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中介者模式

中介者模式:对象和对象之间借助第三方中介者进行通信。

场景 demo

一场测试结束后,公布结果:告知解答出题目的人挑战成功,否则挑战失败。

const player = function(name) {
  this.name = name
  playerMiddle.add(name)
}

player.prototype.win = function() {
  playerMiddle.win(this.name)
}

player.prototype.lose = function() {
  playerMiddle.lose(this.name)
}

const playerMiddle = (function() { // 将就用下这个 demo,这个函数当成中介者
  const players = []
  const winArr = []
  const loseArr = []
  return {
    add: function(name) {
      players.push(name)
    },
    win: function(name) {
      winArr.push(name)
      if (winArr.length + loseArr.length === players.length) {
        this.show()
      }
    },
    lose: function(name) {
      loseArr.push(name)
      if (winArr.length + loseArr.length === players.length) {
        this.show()
      }
    },
    show: function() {
      for (let winner of winArr) {
        console.log(winner + '挑战成功;')
      }
      for (let loser of loseArr) {
        console.log(loser + '挑战失败;')
      }
    },
  }
}())

const a = new player('A 选手')
const b = new player('B 选手')
const c = new player('C 选手')

a.win()
b.win()
c.lose()

// A 选手挑战成功;
// B 选手挑战成功;
// C 选手挑战失败;

在这段代码中 A、B、C 之间没有直接发生关系,而是通过另外的 playerMiddle 对象建立链接,姑且将之当成是中介者模式了。