extent_type<Other> ext) : size_(ext.size())
{}
explicit constexpr extent_type(index_type size) : size_(size) { Expects(size >= 0); }
constexpr index_type size() const noexcept { return size_; }
private:
index_type size_;
};
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent, std::ptrdiff_t Offset, std::ptrdiff_t Count>
struct calculate_subspan_type
{
using type = span<ElementType, Count != dynamic_extent
? Count
: (Extent != dynamic_extent ? Extent - Offset : Extent)>;
};
} // namespace details
// [span], class template span
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
class span
{
public:
// constants and types
using element_type = ElementType;
using value_type = std::remove_cv_t<ElementType>;
using index_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
using pointer = element_type*;
using reference = element_type&;
using iterator = details::span_iterator<span<ElementType, Extent>, false>;
using const_iterator = details::span_iterator<span<ElementType, Extent>, true>;
using reverse_iterator = std::reverse_iterator<iterator>;
using const_reverse_iterator = std::reverse_iterator<const_iterator>;
using size_type = index_type;
#if defined(GSL_USE_STATIC_CONSTEXPR_WORKAROUND)
static constexpr const index_type extent{Extent};
#else
static constexpr index_type extent{Extent};
#endif
// [span.cons], span constructors, copy, assignment, and destructor
template <bool Dependent = false,
// "Dependent" is needed to make "std::enable_if_t<Dependent || Extent <= 0>" SFINAE,
// since "std::enable_if_t<Extent <= 0>" is ill-formed when Extent is greater than 0.
class = std::enable_if_t<(Dependent || Extent <= 0)>>
constexpr span() noexcept : storage_(nullptr, details::extent_type<0>())
{}
constexpr span(pointer ptr, index_type count) : storage_(ptr, count) {}
constexpr span(pointer firstElem, pointer lastElem)
: storage_(firstElem, std::distance(firstElem, lastElem))
{}
template <std::size_t N>
constexpr span(element_type (&arr)[N]) noexcept
: storage_(KnownNotNull{std::addressof(arr[0])}, details::extent_type<N>())
{}
template <std::size_t N, class = std::enable_if_t<(N > 0)>>
constexpr span(std::array<std::remove_const_t<element_type>, N>& arr) noexcept
: storage_(KnownNotNull{arr.data()}, details::extent_type<N>())
{
}
constexpr span(std::array<std::remove_const_t<element_type>, 0>&) noexcept
: storage_(static_cast<pointer>(nullptr), details::extent_type<0>())
{
}
template <std::size_t N, class = std::enable_if_t<(N > 0)>>
constexpr span(const std::array<std::remove_const_t<element_type>, N>& arr) noexcept
: storage_(KnownNotNull{arr.data()}, details::extent_type<N>())
{
}
constexpr span(const std::array<std::remove_const_t<element_type>, 0>&) noexcept
: storage_(static_cast<pointer>(nullptr), details::extent_type<0>())
{
}
// NB: the SFINAE here uses .data() as a incomplete/imperfect proxy for the requirement
// on Container to be a contiguous sequence container.
template <class Container,
class = std::enable_if_t<
!details::is_span<Container>::value && !details::is_std_array<Container>::value &&
std::is_convertible<typename Container::pointer, pointer>::value &&
std::is_convertible<typename Container::pointer,
decltype(std::declval<Container>().data())>::value>>
constexpr span(Container& cont) : span(cont.data(), narrow<index_type>(cont.size()))
{}
template <class Container,
class = std::enable_if_t<
std::is_const<element_type>::value && !details::is_span<Container>::value &&
std::is_convertible<typename Container::pointer, pointer>::value &&
std::is_convertible<typename Container::pointer,
decltype(std::declval<Container>().data())>::value>>
constexpr span(const Container& cont) : span(cont.data(), narrow<index_type>(cont.size()))
{}
constexpr span(const span& other) noexcept = default;
template <
class OtherElementType, std::ptrdiff_t OtherExtent,
class = std::enable_if_t<
details::is_allowed_extent_conversion<OtherExtent, Extent>::value &&
details::is_allowed_element_type_conversion<OtherElementType, element_type>::value>>
constexpr span(const span<OtherElementType, OtherExtent>& other)
: storage_(other.data(), details::extent_type<OtherExtent>(other.size()))
{}
~span() noexcept = default;
constexpr span& operator=(const span& other) noexcept = default;
// [span.sub], span subviews
template <std::ptrdiff_t Count>
constexpr span<element_type, Count> first() const
{
Expects(Count >= 0 && Count <= size());
return {data(), Count};
}
template <std::ptrdiff_t Count>
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
constexpr span<element_type, Count> last() const
{
Expects(Count >= 0 && size() - Count >= 0);
return {data() + (size() - Count), Count};
}
template <std::ptrdiff_t Offset, std::ptrdiff_t Count = dynamic_extent>
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
constexpr auto subspan() const ->
typename details::calculate_subspan_type<ElementType, Extent, Offset, Count>::type
{
Expects((Offset >= 0 && size() - Offset >= 0) &&
(Count == dynamic_extent || (Count >= 0 && Offset + Count <= size())));
return {data() + Offset, Count == dynamic_extent ? size() - Offset : Count};
}
constexpr span<element_type, dynamic_extent> first(index_type count) const
{
Expects(count >= 0 && count <= size());
return {data(), count};
}
constexpr span<element_type, dynamic_extent> last(index_type count) const
{
return make_subspan(size() - count, dynamic_extent, subspan_selector<Extent>{});
}
constexpr span<element_type, dynamic_extent> subspan(index_type offset,
index_type count = dynamic_extent) const
{
return make_subspan(offset, count, subspan_selector<Extent>{});
}
// [span.obs], span observers
constexpr index_type size() const noexcept { return storage_.size(); }
constexpr index_type size_bytes() const noexcept
{
return size() * narrow_cast<index_type>(sizeof(element_type));
}
constexpr bool empty() const noexcept { return size() == 0; }
// [span.elem], span element access
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
constexpr reference operator[](index_type idx) const
{
Expects(CheckRange(idx, storage_.size()));
return data()[idx];
}
constexpr reference at(index_type idx) const { return this->operator[](idx); }
constexpr reference operator()(index_type idx) const { return this->operator[](idx); }
constexpr pointer data() const noexcept { return storage_.data(); }
// [span.iter], span iterator support
constexpr iterator begin() const noexcept { return {this, 0}; }
constexpr iterator end() const noexcept { return {this, size()}; }
constexpr const_iterator cbegin() const noexcept { return {this, 0}; }
constexpr const_iterator cend() const noexcept { return {this, size()}; }
constexpr reverse_iterator rbegin() const noexcept { return reverse_iterator{end()}; }
constexpr reverse_iterator rend() const noexcept { return reverse_iterator{begin()}; }
constexpr const_reverse_iterator crbegin() const noexcept
{
return const_reverse_iterator{cend()};
}
constexpr const_reverse_iterator crend() const noexcept
{
return const_reverse_iterator{cbegin()};
}
#ifdef _MSC_VER
// Tell MSVC how to unwrap spans in range-based-for
constexpr pointer _Unchecked_begin() const noexcept { return data(); }
constexpr pointer _Unchecked_end() const noexcept
{
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
return data() + size();
}
#endif // _MSC_VER
private:
static constexpr bool CheckRange(index_type idx, index_type size) noexcept
{
// Optimization:
//
// idx >= 0 && idx < size
// =>
// static_cast<size_t>(idx) < static_cast<size_t>(size)
//
// because size >=0 by span construction, and negative idx will
// wrap around to a value always greater than size when casted.
// check if we have enough space to wrap around
#if defined(__cpp_if_constexpr)
if constexpr (sizeof(index_type) <= sizeof(size_t))
#else
if (sizeof(index_type) <= sizeof(size_t))
#endif
{
return narrow_cast<size_t>(idx) < narrow_cast<size_t>(size);
}
else
{
return idx >= 0 && idx < size;
}
}
// Needed to remove unnecessary null check in subspans
struct KnownNotNull
{
pointer p;
};
// this implementation detail class lets us take advantage of the
// empty base class optimization to pay for only storage of a single
// pointer in the case of fixed-size spans
template <class ExtentType>
class storage_type : public ExtentType
{
public:
// KnownNotNull parameter is needed to remove unnecessary null check
// in subspans and constructors from arrays
template <class OtherExtentType>
constexpr storage_type(KnownNotNull data, OtherExtentType ext)
: ExtentType(ext), data_(data.p)
{
Expects(ExtentType::size() >= 0);
}
template <class OtherExtentType>
constexpr storage_type(pointer data, OtherExtentType ext) : ExtentType(ext), data_(data)
{
Expects(ExtentType::size() >= 0);
Expects(data || ExtentType::size() == 0);
}
constexpr pointer data() const noexcept { return data_; }
private:
pointer data_;
};
storage_type<details::extent_type<Extent>> storage_;
// The rest is needed to remove unnecessary null check
// in subspans and constructors from arrays
constexpr span(KnownNotNull ptr, index_type count) : storage_(ptr, count) {}
template <std::ptrdiff_t CallerExtent>
class subspan_selector
{
};
template <std::ptrdiff_t CallerExtent>
span<element_type, dynamic_extent> make_subspan(index_type offset, index_type count,
subspan_selector<CallerExtent>) const
{
const span<element_type, dynamic_extent> tmp(*this);
return tmp.subspan(offset, count);
}
GSL_SUPPRESS(bounds.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
span<element_type, dynamic_extent> make_subspan(index_type offset, index_type count,
subspan_selector<dynamic_extent>) const
{
Expects(offset >= 0 && size() - offset >= 0);
if (count == dynamic_extent) { return {KnownNotNull{data() + offset}, size() - offset}; }
Expects(count >= 0 && size() - offset >= count);
return {KnownNotNull{data() + offset}, count};
}
};
#if defined(GSL_USE_STATIC_CONSTEXPR_WORKAROUND)
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr const typename span<ElementType, Extent>::index_type span<ElementType, Extent>::extent;
#endif
// [span.comparison], span comparison operators
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t FirstExtent, std::ptrdiff_t SecondExtent>
constexpr bool operator==(span<ElementType, FirstExtent> l, span<ElementType, SecondExtent> r)
{
return std::equal(l.begin(), l.end(), r.begin(), r.end());
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr bool operator!=(span<ElementType, Extent> l, span<ElementType, Extent> r)
{
return !(l == r);
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr bool operator<(span<ElementType, Extent> l, span<ElementType, Extent> r)
{
return std::lexicographical_compare(l.begin(), l.end(), r.begin(), r.end());
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr bool operator<=(span<ElementType, Extent> l, span<ElementType, Extent> r)
{
return !(l > r);
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr bool operator>(span<ElementType, Extent> l, span<ElementType, Extent> r)
{
return r < l;
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr bool operator>=(span<ElementType, Extent> l, span<ElementType, Extent> r)
{
return !(l < r);
}
namespace details
{
// if we only supported compilers with good constexpr support then
// this pair of classes could collapse down to a constexpr function
// we should use a narrow_cast<> to go to std::size_t, but older compilers may not see it as
// constexpr
// and so will fail compilation of the template
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
struct calculate_byte_size
: std::integral_constant<std::ptrdiff_t,
static_cast<std::ptrdiff_t>(sizeof(ElementType) *
static_cast<std::size_t>(Extent))>
{
};
template <class ElementType>
struct calculate_byte_size<ElementType, dynamic_extent>
: std::integral_constant<std::ptrdiff_t, dynamic_extent>
{
};
} // namespace details
// [span.objectrep], views of object representation
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
span<const byte, details::calculate_byte_size<ElementType, Extent>::value>
as_bytes(span<ElementType, Extent> s) noexcept
{
GSL_SUPPRESS(type.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
return {reinterpret_cast<const byte*>(s.data()), s.size_bytes()};
}
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent,
class = std::enable_if_t<!std::is_const<ElementType>::value>>
span<byte, details::calculate_byte_size<ElementType, Extent>::value>
as_writeable_bytes(span<ElementType, Extent> s) noexcept
{
GSL_SUPPRESS(type.1) // NO-FORMAT: attribute
return {reinterpret_cast<byte*>(s.data()), s.size_bytes()};
}
//
// make_span() - Utility functions for creating spans
//
template <class ElementType>
constexpr span<ElementType> make_span(ElementType* ptr,
typename span<ElementType>::index_type count)
{
return span<ElementType>(ptr, count);
}
template <class ElementType>
constexpr span<ElementType> make_span(ElementType* firstElem, ElementType* lastElem)
{
return span<ElementType>(firstElem, lastElem);
}
template <class ElementType, std::size_t N>
constexpr span<ElementType, N> make_span(ElementType (&arr)[N]) noexcept
{
return span<ElementType, N>(arr);
}
template <class Container>
constexpr span<typename Container::value_type> make_span(Container& cont)
{
return span<typename Container::value_type>(cont);
}
template <class Container>
constexpr span<const typename Container::value_type> make_span(const Container& cont)
{
return span<const typename Container::value_type>(cont);
}
template <class Ptr>
constexpr span<typename Ptr::element_type> make_span(Ptr& cont, std::ptrdiff_t count)
{
return span<typename Ptr::element_type>(cont, count);
}
template <class Ptr>
constexpr span<typename Ptr::element_type> make_span(Ptr& cont)
{
return span<typename Ptr::element_type>(cont);
}
// Specialization of gsl::at for span
template <class ElementType, std::ptrdiff_t Extent>
constexpr ElementType& at(span<ElementType, Extent> s, index i)
{
// No bounds checking here because it is done in span::operator[] called below
return s[i];
}
} // namespace gsl
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__clang__)
#if _MSC_VER < 1910
#undef constexpr
#pragma pop_macro("constexpr")
#endif // _MSC_VER < 1910
#pragma warning(pop)
#endif // _MSC_VER
#if defined(__GNUC__) && __GNUC__ > 6
#pragma GCC diagnostic pop
#endif // __GNUC__ > 6
#endif // GSL_SPAN_H