Computational model of bladder small DRG neuron soma (Mandge & Manchanda 2018)
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CaL.mod
CaN.mod
CaPQ.mod
CaR.mod
CaT.mod
README.html
README.md
bkca.mod
cacc.mod
cadyn.mod
fig16ACD.hoc
fig16acd.PNG
fig9A.PNG
fig9A.hoc
graphs_functions.hoc
hcn.mod
ip3_diff.mod
kaslow.mod
kdr.mod
kmtype.mod
knatype.mod
morphology.hoc
mosinit.hoc
nakpump.mod
nattxs.mod
nav1p8.mod
nav1p9.mod
ncxsoma.mod
skca3.mod
soce.mod
tautables.hoc
trpm8.mod

README.md

README for the Bladder Small DRG Neuron Soma Model - Mandge and Manchanda, 2018

Reference

A biophysically detailed computational model of urinary bladder small DRG neuron soma- Mandge and Manchanda, 2018 (accepted PLOS Computational Biology), DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006293)

Abstract

Bladder small DRG neurons, which are putative nociceptors pivotal to urinary bladder function, express more than a dozen different ionic membrane mechanisms: ion channels, pumps and exchangers. Small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (SKCa) channels which were earlier thought to be gated solely by intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca]i ) have recently been shown to exhibit inward rectification with respect to membrane potential. The effect of SKCa inward rectification on the excitability of these neurons is unknown. Furthermore, studies on the role of KCa channels in repetitive firing and their contributions to different types of afterhyperpolarization (AHP) in these neurons are lacking. In order to study these phenomena, we first constructed and validated a biophysically detailed single compartment model of bladder small DRG soma constrained by physiological data. The model includes twenty-two major known membrane mechanisms along with intracellular Ca2+ dynamics comprising Ca2+ diffusion, cytoplasmic buffering, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondrial mechanisms. Using modelling studies, we show that inward rectification of SKCa is an important parameter regulating neuronal repetitive firing and that its absence reduces action potential (AP) firing frequency. We also show that SKCa is more potent in reducing AP spiking than the large-conductance KCa channel (BKCa) in these neurons. Moreover, BKCa was found to contribute to the fast AHP (fAHP) and SKCa to the medium-duration (mAHP) and slow AHP (sAHP). We also report that the slow inactivating A-type K+ channel (slow KA) current in these neurons is composed of 2 components: an initial fast inactivating (time constant ~ 25-100 ms) and a slow inactivating (time constant ~ 200-800 ms) current. We discuss the implications of our findings, and how our detailed model can help further our understanding of the role of C-fibre afferents in the physiology of urinary bladder as well as in certain disorders.

How to run the model:
(Assuming that NEURON is installed in the system either auto-launch from ModelDB (also assuming your browser is properly configured) or download the archive and follow the below instructions). Note if you need more help than provided below please consult: https://senselab.med.yale.edu/ModelDB/NEURON_DwnldGuide.cshtml)

Windows based Systems
1. Search for NEURON'S mknrndll tool in the Windows start menu and run it. Navigate to the model folder location using the "Choose Directory" option. When you reach the model folder, Click "List Dir" option and then "Make nrnmech.dll". This compiles all the mod files in this directory 2. Run the model by double-clicking the mosinit.hoc

Unix based Systems
1. Navigate (change directory) to the model folder in using the terminal. 2. Compile the mod files by calling "nrnivmodl" (without inverted commas) from terminal. 3. Launch the model by using command: "nrngui mosinit.hoc".

For MacOS based Systems
1. Compiling mod files: Follow the instructions given here: https://www.neuron.yale.edu/neuron/static/docs/nmodl/macos.html 2. Launch the model by using command: "nrngui mosinit.hoc".

Below steps are common to all the OS types.

Generating, Fig 9A of the paper:

> click the Generate Fig 9A button which will run the fig9A.hoc file to generate Fig 9A:

img { display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto; }

fig 9A

Generating Fig 16 A, C and D of the paper:

> click on the "Quit between different figure simulations" button, restart the simulation and select the other button

"Generate Fig 16 A, C, D" which will run the file fig16ACD.hoc first with no changes and then running with each of the changes

gbar_skca3 (SKCa Conductance) to 0.0027 and 0.0045 mho/cm2:

fig 16 acd

NOTE: restarting between simulation makes sure that the Current Clamp Panel parameters are properly set.

20180622 Added some screenshots and light edits to the README. 20180821 Update from Darshan Mandge: added "urinary" for finalized paper title