Skip to content
Permalink
master
Switch branches/tags
Go to file
 
 
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
# Examples of using the docker tools to build packages.
#
# This file defines several docker images. In order to use an image,
# build its derivation with `nix-build`, and then load the result with
# `docker load`. For example:
#
# $ nix-build '<nixpkgs>' -A dockerTools.examples.redis
# $ docker load < result
{ pkgs, buildImage, buildLayeredImage, fakeNss, pullImage, shadowSetup, buildImageWithNixDb, pkgsCross }:
let
nixosLib = import ../../../nixos/lib {
# Experimental features need testing too, but there's no point in warning
# about it, so we enable the feature flag.
featureFlags.minimalModules = {};
};
evalMinimalConfig = module: nixosLib.evalModules { modules = [ module ]; };
in
rec {
# 1. basic example
bash = buildImage {
name = "bash";
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
paths = [ pkgs.bashInteractive ];
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
};
};
# 2. service example, layered on another image
redis = buildImage {
name = "redis";
tag = "latest";
# for example's sake, we can layer redis on top of bash or debian
fromImage = bash;
# fromImage = debian;
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
paths = [ pkgs.redis ];
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
};
runAsRoot = ''
mkdir -p /data
'';
config = {
Cmd = [ "/bin/redis-server" ];
WorkingDir = "/data";
Volumes = {
"/data" = {};
};
};
};
# 3. another service example
nginx = let
nginxPort = "80";
nginxConf = pkgs.writeText "nginx.conf" ''
user nobody nobody;
daemon off;
error_log /dev/stdout info;
pid /dev/null;
events {}
http {
access_log /dev/stdout;
server {
listen ${nginxPort};
index index.html;
location / {
root ${nginxWebRoot};
}
}
}
'';
nginxWebRoot = pkgs.writeTextDir "index.html" ''
<html><body><h1>Hello from NGINX</h1></body></html>
'';
in
buildLayeredImage {
name = "nginx-container";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
fakeNss
pkgs.nginx
];
extraCommands = ''
# nginx still tries to read this directory even if error_log
# directive is specifying another file :/
mkdir -p var/log/nginx
mkdir -p var/cache/nginx
'';
config = {
Cmd = [ "nginx" "-c" nginxConf ];
ExposedPorts = {
"${nginxPort}/tcp" = {};
};
};
};
# 4. example of pulling an image. could be used as a base for other images
nixFromDockerHub = pullImage {
imageName = "nixos/nix";
imageDigest = "sha256:85299d86263a3059cf19f419f9d286cc9f06d3c13146a8ebbb21b3437f598357";
sha256 = "19fw0n3wmddahzr20mhdqv6jkjn1kanh6n2mrr08ai53dr8ph5n7";
finalImageTag = "2.2.1";
finalImageName = "nix";
};
# Same example, but re-fetches every time the fetcher implementation changes.
# NOTE: Only use this for testing, or you'd be wasting a lot of time, network and space.
testNixFromDockerHub = pkgs.testers.invalidateFetcherByDrvHash pullImage {
imageName = "nixos/nix";
imageDigest = "sha256:85299d86263a3059cf19f419f9d286cc9f06d3c13146a8ebbb21b3437f598357";
sha256 = "19fw0n3wmddahzr20mhdqv6jkjn1kanh6n2mrr08ai53dr8ph5n7";
finalImageTag = "2.2.1";
finalImageName = "nix";
};
# 5. example of multiple contents, emacs and vi happily coexisting
editors = buildImage {
name = "editors";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [
pkgs.coreutils
pkgs.bash
pkgs.emacs
pkgs.vim
pkgs.nano
];
};
};
# 6. nix example to play with the container nix store
# docker run -it --rm nix nix-store -qR $(nix-build '<nixpkgs>' -A nix)
nix = buildImageWithNixDb {
name = "nix";
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [
# nix-store uses cat program to display results as specified by
# the image env variable NIX_PAGER.
pkgs.coreutils
pkgs.nix
pkgs.bash
];
};
config = {
Env = [
"NIX_PAGER=cat"
# A user is required by nix
# https://github.com/NixOS/nix/blob/9348f9291e5d9e4ba3c4347ea1b235640f54fd79/src/libutil/util.cc#L478
"USER=nobody"
];
};
};
# 7. example of adding something on top of an image pull by our
# dockerTools chain.
onTopOfPulledImage = buildImage {
name = "onTopOfPulledImage";
tag = "latest";
fromImage = nixFromDockerHub;
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.hello ];
};
};
# 8. regression test for erroneous use of eval and string expansion.
# See issue #34779 and PR #40947 for details.
runAsRootExtraCommands = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "runAsRootExtraCommands";
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
};
# The parens here are to create problematic bash to embed and eval. In case
# this is *embedded* into the script (with nix expansion) the initial quotes
# will close the string and the following parens are unexpected
runAsRoot = ''echo "(runAsRoot)" > runAsRoot'';
extraCommands = ''echo "(extraCommand)" > extraCommands'';
};
# 9. Ensure that setting created to now results in a date which
# isn't the epoch + 1
unstableDate = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "unstable-date";
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
};
created = "now";
};
# 10. Create a layered image
layered-image = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "layered-image";
tag = "latest";
extraCommands = ''echo "(extraCommand)" > extraCommands'';
config.Cmd = [ "${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello" ];
contents = [ pkgs.hello pkgs.bash pkgs.coreutils ];
};
# 11. Create an image on top of a layered image
layered-on-top = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "layered-on-top";
tag = "latest";
fromImage = layered-image;
extraCommands = ''
mkdir ./example-output
chmod 777 ./example-output
'';
config = {
Env = [ "PATH=${pkgs.coreutils}/bin/" ];
WorkingDir = "/example-output";
Cmd = [
"${pkgs.bash}/bin/bash" "-c" "echo hello > foo; cat foo"
];
};
};
# 12 Create a layered image on top of a layered image
layered-on-top-layered = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "layered-on-top-layered";
tag = "latest";
fromImage = layered-image;
extraCommands = ''
mkdir ./example-output
chmod 777 ./example-output
'';
config = {
Env = [ "PATH=${pkgs.coreutils}/bin/" ];
WorkingDir = "/example-output";
Cmd = [
"${pkgs.bash}/bin/bash" "-c" "echo hello > foo; cat foo"
];
};
};
# 13. example of running something as root on top of a parent image
# Regression test related to PR #52109
runAsRootParentImage = buildImage {
name = "runAsRootParentImage";
tag = "latest";
runAsRoot = "touch /example-file";
fromImage = bash;
};
# 14. example of 3 layers images This image is used to verify the
# order of layers is correct.
# It allows to validate
# - the layer of parent are below
# - the order of parent layer is preserved at image build time
# (this is why there are 3 images)
layersOrder = let
l1 = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "l1";
tag = "latest";
extraCommands = ''
mkdir -p tmp
echo layer1 > tmp/layer1
echo layer1 > tmp/layer2
echo layer1 > tmp/layer3
'';
};
l2 = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "l2";
fromImage = l1;
tag = "latest";
extraCommands = ''
mkdir -p tmp
echo layer2 > tmp/layer2
echo layer2 > tmp/layer3
'';
};
in pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "l3";
fromImage = l2;
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
};
extraCommands = ''
mkdir -p tmp
echo layer3 > tmp/layer3
'';
};
# 15. Environment variable inheritance.
# Child image should inherit parents environment variables,
# optionally overriding them.
environmentVariablesParent = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "parent";
tag = "latest";
config = {
Env = [
"FROM_PARENT=true"
"LAST_LAYER=parent"
];
};
};
environmentVariables = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "child";
fromImage = environmentVariablesParent;
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
};
config = {
Env = [
"FROM_CHILD=true"
"LAST_LAYER=child"
];
};
};
environmentVariablesLayered = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "child";
fromImage = environmentVariablesParent;
tag = "latest";
contents = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
config = {
Env = [
"FROM_CHILD=true"
"LAST_LAYER=child"
];
};
};
# 16. Create another layered image, for comparing layers with image 10.
another-layered-image = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "another-layered-image";
tag = "latest";
config.Cmd = [ "${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello" ];
};
# 17. Create a layered image with only 2 layers
two-layered-image = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "two-layered-image";
tag = "latest";
config.Cmd = [ "${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello" ];
contents = [ pkgs.bash pkgs.hello ];
maxLayers = 2;
};
# 18. Create a layered image with more packages than max layers.
# coreutils and hello are part of the same layer
bulk-layer = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "bulk-layer";
tag = "latest";
contents = with pkgs; [
coreutils hello
];
maxLayers = 2;
};
# 19. Create a layered image with a base image and more packages than max
# layers. coreutils and hello are part of the same layer
layered-bulk-layer = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "layered-bulk-layer";
tag = "latest";
fromImage = two-layered-image;
contents = with pkgs; [
coreutils hello
];
maxLayers = 4;
};
# 20. Create a "layered" image without nix store layers. This is not
# recommended, but can be useful for base images in rare cases.
no-store-paths = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "no-store-paths";
tag = "latest";
extraCommands = ''
# This removes sharing of busybox and is not recommended. We do this
# to make the example suitable as a test case with working binaries.
cp -r ${pkgs.pkgsStatic.busybox}/* .
# This is a "build" dependency that will not appear in the image
${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello
'';
};
nixLayered = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImageWithNixDb {
name = "nix-layered";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
# nix-store uses cat program to display results as specified by
# the image env variable NIX_PAGER.
pkgs.coreutils
pkgs.nix
pkgs.bash
];
config = {
Env = [
"NIX_PAGER=cat"
# A user is required by nix
# https://github.com/NixOS/nix/blob/9348f9291e5d9e4ba3c4347ea1b235640f54fd79/src/libutil/util.cc#L478
"USER=nobody"
];
};
};
# 21. Support files in the store on buildLayeredImage
# See: https://github.com/NixOS/nixpkgs/pull/91084#issuecomment-653496223
filesInStore = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImageWithNixDb {
name = "file-in-store";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
pkgs.coreutils
pkgs.nix
(pkgs.writeScriptBin "myscript" ''
#!${pkgs.runtimeShell}
cat ${pkgs.writeText "somefile" "some data"}
'')
];
config = {
Cmd = [ "myscript" ];
# For some reason 'nix-store --verify' requires this environment variable
Env = [ "USER=root" ];
};
};
# 22. Ensure that setting created to now results in a date which
# isn't the epoch + 1 for layered images.
unstableDateLayered = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "unstable-date-layered";
tag = "latest";
contents = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
created = "now";
};
# 23. Ensure that layers are unpacked in the correct order before the
# runAsRoot script is executed.
layersUnpackOrder =
let
layerOnTopOf = parent: layerName:
pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "layers-unpack-order-${layerName}";
tag = "latest";
fromImage = parent;
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ pkgs.coreutils ];
};
runAsRoot = ''
#!${pkgs.runtimeShell}
echo -n "${layerName}" >> /layer-order
'';
};
# When executing the runAsRoot script when building layer C, if layer B is
# not unpacked on top of layer A, the contents of /layer-order will not be
# "ABC".
layerA = layerOnTopOf null "a";
layerB = layerOnTopOf layerA "b";
layerC = layerOnTopOf layerB "c";
in layerC;
# buildImage without explicit tag
bashNoTag = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "bash-no-tag";
# Not recommended. Use `buildEnv` between copy and packages to avoid file duplication.
copyToRoot = pkgs.bashInteractive;
};
# buildLayeredImage without explicit tag
bashNoTagLayered = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "bash-no-tag-layered";
contents = pkgs.bashInteractive;
};
# buildImage without explicit tag
bashNoTagStreamLayered = pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "bash-no-tag-stream-layered";
contents = pkgs.bashInteractive;
};
# buildLayeredImage with non-root user
bashLayeredWithUser =
let
nonRootShadowSetup = { user, uid, gid ? uid }: with pkgs; [
(
writeTextDir "etc/shadow" ''
root:!x:::::::
${user}:!:::::::
''
)
(
writeTextDir "etc/passwd" ''
root:x:0:0::/root:${runtimeShell}
${user}:x:${toString uid}:${toString gid}::/home/${user}:
''
)
(
writeTextDir "etc/group" ''
root:x:0:
${user}:x:${toString gid}:
''
)
(
writeTextDir "etc/gshadow" ''
root:x::
${user}:x::
''
)
];
in
pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "bash-layered-with-user";
tag = "latest";
contents = [ pkgs.bash pkgs.coreutils ] ++ nonRootShadowSetup { uid = 999; user = "somebody"; };
};
# basic example, with cross compilation
cross = let
# Cross compile for x86_64 if on aarch64
crossPkgs =
if pkgs.stdenv.hostPlatform.system == "aarch64-linux" then pkgsCross.gnu64
else pkgsCross.aarch64-multiplatform;
in crossPkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "hello-cross";
tag = "latest";
copyToRoot = pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "image-root";
pathsToLink = [ "/bin" ];
paths = [ crossPkgs.hello ];
};
};
# layered image where a store path is itself a symlink
layeredStoreSymlink =
let
target = pkgs.writeTextDir "dir/target" "Content doesn't matter.";
symlink = pkgs.runCommand "symlink" {} "ln -s ${target} $out";
in
pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "layeredstoresymlink";
tag = "latest";
contents = [ pkgs.bash symlink ];
} // { passthru = { inherit symlink; }; };
# image with registry/ prefix
prefixedImage = pkgs.dockerTools.buildImage {
name = "registry-1.docker.io/image";
tag = "latest";
config.Cmd = [ "${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello" ];
};
# layered image with registry/ prefix
prefixedLayeredImage = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "registry-1.docker.io/layered-image";
tag = "latest";
config.Cmd = [ "${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello" ];
};
# layered image with files owned by a user other than root
layeredImageWithFakeRootCommands = pkgs.dockerTools.buildLayeredImage {
name = "layered-image-with-fake-root-commands";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
pkgs.pkgsStatic.busybox
];
fakeRootCommands = ''
mkdir -p ./home/alice
chown 1000 ./home/alice
ln -s ${pkgs.hello.overrideAttrs (o: {
# A unique `hello` to make sure that it isn't included via another mechanism by accident.
configureFlags = o.configureFlags or [] ++ [ " --program-prefix=layeredImageWithFakeRootCommands-" ];
doCheck = false;
})} ./hello
'';
};
# tarball consisting of both bash and redis images
mergedBashAndRedis = pkgs.dockerTools.mergeImages [
bash
redis
];
# tarball consisting of bash (without tag) and redis images
mergedBashNoTagAndRedis = pkgs.dockerTools.mergeImages [
bashNoTag
redis
];
# tarball consisting of bash and layered image with different owner of the
# /home/alice directory
mergedBashFakeRoot = pkgs.dockerTools.mergeImages [
bash
layeredImageWithFakeRootCommands
];
helloOnRoot = pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "hello";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
(pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "hello-root";
paths = [ pkgs.hello ];
})
];
config.Cmd = [ "hello" ];
};
helloOnRootNoStore = pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "hello";
tag = "latest";
contents = [
(pkgs.buildEnv {
name = "hello-root";
paths = [ pkgs.hello ];
})
];
config.Cmd = [ "hello" ];
includeStorePaths = false;
};
etc =
let
inherit (pkgs) lib;
nixosCore = (evalMinimalConfig ({ config, ... }: {
imports = [
pkgs.pkgsModule
../../../nixos/modules/system/etc/etc.nix
];
environment.etc."some-config-file" = {
text = ''
127.0.0.1 localhost
::1 localhost
'';
# For executables:
# mode = "0755";
};
}));
in pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "etc";
tag = "latest";
enableFakechroot = true;
fakeRootCommands = ''
mkdir -p /etc
${nixosCore.config.system.build.etcActivationCommands}
'';
config.Cmd = pkgs.writeScript "etc-cmd" ''
#!${pkgs.busybox}/bin/sh
${pkgs.busybox}/bin/cat /etc/some-config-file
'';
};
# Example export of the bash image
exportBash = pkgs.dockerTools.exportImage { fromImage = bash; };
imageViaFakeChroot = pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "image-via-fake-chroot";
tag = "latest";
config.Cmd = [ "hello" ];
enableFakechroot = true;
# Crucially, instead of a relative path, this creates /bin, which is
# intercepted by fakechroot.
# This functionality is not available on darwin as of 2021.
fakeRootCommands = ''
mkdir /bin
ln -s ${pkgs.hello}/bin/hello /bin/hello
'';
};
build-image-with-path = buildImage {
name = "build-image-with-path";
tag = "latest";
# Not recommended. Use `buildEnv` between copy and packages to avoid file duplication.
copyToRoot = [ pkgs.bashInteractive ./test-dummy ];
};
layered-image-with-path = pkgs.dockerTools.streamLayeredImage {
name = "layered-image-with-path";
tag = "latest";
contents = [ pkgs.bashInteractive ./test-dummy ];
};
}