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ManifestDestiny
===============
Universal manifests for Mozilla test harnesses
What is ManifestDestiny?
------------------------
What ManifestDestiny gives you::
* manifests are (ordered) lists of tests
* tests may have an arbitrary number of key, value pairs
* the parser returns an ordered list of test data structures, which
are just dicts with some keys. For example, a test with no
user-specified metadata looks like this::
[{'path':
'/home/jhammel/mozmill/src/ManifestDestiny/manifestdestiny/tests/testToolbar/testBackForwardButtons.js',
'name': 'testToolbar/testBackForwardButtons.js', 'here':
'/home/jhammel/mozmill/src/ManifestDestiny/manifestdestiny/tests',
'manifest': '/home/jhammel/mozmill/src/ManifestDestiny/manifestdestiny/tests',}]
The keys displayed here (path, name, here, and manifest) are reserved
keys for ManifestDestiny and any consuming APIs. You can add
additional key, value metadata to each test.
Why have test manifests?
------------------------
Most Mozilla test harnesses work by crawling a directory structure.
While this is straight-forward, manifests offer several practical
advantages::
* ability to turn a test off easily: if a test is broken on m-c
currently, the only way to turn it off, generally speaking, is just
removing the test. Often this is undesirable, as if the test should
be dismissed because other people want to land and it can't be
investigated in real time (is it a failure? is the test bad? is no
one around that knows the test?), then backing out a test is at best
problematic. With a manifest, a test may be disabled without
removing it from the tree and a bug filed with the appropriate
reason::
[test_broken.js]
disabled = https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=123456
* ability to run different (subsets of) tests on different
platforms. Traditionally, we've done a bit of magic or had the test
know what platform it would or would not run on. With manifests, you
can mark what platforms a test will or will not run on and change
these without changing the test.
[test_works_on_windows_only.js]
run-if = os == 'win'
* ability to markup tests with metadata. We have a large, complicated,
and always changing infrastructure. key, value metadata may be used
as an annotation to a test and appropriately curated and mined. For
instance, we could mark certain tests as randomorange with a bug
number, if it were desirable.
* ability to have sane and well-defined test-runs. You can keep
different manifests for different test runs and ``[include:]``
(sub)manifests as appropriate to your needs.
Manifest Format
---------------
Manifests are .ini file with the section names denoting the path
relative to the manifest::
[foo.js]
[bar.js]
[fleem.js]
The sections are read in order. In addition, tests may include
arbitrary key, value metadata to be used by the harness. You may also
have a ``[DEFAULT]`` section that will give key, value pairs that will
be inherited by each test unless overridden::
[DEFAULT]
type = restart
[lilies.js]
color = white
[daffodils.js]
color = yellow
type = other
# override type from DEFAULT
[roses.js]
color = red
You can also include other manifests::
[include:subdir/anothermanifest.ini]
Manifests are included relative to the directory of the manifest with
the ``[include:]`` directive unless they are absolute paths.
Data
----
Manifest Destiny gives tests as a list of dictionaries (in python
terms).
* path: full path to the test
* name: short name of the test; this is the (usually) relative path
specified in the section name
* here: the parent directory of the manifest
* manifest: the path to the manifest containing the test
This data corresponds to a one-line manifest::
[testToolbar/testBackForwardButtons.js]
If additional key, values were specified, they would be in this dict
as well.
Outside of the reserved keys, the remaining key, values
are up to convention to use. There is a (currently very minimal)
generic integration layer in ManifestDestiny for use of all harnesses,
``manifestparser.TestManifest``.
For instance, if the 'disabled' key is present, you can get the set of
tests without disabled (various other queries are doable as well).
Since the system is convention-based, the harnesses may do whatever
they want with the data. They may ignore it completely, they may use
the provided integration layer, or they may provide their own
integration layer. This should allow whatever sort of logic is
desired. For instance, if in yourtestharness you wanted to run only on
mondays for a certain class of tests::
tests = []
for test in manifests.tests:
if 'runOnDay' in test:
if calendar.day_name[calendar.weekday(*datetime.datetime.now().timetuple()[:3])].lower() == test['runOnDay'].lower():
tests.append(test)
else:
tests.append(test)
To recap:
* the manifests allow you to specify test data
* the parser gives you this data
* you can use it however you want or process it further as you need
Tests are denoted by sections in an .ini file (see
http://hg.mozilla.org/automation/ManifestDestiny/file/tip/manifestdestiny/tests/mozmill-example.ini).
Additional manifest files may be included with an ``[include:]`` directive::
[include:path-to-additional-file.manifest]
The path to included files is relative to the current manifest.
The ``[DEFAULT]`` section contains variables that all tests inherit from.
Included files will inherit the top-level variables but may override
in their own ``[DEFAULT]`` section.
ManifestDestiny Architecture
----------------------------
There is a two- or three-layered approach to the ManifestDestiny
architecture, depending on your needs::
1. ManifestParser: this is a generic parser for .ini manifests that
facilitates the `[include:]` logic and the inheritence of
metadata. Despite the internal variable being called ``self.tests``
(an oversight), this layer has nothing in particular to do with tests.
2. TestManifest: this is a harness-agnostic integration layer that is
test-specific. TestManifest faciliates ``skip-if`` and ``run-if``
logic.
3. Optionally, a harness will have an integration layer than inherits
from TestManifest if more harness-specific customization is desired at
the manifest level.
See the source code at http://hg.mozilla.org/automation/ManifestDestiny
and
http://hg.mozilla.org/automation/ManifestDestiny/file/tip/manifestparser.py
in particular.
Using Manifests
---------------
A test harness will normally call ``TestManifest.active_tests`` (
http://hg.mozilla.org/automation/ManifestDestiny/file/c0399fbfa830/manifestparser.py#l506 )::
506 def active_tests(self, exists=True, disabled=True, **tags):
The manifests are passed to the ``__init__`` or ``read`` methods with
appropriate arguments. ``active_tests`` then allows you to select the
tests you want::
- exists : return only existing tests
- disabled : whether to return disabled tests; if not these will be
filtered out; if True (the default), the ``disabled`` key of a
test's metadata will be present and will be set to the reason that a
test is disabled
- tags : keys and values to filter on (e.g. ``os='linux'``)
``active_tests`` looks for tests with ``skip-if.${TAG}`` or
``run-if``. If the condition is or is not fulfilled,
respectively, the test is marked as disabled. For instance, if you
pass ``**dict(os='linux')`` as ``**tags``, if a test contains a line
``skip-if = os == 'linux'`` this test will be disabled, or
``run-if = os = 'win'`` in which case the test will also be disabled. It
is up to the harness to pass in tags appropriate to its usage.
Creating Manifests
------------------
ManifestDestiny comes with a console script, ``manifestparser create``, that
may be used to create a seed manifest structure from a directory of
files. Run ``manifestparser help create`` for usage information.
Copying Manifests
-----------------
To copy tests and manifests from a source::
manifestparser [options] copy from_manifest to_directory -tag1 -tag2 --key1=value1 key2=value2 ...
Upating Tests
-------------
To update the tests associated with with a manifest from a source
directory::
manifestparser [options] update manifest from_directory -tag1 -tag2 --key1=value1 --key2=value2 ...
Tests
-----
ManifestDestiny includes a suite of tests:
http://hg.mozilla.org/automation/ManifestDestiny/file/tip/manifestdestiny/tests
``test_manifest.txt`` is a doctest that may be helpful in figuring out
how to use the API. Tests are run via ``python test.py``.
Bugs
----
Please file any bugs or feature requests at
https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/enter_bug.cgi?product=Testing&component=ManifestParser
Or contact jhammel @mozilla.org or in #ateam on irc.mozilla.org
CLI
---
Run ``manifestparser help`` for usage information.
To create a manifest from a set of directories::
manifestparser [options] create directory <directory> <...> [create-options]
To output a manifest of tests::
manifestparser [options] write manifest <manifest> <...> -tag1 -tag2 --key1=value1 --key2=value2 ...
To copy tests and manifests from a source::
manifestparser [options] copy from_manifest to_manifest -tag1 -tag2 --key1=value1 key2=value2 ...
To update the tests associated with with a manifest from a source
directory::
manifestparser [options] update manifest from_directory -tag1 -tag2 --key1=value1 --key2=value2 ...
Design Considerations
---------------------
Contrary to some opinion, manifestparser.py and the associated .ini
format were not magically plucked from the sky but were descended upon
through several design considerations.
* test manifests should be ordered. While python 2.6 and greater has
a ConfigParser that can use an ordered dictionary, it is a
requirement that we support python 2.4 for the build + testing
environment. To that end, a ``read_ini`` function was implemented
in manifestparser.py that should be the equivalent of the .ini
dialect used by ConfigParser.
* the manifest format should be easily human readable/writable. While
there was initially some thought of using JSON, there was pushback
that JSON was not easily editable. An ideal manifest format would
degenerate to a line-separated list of files. While .ini format
requires an additional ``[]`` per line, and while there have been
complaints about this, hopefully this is good enough.
* python does not have an in-built YAML parser. Since it was
undesirable for manifestparser.py to have any dependencies, YAML was
dismissed as a format.
* we could have used a proprietary format but decided against it.
Everyone knows .ini and there are good tools to deal with it.
However, since read_ini is the only function that transforms a
manifest to a list of key, value pairs, while the implications for
changing the format impacts downstream code, doing so should be
programmatically simple.
* there should be a single file that may easily be
transported. Traditionally, test harnesses have lived in
mozilla-central. This is less true these days and it is increasingly
likely that more tests will not live in mozilla-central going
forward. So ``manifestparser.py`` should be highly consumable. To
this end, it is a single file, as appropriate to mozilla-central,
which is also a working python package deployed to PyPI for easy
installation.
Historical Reference
--------------------
Date-ordered list of links about how manifests came to be where they are today::
* https://wiki.mozilla.org/Auto-tools/Projects/UniversalManifest
* http://alice.nodelman.net/blog/post/2010/05/
* http://alice.nodelman.net/blog/post/universal-manifest-for-unit-tests-a-proposal/
* https://elvis314.wordpress.com/2010/07/05/improving-personal-hygiene-by-adjusting-mochitests/
* https://elvis314.wordpress.com/2010/07/27/types-of-data-we-care-about-in-a-manifest/
* https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=585106
* http://elvis314.wordpress.com/2011/05/20/converting-xpcshell-from-listing-directories-to-a-manifest/
* https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=616999
* https://wiki.mozilla.org/Auto-tools/Projects/ManifestDestiny
* https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Writing_xpcshell-based_unit_tests#Adding_your_tests_to_the_xpcshell_manifest
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