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Python API hangs when run twice in distributed setting #1789

SfinxCZ opened this Issue Oct 26, 2018 · 4 comments


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SfinxCZ commented Oct 26, 2018

I have a problem with python API in distributed setting. When I run training twice, the second run hangs. I've attached python test and docker image to reproduce the behavior.

Environment info

Operating System: Docker container based on python:3.6-slim image (running on MacOS)

CPU/GPU model: CPU

C++/Python/R version: Python version



from multiprocessing import Pipe, Process
from unittest import TestCase
import random

from sklearn.datasets import make_blobs
import numpy as np
import numpy.testing as npt

def _fit_local(q):
    import lightgbm
    X, y, weight, params = q.recv()
    classifier = lightgbm.LGBMClassifier(**params), y, sample_weight=weight)

def fit_model(X, y, weight=None, time_out=120):
    parent_conn_a, child_conn_a = Pipe()
    parent_conn_b, child_conn_b = Pipe()
    process_a = Process(target=_fit_local, args=(child_conn_a,))
    process_b = Process(target=_fit_local, args=(child_conn_b,))
    idx_a = np.random.rand(X.shape[0]) > 0.5
    idx_b = ~idx_a
    X_a, y_a = X[idx_a, :], y[idx_a]
    X_b, y_b = X[idx_b, :], y[idx_b]
    if weight:
        w_a, w_b = weight[idx_a], weight[idx_b]
        w_a, w_b = None, None
    params_a, params_b = _build_params(time_out)
    parent_conn_a.send((X_a, y_a, w_a, params_a))
    parent_conn_b.send((X_b, y_b, w_b, params_b))
    model_a = parent_conn_a.recv()
    model_b = parent_conn_b.recv()

    # import lightgbm
    # model = lightgbm.LGBMClassifier()
    #, y, sample_weight=weight)
    return model_a, model_b

def _build_params(time_out):
    start_port = random.randint(0, 10_000) + 12400
    machines = f"{start_port},{start_port+1}"
    params_a = {
        "machines": machines,
        "local_listen_port": start_port,
        "time_out": time_out,
        "num_machines": 2,
        "verbose": 100,
        "tree_learner": "data"
    params_b = {
        "machines": machines,
        "local_listen_port": start_port + 1,
        "time_out": time_out,
        "num_machines": 2,
        "verbose": 100,
        "tree_learner": "data"
    return params_a, params_b

def assert_array_almost_equal(x, y, eps=1e-8):
    npt.assert_equal(x.shape, y.shape)
    assert np.sum((x != y)) / (np.product(x.shape)) <= eps

class TestDistributedSklearn(TestCase):

    def test_run_twice(self):
        X_1, y_1 = make_blobs(n_samples=100, centers=2)
        X_2, y_2 = make_blobs(n_samples=100, centers=2)

        model_a, model_b = fit_model(X_1, y_1, time_out=20)
        del model_a
        del model_b

        model_a, model_b = fit_model(X_2, y_2, time_out=20)
        del model_a
        del model_b


FROM python:3.6-slim

RUN apt-get update && \
    apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
        cmake \
        libc6-dev \
        make \
        gcc \
        g++ \
        libssl-dev \
        automake \
        libtool \
        net-tools \
        && \
    apt-get clean && \
    rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

ADD . /app

RUN mkdir /app/build

WORKDIR /app/build

WORKDIR /app/python-package
RUN python bdist_wheel && pip install dist/*
RUN python -m pip install dask distributed pytest pytest-xdist

WORKDIR /app/tests/python_package_test

ENTRYPOINT [ "/bin/bash", "-c", "pytest ${*}", "--" ]

Steps to reproduce

  1. docker build -t lightgbm-test .
  2. docker run -it lightgbm-test /app/tests/python_package_test/ [-ss]

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guolinke commented Oct 27, 2018

You can try num_thread=1.
It is the problem with multiprocessing .


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Laurae2 commented Oct 27, 2018

I think this a specific known issue with OpenMP and fork?

xgboost can't be run when forked (hangs) for instance. User must create sockets (create new processes) instead of forking (create new threads).

@SfinxCZ can you run your script by creating new processes (requires memory copy of the objects + load libraries in each process) instead of forking?


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guolinke commented Oct 27, 2018

@Laurae2 yeah, it is the root cause.
Maybe we should add some documents to address this problem.


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SfinxCZ commented Oct 28, 2018

@guolinke Thanks for hits, multiprocessing.get_context("spawn") fixed the problems.

@SfinxCZ SfinxCZ closed this Oct 28, 2018

Laurae2 added a commit that referenced this issue Oct 28, 2018

guolinke added a commit that referenced this issue Oct 29, 2018

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