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NetBricks is a Rust based framework for NFV development. Please refer to the paper for information about the architecture and design. Currently NetBricks requires a relatively modern Linux version.


NetBricks can be built either using a Rust nightly build or using Rust built from the current Git head. In the later case we also build musl and statically link to things. Below we provide basic instructions for both.

Finally, in addition to the above options, NetBricks can also be built within a Docker container. In this case, you do not need to install any of the dependencies, and the final product can be run the same. However to run NetBricks you still need to be on a machine that is correctly configured to run DPDK (see here for more details), and you still need to install Rust nightly (for libraries). Please see the container build instructions for more information.

Using Rust Nightly

First obtain Rust nightly. I use rustup, in which case the following works

curl -sSf | sh  # Install rustup
source $HOME/.cargo/env
rustup install nightly
rustup default nightly

Then clone this repository and run


This should download DPDK, and build all of NetBricks.

Using Rust from Git

The instructions for doing so are simple, however building takes significantly longer in this case (and consumes tons of memory), so do this only if you have lots of time and memory. Building is as simple as

export RUST_STATIC=1


Building NetBricks requires the following dependency packages (on Debian):

apt-get install libgnutls30 libgnutls-openssl-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libnuma-dev libpcap-dev

NetBricks also supports using SCTP as a control protocol. SCTP support requires the use of libsctp (this is an optional dependency) which can be installed on Debian using:

apt-get install libsctp-dev


Changing some Linux parameters, including disabling C-State, and P-State; and isolating CPUs can greatly benefit NF performance. In addition to these boot-time settings, runtime settings (e.g., disabling uncore frequency scaling and setting the appropriate flags for Linux power management QoS) can greatly improve performance. The in scripts/tuning will set these parameter appropriately, and it is recommended you run this before running the system.

Container Build

You must have Docker installed. Once this is done, just run

./ build_container 

This will build and copy the binaries over to the target subdirectory. As noted above, you can run it if you have a DPDK compatible machine.

Example NFs

This repository includes a set of example NFs under the test directory. A complete list of example can be found by running

./ run

The build script can be used to run these examples as

./ run <example name> <options>

Passing -h will provide a list of options. All of these examples accept one or more ports as input. Ports can be specified as one of:

  • PCI ID of a NIC
  • dpdk:<PMD spec> where PMD spec can be something like dpdk:eth_pcap0,rx_pcap=$HOME/tcpflow/tests/udp.pcap,tx_pcap=out.pcap which specifies a PCAP file should be used. See DPDK source for other PMD drivers that are available.
  • ovs:<integer> to connect to an OpenVSwitch DPDK ring port (dpdkr).
  • bess:<port name> to connect to a BESS ZeroCopyVPort

Future Work

Support for futures for control plane functionality.