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README.md

bartlett Build Status

A simple Jenkins command line client to serve your needs.

Table of Contents

Motivation

We live on the command line, and anything that can help us stay there longer is a boon to productivity. While the Jenkins web interface is nice for many, it is a distracting context switch for us.

Our goal for this tool is to replicate many of the workflows that we use day-to-day through the web interface in a single, easy to use command line client. Additionally, many of the existing clients are either not under active development or do not satisfy the below requirements for a CLI Jenkins client.

Why not just use the Jenkins CLI jar?

A few reasons:

  • bartlett's focus is on translating workflows from the web ui to the command line.
    • It is not meant to be a replacement for the Jenkins CLI jar, where the primary focus is on remotely administrating a Jenkins instance
  • bartlett's output is primarly JSON, which means that it can be piped into tools like jq and scripted programmatically
  • Profile support to alleviate the tedium of working with multiple Jenkins instances
    • Similar in spirit to AWS CLI profiles
  • Some Jenkins instances are not configured to allow JNLP access
    • bartlett instead talks to Jenkins over its REST API
  • We want a tool that can be installed as a static binary
And why not just use curl?

You could, but you'll end up typing a lot more in the long run. bartlett's support for profiles and CSRF crumb generation means that authentication and Jenkins instance resolution are done for you at invocation. You also don't have to worry about exposing your password since bartlett doesn't accept it as a configuration or command line option (only requested at runtime with hidden input).

Supported Platforms

bartlett is currently built and tested for the following platforms:

Platform Version
Mac OSX El Capitan and above

If you would like to assist in building and testing versions for more platforms please check the issue tracker for your platform of choice.

Installation

from Homebrew

Homebrew is an OSX specific application that allows users to install applications that didn't come with Apple's operating system.

For help installing Homebrew see the installation instructions here.

If you haven't already, be sure to enable Nike's tap:

brew tap nike-inc/nike && brew update

Then install bartlett with the following command:

brew install bartlett

Updating Bartlett with Homebrew

Recent versions of Homebrew periodically refresh package indexes, but if you do not see the latest version of Bartlett then running the following command will force a refresh:

brew update

Then, upgrade to the latest version

brew upgrade bartlett

from Source

Make sure you have Stack installed before you begin.

Change directory to where you store your development projects:

git clone https://github.com/Nike-Inc/bartlett.git
cd bartlett && stack build && stack install

Getting Help

At this time the best way to contact us is by filing an issue. We hope to expand our level of support to other mediums in the near future.

Usage

A note about protocols

Bartlett will honor any protocol explicitly passed on the command line or via configuration. However, if no protocol is provided then Bartlett will attempt to contact your Jenkins instance via HTTPS. It is strongly recommended that you talk to your Jenkins instance via HTTPS when possible.

Getting Help at the Command Line

You can get a list of available options with the -h flag:

$ bartlett -h
bartlett 1.6.0 - the Jenkins command-line tool to serve your needs.

Usage: bartlett [--version] [-u|--username USERNAME]
                [-j|--jenkins JENKINS_INSTANCE] [-p|--profile PROFILE_NAME]
                [--refresh-credentials] COMMAND

Available options:
  -h,--help                Show this help text
  --version                Print the current version and exit.
  -u,--username USERNAME   The user to authenticate with
  -j,--jenkins JENKINS_INSTANCE
                           The Jenkins instance to interact with
  -p,--profile PROFILE_NAME
                           The profile to source values from
  --refresh-credentials    Force a refresh of the credentials cache for the
                           current profile.

Available commands:
  info                     Get information on the given job
  build                    Trigger a build for the given job
  config                   Manage XML configurations for jobs
  artifact                 Download artifacts from jobs
  log                      Print (or follow) log output for jobs

Copyright (c) Nike, Inc. 2016-present

Querying Existing Jobs

You can query for basic information about a given job by providing the path from the root of your Jenkins instance to the desired job.

For example, if my job exists at https://my.jenkins-instance.com/job/TEST/job/testJob/, then I can query this job's information like so:

bartlett --username my_user --jenkins https://my.jenkins-instance.com info TEST/testJob

You can also pass this output directly to the jq tool to query data even further:

$ bartlett --username my_user \
    --jenkins https://my.jenkins-instance.com info TEST/testJob \
    | jq '.jobs | .[] | .name'
"00_my-first-job"
"01_my-second-job"
"02_my-third-job"

You can even pass in multiple jobs at once by separating each job path with a space:

$ bartlett -u my_user -j https://my.jenkins-instance.com \
  info FOO BAR | jq '.jobs | .[] | .name'
Enter password:
"foojob-one"
"foojob-two"
"barjob-one"
"barjob-two"

You may find after a while that entering your password for each invocation becomes tedious. For your convenience, Bartlett can cache user passwords on a per profile basis. See the "Configuring Profiles" section for more information.

Triggering Job Builds

You can build parameterized and normal jobs by using the build sub-command.

For example, if my job exists at https://my.jenkins-instance.com/job/~my_user/job/test, then I can trigger its build like so:

$ bartlett --username my_user \
    --jenkins https://my.jenkins-instance.com build /~my_user/test
Enter password:
{
    "status": "201"
}

Or, if I have a job with parameters, I can pass these parameters in using the -p flag.

$ bartlett --username my_user --jenkins https://my.jenkins-instance.com \
    build /~my_user/test --options FOO=bar,BAZ=quux
Enter password:
{
    "status": "201"
}

Managing Job Configurations

You can manage the XML job configurations for any job on your Jenkins instance by using the config sub-command.

To get the current configuration for your job run the config sub-command against the path to your job:

bartlett --username my_user --jenkins https://my.jenkins.com \
  config /path/to/my/job
Enter password:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><project>
  <description/>
  <keepDependencies>false</keepDependencies>
  <properties/>
  <scm class="hudson.scm.NullSCM"/>
  <canRoam>true</canRoam>
  <disabled>false</disabled>
  <blockBuildWhenDownstreamBuilding>false</blockBuildWhenDownstreamBuilding>
  <blockBuildWhenUpstreamBuilding>false</blockBuildWhenUpstreamBuilding>
  <triggers/>
  <concurrentBuild>false</concurrentBuild>
  <builders>
    <hudson.tasks.Shell>
      <command>echo "lolwut there"</command>
    </hudson.tasks.Shell>
  </builders>
  <publishers/>
  <buildWrappers/>
</project>

Updating Existing Jobs

We can pipe the output of the previous command to a file, make some modifications, and then update the configuration with the following command:

bartlett --username my_user --jenkins https://my.jenkins.com \
  config /path/to/my/job -f ./config.xml
Enter password:
{
    "statusMessage": "OK",
    "statusCode": 200
}

Deleting Existing Jobs

You can delete an existing job by passing the -d flag to a config command:

bartlett --username user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  config -d /path/to/job/to/delete
Enter password:
{
    "statusMessage": "OK",
    "statusCode": 200
}

Downloading Artifacts for a Given Job

Artifacts can be downloaded for a given job by using the artifact sub-command. At this time only one artifcat may be downloaded at a time.

bartlett --username my-user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  artifact /path/to/job my-artifact-id
Enter password:
echo "foo" > foo.txt

Artifacts are currently sent to STDOUT, which works for simple files, but my not be desirable for larger files or binaries. It is recommended at this time to pipe artifact output directly to a file:

bartlett --username my-user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  artifact /path/to/job my-artifact-id > my-artifact-id.txt
Enter password:

Getting Log Output for a Given Job

Log output can be printed for a given job with the log sub-command.

bartlett --username my-user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  log /path/to/job 42 # The job invocation to get logs for

Logs are printed to STDOUT and can be manipulated with standard UNIX tools. For example, let's say we only care that a job completed successfully. We can achieve this simple goal by piping log output to grep:

bartlett --username my-user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  log /path/to/job 42 | grep SUCCESS
Finished: SUCCESS

Streaming Log Output for Recently Built Jobs

You may also stream log output for a long-running job by passing the -f or --follow flags to the log sub-command:

bartlett --username my-user --jenkins https://my-jenkins.com \
  log /path/to/job --follow 42
Job output...
Job output...
Job output...
Job output...

Configuring Profiles

You may store configuration values for many different Jenkins instances. First create a bartlett configuration file:

touch ~/.bartlett.cfg && $EDITOR ~/.bartlett.cfg

By default, values will attempt to be sourced from the default configuration block.

# The default profile
default {
  jenkins_instance = "https://my.jenkins-instance.com"
  username = "my_user"
}

# Additional profile
dank_profile {
  jenkins_instance = "https://dank.jenkins-instance.com"
  username = "wewlad"
}

You can then invoke Bartlett without providing user or Jenkins options:

bartlett info /  # Uses the default profile from above
bartlett --profile dank_profile info /  # Source a different profile

If a value is provided on the command line AND configured in a profile, then the value provided on the command line will take precedence.

Supported Configuration Values

The following values are supported by the latest version of Bartlett:

Value Default Description
username None The username to authenticate against Jenkins with.
jenkins_instance None The Jenkins instance to interact with.
store_password false If true, securely store the user's password on next invocation.
A note on password storage

Bartlett will attempt to store user credentials using OSX's Keychain service. By default, passwords are not stored and must explictly enable storage using the above configuration options for each profile.

If for any reason your password becomes incorrect or you'd like to change the cached user for a given profile, then you may refresh the stored information for a profile by passing the --refresh-credentials flag:

bartlett --refresh-credentials --profile my_profile info /

Development

Make sure you have Stack installed before you begin.

Then build the project:

stack build

Or alternatively start a REPL to test things out interactively:

stack ghci

Running Tests on File Change

When actively working on a feature we'll typically run the following to get automatic feedback as we write code:

stack build --test --coverage --haddock --copy-bins --file-watch

Or run the make target:

make watch

To exit out of this loop type quit (instead of C-c).

Building a Static Binary

Surprise, more Stack options!

stack build --force-dirty --haddock --copy-bins

Or use the make target:

make package-bin

What's in a name?

Leslie Bartlett was a famous butler who founded the London School of British Butlers.

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