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# Be ready for a CFP

* [](
* [](
* [](
* [](

PS: Keep a copy of your bio for the future, is boring to write every time your life.
Three version like one sentence, medium version and long version.

Also refresh them like every year to update about your actual interests.
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## How to talk to the audience

If you never talk to an audience the first issue is:

* I have no idea where to start
* I am not a good speaker
* I am afraid of the public
* I have nothing interesting to say

How to fight these thoughts?

* Take inspiration from others!
* Pretty simple looks others talks also of different topics. Also, interview of famous actors to understand that is no so very difficult.
See on Ted as example or on YouTube for talks.
* Start with a simple and tiny goal, step by step!
* As example draft a presentation and try it in your room
* Be positive of your talk! Without this everything that you will do in your life will be a mess.
* Don’t start with excuse because people don’t like them. They are here to listen about your topic!
* Practice is the way, also with taking time and recording
* On a long way see your recordings is the best way to see where you have to improve
* Fear of the public is helpful to do better
* Fear is a way to enforce in us to fight it, to do what we want
* Don’t memorize but practicing is better for your "show"
* Memory is for poetry, you need to speak with your feelings
* Take your time before to start to reorder your thoughts and be more fluid
* Usually prepare a schema of your points for the slide that will be your talk path
* Take confidence with the topic of course! I don’t want listen someone talks about something that he doesn’t know because I am losing my time.
* People go to the event to listen you, give to them something that deserve their time
* The topics are better when came from your personal background
* As the previous point every topic that is personal is better to give more thrustness about what you are saying
* Put examples in your talk because everyone can follow them and are very attractive and easy to explain
* It is demonstrated that story, jokes, graphs and image can be helpful example to let people remember easily your point
* If you have no idea where to start:
* Use a question or a quote
* With an image
* With stats
* Details improve the quality of your talk
* With the personal experience
* With strange situations that can be hilarious or easy to explain and get to the point
* Statistics are objective and very easy to understand
* Why you are here, you are a human and people want to know why are you here
* Again personal experience do the difference
* First issues about the topic and how to resolve them
* People go to events to learn how to do better or discover new things
* Be part of the public
* Say what the people want to listen and understand your audience
* Check your tone voice, don’t be at the same level or will be boring for the audience
* Eye contact is important, there are different ways
* Look for a far away point in the middle of the audience
* Look specific people that are interested
* Don’t give never your back to the audience
* Your posture need to be relaxed and confident
* When you want to do comparison about stereotypes or experiences never generalize to avoid issues with people that fit in that only for a part and avoid conflicts

Don’t forget that every discussion as 4 points:

* Persuade
* Inform
* Convince
* Entertain

If your talk or discussion has all the points will be probably an amazing experience for the audience!

These points are not mandatory but helpful on to get ready and draft your talk.
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# How to write a talk

* Don’t forget to talk about yourself, you are the guru for that topic for the attendee
* Usually the first 5 minutes are very important because will let to the audience to understand if the talk will be interesting or not
* So an introduction of the topic can be very important
* Show a concrete example/way to fix a statement
* Be specific when you can and generic to be more serious on what you are saying
* Identify the problems of your proposal
* Start every slide with the important part of the content (it will be easier to remember)
* Think about the audience skills
* Identify as a person with that problem, what do you want to listen?
* What you are trying to promote
* The topic points focused simply
* Understand the mindset of the technology you are talking
* Flames are not very good during a live talk
* Create in your mind a boilerplate version that follow the slides and an advanced version, to use for an audience with more skills where you can use the slides as reference to explain more deeply
* You are not a teacher, you are a person with experience in that topic and you want to show your experience
* Simplify it’s important but not forget that sometimes it’s not the best way, but you can divide the topic into different slides
* The people can forget the focus so act like a showman to gather the attention from them
* Funny images (I am addicted of GIF animated or meme)
* Quotes are difficult to remember or to understand from an audience that don’t know that quote
* When you write a new talk try to understand if the slides order is right or you are missing something
* The practice is very important
* The title talk need to be interesting and curious
* Use a title generator to gather inspiration
* Empathize few words help to send a message
* The slides need to be useful also without see the talk itself or remember it
* Many slides with only images in that case are not very useful
* Last slide for question with your data like email and a link to see the slides
* I also have a page with the list of all my talks, in that way they can find also other things

## Improve the talk

* A talk without improvements it’s not a good talk
* The world evolves with new tech stuff and things so it’s important to update it
* If you get often the same questions in your talk, add that information in the talk itself
* The slides cannot change but the way you explain the things can change based from the audience
* Improve the examples, often they need to be updated because as example after a year it’s not working anymore

## Tips

* The talk need to be done in stand up
* No stop words like ehm uhm but in that case stay silent
* To exercise talk about something for 30 seconds and register it and listening. Repeat until you will stop to say it.
Do it for different objects for weeks every day, this can help you to speed up on make phrases on your mind.
* You need to see on recordings when you are saying them, in that way you can prevent them, is difficult but on the long way you see the effect
* Try to do the talk before the talk itself
* Check all the slides and the content before the talk itself
* Arrive in the room 30 minutes before your talk to check if everything is fine
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# How to write a tech article

Every tech speaker sooner or later will write a tech article or manage the personal blog.

Let’s see what are the best rules for this task (helpful also on the preparation of a talk).

* The title need to be intrigue
* If you have no idea use a title generator like [](
* Start with a question, an image or with stats
* Start the paragraph with the important topic and later explain
* Divide the content into paragraph to avoid the "text wall effect"
* Break the line when a specific point was completed
* It is helpful to avoid repetition
* On the same block is the same concept
* Conclude with a strong image to enforce your point (meme usually are the best option)
* What is the purpose of the article?
* Order the information using this schema:
* 1st point:
* Start with the same knowledge ground of the reader, example: your topic is about a new javascript library, the reader probably know does not have idea about what do so is better start to do an explanation about what was required to do before the arrive of this library
* Put at the top the important things to explain later
* Start with a simple example or point to be comfortable to the audience
* 2nd point
* Talk about news, details or with advanced view
* 5th W order
* 1st point
* What, When, Where
* 2nd point
* Why, How

* When you want to do a reference about something already written few lines above do a little excerpt of that to avoid to the reader to lost the reading point
* Every item of a list need to start with a different word
* Avoid text block with a lot of text, better to split
* Metaphor or analogies are more easily remembered by the reader, especially at the top
* When you are using a technical term explain it on the first use
* Be original with your content!
* An example can be to start from the conclusion and explain with the content. In that way the reader already know what will be the focus and can be more interested
* Every text need to explain at maximum only 3 ideas and develop the content around it
* 3 ideas are enough because the reader will be more easily remember
* Remove the excessive stuff that are not important for your content
* Put "Sources" or external link improve the quality of the content (and a bit the SEO)
* Don’t forget to ask feedback on the content
* Don’t forget that you are writing to inform the reader, so what is missing to him to understand the content?
* The use of paragraphs let to do a brainstorming based on these blocks, and every block is helpful to arrive to the conclusion
* Don’t forget that example case are very easy to remember to the reader

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This paper is a list of tips and resources that can empower your skills to write a talk and to be a better speaker and talk to the public.

This is based from the experience of Daniele Scasciafratte with the amazing help of the Mozilla Tech Speaker program (and a lot of books).

That material will be used also to create a talk to help teach beginners, and those looking to improve their skills, how to deliver a professional technical presentation: [](
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# Resources

* How to sound smart in your tedx talk [](
* Don’t forget your personal clicker for the slides
* []( Open questions to improve the quality of the talk (it is for Mozilla club but many questions are useful)
* []( Humor is important to keep the attention of the people
* [](

## Books

* Smart speaking: 60 second strategies for more than 100 speaking problems and fears book by Schloff/Yudkin
* Face every single problem with example about why they happen and how face them
* The exceptional presenter by Timothy Koegel
* Include exercises and examples about the most common issues
* Include also gestures and body positions
* Also, cheatsheet about stuff to check to improve
* Dale Carniege books
* How to win friends & influence people
* How to win friends & influence people in the digital age
* The quick and easy way to public speaking
* The media training bible by Brad Phillips
* 50 one minutes tips to better communication by Philip Bozek
* Books about how to be a comedian

## Italian Books

* Guida di stile by Luisa Carrada
* Lavoro dunque scrivo by Luisa Carrada
* Lezioni di comicità by Matteo Andreone
* Comunicare bene vivere meglio by Giuseppe Falco
* L’arte di ottenere ragione by Arthur Schopenhauer
* La disputa felice by Bruno Mastroianni
* Italiano corso di sopravvivenza by Massimo Birattari
* Il parlar figurato by Bice Mortara Garavelli
* L’E-taliano by Sergio Lubello

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