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Pile Group Tool

The SimCenter Pile-Group Tool provides a dynamic interface to study the behavior of a pile or pile-group in layered soil. It allows the user to interactively (and nearly instantly) observe the system's response to changes of the following parameters:

  • soil structure (up to 3 layers of variable thickness) and soil properties
  • position of the ground water table
  • pile stiffness, embedment length, connection type to the pile cap
  • number of piles in the group (one to three piles)
  • the applied horizontal and vertical forces and moment at the pile cap (push-over analysis)

Presented results include:

  • axial and lateral displacement of all piles
  • moment, shear and force diagrams for each pile
  • vertical soil stresses
  • ultimate strength and stiffness parameters for the employed p-y springs

Technical background:

The soil-structure system is modeled using a finite-element platform. Piles are represented by displacement based beam-column elements. Soil-structure interaction is represented laterally by p-y springs and tangentially by t-z springs. Spring properties are computed using Hansen's method [1] and recommendations by the American Petroleum Institute (API) [2]. The Pile-Group Tool constructs a structurally and numerically appropriate finite-element mesh, computes spring properties from soil properties, and places spring elements accordingly. The actual simulation employs a Newton-Raphson iterative procedure to solve the governing nonlinear system of equations.


Software class documentation


  1. Brinch Hansen, J. (1961). “The ultimate resistance of rigid piles against transversal forces.”Bulletin No. 12, Geoteknisk Institute, Copenhagen, 59.
  2. American Petroleum Institute (API) (1987). Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms. API Recommended Practice 2A(RP-2A), Washington D.C, 17th edition.
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