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This is a Java project that uses Maven and JAXB to generate a jar of Java class files based on an IEPD that can be used to read and generate instances. This project is meant to be an example of how one may go about creating a JAXB-based project for using Java to manipulate a NIEM based exchange. While we have attempted to accommodate all sorts of NIEM-based schema idioms, please understand that not all schema models will translate into perfect Java beans.

Build Status


  • Update schema files with IEPD schemas here: ${basedir}/iepd-source/
    • Note that schemas go in the "./xsd" directory. ALL schema files from this directory will be used by this project.
    • Note that instance XML files go in the "./xml" directory. Each XML file found in here will be used as the basis for a round trip test later on.
  • Run the command $ mvn clean install
  • Your jar file containing JAXB Beans will be placed at ${basedir}/java-bindings-<version>.jar
    • The source jar file will be placed there as well.

This project is based on the Template IEPD project here: Template IEPD. Note that the project has been modified (potentially substantially) to include fringe error cases that exist with JAXB and NIEM, to illustrate and provide tests for this project.

Additionally, the full NIEM release was added to directory niem-3.2, and some example configuration files exist in there. Note that this version of the NIEM release was modified to remove any external dependencies (an xsd:any was placed there instead).


This is a beta release with known issues that limit its current capabilities:

  • Cannot work with GML (and other external schemas)
  • Random Generation is a "best-effort" service.


  1. Generates Java class files from a simple IEPD with JAXB.
  2. Uses those generated sources in compiling the whole project.
  3. Runs tests that generate an instance and read in an instance.
  4. Updates namespace instance generation.
  5. Tests with an example round trip read and write.
  6. Uses a JAXB config file for more complicated schema issues.
  7. Generates tests with random data depending on types.
  8. Creates some generic REST Web services that can be generated from an IEPD.
  9. Has Maven plugin to create and JAXB bindings file customized from the schema documents.
  10. Provides sample NIEM binding information to JAXB

Planned Future Capabilities

  • Provide the ability to configure which exchange elements are used to generate web services, so services are more specific.
  • Generation of Web Service classes from schemas (and config) which is more specific and less generic.
  • Improve random generation of instances

Giving Feedback

XML Schemas have many different complexities that JAXB does not like. As a result, some schemas won't translate properly to Java objects the way you intend. Please provide feedback to us and we will attempt to create your scenario in our test IEPD in this project and update how our JAXB bindings are generated.

Customizing the Binding

This project contains 3 files which allow you to customize how your project is created. Please see each one for an example:

  1. binding-augmentations.xml - In this file, you can place additional jaxb:bindings which will be copied into the final bindings file.
  2. ns-package-mappings.xml - In this file, namespace URIs are mapped to package names.
  3. ns-prefix-mappings.xml - Use this file to map namespace URIs to "pretty" prefixes.

Resolving "REST" errors

When your project successfully creates java classes, the java-bindings project will read the source code and verify the files do not contain a "Rest" property. This is JAXB's way of telling you something messed up, the most common reason being a name conflict. The system will NOT allow you to continue if a rest property exists, and you will need to use the binding-augmentations.xml file to resolve it. Here is an example of the output when a rest error occurs:

Failed tests: testPropertyGeneration[TestJaxbGeneratedJava: niem/niem_core/v3/](org.gtri.niem.TestJaxbGeneratedJava): Class contains a 'rest' property, indicating a name conflict among other things

When this occurs, open that file. In this case, it is ./target/generated-sources/jaxb/niem/niem_core/v3/ Inside, JAXB usually tells you in the javadoc comment why that property was selected. In this case, it was:

      * Gets the rest of the content model.
      * <p>
      * You are getting this "catch-all" property because of the following reason:
      * The field name "AssociationAugmentationPoint" is used by two different parts of a schema. See:
      * line 375 of file:/home/brad/workspace/niem/IEPD-Java-Bindings/java-bindings/src/main/xsd/niem-core/3.0/niem-core.xsd
      * line 40 of file:/home/brad/workspace/niem/IEPD-Java-Bindings/java-bindings/src/main/xsd/structures/3.0/structures.xsd
      * <p>
      * To get rid of this property, apply a property customization to one
      * of both of the following declarations to change their names:
      * Gets the value of the rest property.
      * ...

The problem is solved with this XML in the file:

<gtri:bindingAugmentations xmlns:gtri="urn:org:gtri:niem:jaxb:1.0" xmlns:jxb="">

    <gtri:bindings targetNamespace="">
        <jxb:bindings node="//xsd:element[@name = 'AssociationAugmentationPoint']">
            <jxb:property name="structuresAssociationAugmentationPoint" />

    <gtri:bindings targetNamespace="">
        <jxb:bindings node="//xsd:element[@name = 'AssociationAugmentationPoint']">
            <jxb:property name="ncAssociationAugmentationPoint" />



This is a Java project that uses Maven and JAXB to generate a jar of java class files based on an IEPD that can be used to read and generate instances.







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