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Model verification, validation, and error analysis

CRAN_Status_Badge R build status Coverage Status DrWhy-eXtrAI


Package auditor is a tool for model-agnostic validation. Implemented techniques facilitate assessing and comparing the goodness of fit and performance of models. In addition, they may be used for the analysis of the similarity of residuals and for the identification of outliers and influential observations. The examination is carried out by diagnostic scores and visual verification. Due to the flexible and consistent grammar, it is simple to validate models of any classes.

An up-to-date paper about auditor and a shorter version in The R-Journal.

auditor is a part of DrWhy collection of tools for Visual Exploration, Explanation and Debugging of Predictive Models.

auditor’s pipeline: model %>% DALEX::explain() %>% plot(type=…)


Stable version from CRAN:


Developer version from GitHub:


# or with the devtools package


Run the code below or try the auditor.


# fitting models
model_lm <- lm(mpg ~ ., data = mtcars)
model_rf <- randomForest(mpg ~ ., data = mtcars)

# creating objects with 'explain' function from the package DALEX
# that contains all necessary components required for further processing
exp_lm <- DALEX::explain(model_lm, data = mtcars, y = mtcars$mpg,  verbose = FALSE)
exp_rf <- DALEX::explain(model_rf, data = mtcars, y = mtcars$mpg, label = "rf", verbose = FALSE)

# create explanation  objects
mr_lm <- model_residual(exp_lm)
mr_rf <- model_residual(exp_rf)

# generating plots
plot_residual(mr_lm, mr_rf, variable = "wt", smooth = TRUE)

More Resources

Short overview of plots

Column type contains character that should be passed to parameter type= when using plot() function. Regr and Class columns indicate whether plot can be used for regression and classification models.

Name of a plot Function Interactive version Type Regr Class
Autocorrelation Function plot_acf() plotD3_acf() “acf” yes yes
Autocorrelation plot_autocorrelation() plotD3_autocorrelation() “autocorrelation” yes yes
Influence of Observations plot_cooksdistance() plotD3_cooksdistance() “cooksdistance” yes yes
Half-Normal plot_halfnormal() plotD3_halfnormal() “halfnormal” yes yes
LIFT Chart plot_lift() plotD3_lift() “lift” no yes
Model Correlation plot_correlation() - “correlation” yes yes
Principal Component Analysis of Models plot_pca() - “pca” yes yes
Model Ranking Radar Plot plot_radar() - “radar” yes yes
Predicted Response vs Actual or Variable Values plot_prediction() plotD3_prediction() “prediction” yes yes
Regression Error Characteristic Curve (REC) plot_rec() plotD3_rec() “rec” yes yes
Plot Residuals vs Actual, Fitted or Variable Values plot_residual() plotD3_residual() “residual” yes yes
Residual Boxplot plot_residual_boxplot() - “residual_boxplot” yes yes
Residual Density plot_residual_density() - “residual_density” yes yes
Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve plot_roc() plotD3_roc “roc” no yes
Regression Receiver Operating Characteristic (RROC) plot_rroc() plotD3_rroc “rroc” yes yes
Scale-Location Plot plot_scalelocation() plotD3_scalelocation() “scalelocation” yes yes
Two-sided Cumulative Distribution Function plot_tsecdf() - “tsecdf” yes yes


Work on this package was financially supported by the NCN Opus grant 2016/21/B/ST6/02176.