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# General list operations.
{ lib }:
with lib.trivial;
let
inherit (lib.strings) toInt;
in
rec {
inherit (builtins) head tail length isList elemAt concatLists filter elem genList map;
/* Create a list consisting of a single element. `singleton x` is
sometimes more convenient with respect to indentation than `[x]`
when x spans multiple lines.
Type: singleton :: a -> [a]
Example:
singleton "foo"
=> [ "foo" ]
*/
singleton = x: [x];
/* Apply the function to each element in the list. Same as `map`, but arguments
flipped.
Type: forEach :: [a] -> (a -> b) -> [b]
Example:
forEach [ 1 2 ] (x:
toString x
)
=> [ "1" "2" ]
*/
forEach = xs: f: map f xs;
/* “right fold” a binary function `op` between successive elements of
`list` with `nul' as the starting value, i.e.,
`foldr op nul [x_1 x_2 ... x_n] == op x_1 (op x_2 ... (op x_n nul))`.
Type: foldr :: (a -> b -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b
Example:
concat = foldr (a: b: a + b) "z"
concat [ "a" "b" "c" ]
=> "abcz"
# different types
strange = foldr (int: str: toString (int + 1) + str) "a"
strange [ 1 2 3 4 ]
=> "2345a"
*/
foldr = op: nul: list:
let
len = length list;
fold' = n:
if n == len
then nul
else op (elemAt list n) (fold' (n + 1));
in fold' 0;
/* `fold` is an alias of `foldr` for historic reasons */
# FIXME(Profpatsch): deprecate?
fold = foldr;
/* “left fold”, like `foldr`, but from the left:
`foldl op nul [x_1 x_2 ... x_n] == op (... (op (op nul x_1) x_2) ... x_n)`.
Type: foldl :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b
Example:
lconcat = foldl (a: b: a + b) "z"
lconcat [ "a" "b" "c" ]
=> "zabc"
# different types
lstrange = foldl (str: int: str + toString (int + 1)) ""
strange [ 1 2 3 4 ]
=> "a2345"
*/
foldl = op: nul: list:
let
foldl' = n:
if n == -1
then nul
else op (foldl' (n - 1)) (elemAt list n);
in foldl' (length list - 1);
/* Strict version of `foldl`.
The difference is that evaluation is forced upon access. Usually used
with small whole results (in contrast with lazily-generated list or large
lists where only a part is consumed.)
Type: foldl' :: (b -> a -> b) -> b -> [a] -> b
*/
foldl' = builtins.foldl' or foldl;
/* Map with index starting from 0
Type: imap0 :: (int -> a -> b) -> [a] -> [b]
Example:
imap0 (i: v: "${v}-${toString i}") ["a" "b"]
=> [ "a-0" "b-1" ]
*/
imap0 = f: list: genList (n: f n (elemAt list n)) (length list);
/* Map with index starting from 1
Type: imap1 :: (int -> a -> b) -> [a] -> [b]
Example:
imap1 (i: v: "${v}-${toString i}") ["a" "b"]
=> [ "a-1" "b-2" ]
*/
imap1 = f: list: genList (n: f (n + 1) (elemAt list n)) (length list);
/* Map and concatenate the result.
Type: concatMap :: (a -> [b]) -> [a] -> [b]
Example:
concatMap (x: [x] ++ ["z"]) ["a" "b"]
=> [ "a" "z" "b" "z" ]
*/
concatMap = builtins.concatMap or (f: list: concatLists (map f list));
/* Flatten the argument into a single list; that is, nested lists are
spliced into the top-level lists.
Example:
flatten [1 [2 [3] 4] 5]
=> [1 2 3 4 5]
flatten 1
=> [1]
*/
flatten = x:
if isList x
then concatMap (y: flatten y) x
else [x];
/* Remove elements equal to 'e' from a list. Useful for buildInputs.
Type: remove :: a -> [a] -> [a]
Example:
remove 3 [ 1 3 4 3 ]
=> [ 1 4 ]
*/
remove =
# Element to remove from the list
e: filter (x: x != e);
/* Find the sole element in the list matching the specified
predicate, returns `default` if no such element exists, or
`multiple` if there are multiple matching elements.
Type: findSingle :: (a -> bool) -> a -> a -> [a] -> a
Example:
findSingle (x: x == 3) "none" "multiple" [ 1 3 3 ]
=> "multiple"
findSingle (x: x == 3) "none" "multiple" [ 1 3 ]
=> 3
findSingle (x: x == 3) "none" "multiple" [ 1 9 ]
=> "none"
*/
findSingle =
# Predicate
pred:
# Default value to return if element was not found.
default:
# Default value to return if more than one element was found
multiple:
# Input list
list:
let found = filter pred list; len = length found;
in if len == 0 then default
else if len != 1 then multiple
else head found;
/* Find the first element in the list matching the specified
predicate or return `default` if no such element exists.
Type: findFirst :: (a -> bool) -> a -> [a] -> a
Example:
findFirst (x: x > 3) 7 [ 1 6 4 ]
=> 6
findFirst (x: x > 9) 7 [ 1 6 4 ]
=> 7
*/
findFirst =
# Predicate
pred:
# Default value to return
default:
# Input list
list:
let found = filter pred list;
in if found == [] then default else head found;
/* Return true if function `pred` returns true for at least one
element of `list`.
Type: any :: (a -> bool) -> [a] -> bool
Example:
any isString [ 1 "a" { } ]
=> true
any isString [ 1 { } ]
=> false
*/
any = builtins.any or (pred: foldr (x: y: if pred x then true else y) false);
/* Return true if function `pred` returns true for all elements of
`list`.
Type: all :: (a -> bool) -> [a] -> bool
Example:
all (x: x < 3) [ 1 2 ]
=> true
all (x: x < 3) [ 1 2 3 ]
=> false
*/
all = builtins.all or (pred: foldr (x: y: if pred x then y else false) true);
/* Count how many elements of `list` match the supplied predicate
function.
Type: count :: (a -> bool) -> [a] -> int
Example:
count (x: x == 3) [ 3 2 3 4 6 ]
=> 2
*/
count =
# Predicate
pred: foldl' (c: x: if pred x then c + 1 else c) 0;
/* Return a singleton list or an empty list, depending on a boolean
value. Useful when building lists with optional elements
(e.g. `++ optional (system == "i686-linux") flashplayer').
Type: optional :: bool -> a -> [a]
Example:
optional true "foo"
=> [ "foo" ]
optional false "foo"
=> [ ]
*/
optional = cond: elem: if cond then [elem] else [];
/* Return a list or an empty list, depending on a boolean value.
Type: optionals :: bool -> [a] -> [a]
Example:
optionals true [ 2 3 ]
=> [ 2 3 ]
optionals false [ 2 3 ]
=> [ ]
*/
optionals =
# Condition
cond:
# List to return if condition is true
elems: if cond then elems else [];
/* If argument is a list, return it; else, wrap it in a singleton
list. If you're using this, you should almost certainly
reconsider if there isn't a more "well-typed" approach.
Example:
toList [ 1 2 ]
=> [ 1 2 ]
toList "hi"
=> [ "hi "]
*/
toList = x: if isList x then x else [x];
/* Return a list of integers from `first' up to and including `last'.
Type: range :: int -> int -> [int]
Example:
range 2 4
=> [ 2 3 4 ]
range 3 2
=> [ ]
*/
range =
# First integer in the range
first:
# Last integer in the range
last:
if first > last then
[]
else
genList (n: first + n) (last - first + 1);
/* Splits the elements of a list in two lists, `right` and
`wrong`, depending on the evaluation of a predicate.
Type: (a -> bool) -> [a] -> { right :: [a], wrong :: [a] }
Example:
partition (x: x > 2) [ 5 1 2 3 4 ]
=> { right = [ 5 3 4 ]; wrong = [ 1 2 ]; }
*/
partition = builtins.partition or (pred:
foldr (h: t:
if pred h
then { right = [h] ++ t.right; wrong = t.wrong; }
else { right = t.right; wrong = [h] ++ t.wrong; }
) { right = []; wrong = []; });
/* Splits the elements of a list into many lists, using the return value of a predicate.
Predicate should return a string which becomes keys of attrset `groupBy' returns.
`groupBy'` allows to customise the combining function and initial value
Example:
groupBy (x: boolToString (x > 2)) [ 5 1 2 3 4 ]
=> { true = [ 5 3 4 ]; false = [ 1 2 ]; }
groupBy (x: x.name) [ {name = "icewm"; script = "icewm &";}
{name = "xfce"; script = "xfce4-session &";}
{name = "icewm"; script = "icewmbg &";}
{name = "mate"; script = "gnome-session &";}
]
=> { icewm = [ { name = "icewm"; script = "icewm &"; }
{ name = "icewm"; script = "icewmbg &"; } ];
mate = [ { name = "mate"; script = "gnome-session &"; } ];
xfce = [ { name = "xfce"; script = "xfce4-session &"; } ];
}
groupBy' builtins.add 0 (x: boolToString (x > 2)) [ 5 1 2 3 4 ]
=> { true = 12; false = 3; }
*/
groupBy' = op: nul: pred: lst:
foldl' (r: e:
let
key = pred e;
in
r // { ${key} = op (r.${key} or nul) e; }
) {} lst;
groupBy = groupBy' (sum: e: sum ++ [e]) [];
/* Merges two lists of the same size together. If the sizes aren't the same
the merging stops at the shortest. How both lists are merged is defined
by the first argument.
Type: zipListsWith :: (a -> b -> c) -> [a] -> [b] -> [c]
Example:
zipListsWith (a: b: a + b) ["h" "l"] ["e" "o"]
=> ["he" "lo"]
*/
zipListsWith =
# Function to zip elements of both lists
f:
# First list
fst:
# Second list
snd:
genList
(n: f (elemAt fst n) (elemAt snd n)) (min (length fst) (length snd));
/* Merges two lists of the same size together. If the sizes aren't the same
the merging stops at the shortest.
Type: zipLists :: [a] -> [b] -> [{ fst :: a, snd :: b}]
Example:
zipLists [ 1 2 ] [ "a" "b" ]
=> [ { fst = 1; snd = "a"; } { fst = 2; snd = "b"; } ]
*/
zipLists = zipListsWith (fst: snd: { inherit fst snd; });
/* Reverse the order of the elements of a list.
Type: reverseList :: [a] -> [a]
Example:
reverseList [ "b" "o" "j" ]
=> [ "j" "o" "b" ]
*/
reverseList = xs:
let l = length xs; in genList (n: elemAt xs (l - n - 1)) l;
/* Depth-First Search (DFS) for lists `list != []`.
`before a b == true` means that `b` depends on `a` (there's an
edge from `b` to `a`).
Example:
listDfs true hasPrefix [ "/home/user" "other" "/" "/home" ]
== { minimal = "/"; # minimal element
visited = [ "/home/user" ]; # seen elements (in reverse order)
rest = [ "/home" "other" ]; # everything else
}
listDfs true hasPrefix [ "/home/user" "other" "/" "/home" "/" ]
== { cycle = "/"; # cycle encountered at this element
loops = [ "/" ]; # and continues to these elements
visited = [ "/" "/home/user" ]; # elements leading to the cycle (in reverse order)
rest = [ "/home" "other" ]; # everything else
*/
listDfs = stopOnCycles: before: list:
let
dfs' = us: visited: rest:
let
c = filter (x: before x us) visited;
b = partition (x: before x us) rest;
in if stopOnCycles && (length c > 0)
then { cycle = us; loops = c; inherit visited rest; }
else if length b.right == 0
then # nothing is before us
{ minimal = us; inherit visited rest; }
else # grab the first one before us and continue
dfs' (head b.right)
([ us ] ++ visited)
(tail b.right ++ b.wrong);
in dfs' (head list) [] (tail list);
/* Sort a list based on a partial ordering using DFS. This
implementation is O(N^2), if your ordering is linear, use `sort`
instead.
`before a b == true` means that `b` should be after `a`
in the result.
Example:
toposort hasPrefix [ "/home/user" "other" "/" "/home" ]
== { result = [ "/" "/home" "/home/user" "other" ]; }
toposort hasPrefix [ "/home/user" "other" "/" "/home" "/" ]
== { cycle = [ "/home/user" "/" "/" ]; # path leading to a cycle
loops = [ "/" ]; } # loops back to these elements
toposort hasPrefix [ "other" "/home/user" "/home" "/" ]
== { result = [ "other" "/" "/home" "/home/user" ]; }
toposort (a: b: a < b) [ 3 2 1 ] == { result = [ 1 2 3 ]; }
*/
toposort = before: list:
let
dfsthis = listDfs true before list;
toporest = toposort before (dfsthis.visited ++ dfsthis.rest);
in
if length list < 2
then # finish
{ result = list; }
else if dfsthis ? cycle
then # there's a cycle, starting from the current vertex, return it
{ cycle = reverseList ([ dfsthis.cycle ] ++ dfsthis.visited);
inherit (dfsthis) loops; }
else if toporest ? cycle
then # there's a cycle somewhere else in the graph, return it
toporest
# Slow, but short. Can be made a bit faster with an explicit stack.
else # there are no cycles
{ result = [ dfsthis.minimal ] ++ toporest.result; };
/* Sort a list based on a comparator function which compares two
elements and returns true if the first argument is strictly below
the second argument. The returned list is sorted in an increasing
order. The implementation does a quick-sort.
Example:
sort (a: b: a < b) [ 5 3 7 ]
=> [ 3 5 7 ]
*/
sort = builtins.sort or (
strictLess: list:
let
len = length list;
first = head list;
pivot' = n: acc@{ left, right }: let el = elemAt list n; next = pivot' (n + 1); in
if n == len
then acc
else if strictLess first el
then next { inherit left; right = [ el ] ++ right; }
else
next { left = [ el ] ++ left; inherit right; };
pivot = pivot' 1 { left = []; right = []; };
in
if len < 2 then list
else (sort strictLess pivot.left) ++ [ first ] ++ (sort strictLess pivot.right));
/* Compare two lists element-by-element.
Example:
compareLists compare [] []
=> 0
compareLists compare [] [ "a" ]
=> -1
compareLists compare [ "a" ] []
=> 1
compareLists compare [ "a" "b" ] [ "a" "c" ]
=> 1
*/
compareLists = cmp: a: b:
if a == []
then if b == []
then 0
else -1
else if b == []
then 1
else let rel = cmp (head a) (head b); in
if rel == 0
then compareLists cmp (tail a) (tail b)
else rel;
/* Sort list using "Natural sorting".
Numeric portions of strings are sorted in numeric order.
Example:
naturalSort ["disk11" "disk8" "disk100" "disk9"]
=> ["disk8" "disk9" "disk11" "disk100"]
naturalSort ["10.46.133.149" "10.5.16.62" "10.54.16.25"]
=> ["10.5.16.62" "10.46.133.149" "10.54.16.25"]
naturalSort ["v0.2" "v0.15" "v0.0.9"]
=> [ "v0.0.9" "v0.2" "v0.15" ]
*/
naturalSort = lst:
let
vectorise = s: map (x: if isList x then toInt (head x) else x) (builtins.split "(0|[1-9][0-9]*)" s);
prepared = map (x: [ (vectorise x) x ]) lst; # remember vectorised version for O(n) regex splits
less = a: b: (compareLists compare (head a) (head b)) < 0;
in
map (x: elemAt x 1) (sort less prepared);
/* Return the first (at most) N elements of a list.
Type: take :: int -> [a] -> [a]
Example:
take 2 [ "a" "b" "c" "d" ]
=> [ "a" "b" ]
take 2 [ ]
=> [ ]
*/
take =
# Number of elements to take
count: sublist 0 count;
/* Remove the first (at most) N elements of a list.
Type: drop :: int -> [a] -> [a]
Example:
drop 2 [ "a" "b" "c" "d" ]
=> [ "c" "d" ]
drop 2 [ ]
=> [ ]
*/
drop =
# Number of elements to drop
count:
# Input list
list: sublist count (length list) list;
/* Return a list consisting of at most `count` elements of `list`,
starting at index `start`.
Type: sublist :: int -> int -> [a] -> [a]
Example:
sublist 1 3 [ "a" "b" "c" "d" "e" ]
=> [ "b" "c" "d" ]
sublist 1 3 [ ]
=> [ ]
*/
sublist =
# Index at which to start the sublist
start:
# Number of elements to take
count:
# Input list
list:
let len = length list; in
genList
(n: elemAt list (n + start))
(if start >= len then 0
else if start + count > len then len - start
else count);
/* Return the last element of a list.
This function throws an error if the list is empty.
Type: last :: [a] -> a
Example:
last [ 1 2 3 ]
=> 3
*/
last = list:
assert lib.assertMsg (list != []) "lists.last: list must not be empty!";
elemAt list (length list - 1);
/* Return all elements but the last.
This function throws an error if the list is empty.
Type: init :: [a] -> [a]
Example:
init [ 1 2 3 ]
=> [ 1 2 ]
*/
init = list:
assert lib.assertMsg (list != []) "lists.init: list must not be empty!";
take (length list - 1) list;
/* Return the image of the cross product of some lists by a function.
Example:
crossLists (x:y: "${toString x}${toString y}") [[1 2] [3 4]]
=> [ "13" "14" "23" "24" ]
*/
crossLists = f: foldl (fs: args: concatMap (f: map f args) fs) [f];
/* Remove duplicate elements from the list. O(n^2) complexity.
Type: unique :: [a] -> [a]
Example:
unique [ 3 2 3 4 ]
=> [ 3 2 4 ]
*/
unique = list:
if list == [] then
[]
else
let
x = head list;
in [x] ++ unique (remove x list);
/* Intersects list 'e' and another list. O(nm) complexity.
Example:
intersectLists [ 1 2 3 ] [ 6 3 2 ]
=> [ 3 2 ]
*/
intersectLists = e: filter (x: elem x e);
/* Subtracts list 'e' from another list. O(nm) complexity.
Example:
subtractLists [ 3 2 ] [ 1 2 3 4 5 3 ]
=> [ 1 4 5 ]
*/
subtractLists = e: filter (x: !(elem x e));
/* Test if two lists have no common element.
It should be slightly more efficient than (intersectLists a b == [])
*/
mutuallyExclusive = a: b:
(builtins.length a) == 0 ||
(!(builtins.elem (builtins.head a) b) &&
mutuallyExclusive (builtins.tail a) b);
}
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