Skip to content


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?
This branch is 84 commits ahead of wooga:master.

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time


Non-blocking Redis client with focus on performance and robustness.

Build Status Hex pm

This fork is the official continuation of wooga/eredis. It includes several improvements, such as TLS support, Sentinel support and TCP error handling corrections. See for details.

Note: This client connects to a standalone Redis node, optionally using Sentinel. For Redis Cluster, you need eredis_cluster or ecredis.

Supported Redis features:

  • Any command, through eredis:q/2,3
  • Transactions
  • Pipelining
  • Authentication & multiple DBs
  • Pubsub
  • TLS
  • Sentinel support

Generated API documentation: doc/

Published documentation can also be found on hexdocs.


If you have Redis running on localhost with default settings, like:

docker run --rm --net=host redis:latest

you may copy and paste the following into a shell to try out Eredis:

git clone
cd eredis
rebar3 shell
{ok, C} = eredis:start_link().
{ok, <<"OK">>} = eredis:q(C, ["SET", "foo", "bar"]).
{ok, <<"bar">>} = eredis:q(C, ["GET", "foo"]).

To connect to a Redis instance listening on a Unix domain socket:

{ok, C1} = eredis:start_link({local, "/var/run/redis.sock"}, 0).

To connect to a Redis instance using TLS:

Options = [{tls, [{cacertfile, "ca.crt"},
                  {certfile,   "client.crt"},
                  {keyfile,    "client.key"}]}],
{ok, C2} = eredis:start_link("", ?TLS_PORT, Options),

To connect to a Redis sentinel cluster:

SentinelOptions = [{master_group, mymaster},
                   {endpoints, [{"", 26379}]}],
{ok, C1} = eredis:start_link([{sentinel, SentinelOptions}]).



KeyValuePairs = ["key1", "value1", "key2", "value2", "key3", "value3"].
{ok, <<"OK">>} = eredis:q(C, ["MSET" | KeyValuePairs]).
{ok, Values} = eredis:q(C, ["MGET" | ["key1", "key2", "key3"]]).


HashObj = ["id", "objectId", "message", "message", "receiver", "receiver", "status", "read"].
{ok, <<"OK">>} = eredis:q(C, ["HMSET", "key" | HashObj]).
{ok, Values} = eredis:q(C, ["HGETALL", "key"]).


eredis:q(C, ["LPUSH", "keylist", "value"]).
eredis:q(C, ["RPUSH", "keylist", "value"]).
eredis:q(C, ["LRANGE", "keylist", 0, -1]).


{ok, <<"OK">>} = eredis:q(C, ["MULTI"]).
{ok, <<"QUEUED">>} = eredis:q(C, ["SET", "foo", "bar"]).
{ok, <<"QUEUED">>} = eredis:q(C, ["SET", "bar", "baz"]).
{ok, [<<"OK">>, <<"OK">>]} = eredis:q(C, ["EXEC"]).


P1 = [["SET", a, "1"],
      ["LPUSH", b, "3"],
      ["LPUSH", b, "2"]].
[{ok, <<"OK">>}, {ok, <<"1">>}, {ok, <<"2">>}] = eredis:qp(C, P1).


1> eredis_sub:sub_example().
received {subscribed,<<"foo">>,<0.34.0>}
2> eredis_sub:pub_example().
received {message,<<"foo">>,<<"bar">>,<0.34.0>}

Pattern Subscribe:

1> eredis_sub:psub_example().
received {subscribed,<<"foo*">>,<0.33.0>}
2> eredis_sub:ppub_example().
received {pmessage,<<"foo*">>,<<"foo123">>,<<"bar">>,<0.33.0>}


Query: qp/2,3

Eredis has one main function to interact with redis, which is eredis:q(Client::pid(), Command::iolist()). The response will either be {ok, Value::binary() | [binary()]} or {error, Message::binary()}. The value is always the exact value returned by Redis, without any type conversion. If Redis returns a list of values, this list is returned in the exact same order without any type conversion.

Pipelined query: qp/2,3

To send multiple requests to redis in a batch, aka. pipelining requests, you may use eredis:qp(Client::pid(), [Command::iolist()]). This function returns {ok, [Value::binary()]} where the values are the redis responses in the same order as the commands you provided.

Connect a client: start_link/1

To start the client, use start_link/1 or one of its variants. start_link/1 takes the following options (proplist):

  • host: DNS name or IP address as string; or unix domain socket as {local, Path} (available in OTP 19+)
  • port: integer, default is 6379
  • database: integer or 0 for default database, default: 0
  • username: string, default: no username
  • password: string, default: no password
  • reconnect_sleep: integer of milliseconds to sleep between reconnect attempts, default: 100
  • connect_timeout: timeout value in milliseconds to use in the connect, default: 5000
  • socket_options: proplist of gen_tcp options used when connecting the socket, default is ?SOCKET_OPTS. It's possible to specify {active, N} or {active, true}. Active once and false are not supported. The default is N = 10.
  • tls: enable TLS by providing a list of options used when establishing the TLS connection, default is off. It's possible to specify {active, N} or {active, true} in TLS options. Active once and false are not supported. The default is N = 10. Note that {active, N} with TLS requires OTP 21.3 or later.

Implicit pipelining

Commands are pipelined automatically so multiple processes can share the same Eredis connection instance. Although q/2,3 and qp/2,3 are blocking until the response is returned, Eredis is not blocked.

  Process A          Process B          Eredis        TCP/TLS socket
     |                  |                  |          (Redis server)
     | q(Pid, Command1) |                  |                 |
     |                  | q(Pid, Command2) |                 |
     |                  |----------------->|---------------->|
     |                  |                  |                 |
    ...                ...                ...               ...
     |                  |                  |                 |
     |                  |                  |      Response 1 |
     |                  |                  |      Response 2 |
     |                  |<-----------------|<----------------|

Reconnecting on Redis down / network failure / timeout / etc

When Eredis for some reason loses the connection to Redis, Eredis will keep trying to reconnect until a connection is successfully established, which includes the AUTH and SELECT calls. The sleep time between attempts to reconnect can be set in the eredis:start_link/1 call.

As long as the connection is down, Eredis will respond to any request immediately with {error, no_connection} without actually trying to connect. This serves as a kind of circuit breaker and prevents a stampede of clients just waiting for a failed connection attempt or gen_server:call timeout.

Note: If Eredis is starting up and cannot connect, it will fail immediately with {connection_error, Reason}.


Thanks to Dave Peticolas (jdavisp3), eredis supports pubsub. eredis_sub offers a separate client that will forward channel messages from Redis to an Erlang process in an "active-once" pattern similar to gen_tcp sockets. After every message received, the controlling process must acknowledge receipt using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

If the controlling process does not process messages fast enough, eredis will queue the messages up to a certain queue size controlled by configuration. When the max size is reached, eredis will either drop messages or crash, also based on configuration.

Subscriptions are managed using eredis_sub:subscribe/2 and eredis_sub:unsubscribe/2. When Redis acknowledges the change in subscription, a message is sent to the controlling process for each channel. Then, eredis sends a message on the form {subscribed, Channel, ClientPid} to the controlling process, which must be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

eredis also supports Pattern Subscribe using eredis_sub:psubscribe/2 and eredis_sub:punsubscribe/2. As with normal subscriptions, a message is sent to the controlling process for each channel and eredis sends a message on the form {subscribed, Channel, ClientPid} to the controlling process, which must be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

The controlling process is also notified in case of reconnection attempts or failures. See test/eredis_pubsub_SUITE.erl for examples.

Starting with version 1.5, eredis automatically resubscribes after reconnect. Then, the controlling process will receive {subscribed, Channel, ClientPid} messages again for every channel and pattern subscribed to. These must also be acked.

Here is a list of all the messages that are sent to the controlling process. Some messages don't need to be acked, but it does not harm doing so.

  • {eredis_connected, Pid} when the socket to Redis is established and authenticated. Doesn't need to be acked.

  • {eredis_disconnected, Pid} when the connection to Redis has been lost. Doesn't need to be acked.

  • {eredis_reconnect_attempt, Pid} at every reconnect attempt, when the connection to Redis has been lost. Doesn't need to be acked.

  • {eredis_reconnect_failed, Pid, {error, {connection_error, Reason}}} after every failed reconnect attempt. Doesn't need to be acked.

  • {message, Channel, Message, Pid} for every incoming message on subscribed channels. Needs to be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

  • {pmessage, Pattern, Channel, Message, Pid} for every incoming message on channels subscribed to by pattern, using using eredis_sub:psubscribe/2. Needs to be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

  • {subscribed, Channel, Pid} when a subscription has been confirmed by Redis. Channel is either a channel (subscribe) or a pattern (psubscribe). Needs to be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.

  • {unsubscribed, Channel, Pid} when a subscription has been removed from Redis. Channel is either a channel (unsubscribe) or a pattern (punsubscribe). Needs to be acked using eredis_sub:ack_message/1.


Eredis also implements the AUTH and SELECT calls for you. When the client is started with something else than default values for password and database, it will issue the AUTH and SELECT commands appropriately, even when reconnecting after a timeout.


Using lasp-bench you may benchmark Eredis on your own hardware using the provided config and driver. See priv/basho_bench_driver_eredis.config and src/basho_bench_driver_eredis.erl.

Testcase summary from our daily runs:

The eredis-benchmark repo runs a daily job that produces above graphs. It also contains the script that might help you with the needed steps when setting up the benchmark testing on your own.


Eredis uses the same queueing mechanism as Erldis. eredis:q/2 uses gen_server:call/2 to do a blocking call to the client gen_server. The client will immediately send the request to Redis, add the caller to the queue and reply with noreply. This frees the gen_server up to accept new requests and parse responses as they come on the socket.

When data is received on the socket, we call eredis_parser:parse/2 until it returns a value, we then use gen_server:reply/2 to reply to the first process waiting in the queue.

This queueing mechanism works because Redis guarantees that the response will be in the same order as the requests.

Response parsing

The socket is set to {active, N} with N = 10 by default. This is configurable by including {active, N} in socket options or TLS options (if TLS is used). N must be an integer or true. Active once and false are not supported.

The response parser is capable of parsing partial data and continuing when more data arrives on the socket.

Tests and code checking

EUnit tests currently require a locally running instance of Redis.

rebar3 eunit

Xref, dialyzer and elvis should result in no errors.

rebar3 xref
rebar3 dialyzer
elvis rock

Future improvements

When the parser is accumulating data, a new binary is generated for every call to parse/2. This might create binaries that will be reference counted. This could be improved by replacing it with an iolist.

When parsing bulk replies, the parser knows the size of the bulk. If the bulk is big and would come in many chunks, this could be improved by having the client explicitly use gen_tcp:recv/2 to fetch the entire bulk at once.


This is a fork of the original Eredis. Eredis was created by Knut Nesheim, with inspiration from the earlier Erldis.

Although this project is almost a complete rewrite, many patterns are the same as you find in Erldis, most notably the queueing of requests.

create_multibulk/1 and to_binary/1 were taken verbatim from Erldis.


Erlang Redis client. This is an actively maintained fork used and sponsored by Ericsson via Nordix Foundation.







No packages published


  • Erlang 96.7%
  • Makefile 1.3%
  • Shell 1.3%
  • Elixir 0.7%